(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Scrapbook of early aeronautica"

Library of the 

NT a. t i o n a. 1 

A.ir A^useuzn. 



* A Gift from * 
J Mrs, John Carruthers J 

* 905 Hillcrest Place * 
J Pasadena 5, California * 

* * 

* ••••••••••••••••••••• 



Ji^ê^ML 



, Q-Tv V^i lA^^ V 



. M^ (P<^ur^. di^^ou.-v =^&^-v^'0.^ 




Sl^.ti^ ^/^à:^.rj. 



m 


















^^^^5"^-^- 2^f^' ^/4C/4 

-I 






>^fe«*2 



/J 




-:/,.•_./. .' ^^ ■'t.'C.C^i^^- ..-tUr-^UJ -Afc-i-e. t,^.. 



-■^v ^-^.^\ 









(Û/a *.f,.8toC*, 04 .^iW, â./la^^^„^.^ 



^^ ^^ (Jài-) ^■ 







y 



r^ 



■vnu/î r 



W o>%JL <a4. 



6-U v^ (>>r v-iULu.ti-tMjt Co ^^ c-tta.^ /'i-'^os^fi . 












1-6^ -/i £SU-^ 







"t^^^ 






-^7^ 



/x—c- 



cM" 



^i^éd^;^^2l2l^^.2^ 



/ 












^ yJ. CUui tj CUcX- £?-<, U > K , 







d^^^^ 



i/^ 



:^. 



/^.^^ 




/) 






.^Hj^ 






s*< ,*^ 






.#^^ 




^x.-.'^^ 



^ , V^ -''/ y/> 





■^ 

f 



^9^/ 






l^ .^ /A,.r^. 






e/' 






^ 






A.//«L4t.*. 



^^JJ^t' ^'*-><:^*<-evv' w3^^ ïi^ 



.^ 






^>^ >5t*_ ^*^>^*-«— 






«/ ^y^€4^ XL Oi^^ ^>3i^i.^At.t.^0^J^ ,^ ^X 4^^^ ,a^^^ aJ^ X^ ehf-fvU.*^ 












I 

I 



-A Al 



^^ ^^Clf^^^^Z^C^ ^ 



■ ^^ -; 





'*^ àff 



t^^^\ 









^a&*-*^i 



^<Pi»-? 












H^ /X^ 






/<4f 



<a63^ 



>ZÇ4it.:>pC 



»„ 



4>tfac^ ^.9^ 



:»-t / 



cé^^s) , 















Sk-p-, o-^i-^:.'»^ 




^j 





i;.:^Pj|^^ ^j^^3^ ^^t^.^ .^^r^^^ '^"'• 










7^ . 





^■>-t 













^Jl2J2- 



2^^ ^è«5^€ 







Zy^'X.'i^ 







% 






Q^^^t^ Ù^ 



^iUi^^*^ A^£rz>^a- ^?-2V ^*^^r^^^^^ ^ 




j t(C^^y ^%^eX:i^^ ^M^i^J^^» ^^^^^-^^ 












a^MJiA^^^"^ ^7 



.a^^ 



fii^ 













^<?<2^^ 




./«^ •o^^e/':^^^^ >^S*W^^ 






-^.C^J^ y/r^'. ^^ ^^X^^C^Q^ ryry^^'^^^TTH^^ ^ 



^^-i^T^^^ 




>^ 







;^f 



•.7.V. 









éTT^a. 




^^v ^^ ^^/î:; — .« — ^ «..^ „„»jil ,/ — 




















V;»-S ^ 






w*' ^^^J^^'^^ ^^J9 ^^ 



Y wi>-wc- *^ «-^ï^ '^^y^ ^C^T^::^^ -;^xj0c^ -^a^^ie^ -i:>-QJZ^^^ ^<i^yc' ÇU 




,<■.>■■■" 



^-r^^-^" '^'^^f^',4^^ 



5^^^ ^ 



^«:-^>x. 






£*: 




%*. 



»/ 










^^ i^y^^a^ ^C-l^ ^f^- 



'^'y ^-^^^^vs^ 






/^ 







/^ 






^/ ^^<4:9^T^ayi'^-''? 



>/ ^: J 




-^•' ^^;^" 





'^^^-'^a <^-^ 



' ,^^U^^*^-^>^ 






a-pH^^ 



C?-^ 









c 



'^> 






V 



^ 



J 









^c^^l^/- ^Zè^-Sî/^-^-^^y^^e^.^^ ^-..a»^ 



•^^ 



"'^ea 



^u> 










^.:iC^ ^/i 



ffi.iM-o^'''^^^ ^ 



^^V^ 

7^.^: 






'/^s^. 



<* San^^ 













■^^^ 











■^yy j^'iiJ^',^ •"•- 




\f <^^*S^ ^Mst 






/^^*^>^ ffï^ 1^"^>-Z^, 




Q^^ 


















^^t^ £tÇ <2î>i< 



^^^j-z^^Si_^ 



■ V > 













^} 



M^j:^/i^ ^ ^/^ ^^^, ^,.. 

^ ^ _ . ^-^^~ ^/Z^ /^-^ .^^ C^>,^ 



^^^se^/f-?»: 

















r? 
















^.-sa? /27^ ^ ^^^-.^^ 



/' 






i^Ut 















■';^^ ^if c-^M. r,^_- V 



^ ^^^ z^^"^-^^: ^^ ^—y^ 






.J^^-^^^*^* 



,^^^i/ ^^i^-t^ ^:r^'^' 






^^-^^ .^^**-^ .S--*--^ ^P^ t^f^Ç>Lft^^ 




^7^'C'/-^- «rfe^Z^ 




e_ ^- 




. .*«^<?< 



^^ c 



^^r^'^- 



\ 



-<2 



T* 



v**^ ^ 



^ 



^-^ 



V 



.A- 



^ » 



f *-, 



•-•% >■ 



V 



\ 



V 



..^: 



\. 



■ " ^ 



\ 



»-(* 



::.N 






V 



% 

V 



\ 



V 



A 






^ •» 



\ 



1 



L E GL OBE AERO S TA TIQ UE armrtrzae k Ver,ra:^eo^ a âé pla<:e' doTid- L I^^ Cmir ih.Ck^^eaM-,cliie Cmœ 
ck.rJfâuiftred', omr un ec/m/ml de hoji^iedf fimrré et 8 d^ hautew^ . loa aiiiTjneyw enidroii ttMvadlmentamc. pre^ara^^ , et 
leimaéùnt en/èrine' dune toih ^om- em^èeher le^jmhlio d&r?cnr ce fzde'^/yai.^é-aitmterdeurement:, C&Ohbe de U capacité 
de hhpiedr de ïicmt et 40 ile dùanMre^ ,jSnd d 'at;iar , j-orvpavillan et j-e^ amaneivr cmdeur d'or^ , amù^umt 4.000 p^ed^r 
cuho)^ de^M^, P'^wved enlever dûu^cenl lùrred' pcé-ant; cepmdant Uivaeté ch^yyé pie de ^^ cent, ^an^ carn^'ter o-mx^ 
poUr mdzcrelpil était de^epta Itudt cetit/ on,7^ aattacÂe' laie ea^e dmi^ lapucHe dtod enferme un. Ttiouteiv: eàh^J^ ^^r^ 
irjdS a une Izeur^ aprkr nddi , atfont été rempli d'air ip/IoTrunalle, ÎU ' art, enlevé en^pr^ene^ duSoi et de IwFamille^ 
iRpucd^. Swdireetimvjamwd avec IcLinéridlewie verj- & ceruc/umt un. anple do Sy de^elr 4^ minutes , l'angle ai^de^mé- 
de,Uh<7ri.ron.dxnt dmzdej, Sôm. 55 j-ee. ce pd donner raw hauteur de.2cfi tairez au^deé^n^ durez.- de chmx^.pee^ dcJ 
lVé.rervatoire; le dlcJnetre apparent étuib d'erwlrmv 6" ndn.. ce pai Indixpurit pue. UinaeJzlne o- 'approefvntdc l'Oi^er- 
vateire; eten.^^etedectdtéport^én^Parù'diSoa tei<re^ dopoint de^eud^yart.awC^r^ Marechd., damr le. 
Bout de.faucred'^cnpr&r le eliejnûv axux. Bœuf cnod e<rt tonde. , 








Btl PreJrenc^' de. leurs Maje^ctê^^ de laFiimlfU.lioi/ale et Jcplud de 
x3o milles Spex-&atenr^ p^^tf MT^' d^ Jfontj/oJ/'ier- avecunSa/Iond^ay 
Pieds de. hauteur sur 4.1. de^Dianietre-. Cetàe^niperbe TTUi chine selevadanà. 
leà airs a. une grande hautedk a U sutj>ri>e^ i^^ JpecUzteurs etcui hndt des 
acclcanatioru) publie elle, descendit lenletnent 8 inimiOed apièj a ijoo bdses 
de du tance, dw point de^ sort, depart ilané le boié de Vauc^^e^orv Carrefour 
maréchal Ze. mouton le Ihtj et le Canard n'eproitverent nuctaie. iwomoMte. 




[IlTïïlïïn illllIJIJIllM MlIlillJilLIHI i llËlin^ 

Kx^h-ru/ia- fiiùi- ,1 Irr.wdJf.f/i prc\uyirc de lei/ni ALijtwteJ el de la FiOTull^ Ro^iie^ 
/>ar Af.Monl^oI/ier, A /y. Seft. i;83. ^- " -, ' 

La. JLic/une deroxtatj<fue àvoil 6 y . Pieds de haut, >mr Ipi . Je DiaàKirc - 



Enfjnved^rrluSuropeanMoflaunc — 



',///< £/)<\^(r///7r/'//t< r//i\'A(f//n(>/, . 





Wic (iKi'/rt o/^^t/if Ût-ria/73a//mm. 

Pi3lrsliedA t>7'. 'zfijSg . M' IJUMmaliiterYosrerRm: 



J/onàùtu d^ . l/njffijo///, /•> ^lir'/3a//o(ni al/ef/iavtn^^Mne/tdeJ,!/^ . 'hj,. 
zetnçAfMM/iJo/ ! //u ( /<>m/> ^ /^a?i,/ (fnfy^Joi de. (/fr4jJyr,/mJ, /-> 11^ 
e&am>/aralJd<7y. u /h nd>. /n^. ^ ( . ,ndn/ / ^u^d, „ < e, <u<dmd//u.d/, h.' 



7>7'V Chatl^^ ,v Jiohrf^c 






jlll^-' ■ ^■-i^:j^^|^jg]|i,|v 



Boj) Vov^a2:e . 




EXPEEJBMCE DU Globe AânOSTATigZTEBMMM. Chaules J:T JiOBBRT^eiix. Jardm des TWleries, 

le l'^.' Decefnlrre tjSo . 



J^Ofk', Cftjxrlej' fhiljfpet ÎMre' ilcFreiin/ , . ,_ „ _ , _ _ 

de FiiK Jamed' (fzu,L.rûnt amheur tcrvtpMCrt'd^tetcre a^'è<p ant hoTurre ce frûrkr tWtal de leur Jr^naàcre , A ftuz^/: Aeure<.f un tfuart -JJ^' C/urrle^.!- 
a^rcfmmte' daruf la^cœ/rrae' et a ctncfâruA treul ^ar^ocvte erttnrcmtme Hetiey et derme' darhi^ t'e^rpaee' de 3 à rirûvute-j' : il £>rt deifcendii dmiu" 
dsii- fricÂed" dûii^ ^gfortt été apjperciLpar lavGentiRtfrrane' Anaùrû' , îll'ej^ça^ea. àpaj'd'er [arant c/iex. &i£; ilrevmt le lendeniamd lario- , 
d a r^^Tpin^' ^ru^ la/^Xie/tmeAerev-ûiù!<pien'(ZPû^<r^nwe7'tatccunaecidertt, 

A Porto- c/ie^i^ JEoyuraù' et Rapilly ,riLe J^l Jaccpuj- , a /a VîÏÏe c^ Ci^uàincc^r • 





-^^ ^ y'^û/ui arc ^/ûi&r . 



<,'-,^;/.^„y- r,7n/^u fa,',,/;, ^„^ o^. J'ar^r'mm K' .JSS. 



L... 




M:ai.iwrcM clzedjis f.-ute .i paris , 

£.n Pi Meju^e de plw Je & <. ent mdL pet v ■•' 'e "^ '< 

ajtrej n uit Cette. JUachine mei veilLtise montée par Ji"^ 
thcuL'J' etlxoht-rt le Jeune J- etatit elevf ma^estu^eudevienta 
la. /umtew' concndet^ahle n pr-tJ ^ du-e:^ùoJLau Nord. Oueo't,' 
et a ptu-cojo~iL I'e^vace de j lieuej- doju I'inin'vaLde iéh. Smâv- 

' .^ A Pm-Lj- r/u)^ Ma^et rue j": JaapieJ 




J.J± DESCENTE DU OL OBE AEROSTATIQUE 
Dans laPraine Je jSTeile , 
Cetits^ duper' be Ma^hàie^ e^t de^c^ndu danj IdTLdne de J^e^Ie^J* 
vrèo- de Jieaumont ^OJU" aucun, acc^ideni en presence. de'J41'"' 
'/£ J)uc de Cfiarhwt, et 2UX le Duc, deFtiit Jame-J iz A hevre^ ecâerni 
M^ CifuirUs e^-t refmrtLr oetd rA£,t<r kumème JfacJtùie eé s 'e..<'ti-> 
eieve' eni'P mmutiea à.da.hcaUeur deiSiz^. toise^- ei> e<rt — -^ 
rede^çendwtrèà heurenufement dano~ îe^r J'rii'fieJ duScir v;,? r<î 
'Tour du, Iioy <i x loetie et' detrue du, point de ^on de^part , 

AFarv cAe.i. SafieCm.eS'i JactpitJ ■ 




M 5';icl3xic de Oim-û^es et JVTTlelXic de life Jaane 

s/.rr/!('n/ /e.I^roœ^tJ^^èalt^idconsàiéel'arrévœcie/kf/M, Charles EsfTlobert 

c/a/is /a .Pra//'i'e,(/e IMesîe^/'àf d'IlcdonviUe, 

^ Zir/rir rÂes^J/d/Zard (Prcmeiir, QuaL(/es Gnrndv^iu/us/uhi, 

.J'idai.ron deyld.d )e^ured*ï/s^i/ie, /,l/>rai/v , 



Account of the Aerial Vo\age, performed hy 

MeJ'is. Ckahles and Roberts. 
"PREVIOUS to ou/lfeif/ofC^Vayi Mr. 
Xr Charles, " \v« had fent up a globe of five' 
fecc cigfrrincTici, to difcover tl»e courfe of wind, 
arrd mark out our intended route. The compLi- 
inent of cutting the llring was paid to Mr. Mont-. 
golficr, and it inftantly rof*?. Meanwhile \vc pre- 
pared to follow it with innpatience, but the per- 
plexing circumflancc» we wer. in, prevented our 
putting into execution every minute particular 
that we had intended the night before. The 
globe and the chariot were in exait equilibrium 
on the ground. At three quarters after one wc 
: threw out nineteen pounds of ballaft, and rofe in 
the midlt of a profound filence, occafioned by the 
emotion and aflonilhmeiit of both parties. Our 
érii; pleafing reflcflions on our efcape from the 
perfccutioa and cnlumny which had attacked us, 
ivere heightened by the niajellic fccnc which pre- 
sented itfelf to our view ; on every fide a mofl fe- 
rene fky, without a cloud, and a moll charming 
dirtaot profpeft. As we afcended by an accele- 
rated progrcffive motion, we waved our banner in 
token of joy, and, in order the better to infure 
our fafety, I was particularly attentive to the ba- 
rometer. M. Robert examined the cargo with 
which our friends had ballotted our chariot, as for 
a long voyage, of champaign, &c. blankets, and 
furs. Having enough, and to fparc, he began 
with tl)rowing out one of the blaakets, which 
fpread itfelf in the air, and fell near the dome of 
the Aflumption. The barometer then funk fixty- 
Hx inches, and we had ceafcd to afcend, or, more 
properly fpeaking, wc arrived at the height of 
about three hundred toifci. This was the height 
at which I had undertaken to flop, and from this 
moment, to that of our firfl getting out of fight of 
the obfervers at the different dations, our horizon- 
tal courfe was between twenty-fix inches, and 
twenty-fix inches eight lines of the mercury, which 
agrees with the obfervations made at Paris. We 
took care to throw out our ballall in prooor- 
tion as we defcended by the infenfiblc lofs of in- 
flammable air, and we raifed ourfelves fenfibly to 
ithc fame height. Had circumitanccs permitted 
us to regulate this ballall with more «xadlnefs, our 
courfe would have been abfolutely horizontal and 
voluntary. 

Having reached the height of MonfTeaux, which 
we left a little to the left, we remained for a mo 
ment (lationary. Our ciiariot turned about, and 
we then filed off as the wind directed. Wc foon I 
afier pafTed the Seine, bcitween St. Ouen and 
Afnieres, and leaving Colonie on the left, pnfled : 
almoll over Gcnneviiliers. We had croffed the 
river a fécond time : leaving Argentcuil on the 
left, at Sanois, Franconvillc, liubonne, St. Leu- 
Taverny, Villiers, cro/Tcd LTfle Adam, and af- 
terwards Nefle, where we defcended. Such were 
retrly the places over which we mull have pafTed 
almoil perpendicularly. This paflagc make» about 
nine Paris leagues, which we ran over in two 
iioars, vvith fcarceiy any fenfiblc agitation in the 
air. During the whole of this delightful journey, 
we felt . ot the lealt uneafinefs about our own fate, 
or that of the machine. The globe fuffercd no 
ether alteration than the fuccelfive modifications 
of dilation and compreffion, of which we availed 
enrfelve?, to rife or defcend at plcafure, in any 
quantity. The thermometer was, for above an 
hour, between ten and twelve degrees above o, 
owing to the infide of our chariot having been 
warmed by the r'ays of the fun. Its heat foon 
communicated itfelf to our globe, and contributed, 
by the dilation of the inflammable air within, to j 
keep us at the fame height, without being obliged 
ta lighten our ballall; but we fuffered a great 
lois: the inflammable air, dilated by the fun's 
heat, efcaped by the appendage to the globe, 
which we held in our hands, and loofened, as cir- 
cumllances required, to lee out the air too much 
dilated. By tkis eafy method we avoided the ex- 
panfionsand e,<pIofions which perfons unacquaint- 
ed with thefc matters apprehended. The inflam- 
mable air could not break its prifon, fince it had I 
always a vent, and the atmofphere air could not j 
get into the globe, fince its preflur« made the ap. 
pcndage ferve as a valve to oppofe its entrance. ■ 
After fifty. fix minutes progrefg we heard the] 
gun, which was the fignal of our difappearing 
from the obfervers at Paris. Not being obliged 
to confine our courfe to an horizontal direftion, ' 
as we had till then done, we gave ourfelves up to 
the contemplation of the varied fcenes in the open 
country beneath us. We Ihouted Five it Rot, and 
iieard our fliouts re-echoed. We heard, very dif- 
tinftly, voices faying, " Are not you afraid, my 
frieBd>?"Are not you fick ? What a clever thing 
it is ! God preferve you ! Farewell, my friends !" 
•—We continued waving our banners, and we faw 
that thefe figaals redoubled the joy and fecurity of 
thofc below. We feveral times came down low 
enough to be heard : people afked us whencs we ' 
came, and what time we fet out ; and we afcended 
•dding f6em farewell. As circumdanc^s re- 
quired, we threw out, fucceffively, great coats, 
thuifs, and cloaths. As we failed over L'Ifle 
Adam, wc flourifhedour banners, and afked after 
the Prince of Conti ; but had the mortification to 
be told, by a fpeaking trumpet, that he was at 
Paris. At length, re-afcending we reached the 
plains of Ncfîe about half after three, when, as I 
intended a fécond expedition, and wiihed to avail * 
myfelf of the advantage of fituation, as well as of 
the day-light, Î propoled to Mr. Roberts to de- 
fcend. Seeing a troop of country people running 
before us over the fields we defcended towards a 
fpacious meadow, inclofcd with fome trees and- 
bufhe^i. Our chariot advanced majellicalJy aldng 
a long inclined plane. As it approached the 
trees, fearing it might be entangled z.mçn^ them, 
I thre.v out two pounds of balltit, and it fprung 
upwards over them. We ran above twenty toifes 
within one or two feet of the land, and looked 
like travellers in a fledge. The country people 
purlucd us as children do a butterfly, without being 
«ble to overtake us. At length we came to the 
ground. As fuon -Ai the curate and fyndics could 
be brought to the (put, I drew up a verbal proc«f», 
which they immaiiately figned. Prefently gal- 
lopped up the Duke dc Chartres, the Duke da 
Fiz James, Mr. Farrer, an Engliflt gentleman, 
and a number of horfemen, who had followed iis 
from Pans. Fortunately we alighted near a hunt 
ing feat of the latter, who immediately mounted 
his harfe, and riding up to us exclaimed, " Mr. , 



J-Jiarles, 1 am hrlt." The Prince embraced us) 
both in our chariot, and immediately figned the! 
pr 'cefs, fo drd the Duke de Fitz James. Mr. Far-- 
rcr ligned it three times. His fign.nore was omit- 
ted in the journal, for he was fo tranfported with 
joy, that he ould not write kgibly. Of above 
aoo horfemen wlio followed us from Paris, only 
thefe could overtake us ; the rell had knocked up 
their hMfes, or given out. After relating a few 
particulars to the Duke de Chartres. I told him I 
was going off again, when wotild he have me re- 
turn ? he replied, in half an hour. Mr. Roberts 
quitted the chariot, as wc had agreed. Thiriv 
peafants held down the machine. J sliced for 
lome earth to bailaR it, having not above four or 
five pounds left. A fp.ide was not at hand, nor 
were there any Hones m the r»«dow. Ihc fun 
was near fetting. I mada a hafly calcolacien of 
the time requ.fiicct weight, and giving a fignal 
to the peafants tc quit their hold, I fprung ub like 
lu'fa k" f ,'f^"^'«f iH'=« i.-oo toiiVs high, 
out of fight of all terreftrial objeits. I had taken 
he necefTary precautions agai.ifl the explofion of 

vl-^ùt!' r '"'-fT^ '• '"'^» '''*^ obfervation* 
which I h.d promifed myfelf. J„ order to obferve 
the barometer and thermometer placed at the ends 
of the cnariot, without altering riie c«utr« of gra- 
vity I knelt down in the middle, ftretch ing for- 
wards my body and one leg, holding my vvatch 
and paper m my left, and my pen and the Uring 
of the valve in my right hand, waiting for ti.e 
VT a ^^.%^^;'\ -"I'-^h. «^ -ny fetting^ut. was 
rather flaccid, fwellcd infenfibly. The air efcap.d 
in great quantuies at the valve. J drew the valve 
from time to time, to give it two-vents; and I 
continued to afcend, ftill Joofing air, which iffued 
outhiifing. and became vifible, lii,c a warm va- 
pour m a cold atmofphere. The reafon of this 
phenomenon is obvious. On earth the thermo- 
meter was feven degree, above the freezing point ; 
after ten minues alcent itwai five degree! below. 
The inflammable air had not had time to recover 
the equilibrium of its temperature. Its claftic equi- 
libriurn being quicker than that of the heat, there 
mud efcape a greater quantity than that which che 
external dilation of the air could determine by its 
leall preflure. For myfelf. though expofed to the 
open air, 1 palTed in ten minutes from the warmth 
ef fpring to the cold of winter ; a fliarp dry cold 
but not too much to be borne, I declare, that in 
the firft nioment I felt nothing difagreeable in the 
fuddeti change. When the barometer csafcd to 
rife, I marked exadlly ,8 inches ,o line*, the 
mercury uffering no fcnfible ofciUation. From 
th.» ok.Uion Ideduaa height of , 524 toifes 
or thereabouts, till I can be mofe exaft in my ca?: 
cuiation. In a few minutes more my fingers were 
benumbed by the cold, fo that I could not hold 
my p». 1 was now ftationary, and moved only 
in an horizontal direftion. I rofe up in the mid- 
dle of the chariot, to contemplate the fcenc around 
me At my fetting out the fun was fet on th« 
va lies ; he foon rofe for me alone, who was the 
only luminous body in the horizon, and all the 
reft of nature in fliadc, the fun himfelf prefentlv 
difappeared, and I had the pleafurc of feeing him 
ict twice in the fame day. I beheld, for a few 
féconds, the circuma.robiant aiî and the wpours 
r-ftngfrom the vailles ana .v.-er*. The clouds 
ieemcd to rife from the earth, ^x,à co/i.ft one 
«pon another,. lliilpreferving their ufual form, 
only, their colour was grey and monotonous from 
the want of^ light in the atmofphere. The moon 
alone enlightened them, and fhewed roe that I 
was tacking about twice, and I obfcrved certain 
currents that brought me back again. I had fe- 
veral deviations; and obferved, withfurprize, the 
e/fefts of thé wind, aad faw the ftraamers of my 
banners point upwards. This pha:nomenon was 
not the efFed of the afcenr or dcfcent, for I then 
moved horiaontally. At that inftant I conceived, 
perhaps a little too haftily, the idea of being able 
to fteer one's own courfe. In the middle of my 
tranfportsi felt a violent pain in my right ear 
and jaw, which I afcribed to the dilation of the 
air in the cellular conftruftion of thofe organs, as 
much as to that of the external air. I was in a 
waidcoat, and bareheaded. I immediately put on 
a woolen cap, yet the pain did not go off but as I 
gradually defcended. For feven or eight minutes 
1 had ceafed to afcend ; the condenfation of the 
internal inflammable air rather made me defcend. 
I now rccollefted my promife to return in half an 
hour, and, pulling the upper valve, I camt down, 
i he globe was now fo much emptied, that it ap- 
peared only a» half globe. I perceived a fine 
ploughed field near the wood of Tour du Lay 
aad haflcned my decent. When I was between 
to antTjo toifesTrom. tlie eaTHi, I threw out ha/tf- 
h two or three pounds of ball.fl, and becameVfor 
fj, TTj"^"'.! ftationary, till I defcended gently in 

a out ' ^Th? ? '"^" ^^°"? '"^^ P'«" ^^'-"- 
ah^r 1. •'^^'î"'''' '^'^î^^'""' and turnings 

about make mc imagine that the voyage was abof t 
three leagues, and I was gone about 33 minutes 
Such, s the certainty of the combinations of ou j 

\TotZrfr' r•'^^ "" «^plearurecompi: < 
ijofpecific l.ghtnds. thepicfervationof which, 
cgua Ily vo untanly, might have kept me in the 
. r at lead for twenty four hours loii^er. Whe^ 

' K "^""P^}^' ^^«; ™« ^t a dillance coming down 

I^''^ '^! ''^ ^^^' ^'' Roberts to mfct mr 

and hallened to Pari, ; and the Prince himS 

imolk.udly undertook to give the pub ic n c 




CHABiES fcROBEB-TS BalLOOK 

Fig. 4 . 



'-^ -i^ 




E,xtrà£lofa letter fmm LiJJe, in Flandsrr, dated: 
Seft. i8, r784/'~ ■ .■--- ■■ ■■;•, 

" MeflVi. Charles anïl Roberts arc jttft arrived 
at the Prince of Ghiilelle's villa, about thj;ec 
miles from this town. They canje from Paris in 
a vehicle attached to a balloon, without once de^ 
fcending to the earth till they reached the PrinctTs. 
As the dillance is at leall one hundred and thirty 
miles, it.is, l-jy far'the lohgeft aerial journey that 
has yet.been taken, with aballoon, and from the 
adroitnefs with which they candufted their ve- 
hicle, there is little doubt but this new fort of 
conveyance mav be rendered eflentially ùfeful. — 
The two brothers intended mounting again, and 
making an aerial, voyage t© London, but all their 
inflammable air was fpent, and ■ the expence of 
re-charging the balloon, would be full five hun- 
dred-pounds; their tour to Great Britain 1'"^^ 
therefore, deferred fopthe orefeftt." 

Extras of it letin fim Par'is, Sept. 23. /^^^ 
" On Sunday, the zgth inft. a Balloon, of an 
oblong Ihape, afcended from, the Thuilleries at 
a quarter paft twelve o'clock ; there were about 
18,000 of the firft people in France, who paid 
three livres each for a place in the Thbilleries, 
and about four thoufand people who aflembled 
to fee it. Its length was about loo feet round, 
and in breadth about fixty. It was conftrufted 
bv the Meflrs. Roberts, who afcended in it with 
another gentlemanT"ir3efcended at five minutes 
after fix o'clock, near a place called Betherne, 
about 1 4.0 miles Irom the Thuilleries. Theday 
was hot and clear when they departed, but a 
thunder-ftorm arofe about three o'clock ; — yet 
it did them no harm, though they were in it. 
M. Roberts never fuftered it to go higher than 
about 70 yards above the highell houfes. • It had 
a noble effeft, and went with aftonidang ra- 
pidity." /yà>/i 



Sya.f/s^TKE LON 

FRENCH BALLOON. 

THE Meflrs. Robert and their fellow tra- 
veller "HTjîuTnn^rëturHed to Paris on 
Thurfday the a4tHTn(îant. They have given 
notice that they wilt in the courfe of a few 
days publifh a detail of their experiments and 
obfervations. In the mean time we have the 
following particulars: they defcended exadly 
at forty minutes paft fix, at the village of Beii- 
vry, near Bethane, 150 miles from Paris, They 
went this very long journey in fix hours and 
forty minutes. Beuvry is the refidence of the 
Prince de Ghiftelles, and of the Prince de 
Richebourg, his fon. It fo happened that the 
Prince and his fon had been engaged that very 
afternoon in giving a fplendid entertainment 
to their tenantry and neighbours, in which, 
among pleafurable circumftances, they had 
launched a Montgolfière, a balloon filled with 
rarified air 30 feet high, and which had been 
attended with compleat fuccefs. The company 
■were beginning to feparate when the Roberts 
came in fight. Thisunexpeded fpedtacle excit- 
ed the moft general fliout; and with the moft 
clamorous voices they called out to the travel- 
lers to alight in that fpot. The brothers thought 
it an eligible place, and they defcended ; in 
coming down they were very near ftriking their 
machine againft a mill, and to avoid this, they 
exercifed their oars, and with an admirable ma- 
nœuvre made a femi-circle in fhe full view of 
the alfembly, and within thirty feet of the 
ground ; by this means they landed in the centre 
of the field. When the people heard that they 
had come from Paris fince noon, they exclaimed 
■with one voice, vive Robert! and they con- 
ducted them to the caille of the Prince de Ghif- 
telles, by whom they were received with marks 
of the greateft delight. They were crowned 
both in the caftle of the Prince, and in the city 
of Bethune. At the latter place the Marquis 
de Gouy, who was there with his regiment in 
garrifon, gave a grand fete on the Monday in 
honour of the brothers. 

They procured the following certificate of 
their defcent : 

By the Royal notaries of Artois fubfcribed 
Mgr, Philippe— Alexandre — Emmanuel — Fran- 
çois — Jofeph,Prince of Ghiftelles — Richebourg, 
Grandee of Spain of the firft rank — Seignior of 
Beuvry, &c, &c. and Mgr. Philippe— Alex- 
andre — Louis — Marie— Jofeph — Charles — Flo- 
rent de Ghiftelles — Prince of Richebourg, his 
fon, de certify and atteft, that the Meflieurs 
Roberts and Monfieur Hullln defcended with 
perfect eafe and facility in their prefence on the 
right of Beuvry Plain, diftant from Paris 50 
leagues ; that on approaching a mill, which 
Hands near the high road, leading from Bethune 
to Lille in Flanders, they agitated their oars, and 
defcribed a femi-circle, by which they defcended 
in the middle of tbe plain yefterday, the 19th 





— --» -rsr^jjc^^ 



înftant, at fortv minutes paft fix m the after- 
noon.— That after their defcent, at our defire, 
they raifed themfelves again to the height of 
about aoo feet, and defcended again immedi- 
ately having at the fame time feveral bags ot 
fand in their car— That the fubfcribers having 
engaged to fee their aeroftat carried to Beuvry 
Caftle, they were obliged, on account of the 
intervening trees, the houfes, and the coming 
oil of the night, to empty the machme of the 
inflammable air. r,, ,, «- 

Given and attefted at the defire of thej^effrs. 
Robert and Hullin, at Beuvry Caftle, this 
20th of September 1784. 
(Signed) Le Prince de Gkfielles Richebourg, 
Le Prince de Richebourg, 
LereuK et Leroy. , -n .„■ 

(Attefted) Gottran, Grand baillt. 



Paris, Sept. 25. The Meffrs. Robert and their 
fellow-traveller M. Hullin returned yefterday to this 
city. They will publlih in afew days a detail of their 
experiments and obfeivations. They travelled, attach- 
ed to an air balloon, from Paris to the village of 
Êeuvry, i.ear Bethune, a journey of 150 miles, which 
• they performed in fix homs and forty minutes, Beuvry 
is the refidence of tiie Prince de Ghiftelles, and of the 
Prince dc Richebourg, his fon. The two Princes bad 
ihai day given a fplendid entertainment to their tenan- 
try and lieighbours, and the company vi^ere beginning 
to feparate when the Roberts came in fight. The tra- 
vellers, in defcending at the enireaties of the people, 
were very near ftiiking their machine againft a mill, 
and to avoid this they exercifed their oars, and with an 
admirable manœuvre made a femi-circle in the full 
view of the affembly, and within thirty feet of the 
ground Î by this means they landed in the centre of the 
field, from whence they were condufted, aniidft the 
fhouts of (he people, to the Princes caille, by whom 
they were received with marks of the greateft delight. 
They were crowned both in the caflle, and in the city 
of Bethune. At the latter place the Marquis dc Gouy, 
who was there with his regiment, gave a grand _/«/« on 
the Monday in honour of the brothers, /'/'^^ 



> N D O N CHRONICLE for ; _ I'jH^ 



\ ^^^-^^ Poiftfcript. 

An Accmni of Mefrs. Roberts third 
Aerostatic Experiment at Paris. 

THIS experiment took place on Sunday the 
lothinttant, in the Royal Garden of the 
Thuilleries, and it was attended with complete 
fuccefs. The balloon was an oblong form, and. 
much larger than any heretofore fent up,; three 1 
days before it was launched, it was filled with 
common air, in which ftate it remamed until 
Saturday afternoon, during which time, thCi 
apparatus for making the inflammable air was- 
Dveparing, as likewife the net which covered, 
the upper part of the balloon. About 40 fmall j 
ropes were faftened to the net, unto which was. 
fufpended a car. At half paft feven o clock, the 
common air was let out, and the apparatus 
being complete, M. VaUet, to whom the bro- 
thers Robert committed the charge of filhng, 
the machine, began to fill it wi±h the inflam-j 
mable air. He employed new apparatus, con- 
ftrufted on the moft ingenious and fimple prm-, 
ciples; by means of which the balloon vyas, 
amply filled in three hours. . The operation; 
would not have required more thâ\i an.hour.and. 
a half, if the workmen had been-accuftoïîied| 
to the new method. - ; 

As it was the intention of the broUiers to 
make this voyage ufeful to fciepce, they took 
Pveat pains to eftablifh a fet ot lignais between- 
themfelves and thofe appointed to obferve 
them. It was fettled that perlons lliould be 
ftationed at diiferent places for the purpofe of. 
oblervatlon ; and that they might all commu- 
nicate together, as to time, and to mealure the 
angles of vifion, it was agreed, that at nme 
o'clock in the morning a red flag i^^o^ild be, 
hoifted at the top of the dome of the caftle of 
the Thuilleries, which, after remaining for a 
time, that the obiervers might take the height, 
lliould be lov/ered on the firing of a cannon, 
exadly half an hour before the departure ot 
the balloon— that five minutes after this a 
fmall quantity of powder iliould be flafhed 
from the top of the dome, as a fignal for them 
to obferve their watches— and that this ftould 
be repeated twice at the interval of a n^mute, 
left the firft fliould not be perceived.— That at 
the fécond difch^rge of the cannon, which 
was to be the fignal for the afcenfion, the red 
flag ftould be hoifted again; and that when 
the travellers had brought the machine to an 
equilibrium in the air, they fiiould fuifer it for 
fome minutes to be borne along in the atrao- 
fphere by the direaion of the wind- and that 
then, on a freili fignal, they fhould put their 
oars and wings in motion, and ufe their utmoft 
efforts to navigate the machine againft the 
wind, and to fee how many points they could 
fïeer from it. ' 





Thefe preliminaries being fettled, at half an 
hour after eleven o'clock, on Sunday, the aero- 
ftatie globe was conduced with great pomp by 
the gate of the grand walk to the terrace pre- 
pared for it oppofite the caftle. The four cords 
were held by four of the moft diftinguilhed per- 
fojis in the kingdom, 

M. le Maréchal de Richelieu> 
M. le Maréchal de Biron, 
M. le Bailli de Suffrein, and 
M. le Duc de Chaulnes. 
When it came to the terrace, the three tra- 
vellers, viz. the brothers Robert, and M. Colin 
Huilier, their brother-in-law, took their feats 
in the car ; and the balloon at that time afcend- 
ed about twenty feet from the ground, to give 
room for the neceflavy inftruments being placed 
in and over the car, which confuted of a baro- 
meter, thermometer, a feamao's compafs, and 
a watch ; five pole?, each about ten feet long, 
with umbrellas at the eud of them, were taken 
into the car, and placed in the following man- 
ner, two on the larboard, and two on the ftar- 
board quarters, and one at the head î the car, 
with the balloon over it, was then drawn, 
araidft.the acclamations of many thoufand peo- 
ple of the firft rank., about app yards, to a fcaf- 
fold which was formed over the. bafon of water, 
andin-a very fhort time the whole of the ap- 
paratus was properly adjufted ; two fmoke guns 
were then fired from the top of the Thuilleries 
in order to fliew the way of the wind. It beinj; 
then about twelve o'clock the gentlemen wav^ed 
their flags as a fignal for their departure, and oa 
a cannon being fired, two ropes which held the 
balloon were immediately cut, and the whole 
together began fo afcend in a perpendicular 
direftion, to the height of about 400 yard?. 
After having continued at this height about 45 
minutes, the travellers defcended near the ap- 
parent horizon, almoft to the earth, and afcend- 
ed again immediately. At 57 minutes paft ijj, 
they defcended again, and mounted in an in- 
ftant. At 13 minutes paft one they defcended a 
third time, and were for a minute loft behind 
the hjUs which bound the horizon towards St. 
.Prix. They were obfervcd on their re-afcen- 
fiou; and it was afcertained that on every nevsr 
elevation they mounted higher than in tbe pre- 
ceding one. At this time they appeared about 
a degree and a half above the horizon, which, 
eftimatin^ their diftance at 10 or la leagues, 
ftates their actual height to be between five ani^ 
fix hundred, toife^*. At 50 minutes paft. one 
they difappeared from the beft glafles. The 
wind at their departure was S. E. but it became 
foon after more Southerly. The balloon evi- 
dently went with the wind, both at firft and af- 
ter its change. They bore at , firft to the left 
from the obferver at the Thuilleries, and after,- 
waids veered confiderably to the right. Thé 
travellers feemed to have the power of navigat- 
ing their aerial veffel according to their defire ; 
in the fpace of an hour, they were over Chantilly, 
30 miles from Paris, ; near Clermont they lower- 
ed the balloon at the vJUa of Monf. Fitzjamesj, 
who wiftied the Gentlemen to alight and refrelb 
themfelves, but they declined his invitation, de- 
claring it was their, intention to fteer for Eng- 
land ; they thereupon re-afçended ^nd feeing sf, 
thunder ftorra coming on, they kept above it 
andefcaped its eftec5ts; to the people of Chan- 
tilly the balloon did not appear larger than a hati. 
They were obferved over the village of R'avenaf, 
«o leagues from Paris, at three .o'clock in. the 
afternoon, and they kept in view of the fame 
obfervers, and faluted them with their flag ovec 
the village of Reye, which is feven leagues far- 
ther. They were feen aifo by M. de Saint 
Fuflian, near Montdidier. At four minute» 
after fix o'clock in the evening, they came 
down at Bethune, between Lifle and Arras, 
above 140 miles from Paris ; they defcended in 
a field, and threw out a rope to fome peafants, 
who laid hold of it, but it broke, upon which 
the balloon went up with great velocity, but 
upon the adventurers letting outfoine gaz, they 
catne down again, and wei'e fafcly landed oisf 
terra firt/za. 

* A toifè ÎS a fathom, or fix feet- 



In September, 1784, the Duke of Orleans, accom- 
panied by Messrs. Robert, ascended in a balloon fur- 
nished with oars and rudder ; to this a small balloon 
was attached, for the purpose of being inflated with 
bellows, and thus supp lying the mean s of descent 
without waste of the hydrogen gas. Having attained 
the altitude of fourteen hundred feet, they were 
greatly alarmed at the sombre aspect of the horizon,, 
and the reverberation of distant peals of thunder; 
being also, for a considerable time, exposed to the 
fury of a w^hirlwind ; from a sudden change of tem- 
perature they began rapidly to descend, but, on dis- 
charging some ballast, they reascended to the height 
of six thousand feet, the balloon continuing to be 
greatly agitated. Having surmounted the stormy 
region, the rays of the sun, unobs cured by a cloud, 
caused so great an expansion of the gas, that they 
entertained serious apprehensions of a rvipture of 
the balloon. In this exigency the duke pierced it in- 
several places with his sword, to facilitate the escape 
of the gas, and, having narrowly escaped falling into, 
a lake, they descended unhurt, after an excursion of 
five hours. 






î»ARr§lAN ÎNTlÊLLIGENCE. 



THE Brothers, Robert, have procured leave 
to make their grand experimtnc in the Royal 
gardens of the Thuileries. I'hc price of their 
fubfcription is fix livres for the admiiliDa of two . 
perfons. - - 



Mr, Smeath'man's Accounf of* tbe B^llftofv at 

Pari?, concludtd from our Paper of ytiltr- 

day. 

The Duke, accompanied by the tw<)_Ro bertt» 
and anorUcrairiftanf, enterrd the gallfry with as 
much gaity as he coulci have mounted Itis car- 
.riage, ainidft the clappings and plaudits- of thd 
wondering multitude. The gallery was retained 
a minute ort«o, at three or fcnr fe.-t dillarce 
from the ear ih, w hile a fine acflive oKi AJ^be, fixed 
a balance to a ftaple at the balloon in the centre, 
and weighed the degree of levity with which they 
were g niig to afcend. This done, the iin-chiiie 
»ras (ufured to depart. The Duke fàlu ed the 
company with his hat and great g'od hum' ur, 
while his attendants were bufy in arr.i:'ging their 
apparatiif. 

The 'Balloon took sn oblique direâion, and the 
jerial travellers feemed appri benfive,of bet g en- 
,tang!ed by the trees which inirounded the an5- 
bhitheatre, and began to throw over their b.illafl', 
which CO- filled of (and and gravtl. The Duke 
appeared to hsvedilcharged a pretty large bag, all 
at once, on the heads of fome unfortunate fpec- 
latorswho, as you may imagine, were utftantly 
put to the rout, and in great confufion. In con- 
fequence they afcended with too much rapidity, j 
and, as I had foretold, in about three minuter, ert- l 
tered the fog, ufing ihe'r r ai-s, but without any \ 
apparent effect, and quickly difjppeared. You ' 
cannot perhaps imagine^^a more txiraordinary ' 
£ght. I A ftranger j\iR arrived fr^m fome disant I 
land; to have entered at the moment of a c-nfu n, 
would have begun to believe \k\ the heathen my^ 
thology. He might verynatnrJly have thought 
ïhcDuke fome Deity, who, like Jupiter or Bac- 
chus of old, had been taking a fcamper upon 
earth, and having declared himlelf was receiving 

Î)erfonal worfliip from his votaries ; moil of th 'le 
urri;undii)g his «rial car, kneeling in the moft 
graceful puilure of adoration. The crowd flood 
fome minute?, contemplating, and as it were alio» 
r.ifli'.^ at what they had ieen. Others, however, 
rullied out as fail as poilible, and took the fame 
direction as tise Balloon, on horfeback or in car- 
riages. We happcuftd to follow the fame courfe, 
ingoing to our country breakiaft" again at Seve. 
We had indeed launtered a ^md deal in examin- 
ing the paintings in the Cafile, where we met 
Monf. de Beaumarchaif, the famous Pjet, to 
tvhnm I had the honour of being introduced with 
other gentlerjjen. Before we arrived at Seve, we 
were erroneoufly informed., that the machine was 
ciefcemied at the Caftle of Mondon ; that the 
Prince had quitted if, and the others were af- 
cended again. S on af er we had begun our 
fcreakfaft, we had a m' reexaft and a more ferious 
piece of intelligence, which was that the Billoon 
had burfl-, -'-.nd ; alien j that the gallery was broken 
in pieces, but none of the travellers injured. The 
Chevalier de Cubicres now expri fled the highetl 
fatisfartion, that his brother, had . nc-t afcnded, 
for we were not without fome apprehenfion for 
the traveller?, alt! ongh repeated accounts feem 
to c infirm the f rmer that they W3:re \v. lafety- 
We got into the coach and vient up to the cjftle j 
of Mendon, pafling by Bsllevice, the reiidence ; 
of Mefdame--, of France. We fa.^' the gallery ' 
inclofsd in one of the halls of the Caftle, but not ' 
m fo ruinous a ilate as weexpeaed. The Bal- 
loon: itfelf was faut up out ot figlu. We there 
learned that after the Balloon had buril, the ma- 
chine fell with great rapidity i\ firft, but flower 
at the lafl, and on the fide of a lake in the park, 
ivhere a little by, a cpwkeeper, having more 
Courage or more curiofity than iv-io of his c m- 
pauisins, who fled from our modern phaeton, ran 
to th«ir aiTiftance, and drew them to the fliore. 
That the Duke had borrowed a horfe<^-f(ome gen- 
tleman who ar.'-ived firft, and without faying any 
thing to his to his unhappy Jlnpmates^ had fet off 
full gallop to Paris, accompanied by fo.iie of his 

friends, whom he loon picked up on the road. 

Various Were the reports fpread abroad on that 
day by the idle babblers of Paris, not a few of 
thtm invented againft the Duke de Chartres, who 
from his ipirited contempt of fome impertinent 
neighbours, has incurred the hatred of many of 
Cne ignorant and she vulgar. The encourage- : 
ment, however, which he hasgi^enin many in- 
ilances, a» well as in this I have juft related, to 
the arts and Iciences, entitle him to a very diffe- 
rent treatment. Among others, he has within 
thefe three ov four years, built oui* cf the m.oH 
iliagnifictntlquar^rs, perhaps m the whole world, 
round the garden of his palace, and in which all 
the conveniences ïtid all the luxuries of tiialcitv 
are aflismbled. - 



In faflhis aerial voyage does him immortsi ho- 
nour, whether we confider it as proteéting the 
faiences by his purfe or his example. The expe- 
riment muft have coft him two or ihree thoufjind 
pounds, and from the conceit and vanity of the 
p«rfons he einployed, he ran the r ft of his life, 
if in fa£t there was any danger from mounting in 
Balloons. This and other accidents which have 
happened, dcmonfttate alm?ill to a certainty that 
■ino danger is to be apprehended from the burlling 
of balloons, and that it is iniich lafer embarking 
in one of them than in a packet boat. I believe 
there is is no doubt the Duke preierved his pre- 
fence of mind better than the reft of his compa- 
nions, who, according to their own accouius, as 
lam informed, almofl gave themfclves up as loft. 
I fliall now give it to you, as nearly as I can recol- 
lée! it, from the Marquis de Cubiere?, who re- 
lated it at n.y apartment the next day to t'^.e Duke 
de Chaulines, Baron Nolkens, his Svedilli Ma- 
jelly's Ambaflador at this Court, Mr. Vigorous, 
and myfelf. 

As the Msrquis had come direâly from the 
Puke de Chartres, wf.ere hè had been at break- 
faft, and had the relation from his Highnels him- 
felf, you may guefs it is pre tty authentic. Be- 
fore I tan relate the fat^l:, it will be necfflary t«) give 
you fome idea of the inreriur c-nftrucTmn of the 
P^Unon, of which the Roberts, among other 
things, made alio a rnyftery. It having been 
found by experiment, as well as in theory, that 
the inflammal>le a:r expands in proportion as the 
balloon rifes in the ati^iofphere, aiid that unlcfs 
lame of it is difchsrged, or room left.or provided. 
f«)r it, it will inevitably birrfl: the'Balloon ; in 
order to pre/entfuch an accident, and the lofs of 
Xfeéiuâàiarïîàbre air, whii^i ;«e, at prdeut, ex^ 

'■^csediiigly éxpsîjfi've, they contrived a finall-er bal- 
lot n to be placed within the larger, which being' j 
filled l)y means of a pair of bellows w^ith common 
atmofpkenc air, might, by means ot ac^ ck, be 
eraptiedand leave . the fpace which it ocicujiied,' 
when full, to be filled by the elallic gaz orih- 
flammable sir. For this purpofe there was 'îlfo 
cofitrived a long tube or trunk of varniflied filk, 
v/hich reached f;om the interior balloon, throug)i 
a perforation properly clofed into one end af the 
gallery. There was alfo a long trunk <if the fame 
materials, which was made to defç.^nd into the 
other end of the gallery, that in cafe th- room 
obtained, m the great balloon by the elaflic air, 
comprifing all the aimofpherc air, out of the 
litiall balloi.n, was not fuflicienr, they might be 
able to let (orsie of it (jfi' to wsHe, Thiswas their' 
grest fecret, of which, however, a Member of 
the Academy alfo claiined the it^vention. 

Tlieir other fecreis were the rhetho<i of dite6):- 
ing, abive-mention(,d, quil'e uophilolophicF-l and 
ridicuhui', their method of vainithing and joining 
the fi!k, wh ch jjroved defedlive, as they lofl in- 
celfauily a great quantity of gaz ; and th^ir method 
of making and introducing the gaz, by which they 
melted their tin tube?, hurt themfelves, and en- 
dangered the balloon. Thefe gentlemen however 
were too wife to be advifed, and therefore con- 
fa'ted nobodv ;. and the conf.quence was nearly 
fatal to the Prince and themfelves. 

Having thrown out a great deal of ballall as 
threy went off, ihey had lightened their machine 
' too precipitately and afccnded with vaft rapidi- 
ty. Some mifmanagement or fome accident'pre- 
vented theni in their huny, froni opening the 
tube which was to let out ths atmofpheric air in- 
clofed in the interior balloon, and to add to their 
embarraffment, they had fet off in the very worlt 
moment which could have been choien. Withui 
ten minutes af.er they were gonf, v: e obf rved the 
thick fog, which hung over our heads at about 
two hundred. feet from the earth, began to break 
and to feparate, and in confequenoe our adven- 
turers found themfelves involved amidil: a great 
number of b.oken clouds juft rifing by the influ- 
ence of the fun's rays, and difperfing with great 
violence, Ihey found themfelves fuddenly in- 
volved in clouds of rain, and higher up of fleet 
and fnow, and whirled about in various direfti- 
ons with great velocity and buflle. In this con- 
fufion, the interior balloon not being evacuated 
burft, with a report, the Duke faid, equal to that 
of ai-i tight poun'dcr, and immediately the great 
balloon began to fwell and ftrain with great noife : 
at the fame time afcendmg with great rapidiiy. 
The danger then began to be very great and very 
evident. The Roberts entieavoured toletrfFihe 
inflammable sir, but when they tried they foend 
the tube was flopped, by the ruins of the interior 
■- balloon which hatî fallen upon the interior orific?. 



They had lome imall hags m tlie boat fixed to gilt 
Haves with pikes upon the heads, and with one of 
them endea/ jured to remove the obftrutflion but 
without fueccfs. The fwelling and ftraining of 
thisbiUoon encreafing, and there being a certainty 
of Its burfting fooner or later, thï elder Roberts 
cried out that their lives depended up )n pierc ng 
the ballor.n. The Duke vvitn great coolnefs told 
them not to be rafli, and to be very clear of the 
neceflity of the cpcntion befsre they put it, in 
praftice. They repeatedly allured him of the 
neceirity of it bef(.re he W(;u'd confront. He was 
equally deliberate in choofing the place where he 
was to give the fatal flrokr, it being the point of 
, honour as Comm-mder iu Chief for him to per- 
form it. They told him that it was quite immate- 
rial, that any where over hir, head, where he -^ould 
moft conveniently reach it would be equally pro- 
per. He accordingly thruft the pike of the co- 
lours into the part neartlV. At the very inftcnt 
the breach rent, on each fide, from end to end 
feventy-two feet in length and difcharged the 
whole contents. The) immediately fell with 
great rapidity, but the upper part of the balloon 
lemaming found, became converted into an im- 
mtnU parachute (orfafefall) and felt fuch a re- 
nflaiice fiom the column of air underneath, as to 
retard their defc nt confiderably. 

In this fitiiation the Duke propofed taking a 
parting bumper, bjit having forgot a cork fcrcvv, 
they were obliged to return the bottle to its place, 
and fo far were they in reality from imminent dan- 
ger, that out of half a dozen bottles, only one 
of them was broken by being jolted againft ano- 
ther. They had alfo time to call a boy, as I obferv- 
ed, to throw him a rope or cord to tow them ofFof 
a lak-, and dif barged a bag of fand at but a lit- 
tle diftance from the earth, by which means they 
efcaped railing into the middle of the lake. I am 
informed fince, that the Duke has ordered it to 
b^ repaired, mianin^ to have fome further expe- 
riments tried, snd it h triuch to be wifii^d that j 
he may have the giat fication of being fuccefsful. { 
In the mean time report fays, he haa fettled a ! 
handfome annuity on th« young herdfman. He I 
hîs fince made à trip to England, and again rë- ' 
turned to France, vvhere he is probably méditât- ' 
ing another serial journey. 

I remain very refpedfully, 
Your moft obliged and 

Faithful humble fervant, 

„_^ HENRY SMEATHMAN. 

j Tijyr '-^ __— . — _ — 



M. Charles, who was the first œi-onaut who ascended aTPariVfbr 
a regular arial voyage, enjoyed, through the munificence of liouis 
XVI., apartoents in the Tuileries, where he prosecuted his chemical 
and philo-sophical studies. When the palace was attacked en the 
lOth of August, 1792, the assailants penetrated to his apartments, 
and were about to aissasîinate him, when he declared who he was 
and pointed to the car of the balloon in which he made his first 
ascent, an( winch was fortunately in the room. The crowd, remem- 
bering witi* delight the impression which his bold attempt had 
made upon them, left him, not only wuhout doing him personal in. 
jury, but also respecting his property. /' |J^ J t 



We hear fronts Paris, that the mommenr 
talked of in 1783, to perpetuate the memory of 
ihedepanure of Meilleurs Charlds and Robert, 
from tW Thuillerics, in their aerial machine, is 
now under confidcration, and an obelifk is to be 
ercded for the above purpofe, in the Cours-la 
Raine, between the river Seine and the Champ, 
clyfecs. The building of a new bri..|ge from ihc 
place Louis XV". is alfo refolvcd upon". //^PS' 

i>4 hearing u remarked that no Englishman ha^ai yn 
. tUhtr atumf^uJ, or mprc-ved on the Ai^ Balloons. 

' Th^^"^*^^^ ^^' ''^" ^^^"^"^ ^ land of naves, 
JL Cutlet the Crjw^Afoflûr^Hc beware, 
His fubjcas fwear they wilt be free, 

And fe'cJî for freedom îii the air. 
See Reberti&nà Mont.golfitr lead 

All Paris in a dance ; 
Thofe airy journeys well become 

The Cght-heel'd fons of France.. 
The foggy Dutchman (Urange to think !} 

The ftars already reaches, 
In Air Balloon he fmokes his pipe. 

And mounts in fpite of — breeches. 
Thro' Spain the madnefs quickly fpread, - 

And journies to the inoon 
By new Don fixates now are pl»nn'd, 

Perform^rf in Air Balloon. 

Tho' Albion's fons for eafy faith 

Throughout the wodd are known, 
No Briton yet fublime has foar'd, J 

Or thro* the .^ther flown. 

Let Holland, France, and Spain unite 

New regions to explore, 
And let them fight, and conquer, whett ■ 

They never fought before, 

Biitaiinia, when thgjr toil is done. 

Will then begin her wars,^ 
And rifle all the fpoils they gain'd- 

luSun, or Moon, or St^rS. 
t C. M. 



ji/^fi. //. I, u N A R D I ' s b' A L I: N, /'^^•^ 
ry-^HE Panthecfn will be open every Day This 

I J. Week, 'fm- the Exhibition of the NEW BALLaO'-., 
which furms th; BRITISH i-LAG, in which Mr. EVfT' 
NARDl means Co ASCÉKD wilh his Friend from the 
ARTILLERY ground; 

As the NEW GALLERY and other MACHlNEllV, .. 
with which he intends to zfcend next tiate, Sra not com- 
peted, there ftall be a PAIR 07 WINGS that extend 
thirty-eight feet, and are' on fiuh a coattruftipn, that they 
will pro.hite obfvrv.iiion, wjiich were i* to mention, miglit 
perV.aps be receiver vvitij incredulity. .^ \ 

I The BALLOON is cf ijo feet l-i circumference, Arr- 

i face -jS^o I'qujre feet, and contains 3Y,4c8 cuilic fcctxif air. 

I " ADMITTANCE. ONE SHILLING. 

' Ôn^hurfday laft Mr. Lunavdi made an ex- 
periment with part of his new gallery, at Black- 
friars Bridge, where a great number of people 
affembled. It is fo conftruded as to defy the 
power of the waves, and to be rendered of uti- 
lity at fea (in cafe of danger) as well as in the 
air. Though it is made of white metal, it does 
not exceed the weight of 64 pounds ; and the 
circumference being zz feet, will accommodate 
I a perfons with the greateft fafety. The prin- 
cipal objedt was to know what weight it would 
carry; a foundery' being nigh, they put in a 
piece of iron, befides fand, that was 1800 
weight, which it carried with eafe, though the 
bottom of the gallery was 11 inches above the 
furface of the water. -T^. /i. z?^^ 



/ylfr^ ^ ^ " '^ '"' ^ ^ ^'JU. 2/ 

VTT/fR. LUNARDT, willing to gratify the 

i\l jmljiic curiofity, has preparej a New Balijow, whicli 
îô.no\v fiifptnd^d at the Pantheon, its dimenfions larger than 
srnv v-t exhibited, its colours thufe- which form the Britifh 
I'iao' cir.i.'/Uiilie.i «ith the arms of his Majifty, and thofe of 
lils Roval llith'"'"^ the Pnnce of Wales. 
"Tiic Cil'ny, '.vhich will affi-ird feats for ten perfons, does 
notexcefd the weight of 76 pounds ; it is richW and elegantly 
ornamented, and formed for fea or lard.. '1 he oars f'»r_ the 
air and thofe for the wai:er, are conftrufled on principles 
hitherto peculiar te Mr. Lunardi. But as it is irapoffible, 
in an ad^crtlfemcntj to defciibe an apparatus fo complicated 
îwdtïfefiil, Mr. Lunardi wilUtlend ac the Pantheon, every 
day tl-%W'-ek, except on 'I'hurfday, when the company are 
only admitted into the griUery, on account of the préparât!» ns, 
Éeing Concert night. 

Admittance ONE SHILLING. 



PANTHEON. 
Ifc^rR. LUîSfARDÏ has already experienced fo 

much f.ivour in England, that i,t would be the utmoft 
jiidif retion in him to draw afrention to trivial fubj.â3. 

He has employed evsiy moment allowed by the duty of 
.gratif.ing public curiofity, to prepare a New Halbon, which 
is now fiifpupded at the Pantheon, its dimenii ms lai'ger than 
any yet exhibited, its c jlonrs thole which form the Britifli 
Flaj, émleUj/hed with the arms of his Majtllv, -and thofe of 
ills ftoya! Highiwfs the Prince of Wile.s. ' . 

The .Gallery, whofe wi^'ht do'-s not exceed 76 pounds, 
wid aff -rd f»ats for tew perfons ; it is rich'-y and elegantly or- 
namented, and formed for fea or lard. The isafe is fo c.tin- 
ftruiled, that it has bprne a t.^n on the river Thames, wh !e 
tke pi>it holes of the guns at its (i ?g, were three inches above i 
water. Tlie oars for tiie a'r, and thofe for the water, a e 
conftigifted on principles hitherto necti iar to Mr. Lunardi. 
But as it is irnpoifîb!e, in an ad<'erHfcment, to defcribe an 
apparatus fo complicated and ufeful. Mr. Lunardi will attend 
Si: the Pantheon, every day next week, except Thurfday, from' 
eleven to four j and wiil explain the purpofes to be ferVed by it. 

Mr. LUN,AR.DI, in his next' Aerial Escurfion, will be 
accompanied by an ingenious Friend. The Excurfion \vili be 
Caben from the Artillery Ground, as the puhliè will bej re- 
J'pe&tiuly informed, as fjon as the neccITaiy prepai^ations will 
ÎJdmit of fixing the time. /^,^. /S. f7$Ç- 

Admittance onlv ONE SHIL[.-TNG. 

lueacGiuCnt which happtnci on t>.iturday 

I morning to Mr. Lunardi's balloon at the Pati- 

theon, and the caufe of its burftin^, was by a 

large pane of glafs which fell from the dome, 

\ and cut the fi'k ; the accident, however, gave 

Mr. Lu'nardi a new opportunity of fhewing at 

lafge to tne pablic his feelings and gencrotity. 

The di 'appointment was not fo gr^itt as might 

naturally be exp'."d-dj as a fmall balloon and 

machitiery, &rc, (the true model of the large one 

in which Mr. L. m.eatis to afccnd) was fufpcnd- 

i ed in the i-'antheon rcom-, which much excited 

and fatisfied , thexuriolity of the Company. — 

The new g^jllery and machinery wire fuf- 

pended, and the ba loon, which was empty 

and laid on the floor, made a wonderful and im- 

menfe appearance. Mr. Lunardi, in order to 

avoid ever/ kind of diffatisfadion that m/ght 

enfue, he prefer ted every perfon that came, a 

ticket ot adraiilion for this day, which is the laft 

of his attendance at, the Pantheon, when he will 

afcend,' bitiveen two and three. o'Gioek, as high 

as the <iv>me~ will permit, with a beautiful 

young lady ; perhaps the very fame iady will be 

to-e ^ril aerial voycger that accompmies Mellrs. 

Lunardi and Biggin in the depart;ure from the 

Artillery Ground to Calais, which will be as 

foon as the weatlver is (ettled. pjo-'j. P. ^/<PS^, 



\ .:^i^x'. p 



A NT [Î EON. 



/^^PJ" 



S Mr. LUNARDI has nothing more at 
XTL h-eait than to gratify the public curiofity in the mofï 
ample and fatiifadlory manner, and that to difappoinC t:ha 
general expedtatian in the fmalleil particular, would be in 
exprefliWy rçfugnant to the ^ fincere and grateful feelings hd ' 
entertains of their part favo'urs, he hallens to contradict an 
idea wh'ch-:ls gone forth, ef his ilitention to afcend on 
Tueflay next from -the Ariillery Ground. It- 13 true, 
he did intimate, a confidcrable tinie ago, fome thought^ 
of fixing on. a day in Eatier-v/tek ftr thcjexecation of hi^i ex- 
periment, with the c xprefs addition that, at all events th«. 
"public 111 mid certainly have a week's prior intelligence. Hi 
now takes the liberty to fignify, that it is judged expedient by 
him, his "friends, and the companions of his flight, 'to awjit a 
total change of the wtacher, when the beauty of the fcene ha 
hopes to affj-id, will be more intimately 'felt, .'.pd pleaf-. 
ingly cnjnyed j and the fpeitators, particularly the Ladies, not 
Yabjeft to the various changes 0/ an unftttled llcy in a pir^ce 
(oupcn a;,d unlheltereed as the Artillery Ground. , 

The Exhibition of Mr. Lunardi's Ba loon- reiiains'opch as 
ufuaf at the Pantheon j he has f|i.ared no pains or coft to lender 
it e'.egant and m ignificenc to the eye, and to blend iij t'e 
r,um:'rous parts of his machinery, the orna.Tier.ca! v>'i:h the 
ufeful-i in part'cular the Britifh Flag dilpliy-d on ths glob--, 
hei^h ened by- his Majefty's arn;s on one'fiJc, and thofo of. 
h sRoval Highnefs the Prince of Wales on the other, piodi.c s, 
an effe-a which he is extremely ha, py ha; met vvlth the mcft 
gejieral admiration. 

On Voaday next, between Two and Thrte o'clock, feve-j 
ral Ladies, being d»firous to Cry the nature of their fenfafons 
in the mo.nent of elevation, will afcena w.th the Balloon as" 
high as the Dome of the Pantheon will permit j and at that 
point of altitude fevetal guns will be fired from the port holes, 
on the deck and at the ftern of the boat, which forms the, 
bale of the gallery, in whi'.h the company wilfbe feated, and 
.which is. now lendered rnofc cohifeiftent, b-ing f^arroundcd 
oil the infidc by a fof.Vjfufficlent to accommrJrtc ten perfons. 
... '.Adinittance ONE SHILLING, 

Tickets are now roady for delivery, at the Pantheon, at 
Five Shillings each, which vv !1 admit One Perfoa into the" 
Artillery Ground, who will H; en it'ed to a feat near the Bal- 
loon, on the day of Mr. Lunardi's aUen:ion. 

In order to biniffi the moil diftant idea of f-jar, the civil 
pawer win be ] roperly fappoitsd in prefeVvaticn af thepuWic 
peacei aad pTevsotion oT any kind oi diiurder. 



We underdand that it was not to repair his ; 
balloon, that Mr. Sadler quitted Dover, and 
gave Blanchard an opportunity to crofs the chan- 
nel before him, but to affiil liis wife in the la- 
bors of Twelfth Day ; and thus may n be faid 
was Englifli glory facrificed io^phimh-cakt/^^^'f 



Yeflerday^Mr. Lunardi performed his pro- 
mile, and his balloon was drawn up as high as 
the dome would permit, under the command of 
two fair heroines. They were accompanied by 
four beautiful children, whofe fpirited beha- 
viour gave great pleafure to a very large and 
brilliant company of fafliionable people. We 
cannot but confefs that it gave us infinite plea- 
fur^e to fee that Lunardi (till keeps his juftly 
■ deferved attradlion in t"he the opinion of that 
public, whofc liberality, has ever been bellow- 
ed upon every defcrip;ion of merit. 



e^^T P.A N T H E O N./'>^^?-«^' 

THIS DAY. betv.'&en Two. and Three 
o'clock) fevcral Ladies, bting defir.us to try the hature 

ut tlieir f -nfationS in the moment, of elev.',lion, wtU.-ifcenn 
with Mr. Lunardi's Balloon as high a.s the U^me of, tlic Pan- 
thi-nn will permit; and at that point of altitude ("everal guns 
'will be fired from the p,.rt-holes on the deck and at the 
lllevn-of th; boat, which ■forntls 'the bafc, of the. gallery, i.n 
which the company will beJeated,iand which isaow rendered 
im.Tf convenient, bei,»;;. furrountel on the inlide by a fufa, 
lufiicietJt to pcconvmpdjte ten perituis. 

Admittance ONE SHILLING. 
■ Tickets are now ready lor rieliveryy at the l^antheon, at 
FiveSbllines each, vvhick wiU admit One iWon into the 
Artillery GrouiId.Xvho wi'l b- entitled to a feat near the Bal- 
loon, on the day of Jvlr. Lunaidi's afcenurtn.' _, 
, In order to b '.niih the maft diftnn.t rdça of fear, the civil 
power will be properly fuppotted in prel"ir.vauon of the pubnc. 
peace, and preventi.>n-ot any kind of diloïder. 




froiTitî 



Y, Apkil 9v -^7% 



V A NT -H E O N. 

R. LU-NARDI's EXHlBïTlO.NisO?EN- 

This-Ehy, aiîdwlll continue fo, tiiihe A3CB«*»^ 

•om Tiie ARTILLERY GROU-'NP, wivitih *H>/^f^^Y 

rtl^i^n^.rtciï^;ltïïît-^e^«^"^ 

S^'^^';tfcl^,^win ..an^^'^e^r^tanont^ a 

real Afcenfion. And is a further enter-.mnaent to-th.- 

conmanvMuficwillbe-plnyedtwm I'welve to b5x. 

"■"^ ' ^, ADÎvtîTTANCE,. ON-K S^HILLING^: • •- 

The Dtwa will be ftpcn'ffom NlTs'S in tha Wsrft.flg «11 



' PA N T %. ÎTcTN? 

T' HIS Dây.binweei) Two and Three o'Clock, 
SEVERAL LADIES WIL- QO. UP \*-kù iheBa,- 
loonih the .Pantheon, as high as -the Dime w.lj per...rt, 
(about fifty ('^"t':) antf, a^fvi^ther entertain. nciu r. tiic cnmi 
pâny, ^LiffcwitrUe ulavcd Von T vVEl.VE t'r I'lV Ji. 
ADMITTA-NCE, OXESi.Jl.lISG. 
The day fixed Yor Mr. Lunardi's AffJifion is on, the l?th 
-of May next, if fine wcicLér, froi« th • Ai-iUcry Ground, ■ 
_whet.i he wili,bèac<.o:T)p.inied by his J- ri^-iid arid a Ltdy. 

The;e.xh'!biti...'n «t the l^jittheonvviil remain open ever^ 
day tlfis «eek; stnd on Thurfday the company wiU'be admit- 
ted in the G.»Hery only, on account of the pr8ysvaiioi.v.. for 
^heC iK-r. l!^- /f. '/l/yf 



^ A'L L--0'0 InI A S CE N S 1 ON.' 

ANY Lady or Gentleman, defirous ol^ an 
aerial axeurfion, may be furniflied with an eligible 
opportunity for the fmall (um (compared with what bai hi 
therto been given) of fifty guihe.'.s, with a Bslb.on more di- 
ll; in g^i fits d. for ingen'uity ail^l novelty th;;n a:iy hitherto eon- 
ItriiCted.— -Thofe who:rep!y to tiiis advcrtifcment, aid fig. 
i.ify their addrefs, will be. waiteal upon with the furthei ex- 
planation. ■ A-/?. /^- ^?S$r 
. DircaioJ .S-atPeele's,Çoftee.!v»nfe,Tleet-ftvect- 



f^i9S^ I* A N T HE O N. y'Ô ^/^'f 

THOUGH Saturday^was the only Day that 
Mr. Lunardi /hut up thVExhibi'.Ion at the. Pantheon, 
he has, in that (hoft period, unwdling to take up a moment's 
unnecefr.iry time from the gratificati.jn of excited curi'^fity, 
compleated his balloon for afcen (ion,, with an aJàitional deçp- 
coraiion, making toe whole of St. Geoige's Croft one beauri- 
ful tranfparency, which, blended with his M, j;'.rty"s a .d ihiijce ■ 
of VVales's Arms, renders the whole bva uiluily elegant. 

By the fjnne new io»pr..vemeiit, which is rot only fuperbly 
ornameotal, but of palpable utdlty, the balloon will contain 
fuurthoufund cubic feet more inflammable air; fo that the- 
public may banilii every diftant idea of any difappointmcnt 
enf ling on the day of Afcen (ion from the Artillery-Ground, 
which is pofitively fixed on for the iSlh âf May next, when 
Mr. Lunfirdi will, be accompanied by a Lady and Gentleman. • 
■ The'B.illoon will i.>e exhibited Every Day this V.'eek, with 
the new improvement of the Tranfpaicncy, but in. addition to 
• the ufual amufements at the I'antheon, This -Day fevori^l 
Ladii's, between two and three o'clock, will be drawn up as 
high as the dome will pKrniit (which is about fifty feet) in. the 
new machine with the fiallooii, (h)win.^ an exatlrfprcfe.- ta- 
tion of a real Afcenflon ; and to render the whole ftii! more 
entprtainlng to the company, mufic will be playeTconftanlly 
from Twelve to Five. . . : 

Admittance ONE SHILLING only. 

The daors will* be qpea:d from Nine .in the morning till 
dark. 



A b the Afcenfion -of the BALLOON in (he 

rx Paotheon affords fu,ch a gcne.al fatLfaftion it wil' Le 
. repeated '1 his Day .bet.wcen uvt> a-idc-hrEe o'clock, whenVe- 
vei-alXaJicswll ^ic^ndwiihit ia the ne^viMJlcrv, as.hii.h .6 
the dom.. >,Md permit, which îs fifty f«!3: -and it thit L'n- 
" °'" , ■'' "^'"■' ":"'^'' 1'"^- '-"".«^■""'.-■nwiir befiredj and asa 
1"' ,;"■'""■"'"■ "'';'^ :" 5''"^ '^■""f ^■îy»' i««fi? will beplavde 
c.ji.lt..n-.y n-.-;';i tw.;!-,,- nil five. '■ ' • 

: .l-he Halloon. i^n >-.v c ri.piotey f.r afi;enfi.ri, xnd will be 

^ÏÎdtf -m'^ "'T t^ '^■^^ >Ye?k,-wicl, an addition,! 
;■ d.c.r.«nn .m.kln^r th. whole q,; St, G.o'orge s Cr fs 6nt beau- 

: l'i:.ijce.0t.W,alei'savins, rendii's ^he wh.yle truli- elegant. 
■- : . Ad.nUtance O.oe Shifin;;. 

The "doors will be opane.j from jsirte " 
dark, 

0. ^r- r, -...,-:,, will al\:cc-J fcm the Arcll!e,-v 
■■/ th.: i!3:hot A. ay,, accompanied by a 



e morn in» 



N. 0, ^r- 
Groi.n 
Lrlv .... 

Tickcl. n, : 

(hillings each,. 



5!3n-. Jto >^. had- a"t the Pai.theon, at fi'.e 



^/U,U 1^. P A N 1 H >: O "NVB^^" ; 'T 

AS anEncouraeement to Geniu,? and/lbi'itie's, ^ 
Mr. LUNARDI has engased, in avidition to the ufijal ' 
Amuf;;ments at the PANTHEON EXHIBITION, the. 
MUSICAL CHILD, who will perform TO^iVtORROW 
from TWO till FOUR o'clcck, and th .ugh but nine 
years of age, will take oft" fevcral of our Firft Pcr/ormers, 
an J fing a d phy at fight ; hut it would be needlefs here to 
make .uiy eaco,nuims on her me: it, as it has been fo much 
diftinguifhed and c juntenanced. 

Admittance (as ufual) ONE SHILLING; 

The doors will be opened Irom nine in the morning till 
dark. ; . , . > 

N. B. The Day of ASCEN.SION fr.^m' the ARTIL 
LERY GROt?ND, h fixed for the i8th of May next, when 
Mb. Lunaitsi v^ll be açfeomtianicd by a La iw and Gen- 

Tickers of adn)ifii>i} to be H»d at «tie Pauthçon, ^t Five j 
Shiiiingi each. 1 



^^/?» 

//^T 



TITs "aKOIs' GÎiAND AIR BALLOON. j 

Rl LUNARDI is pecoli.irly happy in 1 



JR. having lately experienced, that ,the attachment _of 
the Faillie tjthim is in unifon with his feelings and gartiality 
to this Nation ; he therefore merit beg leave to inform thcn,^ 
that he means to afcend with hii B.iHoon, ac_compan.ied hy i 
Britifh Lady and Geotle.m.n>,, f«m-i time a -x'- Week ; and'" 
in the papers of To n;orn.w, rhe dsy ihall befpcçifid. 

The generous attention ef the Nobility and Gentry has 
made fnch a permanent imprellion on the mind of Mr. Lu- 
nardi, that he thinks It his duty not only to gratify every 
curiofity, but beft.ow genera! fatisfaaion ; and that no Indi- 
vidual may be difappoinccd of feeing him afcend, there wiit be 
Places, at One .^hillipig each, feparated from the five- 
Shilling DivifioMs, but ftill affording a clear and diftinft view 
ef the whole, tho' at fome little didaice. 

PANTHEON. 
This Day, at Two and Four o'Clock, lèverai parties of 
Ladies may afcend wit'i the Balloon in the Pantheon; 
when from' One îHi Three the Mufic^.l Child, in addition to_ 
the ufual entenainuients, will play feveral capital piîces of 
Mulic, and fing fjmc of our prefent favorite y^irs. 
. AJiBiitaace ONE SHILUNG. 



L Y C E U M in the S t R AND. 
J^-pHE N03n.ITY and GENTRY, who 

X were pl»af-.-d on TcTESDAY to honour the intended 
Afcenfion of the Britifh Balloon with their prefence, having 
an undoubted right to a candid, iiigetiuous explanation of 
the caufe o( their difappointrnent, the Proprietor, humbly 
begs leave to inform thsm, that early in the Morning, an 
infidious attempt was made to itepri»e thî undertaking of 
the generous fupport of the Public, by the diffribution of 
hand-bills, purporting, that from the fijdden indifpofition 
of tbi; Lady who was to have afcended from Tottcnham- 
Court-road ; the faid Afcenfion was deferred till SATlfR.- 
DAY next. 

Injurious as this b^fe contrivance, and grofs impofi'ion, 
muft neceflarily have been, it was not apprehended that the 
Arts and Malice of felfiifi competitors could have extended 
any farther ; but the very contrary was the cafe; for, du- 
ring the Infiiting Operation (which, previoufly, e-.ualled 
the moft fanguine expeftation, and met with the particular 
approbation of the cognofcenli, under the funSion of cu- 
riofity) a Perfon of Foreign appeaa-ance (as can be fully 
atte.led) while the eyes of the .nanigers were diverted by 
-other objefts, pulled the Cord which has the command of 
the 'Valve with fuch fatal impetuofiry, as to break the 
fpring calculated to return it to its place ; from which cir- 
cumftance, and premeditated a£t of violence, (which was 
noWdifcovered till too late for reparation) the 'Valve remained 
open, and difcharged the inflammable air, as fad as the 
Balloon received it ; all endeavours to gratify the jull ex- 
peiStations of the company, were confequcntly by this ad- 
ditional mancauvre, rendered abortive; but, the dcfit;n of 
afcending with a BRITISH LADY and a SCIENTIFIC 
GENTLEMAN, for the purpofe of making Phibfophical 
Experiments, is not relinqui{h?d by the Proprietor, who 
will certainly repeat the attempt, fo foon as the late da- 
mages are properly repaired : in the mean time, thofe La- 
dies and Gentlemen, who paid for Admifiion a;cd received 
checks, are refpedtfully tequelfed to preferve them, to be 
exchanged for frelh Tickets, at the next Afcenfion ; or to 
ajply for the return of their monev, if more agreeable. _ 



Bv PARTICULAR DESIRE. 
And POSITIVELY the LAST DAY of EXHIBITION, 
TT is not only with Reluftance that Mr. LU- 
J. NARDI acquiefcestoa PARTICULAR RECiUEST j 
but it is attended wi h numerous inconveniencies j however, 
to prove that his utmoft wifh and intereft is to beftow uni- 
verfal fatisfattion, and to prevent the difappointrnent of 
th»fe Comp.iifies that arrived too late y»«1erday evening, he 
will OPEN the EXHIBITION at the PANTHEON 
THIS DAY from TWELVE o'clock tiU FlVfc, whera it 
win-finally clofe. . // 9;f^a^Y' /yd>S'. 

A Band of Mufic will be provided to entertain the Com 
pany, and the BALLOON, NEW MACHINE, In.lru- 
ments, and the whole of tha Apparatus for afcenfijin, will 
be exhibited sod explained. 

ADMITTANCE ONE SHILLING. 

N. B. As Mr. Lunardi means to fill his Balloon To- 
morrow, that the mflammable air may be perfeûly con- 
denfcd previous to his afcenfion, CMnpany will be admitted 
into the Ardllery Ground, to view the procels, hoin twelve 
till dark:. 

ADMITTANCE ONE SHILLING. 

N.B. On Friday between Twelve and One o'Clock, Mr. 
Lunardi will afcend from the above place, accohipanieri by his' 
Friend arid a Lady. 

»jj* Tickets for that Day to be had. Five Shillings each, 
at the following places, viz. the Pantheon ; Lloyd's Coffee- 
Ivoufe; London Coffee houfe j Mr. Booker, Bu.-ikfdler, Ns., 
56, New Bond-ftreet; Mr. Debrett's, Piccadilly ; and at 
Medrs. Nairne and Blartton, No. 2C, Coruhill. 

Families, or fmall Parties may be^coir.odated with_eriyate_ 



j4 Commodious 
J\ M:. Lunardi's 
. the Artilleiy Ground, 
the appira;. s, at No. ^ 


Room to Lett, 

afcending, v.'ith his 
which commands a 
, Bur.hiU-row. ^ 


for the Day of 
Air Balloon, from 
full profpeA of all 



^ 



m DON CHRONIC LI 

Tffeheroifm of our fair 'ÇouNT^YWoNrAN, s 
thé fcicnce of our English Philospphjîïi;»! 
the dexterity and experience of Lunarbi, to- ' 
gether withtlie magnificence an3 immeniity of 
his Balloon, and the grand and beautiful appa- 
ratus, with the inftruments for iifeful expe- 
riments, are likely to afford us, to-morrow, the 
greateft fcope for admiration and furprife, Jt 
will feem like another world rifing peopled out i 
of chaos. Every circumftance, indeed, feemsto | 
favour the mod fublime and extravagant ideas., f 
the ground appropriated for the purpofe being j 
fpacious, and capable of containing lixty thou- - 
fand people without inconvenience .to each <. 
other; the regulations eftabliflied .^'re com- 
modious and fecure. Myriads of people coun ■ 
tenanced by Royalty, and a train of courtiers 
infullfplendour, will oioft richly enhance the 
general delight, and infpire the hold fugitives 
with celeftial lenfations. The confuiion at- 
tending the chemical procefs will be avoided, 
by completing the inflation of the Pîalloon at 
an early hoar; it will then be futfered to float 
in the air at a little diftance from the earth 
till twelve o'clock, when the travellers mean 
to take their feats, and manoeuvre over the 
groimd till near one, difpla:^'ing their cxperi- ! 
mental management, in gratification to the 
fpeâators below ; at one o'clock a general 
fnlutewill commence by firing off cannon, and 
other difplays of gallantry, in compliment to 
the bufmefs of theday. 

The travellers, we underftand, have arrang- 
ed their plan fo as to proraife fomc nfeful in- 
formation to the Public from their experiment;;. 
The diredion and government of the Balloon 
is to be under the management of JMr. Lu- 
NARDi ; Mr. BiGGTN is to apply himfclf to 

PHILOSOPHICAJ,' EXPERIMENTS,' and THE 

Lady, who pofleflpa'a liberal and well-inform- 
! ed mind, propofe- to make fiich obfcrvations 
on the general appearances, with reflexions on 
their cffeds, as may not be unintercfling in the 
relation of them to her fciir countrywomen on 
her return. The Public may therefore exped 
from this excurf.on, . more real information 
than has hitherto been derived from aerial ex- 
peditions, efpecially as all the parties n'can to j 
travel as far as the Balloon will carry them, i 
either by nig'it, or by day; and iiope, if the 
p wind permits, tg land on fome foreign (liore. 

The ludicrous report of Mr. Lunardï's 
I hating been confined in the King's Bench pri- 
1 fonj and obtaining a day rule fot the purpofe 
of making an aerial excurfion in his Balloon," 
; reflefls no great credit on the fagacity of the 
/MarOiall, ahlcfs, indeed, he meant the un- 
! common compliment to that enterpiifmg ge- 
nius, of rifking t!ie payment of his fuppofed 
debts, efpecially as the objefl of the eiif"ning 
voyage puts it (nit of his own power to anfiver ■ 
for the certainty of his return,, as he has pub- 
licly declared by his advertifements, that, he 
means to attempt a paiïage, over the ocean to 
the Continent, in company with his heroic 
j companions, if the wind will favour their at- 
\ tempts,,. The hS. howeverls, upon particular 
j enquiry, that Mr. Lunardi has nrver been 
\ wifhin the walls of the King's Bench, or any 
other prifon, upon any occafion whatever, nor 
was he acquainted even with its (ituation, be 
fore it was defcribed to hin;i within thiefe few 
days, on being jocularly informed of thefe 
fiying reports. 



LUNAUDI'S AERIAL EXPEDITION. • 
May 12 . 

Mr. Lv.nardi having completed his proceft, 
according to his promife to the public, this dayj 
at a little palt one, afcended from the Artillery 
Ground. From the heat of the atmofphere, 
the air was not fufficiently buoyant to fufpendt 
the balloon, lb as to admit of its carrying the 
lady who was to have attended the adventurous 
Italian. Mrs. Sage, the tirft female candidate, 
was found to have more gra-vity than what be- 
longed to a ivife name. Other ladies inftantly 
began to difputs the palm for volatility, but none 
were deemed fufficient j?/^/&zy. Mr. Biggin 
was alfo among the candidates, but could not be 
accommodated. 

Mr. Lunardi, thus circumflanced, deter- 
mined to afcend alone. He rofe -flowly, amidft 
fhe acclamations of a numerous concourfe of 
genteel fpeâators ; but his aiMants, not attend- 
ing properly to his inftruétions, detained'him 
by a rope: at length, he fpiritedly cut the 
firing, and pulling off his blue coat, -put on his 
jcity regimentals, and proceeded .in a wefterly 
direftion, ratW inclining to the .northward. 
The. balloon fiR-med a moft beautiful fpedtacle, 
fcut being unfortunately overcharged with vapour,, 
^efcended about twenty minutes after it arofe, 
in the garden belonging to the Adam and .Eve 
tea-houfe, in Tottenham-Court-road. He was 
immediately furrounded by great numbers of the 
populace, and though he propofedre-afcending., 
the.y were not to be diffuaded from bearing him 
an triumph on their ftoulders. The balloon 
being torn In the fall, the hoAy of vapour which 
arofe from it, formed a black cloud, which was 
r-ot difperfed for fome time. Mr. Lunardi ex- 
prefled great concern that he had dilappointed 
the public in not being able to make a confider- ' 
able tour. It is faid, that he will make ano- 
sher attempt, as foon as his balloon, which is 
lodged in the Pantheon, .can be repaired. 



/^ >-E R 6 S T It;! M.>^^ 

Signer Lunardi, having completed his proce/s, 
according 10. his promife to the public, yellfer- 
«iay^ at a little part one, afcended from the Ar- 
lillery Ground. From the heat of the,^atmo- 
fpliere, the air was ^ot fufHcienily buoyant- to'; 
lufpend the balloon, fo as to admit of its carf-y;-' 
ing the i^^dy who was to have attended the ad-, 
ve; turous Italian. ,Mrs. Sag(, thé firif female . 
candidate, was found to have mors gra-iiity than.', 
what belonged toznui/è name. QtherJadies jn^ " 
.ftantly began to difpute the paljn for -volatilky,- 
but none were deemed ia^cUni 'pgh''j.mr-: 
biggin was alfo among the candidates.-b.uKouId 
ntt jbe accommodated. -. - .; . 

Mr. Z«/;«r</;', thus circumflanced, determined 
to aicend alone. He rofe flowly, am^idli the 
, acclamations of a numerous conecur'fe of gentjeei 
ipedatos; but hisaffiftants not auendrng pfo* 
ptriy to his itiftruflions, detained'him by arope ; 
.at length he fpiritedly cut the firing, andpul- 
hngoffhis blue coat, put on his city regimentaJs, 
and proceeded in a welterly direaion, rather in- 
clming to the northward.. The Balloou formed 
the moft beautiful /peaacle., but being unfor- 
tunately overcharged with vapor, defcended 
about twenty'minutes after it arofe, in the gar- 
den belonging to the Adam and E^e Tea-Houfe, '^^ 
in Totteniiam-court-r ad. He was immediate- 
ly furrounded by grçat numbers of the populace, 
and though he propofed re-afcending, .ihey were 
nor to he difluaded from bearing him in iriumph 
on their lhould<'rs. "i^he balloon being torn in 
the fjll, the body T vapor w?rich'~arcfe?r''>m 
it, formed a bi;i- zlovo, which- wai. riot dil- - 
perfed for fomtv .-;,ie."' Mr. Lunardi expreffed 
great concern tnat ne had diiappoinied the pub- 
lic in not being abie to make a coniiderable 
t^u.r >-7-it i.< fiid, cb.^t Be will make -another at- 
tempt, as foon as his Balloon, which is lodged 
in the Pantheon, can be repaired. 



■ ye(^rd;Vlfr.^unardi fét^d'â Zfif ^ 
bal.ooii from the ariiikry ground, amidfl a' 
prodig.ious concourfe of fpeclators; many of 
whom were of the çenteeleft fort. He vvent 
up alone- and the balloon taking a direction 
nearly over Gray's Inn, was feen from every 
part of the metropolis. In lefs than half an 
hour, the fliew was over; for the balloon 
burf], a«d down came Lunardi, balloon and 
all, near the Adam and Eve gardens in Tot- 
tenham-conrt-road. .The balloon was after- 
wards taken to the Pantheon. The moh w-re 
a good deal exafperated, and Lunardi, not 
without iome hazard,^efcaped.^^m t|iey-|ig2^ 



Mr. LiTNARDTi prefents his mod reipeflful 
duty to the public, humbly folicits a fufpenfton 
of any unfavorable idea from any difappoi.u- 
ment they might have n-et with yeRerday, in • 
theafcentionof hi« balloon, till he has an oppor- 
tunity of laying .before them .tire true and uti^- ' 
voidable caufe. " .- _ ' '' 



ft 



Lunardi propofes re-afcending from Bedford- 
AT'll ' ^^^^d^y«-~The litde contemptible 
Ça! ,c Adventurer, triumphs in the fall c f his 
rival.--.Z.«.w^/-, however, is too well in the fa- 
vor of the people of England to fuffer from his 



\ Lunardi's receipts amounted to 547I. on the 
day of aicenfion, befides a coniiderable fum the 
day before ; his ekpen&es in all vvere reckosed 
ul; about iggli ^ - . , , Jhuy y. ^sr 



i%K.^ UiN/vRDI's whole tiu^e, fmce laft 

FRIDAY, has been e;r,[il(>yed in coiledling together 

_ all the MATERIALS iiece0"ary to make anotlier Experi- 

' ment, w;iich, he niaiies no doubt, will take place in the 

courte of a (eif day!), an a compenfation for the inadvertent 

dif^ippointnie lit which happened «n Friday laft. 

THIS DAY, TO-MORROW, and SATURDAY only, 
the BALLVJON will be exhibited at the PANTHEON,, 
iithe'exaft mann-r in which Mr. Lunardi Ai>CENDED 
from the ARTILLERY GROUND. 

ADMITTANCE ONE SHILLING. 
The Doors will be open from Nine in the Morning till 
Dark. -TJ^i-^/ f^Û - /y<}^S^ 



The fpirited Lunardi, although he àxà not 
tower fo near to Heaven, as on his former ex- 
curtlon, yet as he defcended in the ^«ra^w of 
Jdam and E-ve, he may be faid to .have reached 
Paradtj'e .' 

As there is no intention to commemorate t!hc 
invention qf balloons, by an annual feltival, a cor- 
reff-ondent begs to recommend J/cenJian-Daj a» 
molt proper for that purpofe. ^H*f /pi^f^ 



Thofe who exprefs their Tiifipprobation at 
Lunardi's making fo quick, a ddcent from Us 
serial excurfion, fhoujd recolieft that althouffl» 
he did not go quite to Paradi/e, he reached 
Jdam and Ew's Garden, where he alighted upon 
a iree, wc cjnnot fay whether the t»ee of know- 
ledge or not, but we hope it was, as he was feea 
lofallfoulef.it. -^^i-^^ /yJP^' 



Jone 23— 2^ 



THE LO 



LUNARDl'fl propofed Afcenfion into Xle 
Atmofphere, accompanied by an JEnglifh 
Gentleman and Lady. 

MR. LUNARDI moft refpedifully infoYms 
his Friends, and the Public in general, that 
he propofes to afcend into the atmofphere on Wed- 
xiefday next, precifely at One o'clock, accompanied 
by an Englifli Lady and Gentleman, in the identical 
Balloon, with the ornamental gallery, and numerous 
inftrnments for obft;rvation, which w;ere exhibitiççl 
formerly at the Pantheon, and whith myfteriouflj' 
failed in their intended experimenfs at the Artillery 
Ground on Friday the 13th of May laft. However 
mortifying that failure has been to his a,mbition, 
however feverely injurious it may liavc proved to his 
reputation, he hopes rio.w to convince the world, 
that his principles and hi.ç fcicnce will jullify every 
profetîion that he has made. Unwilling to confign 
again his fame and fortune to another, he has con- 
trived a new apparatus for fifling his Balloon, and 
refolves to direft and fliperintend the procefs him- 
felf; he hopes that the mode, as îf is entirely new, 
will be equally expeditious and efieiftual. The in- 
tended experiment has been inevitably protradfed, 
much beyond hi.'! wilhes, owing to the impoffibility 
of procuring a fnfficient quantity of iron filings, as 
well as to the diiliculty of procuring a commodious 
place to afcend from. The firft renfon may appear ; 
paradoxical; but the faift is well known, that no 
fooner , was the intended gratiiiton.s experiment an- 
nonjîced, than emiifarics w^re employed by his com- 
petitors to engrofs the whole niateiials.in the metro- 
polis that were neceflary for his purpofe. 'J'his ob- 
itacle he has nowûbviated,by coUcfting fro aid life rent 
parts of the ccintry fufficient iron-filings for his 
purpofe, and Mr. Arnoid has politely accommodated 
him"with-hi.îinèlofcd andconimddious ground in St. 
George's-fields to alcerid" from, on terms which he 
prefumcs will be thought liberal, vizi the diili-ibu- 
tion of a certain nnmbev of Tickets in fiich manner 
35 Mr. Arnold ftiall think proper; but the inclofed 
ground, as well as the circuitous, to be devoted 
principally to the Public in general gratis, Mr. 
Lunardi hereby difclatming any pecuniary advafit- 
age whatever to himfelf from the propofed exhi- 
bition. 



This da^v is pubiilhed, pii^e is. 
A New Edition revifcd and corredted by the Writer, who is 
forry to have obferved feveral Errors appear in the firft 
Edition, oivinj ia the nnrry »f the Prefs, and from her not 
'having had an opportunity of reviling tlie proof theets before 
they weie printed. 

A LETTER, addreffed to a FEMALE 
FRIEND. 
^ By Mrs. SAGE, 

The firfl Engllih femde Asrjal Tr.-^ vellsr ; 
Defcribingthe generaj Appeara.r.ce and Effefts cf her E.»p»- 
dition with hU . LvtiA^vi'% BAttoeM j which afct-n.'ed 
from St. Geirge's Fields, on Wedn«fday, agih Jun?, 1-S5, 
Accompaniei by GEORGE BIGGIN, Esq.. 
London : Printei for the Writer, and fold by J. BELL, 

Britifli Library. S-rraad. — Of whom may bs nad, 
The PORTR.Atf of Mrs. S-4GE, findy en.rived by 
Burke, after an Original MiniaeurePidure by Shelly, 
correfponding irj fiz- and manner with the Portrait of Mr; 
LuN AS DY, which '.vas engraved by Bartolozz 1, and 
may be had as abave, price 35. 6d. each, fine imprcffnns. 



Jn order that every individual, vvhether admitted , 
within the inclofed ground by free tickets, or ex- 
eluded from the impodibility of a too crowded zd- 
rmffion, Mr. Lunardi has ordered that a ftage ftiall 
^ecreaed w.thm the center ground, on which the 
Ralloon and Apparatus Ihall be expoicd f.vcn feet 
%h. or fufficiently lo ty for every pcrfon Jn any' 
part of bt. George's fields to be perfeftly and com- 
pletelr gratified Confident in his owif intcgd^. 
and f^Uy perfnarled that his experiments will be fiic- i 
cefsful he ventures. to hope fos the patronage and I 
proteûion of the Public, ' . 

It being impolTible for Mr. Lunardi to recolleft the' I 
addi-ertes of every friend whom he mofi particulartv 
wilhesto obhgc, he recommends, that fuch perfooV. 
as intend to dionour him with their attendance W 
tne day of his afcenfion, will fend their direftions Voi 
him immediately, at No. 6, in Poland- ftreet. fnecl-' 
fymg the number of Tickets they wilh to luve 'and 
thq. ma? depend on receiving them- by the pennv 
poft on iMonday or Tuefday next. i«^""y, 

— . : % 

Ln.îEllPOOL AND L.ANCASTÊ.R. "'j 

Many fallacious reports having been circnkted I 
through the country in confeqneniie of Mr.Lunardi's 
pafllng through Lanciiiler and Liverpool, he thin&s 
It neceilary to caution the Public againft any impro- 
per conciliions : he never propofed, nor entertained 
any jdeaof afcpnclingfrom the above places previons' 
to his. having fulfilled his engagements to the Public 
in London. He flatters himfeif a very few days will 
reflore him to the utmofi: plenitude of piihljc favour ■ 
immediately after which he intends to vifit Liverpool 
ant^ Lancaller, agreeable to his promife already made, 
and to afcend with Iiis baUoon from each of thofe 
places; ' 

. T'-e lij^eral and friendly terms on ^yhich he has been 
invited thither, imprcfs. him, with the v/armc,fl feiiti- 
ments of gratitude. In returr;, therefore, he wiU be' 
^content and iatisfied with indemnification for the ex- 
pences of his journey, and the cofls of filh-ng his 
balloon : whatever he may receive more than fuffi- 
cient for thoie purpofes,.he will cheerfullv appropriate 
to /^.ich charitable purpofes as the JVJaiii Urates at each 
place fliall recommend. 



j-;r-«rj,^ ^/^J^ Ti.li £ ON-. -^ 

npfiJS, a.dafewD.-:ys n«xt, Wteîî-, the.Pan- 

^Ji^^-ir^T '■^^l^'^ i« ite e.x.^a■ fbre-„s it the iad • 

V::?" ''.'■'• r''"i'"-^' ,t.,G,and S.ioon of the Doge of, 
U; o.ij.on w,i!. l,:«H.<re befufpjnded, with the vnllery ar,d 

■ „., ,, AJmiu.nre ONE .SfilLLÏMG. * ^^^ 

^ Ih.Door* w.lUe oper. r.-o.-i. Kn.-.e in tne Morning till 

î<-B. Mr.X,.n,rlitacV.the earl-eft w n-tur,ity c.f ir. 

e»,,) il,uuit..l .-UciH, asMf,-Ani6M, v\i\ lUn libir.-liiv ,n.^ 
r;v.rvtry,wr>ch cn«rtr,n. « ]>ricini S^iLr.a/d an 't^iih 
K^T::^^^''^''' 'r ^-'i> th.n,;Hibertyofth. 
d^r w'. n V "'I-' r^'- «=^ '-g^'^ ^ K'i'i^. ,i»a.fe-^.. 

da^nr hi />"'•'"' .; '^"^«^P'^'^dhis r-repa rations, th. 



Lunarai't next Jôiiney to the clouds is to be 
performed grntii. Regardlefs of all dangers, 
the Chevalier f.iirly adv^entates Neck ft,r^ No 
thing! ^«— -v- ^*^'' 



l-;<P5' BALLOON rNTELLfGÉNCE.2;?^.t^ 
In. confequence of the adver ifemeiHs for 
Lunardi's Third Afcent in his Balloon, fioai • 
the Rotunda in St. Georee's Fields, a great 
number of people affembled veiy early yef- 
terday morning to the fpot, and before elevea 
there was fccttcely any poiTibility of getting 

up to the place,- About a quarter pali 

one, the BaUoon being fufliciently inflated, i'vlr. 
Lunardi, Mr. Biggio, and Mrs. vSage got 
into the car, but after feveral attempts^lt was 
found incapable of afcendiug with the whole 
of tJieinj Mi. Biggin haringbeen difappointed 
twice before,, and the Lady once, Mr. Lunardi 
refigned his pretcnfioua in their favor, and the 
cords being cut on his quitting the car, the/ 
afcended, in allow majejtic manner amid li the 
reitenvted accUm-^tions of the pcpulrc?^; the 
balloon, on its Stilriftng, took a Wcileily'direc- 
lion, but foon after changed its courfe to a North 
VVeO-, an J went to a confiderable height ; it is 
conjsftured to have defcended fome whereabout 
Harrow, but ws eould not learn the CA'acl fpos 
for a certainty. 



LUNAKUI's AiC£.N.SiON from ARtJOLD's ROl'UN- 
D.^, near the OBELISK, St. GEORGE's FIELDS, 
THIS DAY-. Ji^-*x.<t... iJi^ ^ /y^^' 

K. ^LUNARDI rcrpeclTully informs his 

. Fnends, and the Public, th.r. lie prop^ifes to afcend 

ntothe Atrnor.hacThUJ.^^av, at OneoVl.x;k, accnm[)^Bi,fd 
by an Englifii La.iy .;n,[ (ù- ;ii!,:m.in,""i:i the identical BaH«on,' 
with the o.n;:.nu-,nral G,',ilery, and inftrnaicnrs f.r obféîvafion, 
.exhibited at t^c Fjn;h,oi, and which. Called in the expe. 
riaients at ihe Artillfry Groua.i on the i 3th of Maw 

Mr. Lunar.;!, aware of ihe ir,,p >ffibii:iy of adnrttinp the 
multiiude v.h^> might be exped-d to ap;;'y fji a1ii;i!r; ,■. v.ith- 
in the encf.jfed ground on the day cf a.'cLi.ii n, aiili^u; -i it i^ 
the wifli of his h=nrt, to gratify evrry inuiviJu.-l. inclliifd to 
h.mor his Expe.imeiits v-ith tlieir pretence, he conc'uded rhat 
the bed- mcani of preventing any uflvncs '.\hateve,-, w.uld hi 
t') deliie puijliciy !uch perlons as wiiljed lo be scconiniodrej 
with free Tickets, to f^nd him their uireaioi)s, in order that 
the Tickets might be fent to them. 

Having fulfilled thefe propofuions, he flatters himfeif that 
no perCon will take ofl^nce, lliou.d the enclofcd ground not be 
tapacious eii'nig^h to aJmit.more than the number 'it' tidke's 
alrcidy iifued, efpecially as he has contrived a ftage on which 
h's Ballonn and apparatus will be raifed above the pailingj fuf- 
fieim'.ly lofty for every peifon in the fields to be gnitified'with ' 
a view. With thefe enae-.vours to tWc- fatisfadron, and with 
the warme.T: fentiments of gi:,ti^u c, Mr. Lunardi prefumes 
once mor.-. to appearbefore the pu , lie ; Confident in his inî-- 
grity, and fully perfuaded that his expcriniei!: will he fucefi- ■ 
lui, he hopes fir the patronage and pr/ited'tionof the nijviic. 



Tuefday Mr. Lunardi made his gratuitous experi- 
ment in St. George's Fields. His procefs for filling 
the balloon was ingenious, and in three hours it was 
as much inflated as uiih prudence it could be. The 
original defeats in the mechanifm of the globe how- 
ever, viz, its improper (liape and heavy weight, (liil 
rendered it incapable of raifing three people. — 
The canopy, oars, feats, inftruments, and in fliort 
every thing but the indifpenfable ballaft were thrown 
out, and ftill it was infufficient. Mr. Lunardi was I 
therefore obliged to quit the car, and the tjlobe then 
! rtjie to a coTif:'.l£:3b!e bctgnt I'ltli MV3^_agc^atKi_M/, 
Biggins — Both the Lady and Centlcwian were perfeilly 
j com poled, and cianitcfteti the firmcil intrepidity inj 
I their enterprise. The balloon fir-ft took a^wcftern di- 
! reftion, hut riling into another current it crolii-d thcj 
Thames, and went north -".vefl. It continued in fight 
a longtime, and furniflicd a bcauiiiul fpetVacle. | 



-— , ^ .'78 f 

Extraa of a Letter from Liverpool, ■jnlf%r. 
" YefteVday morning being the time apuomf- 
ed for Mr. Limardi's afceufion into the atmoi- 
phere, a piodigious coûcourle o^ peop.e _al- 
fcmbied near the fort, but rain, accoi»i?a_n^-, 
v^tlTthunder, coming on, thc.r IjoP^ Jlf 
nearly vaniflied ; towards one o dock tht\ ^a 
ther cleared up, b»t the wuuUvas uncommonl 
variable, fhifting inRantaneoufly ^^ almo t al 
points of the campafs; however, W'--L^"'^'d' 
determined to run all hazard rather than d,f- 
appointthe public; he therefore g'^^'^ "^ '"' 
that he would pofitively alcertd at five o clock 
in the afternoon. , c j ,. , i;<rnnl 

, •< gpon after two a gun was fired, as a hgnal 
that he had begun to', fill the balloon. There 
was very little company in the fort o ohle.ve 
he procefs. Soon aftJ- five the populace began 
to Ihevv hens of impatience, upon vyhich ano- 
ther .un Jas fired, as a fignal that t e ba con 
was inflated. Mr. Lnnard. then got m > the 
gallery, changed his drefs, and took in baliaft, 
&c. but upon trying the rifing PO^er, th^ 
weiei- was found too grent; l^^J m mediately 
threw out his two boxes of baliaft, but ft.U the 
balloon was deficient in levity; he tj^ere o.e 
flung down his piaols, his ^9?^^^^^;"^^ 
and even his cork-jaci.et. About hx the lait 
gun was fired, and he role nearly m^ a pei-pen- 
dicular diredion, For a moment filence ooK 
Dlace, but this immediately , gave way to loud 
and' repeated burfts of applaufe. Agam all was 
ftill, and he faluted the Tpeflators, waving his 
hat ; the balloon then appeared to take a IM. W . 
'diredion, but foon changed to the oppoiite;. 
but' this was prefently changed by a lecojia 
alteration in its courfe, which was nearly N. 
He defcended about zo miautes afterjsven 
o'clock in a field of wheat ;at Simmonuvood, 
about iz miies dilUnce, and arrived at ^Liver- 
pool late in. the evening.. To keep himfelf 
fufpended in the air, he had thrown away his 
hat, cyat, and waillcoat, which circumftance 
pccafioned him to fuffer a good deal from the 



The reputat-iott^ofMrriiuNARdi, w^ich \fâs 
very high with the public in general, was, for a 
little while, ecHpfed by the envy and maHce,of 
hisenemies, vvho endeavoured to tarnifli his glo* 
ry/and to transftir his merit to a French rival, 
French arts haH fome effea to defeat the purpofes ' 
of "Mr. Luriipdi, and to^njure his charàder j ■ 
l^uf he foon prevailed, and hi^- rival having ta-^ 
ken French teavè, left hi^r, oince mote, mailer of ^ 
the.field. 'fT"^ late afcenfion of his bailooafuUy v. 
re eRabUili?*his-repu^aikon, and this young ae- ^ 
rial traveller fîèttis/- as nluch as ever, a favourite Vj 
with the public, as 'appears by cheexpr^fHons of . 
all rztiki of peopie»^ ?i*ldby the n'Jmbcr that ftill 
fefort to' the Parit'heontocfeè 'his balloon. To a 
généreux "pubiic-h'été'sbieengfatVfu!, by contri- 
buting largely to the relief of the diilrefiTed, which 
is the generous purpofe of his journey to Liver- 
. pool. Such repeated afts of humanity denote a 
libei-al- rt\'%é; worti>y of tl^e dilHngiiîitied pâcrtr* 
naee which Mr. Lunardi. has- received. -.■ " 



PANTHEON. 
Mr. LUN ARDI's GRAND BALLOON, and NEW EX- 
HIBITION of the MECHANICAL BIP>.D. 
■nY the fpecial Defue of numerous Friends, La- 

-^ dies in particular, who \vi/h for a Grand Promenade, the 
Panthaon will open This Day, i'oi the firft time of exhibiting 
this moft ingiinious and curious part of mechanifm from nine 
o'clock till dark, and during which interval the Promenavle 
will be eontinued. _ 

That Mr. Lunardihas ever been anxio'jsand afliduous to 
pleafe a public Co whom he is fo greatly bound ingratitude, will 
be fuUy teftlfied by the exp./al of this truly capital mechanical 
work, which being fufpended to the balloon, inftead of the 
' gallery, and kcepin;^ in contina) motiorjj its wings muft, with 
the grandeur of the balloon, and the beauty of the Pantheon, 
attjait the attention of every perfon, and of the cuiioHS in par- 
tic-, lar, while the fpcâacle will render the Promenade, efp..-- 
ciailv to rhe Ladies, one of the moft amufi«g a'nd fplendid yet 
'ifee^iftihis kingdom. , i , <;3l-mi^_ /_ 

Admittance only One Shilling. /yfuf^ 

Ttbisand* ^vç^v Da,y, th^r Pahthfion Vdl be open as -''■ail. 



\fpf. 



'^xtraS of a kttet fr«m Li-verpodi, dated Aitgr^i^ 
^Su Yefterday, Tupfdav, béinç: th^ day a". 
l|ounced for Mr. Lunari-ii'«/frc<«</y%/&/ fr. m thi 
place, the co« n was filled wiih uranj^e'S ; fo 
Jjumeriis w?s the ccrnpanvy rha- the diiferen 
inns and ravernï could not afcornmodate tb m 
with retrfihments or loogirr . many parties, 
&c. to the amount of five hundred, in he even- 
iog,vvcpt to CKeiWre, where ever houfe of en- 
tertainment was crowded.. — The incra^iuliiy 
which prevailed when Mr. L. afcended laft fnvm 
hence, .being annihilated, he was as mticrt fol- 
Jowftc asbefore deferced ; every one fteaied fa- 
tisfied with his pall ccTi'intt, -nd prove"3 their 
Ivarra widies {qt his w^Kare, by a Xnerr us lub- 
fcription, and eager atten iori.— The wind was, 
exceeding boilterous, and blew ciirectly corîtiary 
to the aeronaut's anticipation, .whic:i obliged 
him lopoftpone hisafcenljan to thisda^fi -I fin 
cerely believe that Liverpool never afltTnblcd fe 
many pefons together on' a y occaiion, at one 
time. — The wind was (HU at I'h fâitie point, cp- 
f ofing the grand inctive of his ^ifct nfion. Ho^v, 
ever, his determination, w-as to" perleveie, but 
tbe company pTffçrt, and his friends,- advifed 
I1U.B to defer 'ir- till to-morrow, cr Monday, 
*'hen -he will pofitively afc^nd, at>d after-wîiiçijr' 
you (hall.pofiîiveïy'hear froqi me." '^"'"■ 



Extraa of a letter from Liverpool, Jug. 1 1 . 
'««After many cruel difappomtments, Mr. 
Lunardi performed his fécond afcenfioa on 
Turlday laft ; a high wind had prevented him 
on Monday, and fome ill-natured wretches, 
who take a delight in infuking the unfortunate, 
endeavoured to propagate feveral un] alt and 
fcandalous reports. Anxious to vindicate him- 
felf, he determined, at all events, to afcend on 
Tuefday ; and hurrying to the Fort, refclved to 
waitthere till he could fulfil his engagements 
with the public. About twelve o'clcck on 
Tutfdav he began to fill the balloon, and luck- 
ily, the wind foon began to abate. The pro-' 
cefs was carried on with the greateft legularity, 
and about three o'clock, he gave the fij^nal that 
the balloon was full, and began to pr.-pare for 
his voyag». Unfoitunately he wasperfuaded to 
afcend from the centre of the fort, and ftepping 
into the boat defired bis two aftive friends, Mr. 
W. Karle, and Mr. Nlffen, to carry him from 
the N. W, lide to the middle of the area ; but 
no foDner tvas the ballon uniheltered, than the 
people, who faw it roll about, imagining the 
danger to be great crouded furioully about him, 
to prevent his afcenfion ; and, deaf to ail his 
entreaties, broke the ropes, burft two holes m 
the balloon, and tore the netting almoit to 
pieces! at this moment he threw himfelf down 
in the boat, and carting up his eyes to_ Heaven, 
exclaimed, Oi Diol then drawing his hanger, 
thrtateneJ to cut-every hand that laid hold on 
the hoop. This had the defued effed ; he was 
immediately libraied, ana afcended in an inilant 
with the rapidity of a fky rocket ! a thoufand 
fcreams of terror were fentfoi-th at cnce, when 
thefpeftators beheld him in the air, with the 
air, with the torn netting and ropes, fluttering 
in the wind, and the boat fa frightfully inclined 
as to caufe the molt drsadfui apprehenfiors for 
his being thrown out ; but he was feen fallening 
thertrings, and ffeon after faluted, by waving 
his flag. He continued in fight only four mi- 
nutes, and then was loll behird a thicic cloud, 
from Which he focn cm-^rged, and vvas_ feen at; 
intervale, for near half an hour. His height 
appeared to be very great, and direftioa almoit 
fauch. 

" There was a letter received from him yef- 
terday jiftejnoon, informing his frle-ids that he 
delc'-nded near Tarporley, in Cheihire, alter 
being dragged a cqnliderabie way.',' J7J?^ 



Extiaft -o( a letter from Liverpool, dated Aiiguft i 2. 

" When'Lunardi, on his late excurfion, was at his 
greated altitude, he wrote the following card, and 
dropped it from the clouds, which was afterwards 
found by Capt. Kent : '7 ?5~ 

«' A Card from the Skies. — Mr. Lunardi, fearing 
in the etherial regions, prefents his beft compliments 
10 his terreftrial friends, and begs leave to inform 
them, that, fired by emulation and the love of glory, 
and delighted with the (cenes upon which he now looks 
down, he will enlarge his Balloon, and make an 
; aerial voyage from Liverpool to the Tile of Man, pro- 
vided the Ladies and Gentlemen v.-!!! raife a fubfcrip- 
tion fufficient to defray the expences of fuch a jour- 
ney (_onc hundred and fifty pounds) before Friday 
next, and caufe veffels to be ftationed, at certain 

diftances, between the two places. He is certain 

from his courage and- knowledge, that he fhall not fail 
in the experiment. However hazardous fuch an un- 
derfrfking may be, yet there is a glory attending it 
which makes Mr. Lunardi anxious to purfue it : there- 
fore, rf the inhabitants of Liverpool have the fmalleft 
degree of attachment to him, they will enable him to 
profecute his favourite fcheme, and again gratify their 
curiofity. He neither wifhes nor hopes for any pecu- 
niary advantage froin fuch a projeft ; but if he can 
accomplifh it, and merely defray the expences, he will 
be fatisfied with the pleafure it muft.afford to his dear 
friends on earth, of whom, with fincere affeiSlion, he 
thus takes his leave, till he again returns from the 
wide tracklefs fpace, where he now offers up his prayers 
for their happinefs.' 

" He defcended a little after five o'clock, in a long 
field, near Tarporley, in Chefhire, which is abou't 
forty-two miles from Liverpool ; from thence he was 
dragged over hedges and trees for a great way, at 
■ laft he fecured his Balloon at a fmall village, between 
Tarporley and Beefton, As he paiTed through the dif- 
ferent towns on coming back, the people exprelTed 
their fatisfaflion by huzzaing, and ordering the bells 
to be rung, in honour of the aeronaut. When he ar- 
rived at Liverpool, many thoufands came to meet him, 
and carried him in triumph through the town, where 
he was receivedwith repeated accl amations of joy. " 



.< S"'\ \ '^"'''' ^'■°"' Chefter, Auguft 23. i/sr 
IVJr Lunardi having appointed Mohday laft for 
his aerial excurfion from this city, a prodigious 
concourfe of people collcded together. AboutNuo 
o c ock he began to fill the balloon ; the procefs com- 
ZTtr^ r"' M ' ""' '^' ■'■"" ^^^-i^h he had was 
au ckiv 'h' ' ;°"r ""^ ^'^"^^«'^ inflammable air 
which L'^'Î^PP'"^^ ^^'^^ 50olb. of clean iron, 
na on ^'^fT""^ \" 1'"' '"'° '^'' '''^'' but from open- 
af av,v T; '^'' "^''' *^^^ ^° f^-^' 'hat the men all 
Z ^r^' ? 'l^e cooper was fo terrified that he dropt 
thep, ee of wood, which clofed the port-hole, iino 

drew •iJflf'^"'"""/^-^'"/ ^'^^ -----1^ ^^-4 
threw h,n„,|f,^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ back thf 

po t fc,u,re. thrua his arm into the boiling mixcu 

head 1x1; H ''kp "Tu'- '"'^ ' '"^«" "«^ having th 
head exploded, obliged him to Hop the procefs of half 
the apparatus, and work with the other half, wlch 
he exerted himfelf ,0 do ; but his hands being terry 

ESex^trem;,;:.^,': '""'''' ''■'' ^^-"^^^' -'' 

" The balloon rofe majeftically, and went in a ho- 
rizontal dn-ea,o„ about f,.,n miles, when we faw it 
defcend perpendicularly, there being very bttle vL 
r baliZ'^TV" P-«-^l^--ine'o'clock widi 
Hall a ' rr H r ^'\'"1S ^""^^'l *^ i" "^'^ ^hire- 
ofhV^opu :;•■""' '" '"^'^ °" '^'^ '^""'^'-^ 



h=s'B:u;l^::z?i:^?i^^^^-^^-th 

nmk th,t ,t will never be rendered of any uti 
Ii'y, and only tend to promote idlenefs ~H^w 



Sxfraf? of a Letter fnm Edinburgh, Oar. c ///r 
'' rhis being the day appointed fo# Mr. Lu- 
nardi safcending in his balloon from the gard-^n 
of Henot s Hofpita}, the procefs of filling th? 
balloon began about twelve o'clock, and was con- 
tinued vvitliout any accident or interruption till 
about half pafl two, when it appeared comnleatiy 
inflated. The car was then afhxed, and Mr. Lu- 
nardi having taken his feat, and hi5 apparatus, 
ballaft &c. properly adjufted, the balloon vva^ 
earned into the middie of the garden, and pre-, 
-ufely at ten minutes before three o'clock Mr Lu- 
nardi gave the lignai, and he afcended in a 
N. N. E. direftion, inthe moit grand and magiii- 
iicent manner. Immediately on its rifing, Mr. 
Lunardi, who flood up in the car, took off his hatj 
and bowed to the Tpe^ators, who i,eturned it wiish't 
repeated acclamations. At a greater elevatlonhe ' 
waved his flag, and went over the city at a great 
height, direftly acrofs the Frith. When about 
halfway over he defcended pretty low, and then 
dilchargmg fome of his balialt, he rofe rapidiv 
and difappeared. It is fuppofcd, by the courle of 
the balloon, that he v/ijl alight about Cupar, in 
Fife, ox fomewhcre near it." 



_ i«;;rtr.'//has been fuccefsrul in Edinburgh beyond 
his moit languine expeaation. The fubfcription 
fome time ago amounted to three hundred guineas, 
' and he exhibits his balloon in the Parliament 
Houfe, which is likewife profitable. For his fuc- 
ceis he is indel;)ted to the indel'atigable exertions 
of a brother Philofopher belonging to the ancient 
fociety of Cadres, well kuow-n by the name of Lord 
North, and this amply confoles him for the con- 
tempt of the literati, who have unaccountably 
turned their backs on this moityi.'.^/m<.' of philofo- 
pher s. , och(>: /^ir 



Extraa of n. Letter from Menfe of Ceres, 0,9.6. 
" Yelte.'day afternoon, the fky being clear, 
and a gentle breeze blowing from S. S. W. 
whilli 1 was overlooking the Hacking of fotr;e 
corns in my barn yard, a boy who was flanJing 
by me, took notice of what he thought to be ,: 
hawk foaring at a very great and uncommar 
height After looking att-entively at theof-ji;(ft. 
which appeared due fouth from me, and evi- 
dently higher than fome thin clouds which were 
floating near if, F was convinced it was no bird. 
At this time, which was about five minutes be- 
fore four o'clock, it had the appearance of a 
globe or ball of fix inches diatneter, and feem- 
ed fufpended without, motion : This was owing 
toits furprifing and almolf incredible degree of 
cleva;ion, and to its moving directly towards 
me. As I knew Mr. Lunardi was to afcend at 
EJinburgh on Wednefday the 5th inllanr, and 
as the wintl blew diredly from Edinburgh, to 
ward-* Ceres, I was perfuaded that the object 
which prefented itfelf to view was A'îr.. Lunardi's 
b.illoon. I then called upon my neighbours and 
avqucintance to come and f^e the aerial travel- 
ler; they thought me in joke, but, upon my 
alluring them that I was ferions, they came out 
and faw the objed which I pointed out to ihem, 
but could not bring themfelves to believe it was- 
Mr. Lunardi. Whilll we gazed, the inter 
vening clouds two or three times intercepted 
our view; and, as the balloon came out from 
behind the clouds, the rays of the fun, reflected 
from the weft fide of it, gave it the appearancf 
of the moon feen by day light, hvt or fix days, 
after the change. 

About ten minutes after four the balloon ba. 
gan to defcend, and got below the clouds; it 
now afl'umed an oblong figure, and appeared 
much larger: The bafket and fl ig ajfo became 
vifib'e. Multitudes now got fïght of it, and the 
whole country was nlirmcJ r Aj it now drew 
near the earth, and failed along with a Und of 
aivful grandeur and maj^-fly, the fight gave much 
pleafure to fuch as kr.eiv what it was, but ter 
libly alarmed fuch as wetc unacquainted wi.h 
the nature of this celeftial vehicle, if I may ufe 
the phrafe. 

About ao minu es afer four Mr. Lunardi caft 
out hisanchor, a.td the balloon refled near- the 
coa! town of C'allinge, on the eflate of the Hon. 
John Hope, a mifc ealt from Ceres, and be^- 
tween two and three miles foulh-eaft cf Ctipar 
in Fife. Mr. Robert Chriftie, Feuer of Cal- 
linge, happened to be near the place, and he 
irnmediately came up to him, enquired after his 
fafety, and aflilted him in getting cut of the 
balket, and in fecuring the balloon. A vafl mul- 
trtude from every quarter foon aifemblted, and 
gazed with aitonifnment at the daring adven- 
turer." 



The gr;=t Attention no.v given by the Public Co tlie fcveral 
Adventurers who flont in Air to diltant Places by the, aid 
of an A. R BALLOON, wifl it is piefunied, draw the 
like Atter,tio;i ,tr> ti-.e following I'erformance. Ths va- 
rious obfa: varions on the Manneri, diftoras, and Cha- 
raôers of Perfons, in diiiercnt Pjitu of the World, made 
by iJ-.e Aerial Trave'.leis here exhibited, may indeed be 
. confid.£red as anticipating the utility and pieafureable con- 
vei-.iency of this Machine; biit at the fatn» iïtc 
will, it is hoped, fiimu'aCe tlie T gcnieus to bring to tie- 
highefi: pohiL>!e dcgrseof psrfeitio.i that infant ^Mooe of 

This D:iy is pub iAed, ^^f^;^ V'^J 
■ In Two Volumes, Twelves, price Gi, fewed, 

Embelll/hed with a Quarto Plate of Lunardi's Grand Air 
Balloon, 

THE .AEROSTATIC SPY; or. EXCUR-' 
SIONS with an AIR BALLOOn': Exhii;iting a 
Vi^w of various C untries, in different Parts of the W rid ; 
ir. i ■> va.iety of Charaf^eri: i;^ Real Life. 

Bv ?n AERIAL T R A V £ L L E R. 
■I' ... fir rf. D. Svnionds, StEtioners-court, Ludgate-fîreet-,. 



ruyai, geo<ge rotunda. 

Near Hughes's Ridiiig'-Scboal, St, Gcorge's-fi.lJs 

MR. LI-' ARDl's truly wondertul Appa-, 
ratui, with wp.ich he fi led his Balloon in fo elegant a 
jnanner on WeJnefday, -having greatly exti A public curiofiry, 
Mr. Arnold takes the liber;y or informing his friends, and the 
"jjublic in general, that it will be exhibited, with the prefent 
Hate of the Rotunda, every day this Week. / ^'/4^^ 
Admittance Sixpence each perforé ' /^J>S 



Vf^tPS'. P A N T H £ O N. 4 J*^. 

I ]\/|'^'^- !-UNA,RDl, a-imated with thnc refpeà 

IV^ and gratitiii'.s with v.'hich tbt coiiiielc n;i>>a jnd llintr^" 

! li'.y of the J^ritiih Nation have infpired him, takes tiis, as he 

! ihall every oth-r opportunity, to cxprefs his iee!ings,'aiKl con? 

, ^ty hJ6 acknowledgments, for the iîatrering^'indulgsncç and 

rh inor he has experienced. He is likewife h^ippy. to find, that 

'j^ liberal public has pronounced the fullell fatisfaé>i:''!i of hjs 

./recent c.mdua, and thst a convitTton of his veracity and ih- 

teg*^ty, hasreilored him £0 thet^onUdence of a yeherous na ' 

, tion, which thjfe who envied him that, honut- eno%avo'uicd-to 

annihilate. 

As Mr. Lanardi muft leave Lgndpii Tn a^Week, ttj;^'5l his 
pramileof afcencing at Liverpo=.l, Lartcafter, &c.' hé"winies 
to fliew his gratitdde for the numerous ob igarions received : 
tneretore, tor tiie fatisfadion of everv individual, i,c h'as 
enrreared, .nd prevailed upon, the L..,iV who .afcjnded with 
hisBilfwn lart week from St George's- Field's, tt, gratify the 
pt.i he cur. ;hty, by aopearing at the Pantheon to-morrow and 
Wedsriday t,n!y, betw-en Twelve ,.i;d TWee o'clock, whïn 
fte will be happy in anfwci g every que.tion- ./k::d relative to ' 
her aerial excurh-.n; and l.ke.vife will be exhibited the Iden- 
tical Walloon and Appendanges An exceile«t Band of Muiic 

.will attend— Admittance One Shdiing. 

\-^l\' '^'^«'^»""'^'" be open from Nine in the morning 
till dark. " 

^ »,* On Thurfday night the Pantheon will b» illuminated 
m toe fame manner as it was for tl^e Ma/lq,!, aie, - whep there- 
will ka, a cold (upper, ami all for;* of wines, for the ac- 
comra^datuin of private parties, exclufive f.d, the ad.Tiffian 
money After which there wiU b. a Ball.- AdmTtance 
Five Shilhn-gs. Lemonade, Orgeat, Capillaire, Te>, Cakes 
aad all foics of retrefhment included. -' 



lA 



J^Xt^ P A N T H E O N. jy^S. 

IT having been particularly deûred by nume- 
rf.us Friends, of the jrreateft rcfpeftability, that Mr. LU- 
NARDl vi.uldhaveaFilewellEallbef.,reh= leaves London, 
for Liverpool, &e. He, ever ready to oblige his friends, and 
a liberal public, intends to gratify them on Thurfaay Evening 
next, the 7th Inft. with an Eiiteitainment, which he flar-ters 
himfelf will convince hins, by a nt.racrous and refpedtable 
appearance, that he continues in full pufieifion of the confi- 
dence of a liberal nation. » 

The Pantheon will be iih.iminatedin the fame ftile and tie 
g->nce as a Miftiuerade. Beftdes the Band «f-Mufic for the 
Orcheftra, there will be one provided to play at intervals/ 
concealed in the Gallery of the Ballison, at the very heijjhtof 
the Dome. 

The Doors of the Pantheon to be opened at Nine o'Clock. 
—Admittance Five Shillings ; including every kind of re- 
freshment, which, Mr. Lunardi is confident, a liberal public 
will think very reafonable. 

And for the accommodation of his generous friends, either 
indi-vidually, or in parties, who wi-fh to fu'p at the P.mtheon, a 
cold Collation, with the very Deft Wines, &c. will be provided 
and difpofcd in the moll GonvenieiU manner round the galleiy 
and private rooms, fo th it any perfon may retire to (upper 
wi hnut lofir;g the conviviality of the ente.rtajnment, which 
muft be the higheft grat fication from the gallery.- 

The Supper, v;hic.i deper^ds on the pleafure of the public, 
wlH be paid for extra j and as it is given to p'omote the plea- 
fure of friends, and nut from any mer. enary motive, Mr. Lu- 
«ardi trufts fhe public v.-iU th;"nk it very reafîjnab';, cfpecially 
as theadiniJîlon and the fupper together will not coft pa tics 
above half the mafquerade admiffion, with the fame plt-afure, 
the mafks excepted. ' 

*^* The Rooms for Tea and Rcfreihments will be open 
at Nine, and fiaahy Aut at Eleven o'clock, to prepare for 
Supper, which, as well as the Refrelhmeat, will be under 
the entire direction of Mr. Willis, of the Thatched-Hoiife 
Tavern, St. James's-ûreet, fo juiHy efteemeU for his tafte 
apid liberality. 

The Pantheon will be open To-day and Tp-morrow in the 
daytime, for the exhibition of the Balloon, and gratification 
of the public, for whofe plae'afute the Aerial Travellers will 
attend. 

Admittance only ONE SHILLING, 



A N T H E o' ^. rj^^-éf, 
•ROW KVENING^the PantKeon 



1. will beiiluminatc- in the fan.e elegant «lie as at a 
Malquerade, when, at the requeft of fcveral of the Nobilitv, 
Mr. Lu::ardi will have a BALL. Admilta .ce Five Shillings, 
mcludinj every kind of refrelhmeut. 

The doors ot th. Panthe.n will be onened at nine o'clock. 
But that every individual may have an opportunity of feeing 
tnc faiitheon illuminated, company will he admitted at Out 
..hilling each. To -morrow Evening, from i^LS&n o'clock till 
eight, when the bell will be lung, and no oeifon whatever per- 
mitted to (lay after. 

N. R. The Roem, for Tea and Refre/h.-n<>ntS will be onen 
tt nin.- and finelly (hut at eleven, to prepare a cold G,ollati..n 
r.mnd the gallery .nd private rooms, f r the accommo lation 
f't parties and individuals : But the fupper muft be paid for 
extra, on mod- r.t. terms. 

X-\X The Pantheon will be open This Dav for the Exhi- 
biti.n of ihe Ba'loim, and Èratincaijon of' the public, for 
wnole plear.,re, the Fa r Aerial Traveller will appeir, from 
one tilllour o'clock. Wufia will he kept conftantly. To- 
morrow, at three o'clock, fevcral Ladi-s wil afcend •.^i:hthe 
Badoon as high as the d,.rae wil: p-r,,-it, when the exhibition 
tort.Se da.- will clofe A 1 , irta -c . . .;, Om shil.in... 



• fm, Male and female aeronavts 

Twobold Aeronauts, on a time, ~ 

Took a trip to the regions aboye'. 

Where the Gentkman thought it nocrime 

If he to the Lady made love. 

." Oh I let me embrace yog," he cry'd, 

(His heart quite eUued v^'ith mirth,) 

The dame very archl" r,- plied, 

That" She. h rx-on earth.'* 




'^•^^defx win the rage Tor b.iiloofiIng ceafe ? 

Ho V much longer is Luaardi arid his fe.iiale 

companicm, to treat the people in the North 
. wich Goo/e&nà Sage ! 



^T^BE three followmg FORJRAITSj i» I 
I A. foiall oï.al fize, and exçeutcd in the diiik ( 
fylc,, p^ice half a crowa each,, fine im-preilioAs, arid | 
jn.iV be had together or fdparatf. | 

. 't, Mï'. &age, ths Srfl Eiiglitli FemateAcrial Tra- I 
:^ellt'r, beautifully engravtd by Burks,, after liTëriv ' 
|[!ual miniature pidure by Sire'iy. 

S. Vincer| Lunardi, Eilv; the firf} Aerial Traveller 
JO the Englïft atmofphere, heaiitifuljy engraved by 
liaxtoiozzi, after an original diawing by ëofway. 1 

. 3. George Ann e Bellamy, late pf Coven t-garden 
Theatre, engraved by Biirtolozzi in his beiVmanner, 
iftcf ati- arigifial piôure in the pnfli/non of Sir • 
^tiorge Metham, modernifed by Ram'oerg. ' 

Printed for J. Beil,. at thfi Britifil Library iii the- 
Strand. ' 

©f whom may be had, 
., A fftw remaining copies of tho third editrlotî of An 
Jftpology for the Life of George Anne Bellamy 
>»ritren by Herfdf, in fix volumes, price i8s. fiwed • 
w., % new edition of the fixîJî volume feparate, to' 
«tiaiplete /èts. 

AJfo the ftcond edition of Rfi^,?. Sage's Letter to a 
"Romaic Fru-nd, cleftHbir.g the .steneral appearance and^ 
Effi-irs of herexpedition with Mr. Lunardi's balloon ' 
^♦hich afcendcd fiwft St. George's- fields, on Wed- 
atfoay ti>e 39^1 of Jwne 1785, accoropariied by 
•©«jor^é B!^giH,E% prite. is, ■ ' 



This Dav is publilhcd, price 7s. 6d, ÎTgf 

Dedicated to the Right Honorable Earl Carl /Ic, '' 

A PRINT of Mr. Lunardi's Balloon, as 
exhibited in the Pantheon aùer his Aerial Voyage in . 
I784- With the influe vie.// of the fsid buiMing. Iri which 
aie intrcduced fcventy- nine figures, drawn by F. G. Bvron^ 
and engraved by V. Green, Engraver to \< ^ f.Ljeiiv ; and to 
behad of John.Acreï, Pidure- frame-maker, No. 44, War- 



It was the praftice of vo'^''fn/^*v 
confult the Ibr.;. and afJrvvaTd^ .nf "^^ T'^ '° " 

female aeelares fhe is ready to do h^ Ç.Jl ^r 



^7^- PAN T H E O N. /yj^J-, 
iVT^ LUNARDI. feeling the ^veight of his 

iVA obligatir. IS to a generous nation, takes the eârleft-op. 
portunity to make his acknowledgments for the honor done to 
his. Entertainment, and for the obliging manner \i which a po- 
lite compmy expreffed their fadsfaftion, and their convic- 
tion, that Mr; Lunardi has performed his engagements wfith 
the public. 

Honored with fo great a fliare of public approbation, Mr. 
Lunardi, with fentiments of high refped, takes leave of the 
public, for an.exéurfion to Liverpool, &c. where, he is confi- 
dent, the generous wilhes of a liberal nation will follow him, 
and crown his endeavours with the honor of public approba- 
tion, which is his chief motive, and greateft ambition. 

In his abfence, an inttUiger.t perfon will ext-lain the nature 
of the balloon, v/hich will continue to be exhibited, in the 
ftate in winch itiafcended with Mrs. Sa^e and Mr. Bigginj Mr, 
Lunardi havlr.g another in the country for his putpole. 

Mrs. Sage, whofe fentiments and elegant manners are iuftly 
admired, will, in friendfliip to Mr. Lunardi, be at the Pan- 
theon on Monday from One to Four o'clock, to gratify the 
pi^bJic curiofity in her eafy and pleafing manner. And as 
many fefV,eaab.le charaders, ladies in pardcular, have ex- 
prelfed a defire to have a Promenade while the Parliament con- 
tinues to ht, and keep thern in Town, the Panthegn will ^e 
opened on Monday for that purpofe, from Ten in the Morn- 
ing tni Eight in the Evening; it will therefore be both a 
rnormng;in evening Promenade, for the convenience of the 
Public in ^eneial. 

From thepolitenfs of the Company on Thurfday laft, is is 
prefumed the Promenade at the Pantheon will be graced with 
amiable and refpedlable charaders. 

A Band ofMufic will be cs'nftantly kept, which, with 
,^e magnificence of the building, and elegance of ihe Balloon, 
will be a paffe-tems worthy of an accomplifhed nation. 

On Monday, between 'i'wo and Three' o'clock, ^ party of 
Ladies will afcend in the Balloon as high as the Dome will 
admit. 

Admittance Only Q^îE SHILLING. 



P A N T H E O' N. 

THE PROMENADE will be continued 
every day, at the defire of many refpeïiaijie perftns, 
while the Parliament fus, arad the exhibition of Mr. Lunardi's 
beautiful Balloon, in the exaft condition !n which it afcended 
with the agreeable Mr.s. Sage, v/hofe intrepidity has greatly 
excited the public curiofity, and her affability has equally re'- 
teived the co. emendation of the moft refpeftable perfans who 
h.tye been at the Pantheon to converfc with her. 

The Pantheon will be open f om Ten o'clock till d,irk, and 
young bdies m.iy afcend in the Ballooen, from Two to Fcur, 
as high as the Dome will admit, ■ /^ ^'0^-9 

Admittance only One Shiiii'ng. /y^-)^- 



I Exlraû of a hitter from, Liverpool, jfuly 20» 

' '* Mr. Lunardi afcended in his ballon, from 
the new fo't in this town, at fevsntecn minutes 
paft fix o'clock this evening; he Km.iuedia 
fight 35 minutes, then was lo(t in a c'oijd ; aj:« 
peared again in about t'- ree minures, s?oi'-g verjr 
eafy towards OrmfKÏrk. He Teemed very col- 
leded, and the fight was beau-iful beyond def- 
cripticn.*' 



Mr. LUNARDI'S GRAND BALLOON and BIRD,^ ; 

By defire of numerous Friends, Ladies in 
particnlar, who with for a. Promenade once a week, the. 
Pantheon will be open on Monday, from nine o'clock till 
dark, for a morning and evening Promenade. At the fame 
time, and every day^ will be exhibited, Mr. Lunardi's cu- 
rious Bird fixed to the Balloon iRftead of the Gallery, which, 
with the motion of the wings, h?.s a noble effeift. This very 
curious exhibition, and the beauty of the Pantheon, will 
render the Promenade worthy of thî particular attention of 
the public, efpecially Ladies. ./'i..-A- '5^ 

Admittance only One Shilling. ' ' 1^>J?S 
This Day the Pantheon will be open asufu^.I.'' 



Lunardi's hiends level a terrible blow at the 
female charaSer of the two Mifs ^imonets who 
afcetided with Blanchard, in calling Mrs. Sjge 
tWz firfl fiinale \y\\b ventured into the air: — 
Upon what foundation do they deny the right 
of theieyoiHig ladies to- be enrolled among the 
ferninine tribe ?~^Ox do they fuppofe that the 
public has quite forgot ail former afcenfions 
but thoTè 6Î 'ùxe. fanmu Lunardi .? X^A /;iPS: 



Lanardi took a est wnFhim, as a compamon 
ÎÇO the clouds; fome late bal'. ,;ni{l:s have im- 
proved upon the hint, and ta!' .. a rabbit, as a 
\%%W thing- /""^''^ /'/'^à' 



^1 




JIgsdi. —of ^ Feather FIocIc to^ethei- 




Bxffoë 0^ ayt.ir frm'-SJtnlur^h, Oci. 7.^ 
" This being the day appointed far Luna^Ps 

fcending in h»s Ballo;<n from the gniden of H-* 
riot's Hofpitil, provided the wind ble v tn ^n 
certain quarters, early in the mo'oing, many 
an anxious and enquiring eyewas turned totvard» 
the weather-cock, and as tlie wind,, tho' nearly fo, 
was not exaciy from the points (peàified, it was 
a vety grbat doubt whether he would or would 
not go up. This ftifpence, httjvevcr, was foon 
removed by th/" firing of a gun, and the difplajr 
of the caille flag, fign-ls waich an-ounced Mr, 
Lunardi's intention of fulhiling hi« engagement. 
The procefs of filj'ng tho bailôon began abouç 
tvvelve o'clock, and was continued without any 
accident or interruption till half paft two, whea 
it appeared completely ioflatcd. Ths car was 
then affix d, and Mr. Lunardi having taken his 
feat, and his apparatus, balia'>, &(|| property 
adjufted, the balloon was carried into tue mid- 
dle of thr garden, and, precifeJy at tenminut'-S 
before three o'clock, Mr. Lanardi, g.we the fig- 
nal, and he afcended in a N. V\. È. di'eâ.ion. 
Immediately 'on its rifing, Mr- Lunardi, who» 
Hood up in the car, took ofFhis hâr, and boweiil 
to the ipeélators, who returned it with repeated 
acclamatioi's. At a greater elevation he waved 
his flag, and went over the city at a great height, 
diredly acrofs the Frith. When about half over 
he defcended pretty low, and then diicharging 
Tome of his ballai^, he rofc rapidly, and ihsix 
difappe'ared. 

" The miiita-y attended at the gardens, atid 
,theri was not the fmaliaft accident htipp^r.ed. 
So anxious were ail tanks to ba prefunt, thafi 
great part of the ihops werefliut. 

" Beats wereftaiioned in.diilFerent parts, of the 
Frith, in ot-der to afiift in cafe the baUooa iBould 
lalin. 

*' Mr. Lunardi reached the coafl of Fife a 
little to the Weîtwàrd of Wemys-houfe, and the 
balloon defcsnded gently at GreeniiJe, bctweea 
Durie and Ceres, aîiùuu two miles from Cupar, 
25 minutes after 4 o'clock, having crofled about 
\Z miles by fea, afid ten 'niiles by land, in all 
about 28 miles by fea and lapd, in the fpace o£ 
an hour and 35 minutes. Mr. Lunardi wa^i re« 
ceived by a number of gentlemen at Cupar, wh« 
happened to be at the Michaelmas H.^id Court, 
and by the inhabitants of the toivn, of which he 
was. made a Bar^^efs yellerday, and eniertaiucd 
by the magillra-cs at dinner. He fays, that at 
his higheft altitude, the mercury in thetherm«« 
meter iVood^a; j^ iaches c-tenttts,'' 



■ Extraa of a Letter from Cupar, Oâï. J-Z/fl^ 
" '1 had the pleafure of ieeiiig Mr. Lunardi 
^«fcend, and was fo lucky as tp be the firS'pêrrÔn 
in Cupar who efpied hinr. V/hen I faw hien fini, 
te did not appear, larger thau a fmall bird. He 
;^efceaded gradually iiv>a perpendicular diredlion ; 
the time he took in defccnding was about teii mi- 
nutes. Xinftantly'mouatedmy horfe, and:nding 
with the utmoil expedition to the place where I 
judged he waald alight, I fcuad him in good 
health and fpirits, though very cold. He alight- 
ed at a place called, Callinch, within three mea- 
sured miles S. E. of Cu|V:ir. After feme hearty 
congratulations on his fafe lanJing, I told him I 
fcaïivrecaiveci orders from the Provoll: and Magi- 
ftratCE of Cupar, to requefl the honour of his «fm- 
pany to fupper, which he poiitely accepted of. A 
eonfttlerabie number of ladies ma. gentlemen met 
«s^byvthe way, and efcorited Mr. Lunardi to my 

Jioufe, where he fitpped. Next day a large com - 
pjiny were invited to dine with the Provoft, &c. 
,wheri "Mr. Lunardi v-Mi complimented with the 
fi'eedom of the to-.vn. Every mark of refped has 

■lieea fhew.n him by all ranks here, and of which 
ke feems very fenfible. Lalt night he went out to 

.Lord Leven's; vAere he remained all night. 
Lord Balgonie came to CÙp?.r, on purpofe to in- 
vite:him. He juft now fet.î out for St. Andrew's. 
The Hon. John, Hope, on whofe ground Mr. L. 
alighted, has UTOte to his fador here to take the 
n,ece{rary meafures for having a>:monument ereft- 
cd. I caufed Mt, L. to fketch out the track of 
his balloon upon one of Aindie's maps of Fife : 

.from the fcaîe it appears, he had travelled fifty 

•miles in an hour and a half. He alighted 25 

■minutes pall four o'clock." 



> Edinhnrgh, OB. 12. 'This day the Lord Pro- 
voft, M.^,giil:rates,_and Council appointed 

James Torry, F^iq;! to be Admiral of Lcith. 

Francis Blair, Efq; Baron Baijie of Canongate. 

Mefl. William Firnic and James Murray, Re- 
fident Bailies. /ygj^ 

Mr. James Cla^É, Trcafurer. 

Francis Shand, Efq; Baron Bailie of Portf- 
burgh. 

Mr. John Gloag, Capt. of Orange Colours. 

Mr. Lunardi was this day prefented with the 
freedom of this city — an honour certainly due to 
the firir man who fie-v/ over it. • ■ 
. Laft night Mr. Lunardi was admitted a mender 
of the ancient and honourable fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Mafons, in the Lodge of Edinburgh 
St. Andjèw, the brethren having n^et together 
iolely for that purpofe. He afterv/ards attended 
the Mailer- and Officers of that Lodge on a vifit 
to the Ancient Lodge of St. Mary's Chapel, and 
Teemed highly pleafcd with his new conaeftion, 
and the particular refpea paid him by all prefent. 



Extraa of a letter from E/inhurgh, Or?. 12. 
, " Havir..;;; ia n.y laft fent you an account of 
LunsrJi's afcent from Herriut's Garden's, and 
k.ow'ng your attachment to aero!<ation, I here 
incl-fe you further particulars of that^ aerial.ex 
■GUI (ion : — Aftir pafifing over Leith, and, going, 
half w;>y crofs the F'ith/ by Itichkeic.h, M.Z 
ijunarji, obferving two boats with o.^rs, which 
hid ^;one out to obffrve his motions, and to be 
ready to .iiTilt in Cife of accident, icve-rt'dhis bal- 
'Jton a^'out a .nile, and hailed th^çn. The arjxiety 
of the (peci; tiis on land, at t'hié time, was im- 
ïiuMi.e. Rvfriv perfon 'was' deprecting the fate 
t>f tins bt Id ..eronaur, who, they were afraid. 
Would ever-, moment be. précipita. ed into the 
\yater. i'hey were, however, loon happily re- 
lieve . bry Mr. Lunardi, who h.iving thrown out 
fo.' e if his bal I aft, fuddenly afcended to an 
ai»i=zing height. The b.li-jon then took a di-, 
.txedio-n N. E. by E. and, about 40 minu'.es pail 
'thre-- b'cloclc, it dif.ippeared to the eyfes t>f ihe 
■fgéd.itors on the Caïtle and Cahun-hills. ft 
af.Krwarospoceeded eallward to Çi-nlland Point, 
where ir.eeiing wirh a f=ivourabli carrei.t of 
wind frr.in the eaft.^Mr. Lunardi was fortunately 
carried acrofs the Frith t.o the coaft of Fife, a 
Ittle tb theeàftward of Wemyf3.hou/e,.aiid the 
b . luon dtfcended gently at Cdllinch, bet^veen 
Duiie and Ceres, about threfc miles fouth-ealhof 
Cut.ar, at twenty-five minutc:s paft four o'clock, 
having, i: is'fuppofed, from the obliquity of 
t.he dirtfiioa, çrcii'ed about 36 miles ot fea, and 
ÎP miles of land, in all about 46 miles. In the 
Jpacc of an hour and 35 minutes. 

Immediately upon Mr. Lunardi's landing, 
the people in the neighbourhood, who wers all 
.'on the look-out, run ' to congratulate him. 
Among the reft, was the Rev. Mr. Arnot of Cel 
r>s, who e&nduded him to the mànÇe, and en- 
tertained him with ih'at ho/pitaiity for which 
t.he clergv cf the church- of Scotland are fo emi- 
rentiy diftinguiftied. Before he reached CLip.r, 
furpriiing cawds poured in from all quarters ■ 
fead he was ufhrred in with huzzas, ringing of'. 
bells, &c &:ç... The Michaelmis Head Court 
being held there that df.y, he was received-by 
ths gentleir.en of the county in the p.ilitéft man- 
ner, and had the honour of fupj;iug with him. 
Thifrfday he a'as ehtcrtained by the Mrigiltrates 
ar diiiaer, and was made a bufgeis of the town. 
He is no,t y tt arrived here. 

The grea-.eft height to which Mr. Luhardi 
aïtended, accorai.ig to his own Opinion, was 
i.ijOoo feet. The b .romt-ter then ftoo-i at 19 
deg. 5-tcnths ; the ch^rmoaieter at 29. For 
about half an hour, he fays, he met with a $.3ac- 
jng fhow ; though at that time the weather was 
Remarkable c-ilrnj mfid, and fer.-nc. 



; .Th^ Du^e,an4.'DutcheTs of Buccleugl), Earl 
'cfKinhoul^ Earl and C^un-efs of- Rufeberry, 
Mr. Dundii?i tr«afurer of the navy, and manV ' 
eiherpe.'forts of dilliniiion, wc/e in the garden*, 
and others oia the Caftle-hili, who all appearei 
highly pUafed with this exhibition. It is efti- 
mated, that above eighty thoafand fpeiiuors af 
fcniblcd, 'in KSid about Edinbit,'g:\, on this occa- 
fion. which put a ftop to aimolt ah bufmsfs for 
a great part of the day ; and confidering that, 
at this feafon of the ye.ir. fo many families are ' 
outoftOA'n, it is furpiiuog fo many people of 
falhion were prefjnt. A pa:ty cf the 58th re- I 
gimsnt, and abouî4o of the ci y-guards, attend- 
ed at Hcriot's Garden, to keep off the mob. ' 

Mr. Luiiatdi was dreffed in fcarlet with blue ^ 
facings. He was perfedly cool and colleaed, . 
and feemed to be much more at eafe than many 
more of the fpeftators. He is the on'y aero- 
nant who lies crolled the fea, except Mr. Blaii. 
chard ; and he was in ths moll imminent danger 
of being carried out to the German ocea-, in. 
Ccife ihe wind hnà changed a point or two to 
the welt; nor had he the fm dh-îft reafon to ex- 
, pea any afliftance, had he fallen ioto the fea, 
SB night was fall advancing. 

It is very happy for Mr. Lunardi, he lives 
in an enlightened age. . Had anyone attempted 
fuch an a.^rial excuriian a century agn, he would 
have been confidered as a wizird, and fallen a 
facrifice, like many other innocent perfons, to 
ignorance and fujcrftition. 

The e.'cv.ition and boldne.G of the country 
round Edinburgh, together with the attempt to 
crofs an arm of the fea, and where the Balloon 
couli be traced the whole way to Fifefliire from 
the eminencrs,^ rendered this one of the moil 
beautiful and pitlurefque aerial expeditions, that 
is pofiible, perhaps, to exhibit ir. any part of 
the globe. The whole was conduiSed with ths 
greatcft regularity and decorum, without any ac- 
cident, and taliy gratified the moft fanguine ex- 
petSation of an admiring nuslituic o'f all ranks 
of fpcdators. 

The, Balloon is fliaped like a p^ar, or tea vafe, 
about 30 feet high, and 23 br ad, made of filk 
of diflercnt colours, covered with a n.'îtting, by 
which the car was attached. 'I'he car was de 
Coraicd with pink filk, fringed with gold lace. 

Srveral noblemen and genslemen,, from a 
-knowledge that the mon^iy received for tlcktt-i 
is infuflicient to defray the expence he has been 
put to, and which was greatly incre. fed by his 
pnrchafinga complete newapparatus, rather than 
delay the time he had at fir.t named, havere- 
folved to open a voluntary fubfcrip-.ion for his 
behalf," ^ 

Extraâ of a letter from Mr. Lunar ci, fo a. Gintk- 
man in Eainburgb, dated Cupar, Qti. 6. 

" I have the honor to aequaini; you, ih:t I 
'have been pred-ntcJ witJs the frcsjom of this 
town, and .genteelly ciucrtained by the P/^ovoft 
and gentlemen of Cupar, Lord Balgonie, called 
upon me this morning, and requefted my com-' 
pany atLeveii-hoiif.-' where i was ve.^y poLtely 
received, and had the isonor of meeting a num- 
ber of peools of diftinaSon. J hive alfo received 
ccngratulations of my fife landing from the 
principal gentlemen of 3t. Awd^'^ws, with polite 
invitations to go there ; to which placs I fetout 
tomorrow. la'ihort, ,1 have every reafon, to 
be pie 1 fed -with the atteftliohs and àvilities J 
.^.av€ beea hanoxed with, kaz? rt^y iirrjval Mere." 



December 22, 1785. 



, When Lunardi fiift afcended in Scotland, the follow- 
ing remarkable occurrence happened, which has not 
yet publickly tranfpircd.^ — After travelling in his aerial 
machine the unbounded hemifpherc, the enteiprifuig 
traveller was aboat defcending at a country village on 
the north oF the Frith of Forth. Seeing two pcHons, 
a man and his wife, occupying part of an adjacent Ccld, 
he blew his trumpet as a fignal for àlhflance. The 
peafant was ftinck with aftonifhmcnt on hearing the 
awful found, and his cara fpofa was fixed to the ground 
in a fimilar perturbation. Not having ever feea a bal- 
loon, and obffrving it fall rapidly with uncommon gran- 
deur fiom thcclotjds, their emotions of mind were on 
this oceafion inexprcfliblc ; and they both, as it were 
by inftinft, fell down on their faces, and continued in 
this grovelling pofition for a few moments. The man 
at laft, encouraged by his religious faith, fprung up 
with agility, and incited his wife to follow the example, 
by admoniftiing her with great fervency of eloquence, 
" Let us gang jiagie/Mayj^he. " Jan et, wi' ail c on- 
venient fpeed, and pray for our falvation. This is the 



day of Judgment I Didna yc hear the found of the lajt 
trumpet f" 



M. 



^ 



" Extra fi of a letter from Keljo, 0.7. 21. /^É^ 
" Mr. Lu-nardi afcended this d.iy from ih = 
church.ysrd here abaut two o'clock, fhere be- 
ins but Utile wind the balloon rofe almoft per- 
pendicularly, and, irt about ten m^nutertook a 
direa-ion to'-ards Berwick. The wether was 
rather cloudy, but the fpeaacic wns highly pea - ,. 
ine and gave great {atisfadion to all prefent. 
Thé fpeaalors could tiot be lefsthan ten thou- 
fatid. No accounts ar<î''.yet lecmed of Mr. 
Lunardi'^sali^hûog.**, • 



Extra£i of a letter from Edinlurgh, Ot?» tzT^^f" 
.«' Hsving (enc you ati account of Mr. *, 
Lunardi's a cent fr-om K5;!ro. 1 nO:.(v Vim.it. yoa 
a letter from Mr. Lan&rui himfelf upon>^ihe ' 
fubje:';i ; it is. as. follows. ; . : 

«' I ,'et ofF :rr'o,ni iÇellb at fn'e minuies after 
two o'clock, I r:i.'"i gradu£illy.\, I had with me a 
b.roroeter,, thermometer, and^sveral other in- 
ftrumcnts for the expcrinvents : I incendtd to 
make ; and faeftdes the prwviâpns, had 88 
pounds of bal'afl:. 

♦' 1 kept myfeirju:1:a mi!e from the furface 
of the earth. Ivveai:, iiito a cloud with the bal- 
loon ; but the flag îjel g 150 fée: from the gai- • 
lery-, it remair.ed in ûgï'^t oi the fpeélators- I 
was two minutés in the cloud, when I lowered 
again, not codcprivs the people of the fight of 
my bUloo'ti.' I' k<^pl-: my feH" cunftaatly'iti fight 
of thse^rth. ' 1 went, an hour sf:er my fee. jag 
ofF, through another c'ouJ ; ard above the-firit 
of them, uie hiromster i'ell to 26 5 loths. Tbt 
earth njjas no more -vifibU to me. 

'« J dc'csnddd after four pninutcs, and kept 
inyfç'f very low, when I perceived the fêa to bs 
not more than iix railes diftant. I began to 
ccme down ia low as to hear diftindly the voîçç 
of the people. 1 anchired on Doddingtoa 
Mair, andcAÎled people to t.ike hold of the ropej 
from the car ; and af;2r haviiïg fiiook h»uds 
with Mr. Trouer Ancrum, who was the firll 
gentleman on horfebsck who reached me, I or- 
dered the men to carry me to Berwick. They 
carried me near Barmoor in Northumberland, 
but the wind coming irt^ihiT, and the ballooii 
dragging them after, I thought prroper to. 
dîfçend in a foft field, whe:e I empded the bal- • 
loon. Mr Rich .rd Thompfon at Barmoor or« 
dered his fervant !o take care of' the balloon and 
i^ppendages, and gave me his houfe, where f 
had a good fuppeV snd he fhewed me every cl* 
vilit-y in his po*ver 

*' I touched the ground at twenty-one mi- 
nutes after three o'clock, and haally delcnded, 
^nd einpiied the baliooa in the field at four 
o'clock. 

*' Whil'î r was carried by the balloon, â greai 
concourfe of people trom eve y quarter were 
/oJlowing mc, and amoagCt them fevôral re'îpec- 
table l.■tyies^\!^d gen kmen, who all fe;'mcd dt- 
fir us of gt«iia(g :ne.ev.-;ry afiilïance poilibie." 



rExrraa-^of a letter from" Edinbnrgh, Nov <^. 
Mr. Lunardi afcended in his balloon on VVedneid 
laft from Glafgow, amidrt a vaft concourfe of«^''^;"'"^ 
-ppa-ators, He took polf.ffion of the car about two 
K ock i; the aaernoL,.he wind S. W. and avance 
1:. E. for about twenty-five miles. Having then 
changed his direaion, he proceeded to the S. E. am 
attempted to anchor, but the w.nd blow.ng w.rh t u 
^reateft violence,the cable gave .way, by ^^'^^^ ^. ■ 
dent the anchor, weighing about lolb. was lert c^n the 
ground, and the balloon re-afcendcd vvuh u'onder u 
velocitv to a confiderable altitude. After Roatu.g fo 
fome time in the air, Mr.Lunard. at laft ^^'^^^^Î^J 
in Selkirkfhire, about twelve m.les farther on the 
water of Ale, being two miles to the Eaftward of Ale- 
moor, having performed an expedition o one hur^d e 
and twenty-five miles in the fpace of two hours VVhu 
Mr.Lunardi alighted, Mr. and 'Mrs. Chifho m, ot 
Srirches, who happened to be returning home from a 
vifit, kindly afforded him every alhllanee m thc.r 
rower. Mrs. Chifliolm having obferved great partot 
Mr.Lima.diVproi^rcfî.andvvilhingfot-anopportuimy 
,0 attempt an experiment in tire unknown regions, 
boldlv tookpoffdhonofthe car, aud faded tnumph- 
antlv'for about three miles, when it was found expe- 
dient to defift from a fardier progrcls the w'>\d ^ow- 
[■y.r .vith cxtretpe fury. During Mrs. Ch.fholm s 
aerial voyage, Mr. Lunardi rode her horle acrols the 
mountnins, and every thing was conduaed with tlic 
ereateft decorum. ' , ■ n* t 

" It is worthy of'obfervation, that during Mr. Lu- 
nardi's expedition, a very remarkable circumftance 
occurred. The like has not happened to any other 
aeronaut. When at a confiderable diftancc from the 
earth, he felt much inclined to heep ; and at lalt Inp- 
pofintî himfelf Tafely moored in Bediordflure, lie 
yielded to the ftrong propenfity, and llept for about 
twenty minutes on the boft^m of the air. 

" On Mr. Lunardi's return to Glafgow, he palled 
through Hawick, was fumptuoufly entertained by ihe 
I magiftrates, and honoured with the freedom of the 
liown." ^^ ' i ^l i U/ I 



The ia^rhg Latfardi has beèa màie a hufgrfg 
of the, town of Cupar, in Stoiiand, in reward, 
for his lad trip to the clouds : fuch ■■•.n honor 
w.->u!d be m-ore. accc-rdant from ths town *f 



The ballooning rage feems nearly over, at leaft 
MeiTrs. Sadlier, Lunardi, with the reii of their 
aerial com peers, have ftruck their inflated can --^^ | 
vas, and gone into winter quarters- 'i^f-Zp'J^^ | 



Mr..-Lunardi, on Wcdncfday la(!, afcended in 
his balloon from St. Andrew's Church-yard, 
Glafgow, abaut a quartrr bs.fore two, and dr- 
fcended on a hill between fifty and fixty rniic 
dillant, about a quarter before four o'clock ;- he 
dined with the gentlemen of Harwick the nrxt 
day, and was prefentsd with the freedom of 
that town. Mt> Lunardi arrived at Edinburgh 
6.n Fiiday mqiiiing. ' '• 

it is worthy of obfervation, that daring Mr. 
Lunardi's typedition, a very remarkable circum- 
(lance occurred. Th;; IrkT has not happened to 
•any other aero-naur. When at a coniiderable 
dillance from the earth> h? felt himfeit much 
inclined to lliep ; and at laft, fuppcfing himfelf 
fafely moored, in Bedford/hire, he yielded ro his 
ftrong pripgnfuy. ^nAflipt for abaut tvjsntj mi, 
BW£j,po tbe bflfom of ih? air. / ^t^c^ //^S 



Ëxir&3 ùf a letier/fom Mr. Lunar M is Georgt 
Biggin, Éfq. in London. 

'« My dear George, ^ eC i /^^^A 

" ^fonday the lotjrjnflant, as I acquainted 
yotr, was the day fixed for my afcenfion with 
wo^balloons, the common one, and another of 
ten feet diame-.er, intended to be 550 feet higher 
"than the large one which carried me. A rope 
of that Icng'h was to bi fixed to it, in order to 
afcc'tain the various currents of wind, an ex- 
periment very intrrefling to us aeronauts, tho' 
I had not th® good forture to try it. 

" The morning was p-etty favourable, tho' 
interup'cd with fmallrain ; but as the day ad- 
vanced, the weather became v?ry thick and fog- 
gv, fothul was obliged to delay mg afcenfion 
till the day afier. 

At feven o'clock, my fervants acquainted me 
that ic was a very fine mornin:^, on which, I 
ordered them to carry every thing to tlerioi's 
Garden, and wrote a card to the Governor of 
the Caflls to favour me with the firiti^j of a 
gun, and fending of the troops to fupport t~h^ 
civil power, &c. as ha.d already been promifed. 
Lord Elphinllon was indeed furpfiz:d at re 
ccii'ing that card, as the wind was 100 raucii 
from the Weft ; and therefore very obligi'igly 
f'-nt m; a meffage that he was ready to do every 
thing in his power to ferve me, bu' that the un- 
dertaking was too dangerous. My refoluiioa, 
ho vcver, was unalterable, and his Lordiliip at 
1ft did mc the honour to acquiefce with 'my 
wiihes, on which I went to the Garden to pre- 
pare for my afcenfif>n. 

" During the procefs of fining' the balloon, I 
fecured fevcral bladders and pieces of cork round 
the ear, and the genera! quçftion was,, whether 
I really intended to go up? The anfwer was, 
that it was impoiTible to p.-cirent myfelf from 
dropping into the; fôa, but that I was confiJ^U 
that fome boat would take me up. . 

" At ten ininutes before one, the balloon be- 
ing fufHciently inflated, I ordered it to be car-.^ 
ried to the fouth of the area to give the more 
fat'sfaaion to the fpeftators, who at this time ) 
were very numer vrs I was drefled in the unja 1 
foriii of the 5i-ff/; ^ioyal Archer t, as I told yoii I : 
had the honour of being made a msmbcr, 

*' Five minutes beforco.ie, Irofe majelHcally, 
not fo quick aa the former time, but yet with' a. 
confidcrabb deree cf velocity, with the wind S.- 
W, After hjving faluted the fpcdators) 1 
faftened two irings which were left loofe, and 
begai^ touniwiilthe rope of the little anchor \ 
had with me ; and in three minutes after leaving 
the ground, I percivtd myfelf psrpendiculaily 
over the Forth. 

•' At en o'clock exaiftly, the balloon turned 
thrice round upon its axis, and was completely 
fall; the baro Meter af 21, the t erniometer at 
38, wind S. VV. by W. and was going very 
iloiV , the fernery beneath me was moil delight, 
ful, and 1 BOW drank a gl^fs of wine, and eat 
fome cakCé 

" A: half an hour after one thî balloon con- 
tinued much in the fame Hate, and the baromeser 
ha<i ofi:>y falUa i»" I."-tj going hot izoatally 
t.'Wards the N. E. and faw a^boat rowing to- 
wards Muflelburgh : I threw down a pietc of ■ 
cake abo :t half a pound weight; but do hot 
know if it fell into the boat. <■'> 

" Fif'y minutes after one the wind was duft'l 
W. and 1 therefore taought proper to attempt 
landing on the point of Archerlield, and let go 
my fmall ancnor about ûoo feet Below my car, 
and began to defccnd ; but as I found that 1 
fûuna that I was coming d.uvn with too gr?àt 
riipioity, and had no ballaft, nor even the big 
anchor, 1 wa? obliged t© ftop my defcent by (liut.. 
ting the valve, and throwing dawn a bottle ful! 
of water I had with mc, when about zono feet 
from the ground ; by which iTieans Ipafle.d 
over the point of land, and came'again upon the 
water. At this elïViition. the thstmoraeter fell 
to 31. 

" I faftened my uniform great coat, which I 
hid t?ken with me to the upper hoop to which 
the baflcet was appjndad ; as weli as my hat, 
another little coat, and fome other things, to 
prevent their being welted by falling into the 
fea. 

" It was exaaiy two o'clock when I began ^ 
to defcend graduiily : and in five minuted af.er ' 
I touched the furface of the vvater, not farther 
than a miie and an half from the locks of 
Fidra i^nd Lamb ; hut as the wind below was 
prc.ty ftror.g, nnd the balloon aaing like a great 
■fail upon my bafke-, I m<ide way very faft, ths 
water dafhing like'filver againll fny breeches 
ardjack-t. I turned roun^, but- could fee no 
boat whatever ; but, when about two miles and 
â haiffrom the ibu:h flvore, I could diitingai/li 
three Ihips under fail about Anftruther or Kil- ' 
renny, and thèrefoie was not under the le ill 
spprehenfun, efpecially as my cour fe was tc- 
wards the Idand of May and thefc Ihips. 



" The balloon wfs very much agitated by I 
!ihe wind, and lotnetimes turned round, fo that I ' 
was frequently toff.-d into the water as high as 
my brcatl. Whea about five miles fro.Ti North 
Berwick, I perceived a b!ack fpot, appearir.g 
and d.f&ppearing, according to the rifing and 
lowering of the waves, diredling its courfe from 
the Bafs ; and on paying more attention 10 it on 
my rifing, I at lall faw plainly that, ic was a ' 
boat ; butas I was going with jjreat rapidity, I , 
quickly palled thdr parallel, and then, as the j 
boat had gained the vvind, and hoiftcd fails as j 
well as made ufe of their oar», I began to af- 
fure myfelf that they would very quickly reach 
m?, on which I begun to wave the flag as a 
fignal that I had feen them. 
. " The nearer I approached the ocean, thebrif-, 
leer the wind grew ; and as i went at a great' 
rate, I began to be in doubt whether I Ihould 
cut away the balloon or not ; bnc at laftrelolved 
nat to do fo ; for, as it was growing dark, 1 
wjuld, without the balloon, havebeen too fma'l 
an objea to be icen at any dill. nee, as I was at 
ihi» time bread high in the water. 

" Î could now diRinguiili tw?) fliips under 
(■«Uo N>jri.hBîrwkk3 ihethiee shall mçnûoa» 
e<f before yc^.\\\^ famejîotot^ thclflsnd of M^' 
about five .miles diflant, and another boat corning 
towards' tne at an incredible rats. Ihad lollthc 
anchor, fiag„End pendant, when the boat I faw' 
at fird apptoached within a gun (hot of me. I 
prepared abigrcpè fattened to the uprer part of 
the balloon, and, as foon the boat came-up* 
f gave the end of it to the fifliermés d;fifi'Rj| 
them to make it faft to theirs; bu», on my gf'ing" 
On board, which I c Jitld not do by juftiping," 
being very heavy with continuing fo Img in the 
water, and my hands very fore, they iîilLantly 
let it go, and the bslloon flew ofF that \ had, 
fcarce time to perceive it di. indly tilit was out; 
of fight. 

" I now fat in the boat las well as I could : 
but my feet was very diftigreeable ; the boar, 
befides my fituation in other rtfpecls, being full 
.^f fifli. 

V'" The King's boat came up immediately af 
ter, and the gentlemen, very politely in'\.fed me 
onboard ; but I was obliged to decline this 
kfnd offer, in ordertp-fhew my gr.;t'tude to the 
p'ople that had. taken me up. They fet me 
afliorc on Archer's Field about five o'clock ; 
and 1 mud ccnfefs, that I fuif.red v ry much all 
the time that I was in ths boat. When I came 
afhore, J found a iVIr'. Neibit's fcrvaot in waiting 
for me, with whom I fet out to his mafter's 
houfe, which is a mile from the fiiore, and ran 
thither as faft as I was able, in order to make my 
blood circulate the more freely. 

"■ Mr. Nclbit had gene to North Berwick to 
meet me there ; and his charming lady had 
feat a phyfici:n (Mr- flamilton) ccltbrateJ for 
h s fkill in Recovering drowned people, dif- 
patched a fervant to another place with fpirit ,9i 
liquors, and had ordered a good firé, wjth two 
largo, blankets before it; and, in fhort, every 
thing was ready, "as if fiie bad b-'en informed 
b;fore-h.-nd tha' I was to land there. 

"I was hardly ilripped, whifn Mr. Nefbit 
returned from North Berwick; he could not 
refrain from perfonally affiding me to todreA, 
and'expreffiog his joy in having me fafe in fccS 
"a comfortable place, after fuch a difsgree.ible 
and dangerous fituation." 

E>>trart of a letter from Capt. D. Aire to V. .Lu- 
nardi, E/q. dated Leith, Du. 2. 

" I b'g'eave to fend you a copy of a letter I 
had yederday f.'om Da»id Henderfon, chief mate 
ofihs Royai Charlotte cutter, under my c;m 
mand, dated ofF Andruther, on board the cut- 
ter, the 21ft December. 

i' At nine o'cloc* this mor^iing, the May 
bearing N. W.dii?ance twelve miles, difcover- 
ed Lunardi's balloon in the water, dircUiy 
hoifted out the boat, and got it on board. It 
s greatly tore. God knows what has become 
of the poor man. I have Cent the balloon, and 
all its materials, aliiore. It is as follovVs ; To 
a balloon and net grci-.tly tore, biflc^t, with 
right bladders, four pieces of cork, three fmall 
lines, and a fmall piece of filk, weather glals, 
tne tube broken, a great blue coatj a hat and 
cockade." 



^xtraBof à^JL'ettth from 'Edmburg^^ Dec. 21.., 
.*'Yèlïerday,"àTéw Minutes before One o'CIock, 
Mr. Lunardi. afcended in his Balloon from: Her- 
jiot's Gardens. The Afcent was more gradual 
t&âi;i his former one firom the fanie Place, and 
coafeqUently roore gratifying to the numerous 
Speftatoi's ; but the Pleafure arifing from the 
Sight was confiderably abated, by the Courfe of 
the Balloon, wliich was in a diret^ Line towards 
the German Ocean. It continued in Sight near an, 
'Hour, and was, through- à Telefcope, obfervedto 
drop into the Sea. The Anxiety «aturally OGCa- 
£6ned by fuch an Event may be eafily conceived,- 
elpccially when if h- confidered that his going" 
tip was merely in Confequence of the Publick Im- 
patience, and contrary .to every Diâ;ate of Pru- 
dence. It was a Reflexion on the Humanity as 
well as good Senfe of the Publick; and it mult, 
therefore, on that Account, as well as on Ac- 
coiint of the daring Adventurer himfelf, give 
general Pleafure to learn, that after being an 
Hour in the Water he was. taken np by a 
Filhing Boat. The Fifhermen eame to Town <:his 
Morning, bringing his Sword with them, afed re- 
port, that when they came up with him he was 
about five Miles ofFGullenefs; that he eould not 
poilibly have held out much longef; and that they 
were under a Necefiity of cutting- aw.^.y theBalloon; 
which rofe rapidly, and foon diiappfàred. When 
ie landed he was carried t© Dirlet?)é, tlie Seat cJF 
WiTKair, Nifbpt: F.fn-" ■ ■/y.c/^,'*"*, - . . 



* 



4- Lunardrw'ent up in a balloon at 
Naples on the 13th of September, from the 
inner court of the p.tiace, and being out of 
fight fome 'nours, clefcended, at a villaps 18 
miles dUiant. Tlie King, on h,s réuirn, 
gave him looc 'Jacus in fpecie, a medal 
^ worth 400 more, and a ring ie^witiijiearlf^ 



^'/////û/Y/f/u /n/' ////f//r/ C_^^/ùi^//?u/m/j ^i^/)r//u' 



Y^r/t. 




L 



The ENGLISH BALLOON and Appendages 
^ /// rr'/rirh , ML' LUWMRDI asœndedmtû 




Ponted fox- J.Bell43.rim Libvar^ St.a„d,Oct.4l;84. 



oBfi^ 



A N 

ACCOUNT 



OF THE 



A N 



A C C O U N 



OF THE 



Firfi Aerial Voyage in England. 




Firft Aerial Voyage in England. 

In a SERIES of LETTERS 

to his G U A R D I A N, 

Chevalier Gherardo Compagni, 



Written under the Impreffions of the various Events 
that afxetted the Undertaking, 



By VINCENT LUNARDI, Efq. 
Secretary to the Neapolitan AmbalTador. 



Anon ejfe, necfmjje^ non datur argnmentiim adnonpojfe. 



LONDON: 

Printed for the Author: and fold at the Pantheon; alfo 
: by thePubliiher, J.Bhll, at the Brittsh Library, Strandj 
and at Mr. M L 1 N i 's, Woodlloclc-Screet. 

MjDCCjLXXXlV. 

Cntevcîi fit âiatione-cjl t'aït. 



AN ACCOUNT 

O F T H E 

FIRST AERIAL VOYAGE 

in ENGLAND. 



LETTER 



I. 



Mt Honoured Friend, London, Julyi<^, 1784. 

\HE innumerable inftances of kindnefs I have re-» 
ceived from you, and the refpedlful affeaion it has 
impreffed on my mind, have infenfibly led me into the 
habit of giving all my interefting thoughts and anions, 
fome reference to you, and making your opinion and fa- 
tisfafbion necelTary to my happinefs. 

You are well apprized of the general efFed which the 
attempts to perform Aerial Voyages in France, have had in 
Europe ; but you may not know, that the Philofophers in 
England have attended to them with a filence, and apparent 

indifference, not eafily to be accounted for. 

S Thefe 



[ 2 ] 

Thefe two nations emulate each other in all circum- 
ftances. And the progrefs and advantage of manufactures 
are not watched on either fide with greater anxiety and jea- 
loufy, than a difcovery in fcience, or an improvement in 
fine arts. This has the happieft effedt, as it is accompanied 
with a liberality and candour that do honour to human 
nature. 

The firft rumours of Aerial Voyages were fo fwollen by 
the breath of fame, and the imaginary advantages to at- 
tend them, fo rapidly and plaufibly multiplied, that the 
. genius of Englifh philofophy, which, fince the days of 
Newton, has born the palm of fcience, clouded her brows 
with a kind of fullennefs, and perhaps feared for a mo- 
ment, the afcendeiicy of her fifter. 

The glory of a difcovery is indivifible as the atoms of 
Epicurus; and in refpea to aëroftation, it remains, 
and muft remain with France. It is fuppofed, and I 
fpeak it on better authority than rumour, that fome of the 
moft attentive and penetrating obfervers in England, 
meditate fuch improvements of Aëroftatic Balloons, and 
fuch modes of applying them to ufe, as may give 
them an equal claim to glory with their philofophical 
rivals in France. But this has not hitherto been attended 
with any remarkable effeits. 

You will poffibly wonder, that in fuch circumftances, 
at my age, with the numerous engagements and occupa- 
tions of my office, not yet diftinguifhed in the records of 
fcience, and but little known in a country fo enlightened 
as England, I fhould have the ambition to be the firft 
man who vifited its atmofphere. 
I have already acquainted you with the projed of our 
friend Zambecari, andthe feafons of its failure. Little 

difappointments 



C 3 ] 

tllfappointments and errors are often the means ofinflruc- 
tlon. I proceeded in a different method, and conceived 
the defign of interelring generofity and humanity, in the 
patronage of an experinnent of fome hazard, particularly 
in the hands of a foreigner. 

At the diftance of two miles from this metropolis, 
ftands a monument of liberal and prudent charity, firft 
fuggefled (as it is faid) to Charles II. by a licentious wo- 
man. It is the hofpital of military invalids at Chelfea ; an 
objedof national attention ; and managed vi^ith a refpe£l: to 
the intentions of the fucceffive Princes who have patro- 
nized it, and to the health and comfort of the meritorious 
veterans who inhabit it, which are not common in na- 
tional inftitutions. 

l^his building confifts of three fides of a fpacious qua- 
drangle : a garden Hoping before it to the fhore of the 
Thames ; the vale e.xtenfive and fertile, and bounded by 
hiils gently rifmg, highly cultivated,, and beautifully 
marked with villas, churches and villages, all indicating 
the opulence and felicity of the inhabitants. 

This I have fixed upon, in my mind, as a picSlurefque 
and propitious fpot 5 and I wifli, as it were from the altar 
of humanity, to afcend the fkies. 

I have, therefore, add relied the followijïg requeft to 
Sir George Howard, governor of the hofpitaL 

*' Mr. Luintardi has the honour to acqu:iin; Sir 
*' George Howard, that he intends to conftrufl an Air 
«' Balloon, in which he will afcend for the purpofe of 
*' making fome interefling experiments. But previous to 
** his engaging in fo expenfive an undertaking, he wiflies 
** to be afTured of a place for launching it, to which none 
B 2 " but 



[43 

" but fubfcribers can be admitted. If Sir George How- 
*' arc! will indulge him with his permifEon to launch it 
*' from Cheifea gardens, Mr. Lunardi purpofes to devote 
'« whatever may exceed the expence of the undertaking to 
" be divided among the Invalids of the iiofpital. Mr. 
f' Lunardi iequefts the favour of an anfwer from Sir 
*' George Howard." 

The King of England is diftinguiflied for an attention 
to the minutell variations in the ftate of fcience or the 
arts, a? he is for an unblemifhed charaâer, and the moft 
fcrupulous priâice of all moral and religious obligations. 
The innumerable concerns of an empire, to which ex- 
tent and unweildinefs alone have been an inconvenience, 
do not prevent his perfonal notice of any remarkable 
charader, or his correâ examination of any fcientific 
event. 

He has had the condefcenfion to attend to the firfr pro- 
bable intimations of a fuccefsful experiment v/ith Bal- 
loons, and the governor, with his Majefty's approbation, 
has granted my requeft. 

I know your friendly and parental bofom will have fome 
cmotlcns at the opening of a defign, by a youth whom 
you have fo long cherifhedand loved, which leads to glory, 
through fume uncertainty and fome danger. But my refo- 
lution is taken, and you know, within the bounds of life, 
nothing can fhake it. 

When Ï write to you, though at fuch a diftance, I 
difcharge a duty. It feems to have the effect of my 
ufuai methods of confulting you. I obtain my own ap- 
probation, and colleél firmnefs and refolution, where psr- 
haps I had my difficulties and doubts, and I take you 

with 



^ 



[ ,5 1 

with me in every thing I do. This habit is favourable to 
my {lumbers, which I find to be a little inti^rrupted by the' 
magnitude of my defign. I will therefore avail myfeif o( 
its influence. 

Good night, my deareft and beft friend, communicate 
my intelligence to my fifters, &c. and believe me to re- 
gain. 

Your obliged and afFe6tionate, 

VINCENT LUNARDI. 



3LETTER 



C 6 ] 



LETTER 



ir. 



My Dear Friend, 



iKnow your anxiety to learn the progrefs of my un^ 
dertaking. 

Neither my fortune nor my œconoray have ever allow» 
cd me to be in afîli«ence, I therefore enter on any bufinefs 
requinng evpence, with fome diiadvantâge. In Italy 
I fhould have fought the patronage and genero- 
fity of my Sovereign, or of fome liberal and opuknc 
nobleman, to enable me to fufcain the exopnce of my 
prefent undertaking. Here wealth is moie^equally dif- 
fufed ; and by any cor.tribnce that can gratify the curio- 
iity of the people, fums of money are immediately col- 
leâed, without the anxiety and mortification of peti- 
tioning the great. This has, m fbme meafhre, banifhed 
patronage from England ; but ingenious men are perhaps 
the better rewarded, aiid are not rendered flaves to the pur- 
pofes and caprices of patrons. Hence are innumerable ex- 
hibitions, which are always open in London, and which 
are means of circulation, convenience, information and 
utility, almoft unknown in every other country. 

To proceed in my defign, I have been obliged to adopt 
this cuftom. You will not be offended that a fecretary to 
an embaffy exhibits his Balloon, when you know th.t 
the firft artifts in the nation, under the immediate protec- 
tion of the Kmg, and incorporated into an academy ex- 
hibit their piaures yearly, and that the price of admif- 
Hon IS one fnilling. This expedient adds two or three 
thoufand a year to the income of the academy, and is nei- 
ther an inconvenience or a difhonour, where the diiFufion 



l^^i^J'WJlj 



C 7 H 

©f wealth through the loweft ranks renders the whole ni» 

tion the general patron of ufeful defigns. 

In the centre of London, and in a ftreet called the 
Strand, becaufe it runs by the edge of the Thames, there 
is a large room conftrudted for the exhibition of piâures, 
by the firll fociety formed in England for the encourage- 
ment of painting and feulpture, 

Italians viewed this fociety, and every other of a fimilar 
kind, as the Europeans do the eftablifhment of manufac- 
tories in America. The Englifh had been accuftomed to 
fend their youth to Italy to learn juft fo much of the fine 
arts as would enable them to purchafe and imitate its pro- 
ductions. At this time there are names in England, 
which are equal in reputation to any in the world. This, 
however, is greatly owing to the patronage afforded by his 
Majefty, who has inflituted an academy for feulpture and 
painting, and who is himfelf the befl judge in his domi- 
nions of the productions of his artifls. 

The Inflitution of the academy, gradually weakened 
and deflroyed the fociety, and their room has fince beea 
fittedup, for a fpecies of entertainment which no coun- 
try ever produced but England } that is, a debate on poli- 
tical fubjrdls, continued at random by any man who would 
pay for his admifTion, and fpeak fo as toamufe the aflera- 
bly- In reference to this entertainment, it was called thf 
Lyceum; and in that Lyceum I exhibit my Balloon. 

As the minuteft ftep I take is interefting to you, I fhall 
fend you fome of my propofals and advertifements juft a* 
shey appear. 



ADVERTISE* 



C 8 ] 

ADVERTISEMENT. 

__ Take the liberty to acquaint that I have 

undertaken the conflruClion of a Globe of 32 feet in diame- 
ter, with which I intend to afcend, as foon as compleated, 
to make the moft intereftingexperiments, efpecially that of 
going many miles before the wind, and keeping the Globe 
conftantly not higher than a gun-fhot; previous to my 
conftruûing the great Machine for diredion. 

Being already involved in great expences attending the 
eonftruftion of fo large a Globe, made with the beft oiled 
filk — the hlling it with inflammable air — the Machinery 
for the experiments, &c.— am obliged to folicitthe affift- 
ance of the liberal promoters of ingenuity, in an underta- 
king of fo curious a nature; by the improvements I flatter 
myfelfto have invented, I hope to render the difcovery 
of great public utility ; and prefume to requeft you will 
have the goodnefs to honour me with your fupport and 
fubfcription : as approbation of my 

fcheme may have v^^eight with others, and induce them 
to conceive the praâicability of it. 

The gallery, oars, and wings are already made, and 
to be {eea at the Lyceum, Exeter-Change, Strand, where 
the Balloon is now conftrudling, and will be finiflied in 
about a fortnight. With which, when compleated, I in- 
tend to fet off from Chelfea-Hofpital Garden, having al- 
ready obtained his Majefly's patronage, and Sir George 
Howard's permiffion. 

Subfcriptions are taken in at Mr. Debrefs, Bookfeller, oppo- 
ftte Burlington-Moufe, Piccadilly ; Mr. Booker, Stationer^ 
N7. $6, New Bond-Street; Mr. Barnes, Engraver, Co- 
ventry* 



[ 9 ] 

ventry- Street, Hay- Market ; Mr. Adamt, Mathematician 
to his Ma'jejly, No. 60, Fleet-Street; and at Mejfrs. Nairne 
and Blunt, Mathematical and Philofophical Injirument- 
makers. No. 20, Cornhill, oppofite the Royal- Exchange. 
Which Mr. LUNJRDl will give his Receipt for. 

The guinea fubfcribers will be admitted into Chelfea- 
Hojpital Garden, and have a chair near the Globe the day ' 
ofafcending, and may view the conflruCtion at the Lyceum 
four different times, 

A half guinea fubfcriber will likewife be admitted into 
the Garden on the above day, and alfo be accommodated 
with a feat on benches, next to the chairs, and admitted 
twice to fee the conlfruClion of the Machine. 



The probability that my defign would be executed, pro- 
duced, what hardly any recommendatory letters, or other 
common means of introdudlion will do in England,! mean 
an acquaintance with perfons of merit and confequence. 
England is open to all the world, either in war or peace; 
and a man of talents whether liberal or mechanic, cannot 
fail of fupport and encouragement in proportion to his me- 
rit. But it would be wholly ufelefs to bring to London 
fuch letters of recommendation as would in any city on 
the continent enable a man to run through almofl all the 
houfesinit. Here the prodigious refort of ftrangers has 
nearly deflroyed that indifcrimniate fpecies of hofpitality, 
which prevails on the continent ; and which while it may 
be agreeable to thofe who travel to get rid of time, has not 
fufficient utiility to attone for its inconvenience. But 
C when 



[ 10 ] 

when once a cirCumftance in the] fitu<ition or chara<Ster 
of a ftranger has attracted the notice of an Englifhman; 
and he has declared himfelf his proteâor and friend, it is 
worth a thoufasid of the civilities of general hofpitality: 
a reliance may be had on its fincerityjand the friendihip is 
permanent in duration, as it is flow in growth. 

Sir Jofeph Banks is among the firft perfons who have 
taken notice of my defîgn ; and he has honoured my fub- 
fcription with his name. The reputation he has acquired 
as .the firfl botanic col iedor in the world ; as the friend and 
companion of Captain Cook, in one of his voyages round 
the globe ; as the prefident of the Royal Society ; and the 
general patron of knowledge and merit, renders any ac- 
count of him to you unneceflary. 

My fubfcription however comes in but flowly; nor has 
the Balloon, though larger, conflru(5led of better materials 
and on better principles than any that has yet appeared in 
England, excited the curioisty I expefted. This is partly 
owing to fome ridiculous exhibitions of the kind which 
have been had at the fame place, and which have difFufed 
a difpofitjon to incredulity and fufpicion. 

My Balloon is compofed of oiled filks, of v/hich 520 
yards are infe;-ted in alternate ffripes of blue and red, 
which give it a very lively and pieafmg appearance. Its 
form is fpherical. The horizontal dimenfton of it is 33 
feet ; its circumference 102. It is, kept fufpended, and 
at prefent is filled with common air only, which I ijijed 
with bellows, through tubes of oiled filk that pafs through 
its fides. More than two thirds of the Globe are co- 
vend with a flrong net, from which depend forty five 
cords, forming equal fections on its lower part, and uni- 
ting at the bottom. Thefe will be faflrened to a circular 

frame, 



[ II ] 

frame, that forms the upper part of the vehicle in which 
I mean to perform my Aerial Voyage. It will be furnifhed 
likewife with wings and cars; the ufe of the former is to 
excite air when the globe is becalmed, and thereby to 
move it horizontally : they have the form of large rackets, 
and are covered with a loofe flounces of oiled fillc. The 
oars which differ from the wings only in fize, will be 
worked with a vertical Motion, and are intended to effeil 
a depreflion of the machine ; by which I hope to be ena- 
bled either to check its afcenfion, or to defcend without 
the neceffity of letting out the inflammable air. 

I exhibit thefe, not only as matters of curiofity to per- 
fons who have not ken or underftood the French experi- 
ments ; but to point out to thofe who have, the peculiar 
objedl of my enterprize. For I have the ambition to be 
the firfl-, not only to vifit the Englifh atmofphere, but to 
afcertain the pracfticability of rendering the Balloon fta- 
tionarj, or defcending at pleafure by means of oars, a£ling 
vertically ; and fuperceding the ufe and necefllity of valves. 
In this only circumftance I aim to deviate into originality, 
from the fplendid and fuccefsful track of the French phi- 
lofophers. 

There are two methods offiiling a Balloon for afcenfion ; 
and it is remarkable, that the method firft difcovered and 
executed by Mefl'rs. Montgolfier, is the mbft hazardous 
and diflicult to apply to ufe. It is effeâed, as a chimney 
is heated, by a common fire; and a Balloon of this kind 
is a moving chimney, clofed at the top, made of light ma- 
terials, and raifed by the elafticity which is always given 
to air by fire. 

This requires a confiant application of fire to the con- 
tents of the Ballopn, vvhich is a difficult operation ; and 
C 2 the 



[ 12 3 

the leaft error in the application may be the occafion of 
confuming the apparatus, and endangering the lives of 
thofe who truft to it. 

I have chofen inflammable rather thin elaftic air for my 
guide. It is a fubftance produced by the a£lion of 
vitriolic acid on metals or femi-metals, and is fimilar to 
that vapour which takes fire in mines, and carries terror 
and deflruflion wherever it approaches. This you will 
fay is changing one hazardous inflrument for another, 
but the chances of fetting fire to the elaftic Balloon, or 
of not applying the heat fo equally as to aniwer the pur- 
pofes of afcenfion, are numerous ; thofe of exploding art 
inflammable Balloon, arife only from thunder clouds ; and 
if proper attention be paid to the weather, they are not 
numerous or difficult to be avoided : befides, inflammable 
air being /even times lighter than atmofpherical air, and 
rarified air not more than three times lighter, the Ma- 
chine muft of courfe be proportionably larger in the ufe of 
the latter than in that of the former. 

My defign to ufe inflammable air, has been the occa- 
fion of my acquaintance with Doélor George Fordyce 
a phyfician of eminence, a ledurer in chemiftry, and pro- 
bably the firft chemift in the ifland. I confider this as a 
very fortunate circumftance ; for befides the improve- 
ment and fatisfaétion I derive from his friendfhip, he has 
offered in the kindeft manner to fill the Balloon, in a 
method which is an improvement on that of the French 
philofophers, as he contrives the tubes for conveying the 
inflammable fo as to prevent the admiflîon of any atmof- 
pheric air. He is alfo of opinion, that air produced by 
the vitriolic acid and zinc alone, is the lighteft of any 
|;hat has been yet ufed. 

JBut 



^- «>^ 



[ 13 3 

But, in the leading incidents of this sera of my life, I 
muff reckon among the happieft, my introduftion to Mr. 
Biggin, a young gentleman, diftinguifhed by his birth, 
education, and fortune ; of improved and elegant accom- 
plilh«t)ents, a ftrong lover of fcience, and of a liberal and 
afl'eaionate heart. This young gentleman, in the firft 
days of our acquaintance, expreffed a wifli to accompany 
me in my afcent. And as the regions 1 intended to vifit 
are unknown, and Mr. Biggin's talents fo uieful and en- 
gaging, Î have accepted his offer. The voyage will, by 
this circumftance, be rendered more interefting, we fliall 
direâ; our particular attention to different objedls ; and 
in any of thofe incidents v.'hich novelty may render afto- 
nilhing, wefhall communicate and multiply our joy or 
leffen and remove our apprehenfions. 

I am. Sir, 

with great regard, 
your much obliged, and moft humble fervant, 
London, Mguft 2, 1784. VINCENT LUNARDI. 



[ H I 



L E T T E 



My Dear Friend, 



LETTER 



THE events of this extraordinary ifland, are as nmx- 
able as its climate. You here experience the ex- 
tremes of elevation and dejcdion, as you do of heat anc? 
cold in a fliorter time, and in a greater number of oc- 
currences, than in any country I know in the world. 
When I wrote you laft, every thing relative to my under- 
taking wore a favourable and pleafing appearance. I am 
at this moment overwhelmed with anxiety, vexatitm and 
defpair. , 

On advertifing my intention to go up with my Balloon, 
it was natural to fuppofe that any latent ambition of 
the fame kind would Ihew itfelf, and perhaps fpring for- 
ward to feize the applaufe attending the execution of fuch 
an enterprize. I do not fay, that this would not have dif- 
appointed me ; but it would not have left me in any fitua- 
tion of diftrefs like the prefent. 

A Frenchman whofe name is Moret; and who may 
poflTibly have afllfted at fome trials at Paris to launch Bal- 
loons in the manner of Montgolfier, advertifed as it were 
in competition with mej and iïxed on a day for afcending 
with his Balloon, previous to that, on which I had the 
permiffion of Sir George Howard to make my excurfion 
from Chelfea-Hofpital. 

To haften my own undertaking would have been enter- 
ing into a ridiculous race with Moret; and if I had been 
inclined to fuch a meafure, it was probable, that the day 

appointed 



C 15 3 

appointed for me would not have been changed, without « 
better reafon than could have been afligned from 'the com- 
petition. I therefore waited, with as much patience as I 
could command, the event of Moret's experiment; ima- 
gining, however it would fail, from a view of the Bal- 
loon ; but having no apprehenfion of fuch confequences as 
might involve my difappointment, or my ruin. 

On the nth of Auguft, his advertifements alTembled 
a company of three or four hundred perfons in a Garden at 
Chelfea ; and unfortunately for me, at a fmall diftance from 
the Hofpital where I was permitted to exhibit. The gar- 
dens and fields around the place were crouded with fifty or 
fixty thoufand people, not fo much from Œconomy, a», 
incredulity; and fufpicion, of the undertaking. That wa» 
greatly owing to his manner of anticipating my defign, 
which threw on him and me, undefervingly, the imputation 
of impofture. 

From one to four o'clock the company waited with pa- 
tience, the filling and afcenfion of the Balloon ; and when 
every efFort was feen to fail, and the Balloon funk into the 
fire which expanded it, the mob rufhed in; tore it in a 
thoufand pieces; robbed many of the company; levelled 
with the ground all the fences of the place and neighbour- 
hood; and fpread deflation and terror through the whole 

diftria. 

I faw into ^any of the confequences which would af- 
fea my own undertaking. Though the people of Eng- 
land are comparatively well informed and enlightened ; yet 
the multitude in all nations is nearly alike. The misfor- 
tune of Moret was attributed to impofture; and a fufpicion 
©f a fimiUr nature was extended to me. I.felt all the imme- 

diatc 



[16] 

date inconveniences of guilt ; as you will fee by the fol- 
lowing copies of letters : though nothing could be farther 
from my thoughts than any intention to be concerned m 
in impofition. 



SIR, 



Chelfea- Hofpital^ Auguji 14, i^g; 



¥T having been reprefented to the governor of this place, 
that a riot was occafioned by an attempt to raife an 
Air Balloon in this neighbourhood on Wednefday laft ; 
I have his orders to acquaint you, that it is impolTible 
he can on any confideration, fubjeft this Colleo-e, to the 
infults of a mob, and at the fame time, he direas me to 
fây how difagreeable it is to him to refufe his confent, but 
that his determination is unalterably fixed. 1 have ttitt 
honour to be 

SIR, 

Your moft obedient, 

And moft humble fervant, 

Wm. bulkeley. 



On the receipt of this letter I v/aited on Major Bulkeley 
and defcribing the hardfiiip of being invoived in the coa-. 
fequences of the faults or misfortunes of aiv^ther, I pre- 
vailed on him to reprefent my fituation to the, governor. 
In confequence of which I received this final rcfolution of 
Sir George Hpward. 

SIR, 



[ 17 ] 

SIR, Chelfea College, Auguji I'jth, 1 784. 

*' 1 have this moment received a letter from Sir George 
«« Howard, in anfwer to one I wrote to him on Monday 
«' laft, after I had the honour of feeing you, and he de- 
" fires me to acquaint you, that he muft again repeat the 
«' impoffibility of his confenting to the exhibition of 
«' your Air Balloon in any place belonging to Chelfea 
"- College; his duty abfolutely forbids it, and no confi- 
" deration fhall make him do it after what happened laff: 
«« week. That he is very forry you fliould meet with any 
" difappointment, but that nothing ftiall make him do 
" what he cannot juftify, and thai, at all events, it cannot 
" take place at Chelfea College, and, therefore, that it 
*' is abfolutely necefiary you fhould look out for fome 
«'■other place, and give notice of it in the public papers. 
" Ï have the honour to be, Sir, 

" Your moft obedient humble fervant, 

« W. BULKELEY." 



I am now funk into the utmoft depth of diftrefs. Though 
I may be faid to have no reputation to lofe in a kingdom 
where I am fcarcely known, I yet experience the moft poig- 
nant mortification at feeing my hopes deftroyed, and my- 
felf, in the flighteft degree, fufpeaed of any thing incon- 
fiftent with honour, and an ardent love of fcience. 

You will fay, it is an imputation on the charaaer of 
an enlightened kingdom, to pre-judge an experiment 
which has not been made, efpecially as J propofe to do 
only what has been proved to be praaicable in France* 
Î have alreadv told you that every thing refpeaing Air 
^ •' D Balloons 



[ 18 ] 

Balloons has been admitted here with reluaance; the 
>pompous accounts of French voyages are credited, after 
making large allowances for Gallic vanity ; and all hy- 
pothefes refpeaing a certain and uleful application of the 
difcovery an; confidered as romantic vifions. This pre- 
pofleflion, however, does not prevent philofophers and 
men of letters here from difcerning the praaicability 
of every thing that has been efteaed in France. But 
thev are not much more numerous in this than in other 
nations ; they do not always regulate the opinions of 
the people, and, in this cafe, they are not very deftrous of 
undeceiving them. The national prejudice of the Eng- 
lifli againft France is fufFered to have its full efFt-a, on a 
fubjea from which the literati of P^ngland expea to de- 
rive but little honour ; an unfuccefsful attempt has been 
made by a Frenchman ; and my name being that of a fo- 
reigner, a very excufable ignorance in the people may 
place me among the adventurers of that nation, which 
are faid to have fometimes diftinguifhed themfelves here 
by ingenious impofitions. 

I am apprehenfive, therefore, I muft relinquifh my un- 
dertaking, after an expence which my circumftan:es can 
ill bear, and when the fatisfaaion and glory of accom- 
plifhing it are juft within my reach. 

Adieu, my dear friend, I regret the neceffity of leaving 
on your mind, the melancholy impreffions which this 
letter muft make. You may depend on it I ftiall condua 
myfelf in every event with a proper recolleaion of your 
folicitude and regard for me. For I ihall ever remain, 
moft fincerely your's, 
lendofi, Aug. 18, 1784. VINCENT LUNARDI. - 

LETTER 



C 19 3 

LETTER IV. 

Iy Honoured Friend, 

Still have hopes i for wHat philorophers dare noè at- 
tempt, the ladies eafily accomplifli. They can fmile 
into acquiefcence that uncouth monfter, piiblic prejudice j 
and they regulate the opinions and manners of a nation at 
pleafure. 

My perfeverance, àmidft the diificultiés and fùppoféd 
dangers which furround më, in confequence of the failure 
of Moret, has given me ah âir of heroifm which ydU 
know interefts the fair fex. The Lyceum therefore is 
crouded with company, and particularly Ladies, who take 
for granted I am to afcend; many of them wifh I were not 
engaged to Mr. Biggin, that they might accor.ipariy me ; 
and, with that bewitchiiig air of fincerity which is almoll 
peculiar to the women of this country, and Which I think 
taore diiScult to refifl: than the coquetry of my own^ they 
exprefs a tender concern for my fafety, which fixes my 
determination : and I will afcèftd, if I do it frotfi the ftreet. 
I have a pfofpeft of being accommodated with an in- 
clofed piece of ground, which is appropriated for the 
exercife of a body of armed citi:àens, viz. the Hon. 
Artillery Company. This coi-ps is compofed of all 
the officers of the fix regiments of the London Militia, 
and other gentlemen to the amount of five hundred. 
It is a colleftion or alTemblage of officers, all indé- 
pendant, in officers uniforms, who in cafe of emergency 
might exercife, ia a month, twenty thoufand men. 
His Royal Highnefs the Prince of Wales is Captain-ge- 
neralj and Sir Watkin Lewis, one of the reprefentatives 



I 20 J 

in Parliament for the city of London is their colonef 
To this gentleman I have made application, and the Rev.' 
Mr. Kirwan, chaplain to the embafly, whofe friend/hip" 
upon this, and every other occafion, I fhall ever remember 
with'gratitude, did me the honour to wait upon him and 
reprefented the confequence of my difappointment of 
Chelfea-garden, and the very great expences I have been 
at, and that unlefs the Honourable Artillery Company 
would take me under their proteaion, I could get no 
proper place for the experiment, from the apprehenfion of 
riots and difturbances. Sir Watkin heard his representation 
with candour, and after enquiring into the principles on 
which my Balloon w^sconftruded, thereafons of the failure 
of Monfieur De Moret, and attending to every information 
on the fubjedl which could be given by Doclor Fordyce, 
Mr. Biggin and me, he promifed to Jay my application be- 
fore the Court of Affiftants of the Artillery Company. 
The honourable mention he was pleafed to make of me* 
and of my endeavours to promote feience by executing the 
experiment ; the fupport be gave my application, and the 
liberality with which he aded, and which diftinguith his 
charaaer, demand my warmefl thanks. You would be 
afioniflied at the apprehenfions and prejudices excited, even 
in this refpeaablc body, by the failure of De More/. In 
vain did Sir Watkin recommend to them to exercife their 
own judgment J a violent debate took place; and the 
conceiTion was carried only by his cafting vote. I had 
been led by policy as well as inclination, to connea charity 
with the other motives, which might induce the En^lifh 
to favour my enterprize. I engaged to give a Hundred 
guineas to the family of the Jate Sir Bernard Turner, as 

an 



t 



m 

p 



[ 2Ï J 

an inducement to the Court of Affiftants, to grant me 
the Artillery Ground to receive my company, and to 
launch my Machine. Another Court was called, which 
was neceffary to confirm the proceedings of the former ; 
that was numeroufly attended, and the propofal again car- 
ried by the cafting vote of Sir Watkin Lewis. 

In confequence of this grant from the Honourable the 
Artillery Company, I publiihed the following advertife- 
aient. 



GRAND AIR BALLOON, 

With which Mr. LuNARDi, and an English Gentle- 
man, are to afcend into the Atmofpherc. 

MR. LUNARDI is extremely happy to have it m 
his power to inform the public, that in confe- 
quence of an application made to the honourable Artillery 
Company, they have been fo kind as to accomodate him 
with the ufe of their ground, for the purpoi'e of executing 
the experiment he has undertaken, with this condition ant 
nexed, that he fhall pay one hundred guineas to be added 
to the fubfcription for the children of the late Sir Bernard 
Turner: The very laudable and benevolent motive which 
influenced the honourable company to make this demand, 
wasofitfelffufficiently operative on the feelings, tore- 
move every objeaion on the part of Mr. Lunardi to a pro- 
pofal that flowed from the impulfe of philanthropy and the 
caufe of humanity. Mr. Lunardi wifhes to teftify his gra- 
titude 



r 22 J 

tîtude in the warmeft manner to the public, and will feel a 
pleafure inexpreffible in being able, by their means, to 
contribute to the relief of diftrefs, and in particular, that of 
the family of fo refpeaable an individual as Sir Bernard 
Turner. He defires to return his fincere thanks to the Ho- 
nourable Artillery Company, for the great civility he has 
received from them, and particularly for the favour of re- 
folving to appear under arms, for the purpofe of prefer- 
ving order and regularity on the day of his Balloon being 
launched. He has the bigheft fenfe of the honour they 
intend him, and the additional fatisfaaion of acquaint- 
ing the public, that the three avenues leading to and from 
the Ground, as well as the outfide of the gates, will be 
guarded by the ferjeants of the City Militia and thePeace- 
Officers, in order to render the accefs to the Artillery 
Ground eafy a'nd convenient to his fubfcribers, and to all 
others who may be led to favour him with their prefence 
on that day, which is determined to be Wednefday the 
15th inftant, between Twelve and One o'clock, if the 
weather permits. 

As Mr. Lunardi is defirous to prevent confufion, he has 
determined that no money fhall be taken at the gates of the 
Artillery Ground, or any perfon admitted without tickets 
which are now ifTuing at the office adjoining to iht Lyceum 
at one guinea, half a guinea, and five (hillings. 

Tickets, which have already been delivered for Chelfea 
Hofpital Garden, will admit the bearers into the Artillery 
Ground. 



At 



C 23 3 

At this time upwards of twenty thoufand perfons had 
attended the exhibition of the Balloon and apparatus at 
the Lyceum ; and I had no doubt the proprietor of the 
room, who had received the money, and who had made 
iuch a bargain that the pecuniary advantage was to be his, 
and the hazard and lois io be mine, would immediately 
enable me to fulfill my agreement with the Artillery Com- 
pany, and remove the Balloon and apparatus to the 
ground. But I was miftaicen. There are men like &arks, 
who, by devouring, feemonly to be rendered infatiablej 
and thofe men are not peculiar to the Jewifli nation. 

If there were not a probability that thefe letters may 
appear in England, I would lay open the whole of this 
tranfadion, and the charader of the man with v/hom I 
vnfortunattly became connefted. But though the Eng- 
lilh boaft of the liberty of the prefs, th^yenjoy it with fucli 
exceptions, as are difficult to be underftood by a Granger. 
Indeed it is not underftood by themfelves, for they are 
pver debating the fubjeft. One of the exceptions to the 
Jiberty of writing and fpeaking, and which nearly annihi- 
lates ic, is, th tiruth conftitutes, or is at leafl an aggravation 
pf a libel. Satinfts therefore in this country, are flri6tly 
confined xo falfebood ; and in this, it is very poffible they 
may yield obedience to a learned judge's opinion of the 
law. It is poffible, however, that this celebrated law- 
yer, being at the fiead of the King's Bench, may only aim 
to wreft from the prefs the adjudication and punifhment 
pf every fpec.es of dehnquency j and that he confiders re- , 
çiprocal defamation and injury in the public papers, like 
duelling, an appeal from the laws to the paffions of indivi- 
duals. Be this as it may, \ (hall err on the beft fide, if I 
çrr at ^11, by avoiding expreffions ef refentment againfl a 

charader 




«rharaflrer too infignificant for public notice, and too fixed 
in Its habits to be amended by reprehenfion. It will be 
fufficient to fay, that he attempted to take cruel advantages 
of my fituation, and propofed fuch conditions of affift- 
ance as I muft have been infane to accept. 

What to do in thefe circumftances I was at a lofs to 
imagine. Fatigue, agitation of mind, and that kind of 
fhame which attends a breach of promife, hov/ever invo- 
luntary, induced me to fend an apology to the committee 
of the Artillery Company, inftead of waiting on then:^ 
myfelf. Conceiving this an attempt to deceive them, they 
r,efcu"id£d their former refolution refpeâing the appearance 
of the men under arms, and ordered the materials for fix- 
ing and prep?:ring the balloon which had been fent, to 
be thrown out; unlefs I paid the hundred guineas the next 
morning, and found fecurities in five hundred pounds to 
indemnify the Artillery Company for any injury that might 
be done to the premifes. 

Difficulties generate difficulties. The man at the Ly- 
ceum, apprized of the refolutions of the Artillery Com- 
pany, locked up my Balloon and apparatus, and declared 
they fi)ould never be removed until 1 configned to him a 
moiety of all the poffible advantages which my prefentand 

future enterprizes of a fimilar kind might produce. r 

jyioderate oppieffion niight have ruined me, Enoimoug 
injuftice roules and interefts the generous and humane. 
lyîy cafe was loon known ; 1 was enabled to lend the 
money ; Sir Watkin Lewis and Mr. Ksrwan were kind 
enough to become fecurities to the Artillery Company. 
The magiftrates of the police took me under their protec- 
tion ; warranted me in forcibly wrefting my Balloon 
^Ut of the Lyceums 9pd alio prote(5led me in CQnveying 



[ 25 3 

It to the Artillery Ground on Tuefday, the i4th, under 
a guard, which was ordered by Sir Sampfon Wright and 
William Addington, Efq. in a manner that did honour 
to their perfonal as well as official charaâers. 

Behold me — 1 was going to fay — but I fhould be ex- 
tremely forrv vou were to fee me, exhaufted with fatigue, 
anxiety and diflrefs, at the eve of an undertaking that re- 
quires my being colleâed, cool, and eafy in mind. The 
difficulties thrown in my way, have poftponed all my 
preparations; and indifpofed and exhaufled as I am, I 
cannot avoid paying fuch attention to the opérations of 
this night, as will allow me but little Deep. Do£tor 
Fordyce is applying his ingenious apparatus to fill the Bal- 
loon. The pvocefs is admirable though flow; but, I 
hope by attending to it all night, I fl:iall keep my appoint- 
ment with the public to-morrow. 

Adieu, my honoured and refpeâable friend ; my 
health and fpirits are injured by a feries of unfortunate and 
cruel incidents ; but if i fucceed 1 fliall be abundantly 
rewarded. 

I am fincercly and alFeélionately your's, 
London, Sept. 14, 1784, VINCENT LUNARDL 



[ 26 3 



LETTER V. 



My Dear Friend, 



London^ TVednefday., 15. 



LETTER 



SHE aufpicious morning is arrived ; and I will write 
the occurrences of it as they arife, left any of thofe 
fuppofed itnpcffihilitles over-take me, which have lately 
haunted my defigns. I have no apprehenfion, but of the 
populace; v^hich is here, as it is every where, an impetu- 
ous, impatient and cruel tyrant. A difappointment is an 
offence, whatever be the occafion; and offenders, in every 
degree, are paniftied with the fame fpecies of injuftice. 
The pradlicabHity of the experiment, though perfeâly 
known to philofophers and men of letters, is not believed 
by the populace; and I have their prejudices to remove at 
the rifque of that refentment and violence, which Sir 
George Howard did not chufe to encounter, even at the 
head of the veterans of the Britifb army; which have made 
the Artillery Company doubt, hefitate, refolve and re- 
re-folve; and which v/ill prevent thofe who would wilh 
to encourage me from entering the ground. 

Twelve o'Clock. 

The view from the upper-appartments of the Artillery 
Houfe, into which 1 fometimes retire, is ftriking and ex- 
traordinary; and ferves to animate my imagination, for 
fcenes more extenfive and piclurefque which I fhall foon 
furvey. 

The fear of the populace, in cafe of a difappointment, 
has, as I expeâed, prevented my having much company la 
the Artillery Ground. But the windows and roofs of the 

fur- 



C 27 ] 

furrounding houfes ; fcafFoldings of various forms and con- 
trivances, are crouded with we!l-dreflèd people; wnà form 
a fingular, and to me very interefting fpeétacle» They 
have viewed for hours with fixed and filent attention, the 
hurtle around the apparatus and the gradual expanfion of 
the Balloon. On my left, in a fquare, or rather parallelo- 
gram, the largeft I know in Europe, a part of the populace 
of this immenfe place, is colleded into one comprefled and 
impenetrable mafs. The whole would fuggeft to a tyrant 
the idea of a pavement of human heads ^ but I conceive 
the rifque of going up in my Balloon trifling, compared 
with that of attempting to walk on the living furface I 
now contemplate. One hundred and fifty thoufand coun- 
tenances have all one dire6lion; but I have reafon to be 
anxious not to difappoint fuch a multitude, every one 
of which has been wedged in a painful fituation the whole 
morning. You will think me whimfical, perhaps, in 
fixing my imagination, at this time, on a public inftitu- 
tion of any kind. The principal area which contains 
the populace, is bounded by an extenfive and noble build- 
ing, devoted to the moft compaffionate and afFedting of 
all the offices of benevolence. It is a retreat for the in- 
fane, who are not judged incurable; and it is called 
Bedlam. The arrangement, extent and wholefomenefs 
of the apartments, the affiduity and care of the gover- 
nors, phyhcians and apothecaries, and the unabating li- 
berality with which it is fupported, render it an obje61: of 
univerfal refpeâ;. The figures of frenzy and melancholy 
at its gate are celebrated throughout Europe, and are 
deemed barely inferior to the admired produ6tions of 
Greek fcujpture. Which of thefe allegorical beings the 
people have affigned as my patron, 1 have not learned. I 
E 2 fuppofe 



[ 28 ] 

fuppofe they may be divided ; but they agree in the 
propriety of making my attempt near Hedlam, as the 
event, in their opinion, will render it neceffary to convey 
me there. How happy fhould I be, if fome kind fpirit 
would inftruél me, to emulate Afto]pho*on his flying 
horfe, and to explore thofe regions where the Graying 
wits of m^ortah betake themfelves ! But this isnot a time 
for even benevolent reveries, and I indulge them in any 
degree, to repel unwelcome apprehen fions. 

Half after One. 
The time fixed for my departure is elapfed; but the 
Balloon is not fufficienil^ filled for the purpofe. The po- 
pulace have given fome intimations of impatience; and I 
may yet be pre-judged before I m.ake my attempt. The 
prefence of the Prmce of Wales; and the obvious fatis- 
faélion with which he views the progrefsof the preparations 
may remove the fufpicion of deceit, and reftrajn the im- 
petuofity of the people. The condefcending affability 
of the Prince, and the intereft he deigns to exprefs, by re- 
peated wiflies for the fafety of Mr. Biggin and me, are 
pleafing alleviations of my prefent anxiety. His Royal 
Highnefs remains near the Apparatus, v/itliout o-oing 
to the cofppany in the houle. Thofe who attend him, 
pay their court, and I dare fay, exprefs their real fe/iti- 
ments by.anxieties for his fafety. They apprehend dan- 
gers from the apparatus and from tumults— his Royal 
Highnefs apprehends none, for he is really better informed^ 



* Vide Jriojo's Orlando Furicfo, where the Englifu îLnipht 
is faid to have mounted to the moon, to bring back the wits of 
Or/an Jo— Query, Are not the fables of flying horfes, dragons, 
■fee. prefumptions that the principle of Air Balloons is not a 
modern difcovery ? 

afks 



[ 29 3 

afks queftions with more judgment, and direclshis curio- 
lity in a better manner than is ufual to perfons of his hio-h 
rank and his early years. He feems, now and then to ex- 
prefs his wifhes for our fafety, as if not deftitute of doubt.' 
Indeed the whole company view us with a kind of regret, 
as devoted perfons, whofe return is at leaft problematical. 
T his is pleafing to us, only as it is a proof of polite huma- 
nity. We are not under the flighteft apprehenfions of dan- 
ger, when oncecommicted to the Balloon. I muftown, the 
concern betrayed by the looks of my friends, though I know 
it to be without reafon, has a confiderable efFecSt on me. 
prince Caramanico, my kind patron and benefaftor, is 
evidently under fome apprehenfion; and I (hall remember 
my whole life this unequivocal proof of his friendfhip. 
As thofe who intereflthemfelvetin my fate, bid me adieu, 
in the mofl exprefTive, though filent manner, I thus take 
my leave of you. Whatever becomes of me, I know this 
tcrtimony of my refpedful regard will be afFeaion&tely 
received by you. Adieu, my honoured friend. I will 
conclude my letter on my return. 

Friday Evening, 2/^tb Septembei-. 

I was this morning to have been prefented to the Kmg, 
but the anxiety and fatigue 1 had endured, exhaufled my 
itrength and fpirits, in fuch a manner, as to occafion 
a violent fitof ficknefs, which confined me to my bed, and 
deprived me of the honour and fatisfadion I had promifed 
myfelf on the occaiion. 

This is the firit moment fince my excurfion, I have 
Wen able to take up my pen with the probability of 
giving you an account of it; and I am determined the 
poll fhall not go out this evening without it. 

A 



[ 30 3 

A little before two o'clock on Wednefday, Mr. Big'» 
gin and myfelf were prepared for our expedition. His 
attention was allotted to the philofophical experiments and 
obfervations, mine to the condu6lof the iVlachine, and 
theufeofthe vertical oars^ in deprefîing the Balloon at 
pleafure. 

The impatience of the multitude made it unadvifeable 
to proceed in filling the Balloon, fo as to give it the force 
it was intended to have. On ballancing that force with 
weights^ it was fuppofed incapable of taking us up. 
When the gallery was annexed, and Mr. Biggin and I 
got into it, the matter was beyond doubt ; and whether 
Mr. Biggin felt the mofl regret in relinquifhing his defign, 
or I in being deprived of his company, it may be difficult 
to determine. But we were before a Tribunal, where an 
inflantantous decifion was necelTary ; for hefitation and 
delay, would have been confîrued into guilt ; and the dif- 
pleafure impending over us would have been fatal, if in one 
moment he had not had the heroifm to relinquifh, and I 
the refolution to go alone. 

This event agitated my mind greatly ; a fmaller gallery 
was fubflituted ; and the whole- undertaking being devolved 
on me, I was preparing accordingly, when a fervant 
brought me word, that an accident had befallen the Bal- 
loon, which would prevent my intended voyage. I 
haftened down, almofl deprived of my fenfes; and though 
I was inftantly convinced, that the injury was trifling, I 
cou|d not recover the fhock in tinie, to recolledt that I 
iliould fupply myfelf with thofe inflruments for obferva- 
tion which had been appointed to Mr. Biggin. I threw 
myfelf into the gallery, determined to hazard no further 
accidents that might confign me and the Balloon to the 

fury 



i 31 } 

fury of the populace, which I faw was on the point of 
burfting. An afFeding, becaufe unpremeditated teftimony 
of approbation and intereft in my fate, was here given- 
The Prince of Wales, and the whole furrounding aflem- 
bly, almoft at one inftant, took off their hats, hailed my 
refolution, and exprefled the kindeft and moft cordial 
wifhes for my fafety and fuccefs. 

At five minutes after two, the laft gun was fired, the 
cords divided, and the Balloon rofe, the company returning 
my fignals of adieu with the moft unfeigned acclama- 
tions and applaufes. The efFeét was, that of a miracle, 
on the multitudes which furrounded the place ; and 
they pafled from incredulity and menace, into the moft 
extravagant expreflions of approbation and joy. 

At the height of twenty yards, the Balloon was a little 
depreffed by the wind, which had a fine eiFeft ; it held 
me over the ground for a few féconds, and feemed to paufe 
majeftically before its departure. 

On difcharglng a part of the ballaft, it afcended to the 
height of two hundred yards. As a multitude lay before me 
of a hundred and fifty thoufand people, who had not feen my 
afcent from the ground, 1 had recourfe to every ftraîageîn 
to let them know I was in the gallery, and they literally rent 
the air with their acclamations and applaufe. In thefc 
ftratagems I devoted my flag, and worked with my oars, 
one of which was immediately broken, and fell from me. 
A pidgeon too efcaped, which, with a dog, and cat, were 
the only companions of my excurfion. 

When the thermometer had fallen from 68? to 61? I 
perceived a great difference in the temperature of the air. 
I became very cold, and found it neceffary to take a few 
glafles of wine. I likewife eat the leg of a chicken, but 

my 



C 32 1 

my bread and other provifions had been rendered ufelefs, 
by being mixed with thefand, which I carried as ballaft. 

When the thermometer was at fifty, the efFed of the 
atmofphere, and the combination of circumftances around, 
produced a calm delight, which is inexpreffiblc, and which 
no fituation on earth could give. The ftillnefs, extent, 
and magnificence of the fcene, rendered it highly awful. 
My horizon feemed a perfect circle ; the terminating line 
feveral hundred miles in circumference. This I conjec- 
tured from the view of London; the extreme points of 
which, formed an angle of only a few degrees. It was fo 
reduced on the great fcale before me, that I can find no 
fimile to convey an idea of it. I could diftinguifli Saint 
Paul's, and other churches, from the houfes. I faw the 
ftreets as lines, all animated with beings, whom I knew 
to be men and women, but which I fhould otherwife have 
had a difficulty in defcribing. It was an enormous bee- 
hive, but the induftry of it was fufpended. All the moving 
mafs feemed to have no objea but myfelf, and the tran- 
fition from the fufpicion, and perhaps contempt of the 
preceding hour, to the afFedionate tranfport, admiration 
and glory of the prefent moment, was not without its 
effea on my mind. I recolleded the puns* on my name, 
and was glad to find myfelf calm. I had fosred from the 
apprehenfions and anxieties of the Artillery Ground, and 
felt as if I had left behind me all the cares and paffions 
that rnoleft mankind. 

Indeed, the whole fcene before me filled the mind with 
a fublime pleafure, of which 1 never had a conception. 

• In fome of the papers, witticifmg appeared on the affinity 
of. Lunatic & Lunardi. 

The 



f 31 3 

The critics imagine^ for they feldom fpeak from experi- 
ence, that terror is an ingredient in every fublime fenfa- 
tion. It was not poffible for me to be on earth, in a fitu- 
tion fo free from apprehenfion. I had not the flightefb 
fenfe of motion from the Machine, 1 knew not whether 
it went fwiftly or flowly, whether it afcendecl or delcen- 
ded, whether it was agiiated or tranquil, but by the ap- 
pearance ordifappearance of objets on the earth. 1 moved 
to difFerent parts of the gallery, I adjufted the furniture, 
and apparatus. I uncorked my bottle, eat, drank, and wrote, 
juft as in my ftudy. The height had not the elFeft, which, 
a much lefler degree of it has near the earth, that of pro- 
ducing giddinefs. The broom-fticks of the witches, 
Arioftos's flying-horfe, and even Milton's fun-beam, con- 
veying the angel to the earth, have all an idea of cfFort, 
difficulty, and reftraint, which do not afFe«a a voyage in 
the Balloon. 

Thus tranquil, and thus fituated, how fliall I defcribe 
to you a view, fuch as the antients fuppofed Jupiter to 
have of the earth, and to copy which tkere are no terms 
in any language. The gradual diminution of objeits, 
and the mafles of light and Iliade are intelligible in oblique 
and common profpefts. But here every thing wore a new 
appearance, and had anew efFeft. The face of the coun- 
try had a mild and permanent verdure, to which Italy is 
a ftranger. The variety of cultivation, and the accuracy 
with which property is divided, give the idea ever prefent 
to a ftranger in England, of good civil laws and an equi- 
table adminiftration : the rivers meandering ; the fea gHft- 
ning withlhe rays of the fun ; the immenfe diftriâ beneath 
mefpotted with cities, towns, villages and hpufes, pouring 
F out 



C 34 J 

out their inhabitants to hail my appearance : you will 
allow me fome merit at not having been exceedingly in- 
toxicated v/ith my fituation. 

To prolong the enjoyment of it, and to try the 
efFeâ: of my only oar, 1 kept myfelf in the fame pa- 
rallel refpeâing the earth, for nearly half an hour. But 
the exercife having fatigued, and the experiment having 
fatisfied me, I laid afide my oar, and again had recourfe 
to my bottle ; this I emptied to the health of my friends 
and benefadlors in the lower world. All my afFeftions 
were alive, in a manner not eafily to be conceived, 
and you may be aflured that the fentiment which feemed 
to me moft congenial to that happy fituation was grati- 
tude and friendfnip. I will not refer to any fofter 
paffion. I fat dov/n and wrote four pages of defultory 
obfervations, and pinning them to a napkin, committed 
them to the mild winds of the region, to be conveyed to 
my honoured friend and patron. Prince Caramanico. 

During this bufinefs I had afcended rapidly ; for,, 
on hearing the report of a gun, fired in the Artil- 
lery Ground, I was induced to examine the ther- 
mometer, and found it had fallen to 32*^. The Bal- 
loon was fo much inflated as to afliime the form of an 
oblong fpheroid, the fhorteft: diameter of which was in a; 
line with me, though I had afcended with it in the fliape 
of an inverted cotip, and wanting nearly one third of 
its full compliment of air. Having no valve, I could 
only open the neck of the Balloon j thinking it barely 
poffible that the ftrong rarefaclion might force out fome 
of the inflammable air. The condenfed vapour around 
its neck was frozen, though I found no inconve- 
nience 



4 •■■:' 



[ 35 3 

riieiice from the cold. The earth, at this point, ap- 
peared like a boundlefs plain, whofe furface had va- 
riegated fhadeS, but on which no objefl: could be ac- 
curately diftinguiftied. 

I then had recourfe to the utmoft ufe of my fingle oar ; 
by hard and perfevering labour I brought myfelf within 
three hundred yards of the earth, and moving horizontally, 
fpoke through my trumpet to fome country people, from 
v/hom I heard a confufed noife in reply. 

At half after three o'clock, I defcended in a corn field, 
on the common of South Mimms, where I landed the 
cat *. The poor animal had been fenfibly afFefled by the 
cold, during the greateft part of the voyage. Here I might 
have terminated my excurfion with fatisfaclion and ho- 
nour to myfelf 3 for though 1 was not deftitute of ambition, 
to be thefirft to afcend the Englifti atmofphere, my great 
objedwas to afcertain the efFeft of oars, aàing verti- 
cally on the air. 1 had loft one of my oars, but by the 
ufe of the other I had brought myfelf down, and was per- 
fectly convinced my invention would anfwer. This, 
thouo-h a fingle, was an important objeâ:, and my fatisfac- 
tion was very great in having proved its utility. The 
fatigues and anxiety I have endured, might have induced 
me to be content with what I had done, and the people 
about me were very ready to affift at my difembarkation ; 
but my affedions were afloat, and in unifon with the 
whole country, whofe tranfport and admiration feemed 

* Attejiations of particular circumjîances in thit letter hanje 
heen recei'ved Jtnce it luas ivritten, tuhich the reader may fee an^ 
nexeà, in the manner of an Appendix, 

F 2 boundlefs 



[ 36 3 

boundlefs. I bid them therefore keep clear, and I woyld 
crratify them by afcending directly in their view. 

My general courfe to this place, was fomething more 
than one point to the weftward of the north. A gentle- 
man on horfeback approached me, but I could not fpeak 
to him, being intent on my re afcenfion, which 1 efFed:- 
ed, after moving horizontally about forty yards. As I 
afcended, one of the balluftrades of the gallery gave 
way ; but the circumftance excited no apprehenfson of 
danger. I threw out the remainder of my ballaft and 
provifions, and again refumed my pen. My afcenfion was 
fo rapid, that before 1 had written half a page, the ther- 
mometer had fallen to 29? The drops of water that 
adhered to the neck of the balloon were become like 
chryftals. At this point of elevation, which was the 
higheft I attained, I finiflied my letter, and faftenin^ it 
with a cork-fcrew to my handkerchief, threw it down. 
1 likewife threw down the plates, knives and forks, the 
little fand that remained, and an empty bottle, which 
took fome time in difappearing. I now wfote the laft of 
my difpatches from the clouds, which 1 fixed to a leathern 
belt, and fent towards the earth. It was vifible to me 
on its paflage, for feveral minutes, but I was myfelf in- 
fenfible of motion from the Machine itfelf, during the 
v^hole voyage. The earth appeared as before, like an ex- 
tenfive plain, with the fame variagated furface ; but the 
objeéls rather lefs diftinguifhable. The clouds to the 
eaftward rolled beneath me, in mafies immenfely larger 
than the waves of the ocean. I therefore did not miftake 
them for the fea. Contrafted with the eiFeâs of the fun 
pn the earth and water beneath, they gave a grandeur to 
the whole fcene which no fancy can defcribe. I agaiq be 

took 



K' 



r 



r 37 ] 

took myfelf to my oar, in order to defcend ; and by the 
hard labour of fifteen or twenty minutes 1 accompiifhed 
my ddign, when my flrength was nearly exhaufted* My 
principal care was to avoid a violent concuffion at land- 
ing, and in this my good fortune was my friend. 

At twenty minutes^ paft four 1 defcen led in a fpacious 
^ meadow, in the parifh of Stondon, near Ware, in Hert- 
fordlhire. Some labourers were at work in it. I requeft- 
ed their afliftance ; they exclaimed, they would have no- 
thing to do with one who came in the Devil's houfe, or 
on the Devil's horfe (I could not diftinguifli which of 
the phrafes they ufed) and no intreaties could prevail on 
them to approach me. I at lafl owed my deliverance to 
the fpiiit and generofity of a fenlale. A young woman, 
who was likewife in the field, took hold of a cord which 
I had thrown out, and calling to the men, they yielded 
that affiftance to her requeft which they had refufed to 
mine. A croud of people from the neighbourhood foon af- 
fembled, who very obligingly affifled me to difembark. 
General Smith was the firft gentleman who overtook me— 
I am much indebted to his politenefs— he kindly aiSfted in 
fecuring the Balloon, having followed me on horfeback 
from London, as did feveral other gentlemen, amongft 
whom were Mr. Crane, Capt. Connor, and Mr. Wright. 
Theinflamm^able air was let out by a:) incifion, and pro- 
duced a moll ofFenfive flench, which is faid to have afFeft- 
ed the atmofphere of the neighbourhood. The apparatus 
was committed to the care of Mr. Hollingfworth, who ob- 
ligingly offered his fervice. I then proceeded with General 
Smith, and feveral other gentlem.en to the Bull Inn at 
Ware. On my arrival, I had the honour to be introduced 
fp William Baker, Efq. Member for Hertford in the laft 

parliament» 



[ 3H 3 

parliament. This gentleman conduéfed me to his feat at 
JBayford Bury, and entertained me with a kind of hofpi- 
tality and politenefs, which I fhaM ever remember with 
gratitude, and whith has imprefTed on my mind a proper 
idea of that frank liberality and fincere beneficence, 
which are the charafleriftics of Englifh Gentlemen. 

The general courfe of the fécond part of ray voyage, 
by which 1 was led into Heitfordfhire, was three poijus 
to the eaftward of the north from the Artillery Ground, 
and about four points to the eaftward of the north from 
the place where I firft defcended. 

This is the general account of my excurfion. 1 fhall 
take a few days to recover my ftrength, and whatever par- 
ticulars occur to me I fhall fend you. 

I am, with great regard, 

Your much obliged, 

And humble fervant, 

London, Sept. 24, 1784. VIMCENT LUNARDL ■ 



LETTER 



Uta 



[ 39 3 
L E T T E R VL 

My Dear Friend, 

T Should, at this time, have as much difficulty in de- 
J- fcribing the efFea of my fuccefs, on the whole Eng- 
lifh nation, as I had in conveying to you an idea of the 
apprehenfion and diftrefs 1 felt, left any untoward circum- 
ftances fhould prevent or defeat my undertaking. 

The intereft vi^hich the fpedators took in my voyage 
was fo great, that the things I threw down were divided 
and preferved, asoux people would relicks of the moft cele- 
brated faints. And a gentlewoman, miftaking the oar for 
my perfon, was fo affe61ed with my fuppofed deftruaion, 
that (he died in a few days. This circumftance being men- 
tioned on Saturday, when I had the honour of dining with 
the Judges, Lord Mayor, Recorder and Sheriffs of London, 
1 was very politely requelted by one of the Judges, not 
to be concerned at the involuntary lofs I had occafioned ^ 
that I had certainly faved the life of a young man whp 
might poffibly be reformed, and be to the public a com- 
penfation for the death of the iady. For the jury was de- 
liberating on the fate of a criminal whom after the ut- 
moft allowance for fome favourable circumftances, they 
muft have condemned, when the Balloon appeared, and 
a general inattention and confufion enfued. The jury 
was perplexed with confiderations on the cafe, which their 
curiofity would not fuffer them to weigh, and being under 
a neeeffity to determine before they departed, they took 
the favourable fide, and acquitted the criminal immediate- 
ly : on which the court was adjourned to indulge iifelf in 
abferving fo novel a fpedacie, 

I men- 



I 40 J 
I mention thefe things as they may prepare you for the 
reception I was honoured with on my return to London. 
No voyager from the moft interefting and extenfive dffco- 
veries; no conqueror from the moft important victories, 
was ever enquired for with more folicitUde, or welcomed 
with greater joy. The houfe of Prince Caramanico, had 
ken befieged by multitudes early and late to have fome 
account of my fafety, or to applaud my return. 

You may fuppofe when I came to town, I haftened to 
Prince Caramanico, who received me with every mark of 
affeâion and condefcending friendfhip. 

Here circumftances o{ gratulation and joy crouded on 
me every hour. I was flattered by learning that while I 
hovered over London, hisMajefty was in conference with 
his principal minifters. On being informed that 1 was 
paffing, the King faid, ' We may refume our deliberations 
'on the fubjea before us at pleafure, but we may never 
* fee poor Lunardi again.' The conference broke up, and 
hisMajefty attended by Mr. Pitt and other great officers 
of ftate, viewed me through telcfcopes while I remained 
in their horizon. 

I had received infults which I thought cruel by perfons 
whofe houfes over-looked the ground, who ereifed fcaf- 
folds and let out their rooms, fo as to deprive me of a 
chance of having my expences defrayed, i was no fooner 
returned, but fome of thefe people haftened to attone for 
their mif-apprehenflons of me. They had confidered and 
treated me as an impoftor. My afcenfion, as a charm, 
diffipated their ill opinion, and gave them an enthufiafm 
in my favour. I am offered the houfes and fcaffoldings 
for my own ufe, if I chufe to exhibit again. I'hefe 

things 



t 41 I 

jKfngS ftiew the importiince of fuccefs in all undertakings ., 
which are not thoroughly underftood by the multitude. I 
sm introduced, not only into private families, but into pub- 
lic inftitutions with the moft advantageous and flattering 
diftindiions. The civilities of the Lord Mayor, the Judges, 
and other Magiftrates, led me into the Courts of Law, 
îind though I had made them objets of curiofity, I had 
never attended trials in circumftances fo favourable td in- 
formation. Every precaution which the wifdom of mart 
can devife, leems to be taken here, to adminifter equal 
Juftice between all contending parties. The Judges are 
appointed by the King, but rendered independent by an 
ample provifion for their fupport, and by the tenure of 
their places, xvhich is during good behaviour, and a proper 
difcharge of their duty. But the peculiar happinefs of 
Englifhjurifprudence, is the appointment of juries frora 
the neighbourhood of every offender to adjudge his parti. 
cular cafe. The hint is taken from the appointment of 
judges in the courts of the Prslors, in the Roman re- 
public ; but thofe judges were chofen wholly from the ci- 
tizens of Rome. In England every difpute is decided by 
the inhabitants oi the neighbourhood, who are obliged to 
attend the parties to the affizes, becaufe they alone are ca- 
pable of determining the nature of their aaions, from a 
knowledge of their circumftances and charaaers. It is 
extraordinary, (hat Rome, who gave the firft hints of 
this admirable mode of trial, iliould be infenfible to its 
advantages, and perhaps ignorant of its exiftence. 

My fame has not been fparingly diff'ufed by the news- 
papers, which in England are the barometers of public 
opinion ; often erroneous, as otherinftruments arcjin their 
G particular 



t 42 ] 

particular îîî Formations, but yielding the heft that can "m 
obtained. You will imagine the importance of thefe ve- 
hicles of knowledge, v.'hen you learn, that in London alone, 
there are printed n-o lefs than a hundred and ffxty thoufand 
papers weekly, which by a fiamp on each paper, and a 
duty on advertifements, bring into the treafury of the na- 
tion upwards of eighty thoufand pounds a year. They 
are to the Englifn conftitution, what the cenfors were to 
that of ancient Rome, Minifters of ftate are checked 
and kept in awe hy them ; and they freely, and ofien 
judicioufly, expofe the pretenfioKS of thofe who would 
harrafs government, meerly to be taken into its fervice. 
But the principal reafon of their extenfive circulation 
is, the information and entertainment they afiè)rd an opu- 
lent people, who have leifure and inclination to intereft 
themfelves in all public occurrences. On this account, 
the ccnduaors o-f news-papers feize every opportunity of 
conveying the eariieft information of all the events that 
take place in the kingdom, and though they muft be often 
tniftaken, yet the dexterity with which they trace all 
fources of Intelligence is fuch, that they are generally 



I have reafon to thank the managers of all the papers, for 
their candour and partiality to me. I fend you an account 
from one of them, written and publifhed within a few hours 
after my defcent, founded only on immediate obfervation 
and conjeaure. You will, thereby, form your opinion, 
of the attention and induftry employed in thefe prints^ 
on all fimllar, and indeed on all interefting occaflons, and 
you may amufe yourfelf by comparing their conjeaures 
with faas. 



MORNING 



-O R N i N G P O S 

IJmrfdayy Septmher ibih^ Î784. 
LUNARDl's AËRÏAL EXCURSION. 



To combat the prejudices of a nation, and the irs- 
credulity of mankind, efpecially when deterred by exam- 
ples of refentment in confequence of deception or vsni- 
fortune ; when awed by the danger incurred in experi- 
ment, and the uncertainty of fticcefs in the projeét, muft 
certainly require the greateft eiFort of human refolution, 
Whilft we are recolleéling the occafton, which coiledted 
one-tenth of the inhabitants of the metropolis within the 
optical powers of an individual, we cannot help indulging 
ourfelves in thefe eccentric refle6tions. The aerial voy- 
age which has long been propofed by Mr. Lunardi, was 
appointed for yefterday, and perhaps the Englifh nation 
never witiieffed upon any occafion whatever, fuch a nurn- 
berof perfons col levied together, and fo /o//;/jf difplayed as 
were to be (t^n in the environs ofMoorfields; not a plain, 
or an eminence, a window or a roof, a chimney or a ftee- 
ple, within the view of Bedlam, but were prodigioufly 

thronged About half paft one o'clock, the Prince of 

Wales arrived in the Artillery Ground, and after receiving 
thefalutations of the Gentlemen of the Artillery, though 
not à la militaire but en obeisance cap-à-pêe., his Royal 
Highneft havmg exprefTed a wifh to difpen(e with military 
attentions ; he viewed the apparatus of the Balloon and re- 
tired to the Armory Houfe, which was occupied by per- 
■k)n% who had liberally paid the adventurer for their 
G 2 admiffioR ; 



[ 44- j 

admiiîîon ; we were forry indeed to obferve that fuch 
general advantages had been taken by the neighbour- 
hood, of farming their windows, and for benefits 
which were due only to the novelty and fpirit of the en- 
terprize. About a quarter before two o'clock the Balloon 
was fufficiently filled and clofed, and the gallery and other 
apparatus prepared-to be fufpended j baton Mr. Lunardi, 
and his intended companion, whom we underftand to be 
Mr. Biggin, a young gentleman of fortune and enter- 
prize, having taîcen their fituations, and finding that the 
Machine was unequal to their weight, it was determined 
that Mr. Lunardi fhould afcend alone. A cannon having 
been fired as a preparotary figna!, Mr. Lunardi having 
embraced his friends, and all matters being adjufted, a 
fécond cannon was fired as the fignal of afcenfion. In- 
fenfible muft that heart be which did not feel itfelf anxi- 
ous and interefted at that moment for the fate of him, who 
intrepidly ftepped into his feat, and, PhEeton-like, feized 
the reins which were to guide the Chariot of the Sun. 
About five minutes after two o'clock, the Machine was 
launched ^ and as if dreading the courfe it had to run, and 
unwilling to proceed, after having mounted about twelve 
yards, it reclined to its native earth ; but roufed by am- 
bition, and the fpirit of philofophical refearches, Mr. Lu- 
nardi rebuked its fear, and gave its fv/iftnefs to its airy 
flight. He took his feat in the gallery with great com- 
pofure and confidence on the Balloon's being launched; 
but finding himfeif too equally poized, he readily difchar- 
ged part of his ballaft, which confifted of fmall bags of 
white dry fand, and by that means relieved his weight, 
and caufed a regular and mofl beautiful afcenfion. After 
he had cleared the buildings, fubjeâ; to the diredion of 

the 



r 45 ] 

she eafterly wind, he fainted the populace with great ele- 
gance and gallantry, by waving a blue flag, which he had 
taken for that purpofe, and îëemingly bidding them a friendly 
iadieu. The gallery v/as formed of an upright four-feet 
fquare, and netted v/ith a firong cord, about breaft high, 
but quite open at the top. Aft^r this falutation, for the 
fpace of iive minutes he dropt his flag with an air of fecu- 
rity, and having feated himfeif, took to his oars j but as we 
fmce learn, finding they comprefTed the wind too much he 
difengaged one, which was taken up about Smithfield; 
at that time his friends were alarmed for the confequence. 
Steering at this moment due wefl, he fuddenly tacked to- 
wards the north, and with little variations, according to 
the altitude he obtained, till he feemed by degrees to efiab- 
îifb that direétion, his progtefs feemed exceedingly eleva- 
ted and fwift, although the Balloon apjjeared under maf- 
terly management ; we viewed this objeâ, neverthelefs 
diftindly for one hour and twenty minutes, with a mixture 
of anxiety and delight, not unallayed, -however, by a 
friendly dread for the ultimate effeâ;, until we were this 
moment relieved by the following intelligence from very 
good authority, viz. That Mr. Lunardi lowered himfeif 
towards the earth near Barnet, but not approving thp fitu- 
ation, and finding he had the command of his machine, he 
'difcharged a part of his ballaft, and purfued his courfs 
until he arrived over Collier's-hill, five miles beyond 
Ware in Hertfordfliire, at twenty-five minutes paft four 
o'clock; there he alighted, and was received by the neigh- 
bourhood with teftimonies of admiration; he afterwaids 
returned to town, where no doubt, his friends, and every 
true lover of courage and nierit will receive him with 
friendlhip and refped. His companions in this adven« 

trous 



r 46 3 

troiis voyage were a dog and cat, the latter was deflroye(f, 
and the dog was almoft fpent by the feverity of cli- 
mates thro' which they palled. Mr. Lunardi himfeif was, 
of courie, afFefted by the change of elements, as may be 
leadily conceived by thofe who are told, that Icicles were 
hanging on his cloaths. 

Such were the incidents of yefterday, and we hsartHy 
wifh that the eiFeCls may be valuable to the prcjeâor; every 
Englifhman fhould feel an emulation to reward him ; for 
uncertain as the good to be derived from fuch an excurfion 
may be thought, yet it becomes the noblenefs of our na- 
ture to encourage them. Difcoveries beyond the reach of 
human comprehenfion at prefent, may by perfeverance be 
accomplifhed. Emulation and indufiry are a debt which 
is due to pofterity, and he v/ho ihrinks from innovation is 
not bis country's friend. Encouragement is the fpur to 
emulation, and emulation the parent frequently of excel- 
lence; let Mr, Lunardi therefore be refcued by a generous 
public out of the hands of a Villain, who has emphatically 
been defcribed, as being induftriousonly in matters where- 
in honeft men would be afhamed, but to whom Mr. 
Lunardi has been a dupe in this undertaking, and injured 
inftead of being benefited by the danger he has encoun- 
tered. 



On the Sunday immediately after my return, I had the 
honor of waiting on Sir James Wright, who had been 
politely folicitous to give me teftimonies of his approbation. 
He had the goodnefs to reprefent to his Majefty that I 
wilhed to lay an account of my voyage at his Majefty's feet j 
who appointed Friday for my attendance at St. James's. 

On 



r 47 ] 

Oîî VvTedriefday SÎT James Wright took me to court, 
.The drawing-room was very crouded, it being the Anni- 
verfary of the King's Coronation. I was furrounde<l with 
the miniftcfs of ftate, and the nobility, when the Prin<;e of 
Wales entered the drawing-room, my perfon was pointed 
out to him by one of the fecretaries of fta.te, on whi ch he faid 
in the hVely and familiar manner which is peculiar to him, 
' O Mr. Lunardi, I am very glad to fee you alive." A-s a 
proof of the attention of this amiable prince, I mufl: let 
you know he did me the honour to fend his £querry to fay, 
he obferved at myafcenfion, I had not a watch delcribing 
féconds of time, as I was under a neceiîîty of borrowing 
one from Mr. Aubert, who has fince honoured me with his 
friendly attention, and that his Royal Highnefs had ordered 
his watch-maker to take my diredions for fuch a one a« 
might be ufeful to me another time. On mentioning this 
ciicumftance to Prince Caramanico, he immediately faid, 
1 might want fuch a watch before that which was ordered 
by the Prince of Wales could be ready; and taking out his 
own, prefented it to me in the kindeil: manner imaginable. 

I'he rumour that I had funk a confiderable fum of mo- 
ney by the adventure was foon circulated, and fubfcrip- 
tionshave been opened in fevera! parts of London for myad- 
vantage, but with tA' hat effea I muft not yet prefume to 
Judge. 

But you will v/onder, perhaps, that I (hould think it ne- 
cefTary on this occafion to become an author. Spurious ac- 
counts, and mifreprefentations of my excurfion, have beera 
publifhed by bookfellers of fome confideration here. They 
have been reprehended freely and perhaps fevereiy by my* 
publiflier; who is very warm and zealous for my intereftj 
and who fuggefted to me the plan of revifnig and publifhing 
my letters to you, as neceffary to the reputation of my un- 

dertakingj 



[ 



] 



dertaking; and likely to be conducive to my advantage. 
Ce is a man of fpirit and judgment in his profeffion, whofe 
name is already familiar to you and all the world, by his 
compleat and beautiful edition of the Englifli poets. I 
have yielded to his advice, and entertain the fulleft confi- 
dence that under his diredion— my enterprize will not be 
di&onoured. He is now foliciting the attention of the 
public towards a new edition of Shakfpere's works, which, 
by the elegance of the fpecimen hehas produced, promifes 
to render an author, whofe genius is here deemed only 
Ihort of infpiration, celebrated in all parts of the world, 
not exempting thofe where his native language is not un- 
dcrfîood. Permit me, as a mark of gratitude, to re- 
commend that work, in its infant flate, to your protedion 
and encouragement. I have taken the liberty of entering 
your name as a fubfcrlber, and hope foon to have the' 
pleafure of adding many more by your means. 

Moll of my time is now taken up with the exhibition of 
the Balloon, and indeed of myfelf, for the principal curio- 
fity is to fee me, at the Pantheon, which is one of the largefl: 
and moft fplendid rooms in Europe. It is difficult to ima- 
gine any thing more pleafmg than the folicitude which mul- 
titudes of beautiful women exprefs concerning dangers that 
are paft, and the heroifm of others who wifh to accompany 
me in my fécond tour. I receive the compliments and 
congratulations of two or three thoufand perfons in a day. 
You muft not wonder if I conceive an opinion of my own 
confequence and become vain. I have been made an ho- 
norary member of the Artillery Company, in whofe uni- 
form I accompanied Sir James Wright this morning, 
to lay before his Majefty a fhort account of my Excurfion. 
I was received in the moft gracious manner. The 
King took my accounts talked to me about five minutes on 

the 



L 49 J 

she ruî)je£l of Aërofïation ; permhte-i the «fasl hon&ST of 
killing his hand J and 1 îoyk my leave, 

i have led you, my dear friend, through my apprdien»- 
fions, difficulties and anxieties., to the completion' of al- 
moft all my wifbes refpecting the firft atteriipt I made S® 
place myfelf on the records oi fam.e. 

It has been no fmalt affiftance to me that I have cwei 
wifhed not to difhonour your caie, advice and friendflbipj 
and it heightens every gratification that I caii always fab- 
join, 

I am, yosirfincere and afFedionate friend, 

VINCENT LUNARDL - 



Having mrole fiver al letters^ vjhUe an my exmrfwn in the 
atmofphere : I had fevtrai indmmienii to emphy myjelf in 
ihai manmr. It prcved ihe ajontjhing sv&nmfi anl Jmsth- 
nep of the motion y tmd^ hy throwing down any information sf 
wyfelf there was a chance of its falling inis tha hand% of m^ 
friends^ and relieving their anxiety cancerning my fafety^ end 
the fate cf tr.y fpiriis and mind. 

I threw dotunfcveral to the fame effeSî with the foîkvaïng ; 

one oj tvhich vjas very obligingly sonvfyei ta me by — 

Carwiajor^ Efqi wha fomd it^ mi mry far fr&m the mile 
flone on Northaw Common^ while mi a Jboedng. I have csl- 
lated my own copies written luith a pencil i nnd the fdlauing 
letter is inferted^ as an ûdditiana! prof iff the feKdiy uti^j wMch 
I performed the whole voyage 

ADDRESSED 
To any petfon or perfons who may pick up this, letter. 
My Dear Friend sr Friends^ 

THE anxiety which my acquaintance fhewed at my 
departure, makes it n^ce/Tary to afTure them, that 
mj fituation is, at this moment, the happicft of my life. 



[ SO ] 

The relief of my mind, and the accomplifhment of my 
purpofe, which I now fee is praticable in all refpects, concur 
with the temperature of^ the air., and the magnificence of 
profpeâ, to foofh and gratify my mind with the highefl 
delight. The thermometer is at 50? ; and I will keep 
myfelf in this ftaiiori til! three o'clock, I (hall then afcend 
higher, to try the effeâ of a different aerial climate, as 
well as to put my oar to a fair trial. 

I beg the perfon or perfons who may take up this letter, 
to take notice of the time and place, and to convey either 
the letter or the contents of it to my kmd friend and pa- 
tron, Prince Caramanico, No. 56, in New Bond Streetj 
to Sir Jofeph Banks, Soho-S'quare, or to Dcâor For- 
dyce, Eflex-Street, to whom I have many and great obli- 
gations, and who may have the goodnefs to be concerned, 
if they fliould foon learn I am chearful and well. 

I am particularly anxious, that the earlieft information 
of me fhould be given to George Biggin, Efq. EfTex- 
Street, the lofs of whofe company is the only abatement 
of my prefent joy i but I hope for that pleafure another 
time. 

My deiire to convey fome news of me is from an opi- 
nion, that my delcent may not be efFcded immediately, 
cr within the diftance of forty or fifty miles. In that 
cafe 1 might not be able to çonyéy them any letter or 
mefTage in time to fave rhem uneafinefs on my accoujit. 
It is now ixaâly three o'clock, the air has a mildnefs and 
fweetnefs I never experienced, and the view before me is 
Jieavenly. Happy England ! I fee reafons to hail thy 

peculiar felicity ! 

Farewell, 

VINCENT LUNARDL 
APPENDIX. 



^l 



f 5* J 



A P P 



I X. 



To VINCENT LUNARDI, Ejq. 
SI ^, 

I Send you this by my fervaht, that I may learn from 
yourfelfwhat 1 am extremely anxious to hear, that 
your health has not fuftered by your late fatigues, that 
your Balloon arrived in London without injury, and at 
the fame time to acquaint you with the further fteps I 
have taken in your bufinefs, 

Yefterday m.orning I made to the very fpot where your 
Balloon in its paffage touched the ground, and where your 
cat was landed, and with the aiTiftance of feveral people 
who were witneffes, particularly of a perfon whom you 
may recoîleâ to have been near the Balloon at the time 
on horfeback, and of the very girl who picked up the cat, 
have afcertained the place with a fufScient precilion. 
They pointed out the part alfo where your grapple drag- 
ged, and mentioned fome other circumfrances, the mofl: 
of which 1 propofe to colle£t into a formal depofition, 
and Ihall attend them again to-day to obtain their more 
foleain confirmation of the faâs. 

Yefterday, at my requefl, five of the harveft-men, 
mentioned in the depofition of Elizabeth Brett (which 
you have with you) attended me here, and have in the 
fame formal mode depoied to the time, manner, and place 
of your laft defcent, and to the ïzd: of their coming to 
the affiftance of Elizabeth Brett, as flated by her. This 
depcfition fhall accompany the other, which I am to take 
H 2 to-dajj 



f 52 ] 

to-day, and you will make fuch ufe of them as you xrat 
ind aeceffary. Î cannot, however, avoid faying, that 
admiration and ailonifhment feem Co thoroughly to have 
taken poffefïïon of all ranks of people inftead of that 
iacredulity which yotir friend, Mr. Sheldon, apprehended, 
îhat thefe fupplemental proofs are hardly lequired. If 
finally they fhould, however, be thought requifite, it 
will give me particular pleafure in having procured them. 
Whatever you may be advifed by your Friends in London 
Co give to the public, will, I have no doubt, be well con- 
fidered. It cannot be detailed in terms too plain and fim- 
ple. You muft be fenfjble that the fa^on de parler here 
and in France are extremely different, and that truth has 
never received advantage from unneceffary ornament. 
You will recolleâ too, that the -account will be read by 
thoufands, who were hot witneffes of the fads. You 
will make fuch ufe of the fubjoined memorandum as you 
îhinkneceffary. 

Your general courfe from the fpot of your departure 
in the Artillery Ground, to that of your firfl defcent 
was fomething more than one point on the compafs to the 
weâward of the north, and the general courfe of your 
fécond voyage was three points on the compafs to the 
caftward of the north from the place of your firft depar- 
mre^ or fomethin^ more than four points on the compafs 
to the eaftward of the north from the place of your firfl 
defcent; obferve, I fpeak of your ^^«^r^s/ courfe, with a 
reference to the befl: maps which "1 have by me. What 
deviations or traverfes you might make from time to time 
In both voyages, as you certainly mufl have made many, 
you will ibefi judge. As a proof of this, you will recol- 
îeâ Êhat the field m which the lail letter with the belt 

annexed 



I S3 ] 

annexed was found, lies about one mile and a haif to the 
«aiiward, being a point to the fouth of the fpot where 
you finally landed : if, therefore, the belt and letter 
■dropped in any thing like a perpendicular direélion, the 
<x<urfe you took after the dropping of this letter muffc 
liave been wefl: with a point to the north. I mention this 
hy the bye for your confideration. 

With refpeâ to the identical fpots on v/hich you made 
the two defcents you may wifh to know the literal hdc. 

That where you made your firfl defcent, that is, where 
yotirgaJiery came to the ground, and where, or near to 
which, you put out the cat, is a large plou,o;hed field, 
belonging to John Hunter, Efq. of Gubbins, in the 
county of Fîertford. The field itfelf is part of the 
Jately iuclofed common cf North Mimms, in the manor 
of theDukeof Leeds. The fieW is about half a mile to 
the eafiward ot the fixtcen-mile fîone, on the, road lead- 
ing from London to Hatfield, and adjoining to the road 
Jeading from the faid turnpike-road, to the northward on 
the \dt. The particular fpot in the field is on the eafl fide, 
very near to the boundary line between the manors of 
Northaw and North Mimms. For theprefent a common 
hedge-fl.ke only marks the fpot, but with your leave and 
ike perm iffïon of Mr. Hunter, I propofe to ereft a Hone 
chere, with a fuitable infcription to record thefaA ; as I 
ihail Jikev^rife do on the fpot of your laft defcent, if, as I 
have no doubt, I can obtain permifHon of the proprietor. 
It is remarkable that the field where you made your firit 
defcent is called Italy, from the circumftance which attend- 
ed the late inclofure, of a large quantity of roots, rubbifh, 
&c. having been coUeûed there, and having continued 
burning for many days. The common people having 

heard 



C 54 I 

beard of a burning mountain in Italy, gave the field thaf 
name. You hardly conceived, when you dropped^ that 
you was fo near to any thing that had connexion with 
Naples. 

The place cxf your final defcent is imperfedly defcribed 
m Elizabeth Brett's, depofition, but is in fail as there 
ftated, in the parifh of Stondon, about half a mile to the 
northward of the twenty- four mile flone, on the road 
that leads from London to Cambridge, through Wars 
and Puckeredge. 

If you wifh to have any further converfation with me^ 
on thefe matters, Î can come to London conveniently 
after Wednefday next, and will attend you with pleafure^ 
if you give me notice. 

The inclofed fcraps of paper were found in the field 
where you firfl defcended, near the part where your grap-' 
pie took up the corn- Whether you threw thtm from, 
the Balloon you will recolleél:. 

I have no tidirgs of the two firfl letters — probably 
to-day I may hear fomething of them, as I fliall meet 
many perfons afTenibled from difFerent parts of the 
country 

Adieu, 

Moft fincerely yours, 

W. BAKER. 

Bayfordy near Hertford, September i2y 1784. 



The 



f 55 3 

DEPOSITIONS. 

The voluntary declaration and depofition on oath, of 
Nathaniel Whiteread of Szuanley Bar, farmer, in 
the parifh of North Mimms, in the County of Hertford^ 
Yeoman. 

THIS Deponent, on his oat.b, faith, that being on 
Wednefday the 15th day of September inftant, between 
the hours of three and four in the afternoon, in a certain 
field called Etna, in the parifh of North Aiimms aforefaid, 
he perceived a large Machine failing in the air, near 
the place where he was on horfeback ; that the Ma- 
chine continuing to approach the earth, the part of it in 
which this Deponent perceived a gentleman ftanding, came 
to the ground, and dragged a fhort way on the ground 
in a flanting diredion ; that the time when the Machine 
thus touched the earth, was, as near as this Deponent 
could judge, about a quarter before four in the afternoon. 
That this Deponent being on horfeback, and his horfe 
reftive, he could not approach nearer'to the Machine than 
about four poles, but that he could plainly perceive therein 
a gentleman dreffed in light coloured cloaths, holding in 
his hand a trumpet, which had the appearance of filver or 
bright Tin. That by this time fevera! harveft men coming 
I'p from the other part of the field, to the number of 
twelve men and thirteen women, this Deponent called 
to them to endeavour to flop the Machine, which the 
men attempted, but the gentleman in the Machine defiring 
them to defifl, and the Machine moving with confiderable 
rapidity, and clearing the earth, went off in a North 
«liredion, and continued in fight at a very areat heio-ht 
for near an hour afterwards. And this Deponent fur- 
ther faithj that the part of the Machine in which the gen- 
tleman 



f 56 3 

tleman flood, did not aftually touch the ground f;:-r more 
than half a minute, during Which time the gentleman 
threw cut a parcel of what appeared to this deoonent as 
dry fand. That after the Machine had afcencîed again 
from the earth, this Deponent perceived a grapple with 
four hooks, which hung from the bottom of the Machine, 
dragging along the ground, which carried up with it into 
the air a fmall parcel of loofe oats, which the women 
were raking in the field. And this Deponent further on 
his oath iliith, that when the Machine had rifen clear 
from the ground about twenty yards, the gentleman fpoke 
to this deponent and the reft of the people with hfs trum- 
pet,, wifhing them good bye, and faying that he ihould 
fbon go out of fight. And this deponent further on his 
oath faith, that the Machine in which the gentleman 
eame down to the earth, appeared ta confift of two diftin^ 
parts conneded together by ropes, namely, that in which 
the gentleman appeared to be, a flrage boarded at the bot- 
tom, and covered with netting and ropes on the fides, 
about four feet and a half high, and the other part of the 
Machine appeared in the ihape of an urn, about thirty feet 
high, and of the fame diameter, made of canvafs, like oil 
flcin, with green, red, and yellow firipes. , 

NATHANIEL WHITBREAD. 

Snnrn lefcre me this iwmtktk 
day of September, 1784. 
WILLIAM BAKER. 



Thq 



r 57 3 

't'he voluntary declaration and depofîtîons cri oath, of 
William Harper, of the Parifh of Hatfield, in the 
county o^ Hertford, Labourer, and of Mary BuTTER- 
Ï-IELD, of Parifli of North Mimms, in the County of Hert- 
ford, ôpinfler, 

Tf^IS Deponent William Harper, oh his oath, faith, 
that as he was mowing oats in a certain fi<jld, called Etna, 
in the Parifh of North Mimms, in the County of Hertford^ 
on Wednefday the 15th of this inftant September, be- 
tween three and four o'clock in the afternoon, in com- 
pany with Thomas Blackwell, Thomas Moore, Johrt 
Richardfon, and feveral others, he perceived a large Ma- 
chine hovering in the air, and gradually approaching thé 
ground, near the boundary line of the Manors of Northaw 
and North Mimms ; that on his approaching the Machine, 
* in company of the perfons aforementioned^ the Machmô 
which had then pafTed the faid boundary line, touched the 
earth in the faid field, called Etna. And this Deponent 
being then at the diffance of four or five poles from thé ' 
fame, plainly perceived a gentleman in the lower part 
of the faid Machine, drefT d in li^hc coloured cloaths, and 
a cocked up hat, who, on the Machine touching the 
ground, threw out a pafcel of duff, or white fand ; that 
immediately the Machine mounted again into the air, and 
went off in a North direâion, that while the Machine 
continued touching the ground, Mr. Nathaniel Whit- 
bread, who was likewife prefent on horfeback, defired 
this Deponent, and the reft who were prefent to ftop the 
faid Machine, which fome of them, and in particular 
Thomas Blackwell attempted to do, but the gentleman 
I defirins 



[ 58 ] 

defiring them not to flop the Machine, they defifted. 
And this Deponent Mary Butterficld, on her oath, faith, 
that file was raking oats in the faid field called Ftna, on 
Wednefday the 15th of September, inftant, between three 
and four o'clock in the afternoon, in company with Mary 
Crawley, Sarah Day, and others, and perceived a large Ma- 
chine hovering over Northaw Common, and approaching 
the earth in the field where this Deponent was at work, 
which at length it touched in the faid field called Etna, 
and during the time that it fo touched the ground, a kitten 
which was in the lower part of the faid Machine, came 
out on the field, which this Deponent picked up, and foon 
afterwards fold to a gentleman who came up to the hedge 
fide, enquiring after the Machine, which he called an Air 
Balloon. That this Deponent plainly perceived a gen- 
tleman in the lower part of the Machine, dreffed in light 
coloured cloaths, who, on the Machine afcending again, 
fpoke through his trumpet,and wifhed them good bye. And 
thefe Deponants, William Harper and Mary Btitterfield, 
fcverally, on their oaths, fi^y that the Machine which 
came down to the earth, appeared to cDnfift of two parts 
connected together, namely that in which the gentleman 
was, appeared to be a frame-work of wood and netting, 
from which there ftuck out a fort of wing, and the other 
part of the Machine appeared in the fhape of a large pear 
with the ftalk downwards, and appeared to be made of 
filk or canvas, in ftripes of green and red; and this De- 
ponent, Mary Butterfield, further, on her oath, faith, that 
when the Machine was afcending from the ground, fhe, 
ihis Deponent perceived an anchor or grapple drag along 

the 



IfeT^ 



[ 59 ] 
the.ground, which took with it a fmall parcel of the oats 
from the field, where they were raking. 

his 

WILLIAM X HARPER. 

mark. 

her 
MARYX BUTTERFIELD. 

mark. 

Stosmbefare ms this 20th day of September^ 1784' 



The voluntary declaration and depofition on oath of 
Elizabeth-Brett, Spinfter, fervant to Mr. Thoma» 
Read, farmer', in theparifli of Standon, in the county of 
Herts. 

THIS Deponent on her oath faith, that on Wednefday, 
the 15th dav of September, inftant, betv/een four and five 
o'clock in the afternoon, fhe, this Deponent, being then 
at v^^ork in her mafter's brew-hou^e, heard an uncommon 
and loud noife, which, on attending to it, file conceived 
to be the found of men hnging, as they returned from 
harveft home. That upon going to the door of the houfe 
fhe perceived a {[range large body in the air, and on ap- 
proaching it in a meadow-field near the houfe, called 
Long Mead, {he perceived a man in it ; that the perfon in 
the machine, which fhe knew not what to make of, but 
which the perfon in it called an Air Balloon, called to 
her to take hoM of the roap, which (he did accordingly ; 
that John Mills and George Pliillips, labourers with 
laid Mr. Thomas Read, came up foon after, and being 
|ikç\yife requefted to affift in holding the ropCj both made 
1 3 their 



[ 60 1 

their excufes, one of them, George Phillips, faying he 
WiS too {h rt, and Jonn 'vlills faying that he did not like 
it ; that this deponeiit continued to hold the rope till fome 
other hirveft men of Mr. Benja nin Robinfon, of High 
Crois canne up, by whofe affiitance the machine was held 
down till the perfon got out of the machine; and this 
Deponent, furrheron her oath faith, that the perfon now 
prelect, and fliewn to her by William Baker, Efq thé 
juftice of peace before whom this Depofition is taken, as 
M Vine: nt Lunardi, and in her prefence de lares him- 
felt to be Mr. Vincent Lunardi, was the perfon who 
called tome from the Machine, as above ftated, and who 
,defcended therefrom in the faid field, called Long Mea- 
dow. 

her 
ELIZABETH X BRETT, 
mark. 

Sivorn before we this ibth day of September, ^7^4} ai 
Barjorà Bury^ in the County of Hertford, a f ore/aid. 



The voluntary declaration and depofition^ on oath of 
Jonas Lamgton, John Chiven, James Ckamplan, 
Edward Bentley, William Waller, feverally made 
this 17th day of September, 1784, before William Ba- 
ker, Efq. one of his Majeil-y's Juftices of the Peace for 
the county of Hertford. 

THE faid Deponents, on their oath, feverally declare, 
that on the 15th of this in{l:ant, September, betweer\ 
four and five o'clock in the afternoon, being then at work^ 
fome of them in the harveft fields, and others in the 

farm- 



f 61 ] 

farm-yard of Meffrs* Benjamin Robinfon and James 
Snow, in the parifh of Stondon, in the county of Hert- 
ford, they faw a large and uncommon Machine hovering 
in the air, which they feverally followed till it arrived at a 
certain mead, called Long Mead, in the occupation of 
Thomas Read, yeoman, of Stondon aforefaid, where the 
fame touched the ground, and on their feverally arrivino- at 
the fame place, they found Elizabeth Brett, Spinfter, 
maid fervant with Thomas Read aforefaid, holding a rope 
which wa'ï fixed to t;he faid Machine ; that on their feve- 
rally approaching the faid Machine, they perceived a a;en- 
tleman in one part of it, who defired them to affift Eliza- 
beth Brett the fervant, who was then holdmg the rope, 
which they did accordingly; that by this aiMance the 
Machine being {topped, the gentleman who was in it came 
out, and to thefe Deponents declared, that he had fet out 
from the Artillery Ground in London, a little before 
two o'clock, in the afte^nooa of the faid day, in the Ma- 
chine, and had travelled through the air to the place where 
they found him. 

Sworn before me, this xnth day of September, 1784, at 
Bar ford Bury, m the county of Hertford. 



' [ 62 3 

A Gentleman rwdl hionvn in the Literary World hwving finf 
Mr. LUNARDI the fllcvjing EpiflU as a compliment to his 
Genius and enterprixing Spirit, Mr. Lun ardi'j i^^/^Wi have 
frongly expreffed their tvijhes to have it annexed to thefe Letters, 
and the Author has obligingly given permijf on to have it printed 
-nvith them. 



AN EPISTLE 
TO 

SiG. YINCENZO LUNARDI, 



ii^XCUSE it, bold Youth, if a ftranger fiiould dare 

To addrefs thus Tour Hlghnefs as King of the Air, 

For I was a witnefs, a charmed one, I own; 

When you fprung to the ikies, and afcended your throne 

Amid two hundred thoufand good people aiTembled, 

Who felt for your fame, for your fafety too trembled; 

Whilil you, a true Hero, of nothing afraid 

Took- leave of the v/orld, and mankind, undifmay'd; 

Determin'd to bid every danger defiance 

For the noblell of conquells, the conqueil of Sciekck. 

When you bid us adieu, and firft quitted the earth. 
To what varied fentirnents gave you quick birth ? 
Each mind was brim full of unnumbered flrange notionsj, 
Each eye all attention, to watch all your motions. 



AGm- 



The 



[ 63 ] 

The mukitiide fcarcely believ'd that a man 

AVith his fenfes about him •.:ould form fuch a plan. 

And thought that as Bedlam was fo very nigh 

You had be:ter been there, than turned loofe in the fky ! 

But when they perceiv'd you rofe higher and higher, 

O'ertop'd every building, each church, and each fpire. 

They extoU'd wi;h one voice your fuperlative merit, 

Who could hazard your life wiih fo dauntlefs a fpirit. 

With benevolent wiflies each bofom now burns. 

And Jwe and Amaxemeni both fill it by turns.— 

" Where's he going? cries one,—" Why he fhrinks from 

[our fight ! 
" And whers's this poor fellow to quarter to night ? 
*' If he foars at this rate in his filken ballonn, 
" He'll furely by Sunfet be up with the Moon !" 
Whiia God fave his Soul, was the prayer of moft. 
As they took it for granted your Body was loft— 
The lovers of fcience who baft of all knew 
How much might be hop'd from a Genius like you. 
In filence purfu'd you, unwilling to fpeak. 
For the tear of anxiety ftole down their cheek. — 
3n their own way of thinkinrv^ ail fek, and all reafon'd. 
Greedy Aldermen judg'd that your Oight was ili feafon'd^ 
That you'd better have taken a good dinner fini, 
Nor have pinch'd your poor ftomach by hanger, or thirft. 
In perfeft indiff'rence the Beau yawn'd a blcfTsng, 
And fear'd before night that your hair would want dieffing.* 
But the Ladies, all zeal, fent their wifties in air, 
for 3 man of fuch fpirit is ever their care ! 

'Attornie» 



f 64 j 

AttORNiEs were puzzled Mow now they could fue you. 
Underwriters what premium they'd now take to Do jeu^ 
Whilft the fallow-fac'd Jew of his Monies fo fond 
Thank'd Mofes, he never had tahn your Bond. 

Amid thefe fenfations which mov'd us below 
Through the realms of pure Ether triumphant you go, 
A courfe which no mortal had here before dar'd ; 
For You, was the rifle, and the glory prepar'd j 
Though depriv'd of that Friend who had urg'd the fond claim 
To partake all your dangers, and (hare in your fame. 
From all human aid though cut oiF, and alone. 
When mounting thus fingly, you ftill greater flione ! 

Ah ! tell me LUNARDI, — hereafter you may ! 
"What new fcenes of wonder your flight muft difplay ? 
How awful the feel, when through new regions gliding. 
Through currents untry'd, and from cloud to cloud Aiding? 
With what new ideas your mind muft o'erflow ! 
With what new fenfations your bofora muft glow I— 
How little, how trifling, muft then in ycur eyes 
Have feem'^d what belcw we look Up to, and prize ! 
No more than a molehill, the Tower's old walls, 
A Hop-pole the Monument, — Bandbox, St. Pauls, 

The vaft hoft of people you quitted fo lately. 

Which fpread to each prefent a fcene the moft ftately» 

To one who fo diftant on all of us gazes 

Muft look like a meadow embroider'd with daifîes ; 

Nay, 



t 65 ] 

Nay, e*cn this Great City we all hold fo dear 

Asa HoNEY-coMB only to you would appear. 

All it's Shipping mere fpots, though its bulwark and pridCj 

The Bank and the Treasury hardly defcry'd, 

The abodes of the Great not difcern'd e'en with winking. 

And the Thames but a bafon for lap-dogs to drink in.— 

' ris the points whence we view things which fix, or creat» 

Our imperfeft conceptions of Little, or Great !-^ 

An adventurous ftripling, fofweetOviD fings. 

Had the boldnefs to foar once on two mighty wings, 

Unguided by judgrtient, and wand'ring too high. 

He met his juft fate, and was plung'd from the flcy. 

And all that the world from this tale have been able 

To learn, was, it gave falfe Ambition a fable. — 

But from flights fuch as yours we've reafon to hope 

i^hilofophy one day may gain wider fcope. 

The fecrets of nature are flowly reveal'd, 

Though much ts difcover'd, far more is concealed,-— 

A fpirit like yours can afiift beft the caufe 

And mere clearly illuftrate her motions and laws i 

But ftiould not to you the great lot be afligned 

To eftabliih new doftrines of air or of wind. 

Should future Adventurers ftill further rove, 

•And purfuing your courfe, your difcov'ries improve, 

Yet know, Gallant Youth, that to none but to Yow 

Will inENGLAN» the praife, and the triumph be due. 

In the First bold attempt îo intrepid who Ihone, 

And ftiow'd by Example how much could be doue. 

K Ok» 



/ 



r 66 ] 

Our country will gratefully boaft of your name. 
And LUNARDI be plac'd on the bright fcroll of fame. 
With the warmeft acclaims of the Public applauded, 
By Philosophers lov'd — By the Muse too recorded! — 

Amidft all thefe honors, a ftranger who fir'd 
By what he beheld, what yourfelf have infpir'd, 
Round your temples while this little tribute he wreaths. 
Thus with zeal his fond wifties prophetick he breathes. 
Long enjoy Th' Aerial Throne you now fit on! 
And live, ah! long live,— The Columbus of Britain! 



Explanation of the Plate of the Balloon. . 

t Crown, ro which the Rope was faftened 

2 Net- work 

3 PN.opcs, forty- five in Number, a Rope every four Mefhes 

4 1 Noofcs, through v.'hich the Atmorpherica! Air was con- 

5 J veyed into the Balloon, when exhibited at the Lyceurh 

6 Wheel, to which all the Ropes were fallened 

7 Ropes, which f,iften the Gallery to the Wheel 
I Oar's, by nicans of which 1 could keep the Balloon at a 

certain Level, and defcend without loofing iiifiamma- 
ble Air for that Purpofe 

10 Gallery 

11 Grapple, or Anchor, to fecure it when it touched the ground 

12 Englifh Flag, which I threw down, to alTure the incredulous, 

that there was an Individual in the Gallery 
II Cat, Dog, and a Pidgeon 



I 

2 

3 
4 

5 

6 

7 
g 

9 
10 
1 1 
12 

«3 
H 

15 
là 

»7 



Explanation of the Apparatus. 
Net 
Balloon 

Crown to fufpend the Balloon 
Barrels of Zinc 
OilofVitnol 

Backs, in which the Water and Oil of Vitriol was mixed 
Pvccipient of Oil of Vnriol and Vv^ater 
Pipes, which contain Zinc, Water, and Oil of Vitriol 
Recipient of the inflammable Air, full of Soap Lees ■ 
Recipient for the Refiduals 
Pipes full oi Water 

I Blocks to raife the Balloon 

Blocks to fufpend the StJlliards to weigh the Balloon, Gal- 
lery, Machinery, &c 
Blocks to raife the Flafks of Vitriol 
A Stage to fupport the lower Pari of the Balloon 
Tube, which conveys the Infi-.mmable Air into the Balloon 




r ^ ,H> «W H^. i ':,_,H;n^.. iA i « ?W"i- "---. -,-T" 






J-uili/W Si^rJO IJ64\ hj, Jofm ryuuctr. 



TholigH Mr. Lunardi hvs annunced his af- 
cenfton, wkh hl-^ Bulloon, for this day, in the 
ArtiJIety Ground, yet it is net irapoflible, from 
the prcfent vevy i'udden change in the weather, 
that he.may be obliged to put oiF his departure 
to forac future day. Irt this cafe thedifappoint* 
ment the public may mee-t is not to be'attri- 
buted to him, but to the levity of his mother 
Luna, wholnade her appearan';e anew yellerday 
everring ; and all that can be faid of the Sieur 
Lunarcti, eyen in cafe of a failm'e^ wiil bertha?: 




r^' y^L.^ c B T^ . rn an A ; r . B ^ £ l û o •^• : ^/'^^ : ■ 

Thirdly ^^t noon, u il 'fufpea^ed^ Mon H Z«. 
nardi means to eclipfg tli'e /^/;?.-" ' An Ea-'flii'li 
genllemaagoes aloit iii^company with hiu-r, in 
the ch^rafter of x\\t Man bn. the, Moon! After 
this adVentnro'us 'pkir feve'p;iiied the afmofnhe ' 
i ric lirails, it is imagined they mean to have a I 
, boxing-bout with Cajhr an4,'-PoVux,%x\û t;o drive 
them from iheir fi'uaticn aÊ-^or.g the conlle!- 
, iaricns, which place they meaa^to aflurae !' 
^ They mean to take oi.Iy a fack of iîour and a ' 
; fcvv'bettlesof rum with them, byway of prgvi- 
fiqns ; the floivr will be made into calces^ as the/ 
pafs through the rain f/c?vrf.r,which wiil be b:dvïïd 
in ihey«w,'the firR fine day afrerwards; Shey 
will of comfe catch wild ftwj;ér,oug-h on their 
. pafl-jge to fupply their tab^e: and i'n regard to ■ 
their ilore rzw,, it is only necclfary to fail an à, 
, fio^ver to the tail of the balloon, and they wHl 
never be in want of grog I 

As all the town are mad after the fi'i-ht, Moa- 
; fietir LnnarJi has Hsed upon the artillery ground 
as the fpot mofl; contiguous to Bedln.m ! \ 

Friday, Sept. 17. . 

LONDON. 

Furtktr Particulars refpeBing Mr. LUNâs.i)i's 
Aerial E::curfion. 

kHE ftate of uncertainty in 
which the Public continued 
on Wednefday, and the 
'' greateft part of yefterday, 
refpecUng the termination of 
Mr. Lunardi'b tour through 
the imexplored element 'of 
_ air, was relieved by an ex- 

prefs which the «Prince Caramanico received 
yefterday evening from that fpirited adventurer ; 
it was dated at Ware, in Hertfordfhirc, and 
contained advice of his having defcended a 
little paft five o'clock on Wednefday evening, 
at a place called CoUier's-end, about four miles 
■from Ware. His excurfion was of the duration 
of three hours and a quarter, being the period 
which he propofed continuing afloat, although 
be had gaz enough to have kept his balloon 
fufpended for three days. It is computed that 
■bis courfe was at the rate of eight miles an 
liour, and that at times he was at an el ition 
of full three miles from the earth. He took . 
with him a quadrant, thermometer, barometer, ! 
and an optical inftrument, for the purpofe of 
making obfei-vations. 

.- Notwithftanding this philofophical adventurer 
•went, in point of diftance, only a6 miles fronj' 
London, he made a much longer traverfe through 
Ihe aerial region, and computes, that had he i 
■gone in a ftrait line, he Vv'ould have been ."!.civo'''l 
70 or 8,0 miles from the place of his departure, j 
He experienced, in the different regions of i 
air through which he paffed, a variety of cli- 
mates ; fometimes the cold was fo intenfe, as 
to freeze the water he took with him ; he did 
'not feel any inconvenience from heat, after his 
firft afcent, at which time he was very warm. 
He appeared much fatigued, but declared, that 
"was more owing to his exertions in preparing 
his machine before he went up, than to his ex- 
ercife in regulating it afterwards. His courfe 
from the Artillery-ground was Wefterly, till 
he came nearly over Bedford-houfe ; after 
which, afcendiug in a higher current of air, he 
ileerçd due North. Befides the chickens he 
lookup with him, he was alfo provided with 
■fome ham, and three bottles of white wine ; 
but did not take any refrefhment, during his 
airy voyage, fave a few glafles of wine. 
• The extreme coldnefs of the atmofphere 
caufed in him, as it always does, an almoft in- 
vincible inclination to fleep ; and this co- 
operated with other circumftances to induce 
JVIr. Lunardi to conclude his journey where 
he did. He had been twice before near 
touching the ground ; firft at Hornfey, and 
again near Hatfield, and at one time Avas 
fo clofe to the earth, as to fpeak with a 
trumpet to the wondering fpedators under him. 
At Northaw, he defcended fo low as to con- 
verfe with a villager, a fervant of Mr. Strong's, 
•who was digging gravel. He there threw out 
his cat, which had accompanied him, and it was 
taken up alive by an inhabitant. As Mr. Lu- 
nardi approached the earth (the time before he 
landed), the country people fhewed great 
marks of terror ; and from their dread, for 
"feme time, he was apprehenfive of dangerous 
'confequences. By throwing out, however, a 

j large quantity of his ballaft, he mounted again 
j to a height much beyond what he had before 
I attained. Here the cold became fo intenfe,»that : 
the denfe vapour which had adhered to his | 
clothes in the lower regions, froze into icicles, 
and a little water which he poured into an open ' 
veflfel froze in a minute or two. .He warmed I 
lurafelf, in this fituafion, by drinking a few ■ 
glafles of wine. In this high ftation he met ' 
with a frefli current of wind, which directed 
him more to the Weft, and again, when he 
defcended, he recovered his fécond wind, and 
purfued the northerly courfe. Night was 
coming on faft, and he defcended about four 
miles beyond Ware. He failed along the fur- 
face of the earth fora confiderable fpace, and i 
in a convenient field, at a place called Collier's j 
end, he threw out his grapphng iron, and by ! 
means of a tree, which ferved as an anchorage, j 
I he came gently to the ground. A young wo- ' 
: man in the field aflifred in holding the machine 
down, while he alighted and fecured it to its 
atichorage. At firft ftie feemed to be much 
frightened, but on Mr. Lunardi's affuritig her 
there was no danger, and explaining, as well as 
he could, his fituation, and the nature of his 
journey, fhe readily gave her afliftance. On 
the balloon firft reaching the ground, it rolled 
about fome tifne, and drew the gallery after it, 
^■hich drove. Mr. Lunardi againft a tree, but he i 
fortunately received no damage. A confider- 
able quantity of ice was found upon the gal- 
lery, though not fai- irom a ftate of diflblution. 



A-few-tnrautes- afte^^Mr.' Lilnarai alighted, 
a number- of country people haftcned round . 
Inm, together v.-ith many of the Gentlemen of' 
the country, among whomwaS William BaV»v. ' 
Elq; late Member for Hertford, in whofe com- ' 
pany he proceeded, amidft the acclamations of 
the people,_to Ware, where he dined at the 
l^ull Inn, with a number of themoft refpeftable 
Gentlenjen in the county, who vied with each 
other m teftifying every mark of attention and i 
regard to the philofophic hero. Mr lu-' 
nard! feemed to be in perfedt fpiritg, thoiWi' 
from the intenfe cold and fatigue, he apmplain- 
ed of an aching in his back. He had Undergone 
an imraenfe labour, for, independent of the' 
exercife in the air, he had been up the greateft 
part of three nights previous to his experiment. 
He informed the company, that he was enga°-ed 
very much in working his oar, and at one tfme 
felt himfelf exceedingly cold, and confirmed the 
account of the water he took with him being 
fi-ozen ; the dog and cat that accompanied hini 
fellafleep, he faid, which he likewife at that 
period was inclined to, and the cat's breath 
afterwards appearing to be nearly exhaufted, he 
threw it out of the gallery. During the voyage 



o,t 



September 23, 1784. 




Î^MJSO*. 



September 185 1784. 



Mr. Lunardi is a young gentleman of good 
family at Naples ; being a yoimger fon, be haci: 
little more to encounter the world with, than ar 
very liberal ediication, a good perfon, and ^a 
enlightened mind. He was fent in the early 
part of his life to the Eaft Indies, where he re- 
mained fome time without benefiting from the 
plunder praflifed in the Eaft. On his return, 
being of an enterprifing and philofophical tura 
of mind, he was felctfted from his countrymea 
as Second Secretary to Prince Caramanico, the 
Neapolitan Ambaflador. Some time after their 
arrival in England, the Prince honoured Mr. 
Lunardi with his confidence and appointment, 
as Principal Secretary to the Embaffy ; in which 
capacity he remained until the Prince was re- 
called to his appointment at a different Court. 

It was Mr. Lunardi's firft intention to have 
extended his flight a few miles only from the 
metropolis, and having afcended to a particulai* 
height, he propofed working his way back againc 
to the Artillery-ground by the afliftance of hi? 
wings. This fchcme, hoAvever was fruftrated by 
the lofs of one wing J but from ^he evident: 
power he prefcrved over the balloon under this 
di fid vantage, he certainly would have fuccecded 
with both. 

Being afked what- he thought himfelf of the 
expedition up intotheairwhichhe ■«--as about to 
undertake, " he anfwered " I have an Alexan- 
der's /i(7/)c / — Alluding to the expreffion of that 
great hero when preparing for his Afiatic expe- 
dition :-^" Thus do I difpofe of my hereditary 
*•* dominions, and referve for myfelf ./;o/)i?.' 

I Mr. Bif?gin's difappointment, who was to 
haVe Accompanied Mr. Lunardi, was the molfc 
tnortifying that ev^r Cb«1d befala man of fpirit 
and enterprife. It arofe from the following 
drcumftancc : Dr. Fordyce, who attended the 
filling of the balloon till la o'clock the night 
preceding the experiment, retired home fora 
few hours reft, after having given the work- 
men the moft clear directions to purfue the 
fame procefs till his return, which was about 
four o'clock, when, to his great furprife and 
diftrefs, he found -the men had got drunk, and 
fo totally neglected their charge, that the whole 
had been at a ftand from tlie moment of 
his departtire. To this neglewT: alone was it 
owing, that Mr. Biggin could not afcend wiili 
Mr. Lunardi, the globe requiring full four 
hours more filling with inflammable air, to 
enable it to carry up the largeft gallery with 
the two adventurers ! 

It muft be matter of, no fmall concern to the 
admirers, of Mr. Lunardi's courage and enter- 
prizing difpoiition, to think of his being fo 
iPOCTly rewarded. About five hundred people 
paid for admiffion into the Artillery Ground j 
very few of whom fat in the half-guinea feats, 
and ftill fewer in the guinea ones; on a mode- 
rate computation, therefore, it is fuppofed the 
money taken could not amount to much more 
than 150I. Admitting the expence of con- 
ftruding and filling the machine to have been 
paid by money taken at the Lyceum, which 
with the fubfcriptions at the fame place, did 
not exceed 900I., this is not an objedt at all 
adequate to the perfonal rilk of this ingenious 
Gentleman. 

Mefl". Blanchard and Boby, the two celebrat- 
ed French aerial navigatoi-s, came over to fee Mr. 
Lunardi's afcent ; the former, from motives of 
delicacy, was not in the Artillery Ground, but 
Mr. Boby was prefent, and gave his affiftante 
in filling and raifing the balloon. 



TAf^^Y A N T H E O N.J^^^; 

The EXHIBITION of Mr. LUNARDFs BALLOON 

TS opened at the PANTfJEON, where it is 
^ to he feen in the exadt ftace il was in when Mr. Lunardi 
defcended at Collier's Hill near 'vVira in Hertfordihirc; and 
as every circumftancc, tliough ever fo trifling sr rwinutt-, is 
întereftina, when con-seiLd with a great and i m port.rit adven- 
ture, the curicius will be eraîilâcd with the (ighc of t'le two 
little animals, (a cat am. diijj) which ihared with ii!:n the 
danger^ of that liazardoiis and uncommon vflvaje. Mr. Lu- 
nardi will attend peiional'y, as rnuch as h.s hulincfi ami oc- 
cupations will permit, for the fatistaiftjon^of thoT- who may 
w/ih to fee and converfe with hin^i. 

Admittance to ' the Pantheon, One Shiilifig* 
The Public are likew'.Ce inforn-ied, that in com;iliance with 
the general wifc of people of thsî fii-.t- rank an.l foitur.-; at tiie 
V/eft end of the mirrop-liS, as well as the mnft refpei^ablc 
Merchants and individuals in the City, th.at a .îUfiSCRÎP- 
TIOM (hould be opsned for Mr. Lunar di, not only as a te- 
ftimnny of their ,aporob.iti,7n of his merit, bu: tn defray the ex- 
ponnes .-if his firft v.ivsgc, and make a«enis for the a'!va:i- 
t.-)ges taken by the ncijili'.i.-iurh )fld o^ the Artillery Gr.iu ;d on 
the day of his afceiit, ihat Subfcripnons are accordingly open- 
ed at the fjKowing places, viz. New !.d rV.i's Coffee-- .hou fe. ; 
Brooke's-^ad White's, St. fsmeo's-arest ; bel(rett and Schick- 
dak's, Bûolcfellers, P ccadilly ; the London 'Cotïee-houfe, 
Ludgrte-hill J the Parliamenc-ilaeet Coflee-houfe j anjat 
the I'anihenn. — All I.zt:ers, M^fTagcs, &.-. îr.tended for A^r. ' 
jLunardi are ro be lefc at his houfe, Na, 6, Polaail-ûresf, Q( 
at ihePi.-itheon, 



LUNARDI'S AERIAL NAVIGATION 
To combat the prejudices of a nation, and the incre- 
tluhty of mankmd, efpecially xvhen deterred by exam- 
pies of refentment in confequence of deception or mis- 
fortune ; when awed by the danger incurred m experi- 
ment, and the uncertainty of fucccfs in the projeft muft 
certamly require the greateft effort of human refoj'ution 
to encounter. Wh.lft vve ^vere recollefting the occa- 
fion, which coilefted at leaft one tenth of the inhabit 
ants of the metropolis within the optical powers of an 
individual, we could not help indulging ourfelves in 
thtfeecceinrick refleélions. 

The «ëiial voyage, which has long been propofed bv 
Mr. Lunardi, was appointed for yefterday, and perhaps 
the Englifli nation never wicneffed, upon any former 
occafion, fuch a number of perfons being colleaed to- 
gether as were to be feen within the environs of Moor- 
fields ; not a plain or an eminence, a window or a roof 
a chimney or a fteeple, within the fight of Bedlam, but 
what was populoufly thr<n)ged. 

About half paft one o'clock the Prince of Wales ar- 
rived in the Artillery Ground, viewed the apparatus of 
the balloon, and retired' to the Artillery lioufe, which 
was principally occupied by his fuiie, and the perfons 
wdio had liberally paid the adventurer for their admif- 
fion. We were forry indeed to obfervc that fuch gene- 
ral advantages had_ been taken by the neighboui iiood, 
of farming their windows, and for benefits which were 
due only to the novelty and fpirit of the enterprife ; we 
were the more forry, as the ground, which fhould'have 
been liberally offered, was, under a falfe idea ofgenero- 
fiiy, un the prefent occafion, moft unhandforpcly rented. 
The operation of filling the balloon was carried on 
under the infpedion of Dr. Geo, Fordyce, during the 
whole of the preceding night. The materials of the ra- 
refied air were zink, oil of vitriol, antFftetl fhavings. 

About a quarter before two o'clock the balloon was 
fufficiently filled and clofcd, and the gallery and other 
apparatus prepared to be fufpended ; but on Mr. Lu- 
nardi, and his intended companion, Mr. Biggins, a 
young gentleman of fortune and enterprife, takmg their 
fituations, and finding the machine unequal to theii 
weight, it was determined that Mr. Lunardi flrould 
afcend alone. A cannon having been fired as a ore- 
paratory fignal, Mr. Lunardi embraced his friends,"and 
all matters being adjufted, a fécond cannon was fired as 
the fignal of afcenfion. Infenfible muft that heart be 
which was not at that moment imerefled for his fate. 
About five minutes after two, the machine was launch- 
ed ; and after mounting about twelve yards, it defcend- 
etl. Mr. Lunardi took his feat in the gallery with great 
conipofure, but finding himfelf too equally poized, he 
difcharged a part of ihe ballaft, which confided of fmall 
bags of white dry fand, and by that means relieved his 
weight, and caufed a regular and moft beautiful afcen 
fion. After he had cleared the buildings, fubjeft to the 
direftion of an eafterly wind, he faluted the fpe£fntors 
with great elegance and gallantry, by waving a blue 
flag, which he had taken for that purpoft, and llem- 
ingly bade them a friendly adieu. The gallery was 
formed of an upright four feet fquarc, and netted with 
a ftrong cord, bre.ift-higli, bur quite open at ihc top. 
After'this falutation for tlie fpace of five minutes, he 
dropped his flag with an air of fecurity, and bavins^ 
feattd himfelf, took to his oais ; but foon after one ol 
them came dou'n, which alarmed his friends for the 
conftqutnce. Steering at this moment due weft, he 
luddenly tacked towards the noith, and with little, va- 
riation of altitude. Until by degrees he had eftabliOied 
that dire6lion, his progrefs feemed exceedingly elevated 
and fvvifr, tho' the balloon appeared to be under maf- 
terly management. We viewed this obje6f, neverthe- 
lefs, diftindiy for one hour and twenty minutes, with a 
mixture of anxiety and delight. Mr. Lunardi^f'ter- 
wards lowered himfelf towards the earth near Barnct, 
but not liking the fituation, and having the command 
of his machine, he difcharged a part of his ballaft, and 
putfiied-his courfe until he arrived over Collier's Hill, 
in Herifordfliire, at 25 minutes paft four o'clock, where 
he alighted. His companions in this adventurous voy- 
age were a dog and a cat. Mr. Lunardi was liot a lit- 
tle affefted by the dilFerence of climates thro' which he 
pafi'ed, as may be readily conceived by thofe who are 
told that icicles were hanging on his clothes when he 
defcended. 

The Reverend Mr. Douglas, of Little Stanhope- 
ftreet, followed Mr. Lunardi on horfeback as far as 
Northaw Common, near Chefliunc, Hertfordftiire, a- 
bout eighteen miles from the metropolis. Mr. Lu- 
nafdi feemed perfe6tly colle£fed and compofed, and ap- 
peared to be a complete mafter of his wonderful ma- 
chine. He was obferved by the above Gentleman to 
make ufe of his oar, and defcended about half paft four 
o'clock within eighty feet of the ground, moved to the 
left, and then afcending, took a turn towards Cam- 
bridge. It is fomewhat fingular, tliat among the great 
and numerous croud of fpeftators that attended the let- 
ting off the above machine^ the Rev. Mr. Douglas, 
and "Mr, Churchill, tlie Prince of Wales's Equerry, 
were obferved to be the only perfons that followed Mr. 
Lunardi from town. 

His Majefty viewed the balloon through-a telefcope 
from the Queen's prtfence chamber, 



The Duke" and Duchefs of Richmond, in company 
with Mr. Pitt, occupied an apartment at the floor-cloth 
manufaflory, in the City Road, to fee Mr. Lunardi's 
alcent, for which accommodation, it is faid, the fum 
of fifty guineas was paid ! 

Mr. Fox, Col. Fitzpatrick, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. 
Burke, Lord North, Col. North, and a number of 
the nobility and perfons of faftiion, male and female, 
were on the ground, or in the furrounding houfes. 

Dr. Franklin fome time fince decided on the imprac- 
ti.cabiliiy of govenung the aëroftatique globe by oars. — 
A fliip has two mediums, water and wind, to aft a- 
gainft each other ; the balloon has but one ; and the 
attempt to direft them by winged oars, that philofopher 
thought would be equally weak with oppofing the wind 
of a lady's fan to a barge rapidly carried down the 
tide. 

, The Publick are h latisfied with Mr. Lunardi's 
noble machine, exhibiieft yefterday, and the uncom- 
mon pains he and his friends took to prevent their be- 
ing difappointed, that there is not a doubt but he will 
meet with a liberal reward from the generofity of Eng- 
lifhmen, cither by a publick fubfcription among the 
connoift"eurs, or fome other more delicate way of tefti- 
fyine their approbation. 



^ 



n 




ThotigH Mr. Liinardi h 7s announced his af- 
cenfion, with hi-> Balloon, for this day, in the 
ArtiJIefy Ground, yet it is net icipotfible, from. 
the prclent very iudden change in the weather, 
that he.may be obliged to put off" his departure 
to forae future day. lit this cafe thedifappoint* 
ment the public may meet is not to be attri- 
buted to him, but to the levity of his mpther 
Luna, who "made her appearamîe anew yeflerday 
evening ; and all that can be laid of the Siear 
Lunardi, even in cafe of 3 failui'e^ wlU be, that- 
he has -.been Mo.r^^firuc^. ^j. ^^ ^^^^^ 



This' day at nocn, it il' îufpea\d' Monf;' La';. ," 
nanii means to eciip/g th'e/;/«/ ' An En-'^lillï 
. gentleman, goes alolt iiv-coinpany with him'', 'in 
the chXradler of the ilf,ri« in. 1 hi Moon f Afcer 
this adVentnrcfus |îà!r havepailed the a-fmoTohe 
* ric limits, i: is imagined they mean to have a 
: boxiog-bout with Cajlor ang^PoUux, and \o drive 
them from their fiiuacioh -^«-.orig the conlle!- 
, laricns, which place they meafi"'to a/i'ume !' 
^ They mean to take or.ly a fack of fiour and a 
; &w' bottles' r'frunr with them, byway of prori- 
fions ; the Jioivr will be made into cakes, as thev 
pafs through the rain f/o//K>, which will be b.->kïd 
in they««7, rhc- firft fine day afrerwards; «hey 
will of ccurfc catch wild fijw}: enough on their 
, paffige to fupply 'their tnb^e: and in regard to 
their Itore rum,, it is only p.eccffary to faibn.. a, 
, Jhoiver to the tail of the balloon, and they will 
never be in want of grog / 

As all the town are /«///after the fin-ht, Mon- 
fieur Lnnardi has fixed upon the artillery ground 
as the fpot mcfl: contiguous to Bedlam ! 



Friday, Sept. 17. 

LONDON. 

Furthr Particulars refptflmg Mr. LunaxDï's 
Aerial Evxurfion. 

I HE (late of uncertaintjr in 
which thePublic continued 
on Wednefday, and the 
greatefl part of yefterday, 
refpeding the termination of 
Mr. Lunardi'.^ tour through 
the unexplored element of 
air,- was relieved by an ex- 
prefs which the «Prince Caramanico received 
yefterday evening from that fpirited adventurer ; 
it was dated at Ware, in Hertfordfhlre, and 
contained advice of his having defcended a 
little paft five o'clock on Wednefday evening, 
^t a place called Collier's-end, about four miles 
■from Ware. His excurlion was of the duration 
of three hours and a quarter, being the period 
.which he propofed continuing alioat, although 
be had gaz enough to have kept his balloon 
fufpended for three days. It is computed that 
•his courfe was at the rate of eight miles an 
liour, and that at times he was at an el ition 
t)f full three miles from the earth. He took . 
\vith him a quadrant, thermometer, barometer, i 
and an optical inftrument, for the purpofe of 
making obfei-vations. 

^ Notwithftanding this phiîofophical adventurer 
•went, in point of diftance, only 46 miles Iron) 
London, he made a much longer traverfe through 
•the aerial region, and computes, that had he ! 
gone in a ftrait line, he would have been ■■l.ova'^ 
70 or 8,0 miles from the place of his departure. I 
He experienced, in the different regions of 
air through which he pafled, a variety of cli- 
•mates ; fometimes the cold was fo intenfe, as 
'to freeze the water he took with him ; he did 
"Xl'ot feel any inconvenience from heat, after his 
firft afcent, at which time he was very warm. 
He appeared much fatigued, but declared, that 
was m.ore owing to his exertions in preparing 
his machine before he went up, than to his ex- 
'ercife in regulating it afterwards. His courfe 
fi-om the Artillery-ground was Wefterly, till 
he came nearly over Bedford-houfe ; after 
which, afcendiug in a higher current of air, he 
ileerçd due North. Befides the chickens he 
■took up with him, he was alfo provided with 
fome ham, and three bottles of white wine ; 
but did not take any refreihment, during his 
airy voyage, fave a few glatTes of wine. 
■ The extreme coldnefs of the atmofphere 
caufed in hiin, as it always does, an almoft in- 
vincible inclination to fleep; and this co- 
operated with other circumftances to induce 
Mr. Lunardi to conclude his journey where 
he did. He' had been twice before near 
touching the ground; firft at Hornfey, and 
again near Hatfield, and at one time was 
fo clofe to the earth, as to fpeak \vith a 
trampet to the wondering fpedlators under him. 
At Northaw, he defcended fo low as to con- 
verfe with a villager, a fervant of Mr. Strong's, 
who was digging gravel. He there threw out 
his cat, which had accompanied him, and it was 
taken up alive by an inhabitant. As Mr. Lu- 
nardi approached the earth (the time before he 
landed), the country people fhewed great 
Biarks of terror ; and from their dread, for 
fome time, he was apprehenfive of dangerous 
confequences. By throwing out, however, a 

I large quantity of his ballaft, he mounted again 
j to a height much beyond vvhat he had before 
I attained. Here the cold became fo intenfe,*that '• 
the denfe vapour which had adhered to his i 
clothes in the lower regions, froze into icicles, I 
and a little water which he poured into an open ' 
veffel froze in a minute or two. ,He warmed 1 
hirafelf, in this fituation, by drinking a few ' 
glaffes of wine. In this high ftation he met 
with a freili current of wind, which direded 
him more to the Weft, and again, when he 
defcended, he recovered his fécond wind, and 
purfued the northerly courfe. Night was 
coming on faft, and he defcended about four , 
miles beyond Ware. He failed along the fur- . 
face of the earth for a confiderable fpace, and 
in a convenient field, at a place called Collier's 
end, he threw out his grappling iron, and by 
means of a tree, which ferved as an anchorage, 
I he came gently to the ground. A young wo- 
; man in the field affifted in holding the machine 
down, while he alighted and fecured it to its 
atichorage. At firft fhe feemed to be much 
frightened, but on Mr. Lunardi's affurifig her 
there was no danger, and explaining, as well as 
he could, his fituation; and the nature of his 
joiu-ney, fhe readily gave her affiftance. On 
the balloon firft reaching the ground, it rolled 
about fome time, and drew the gallery after it, 
V'hich drove Mr. Lunardi againft a tree, but he 
fortunately received no damage. A confider- 
able quantity of ice was found upon the gal- 
lery, though not far from a ftate of diflblution. 



A- few minutes after Mn^-Lilnardi aîî¥hfed. 
a nurnber. of country people haftcntd round. 
Inm, together with many of the Gentlemen of! 
m- country, among whom was WiiHamBaV^jr, ' 
tlq; late Member for Hertford, in whofe com- ' 
pany he proceeded, amidft the acclamations of ^ 
the people, to Ware, where he dined at the 
Bull Inn, with a number of the jrioft refpcdlable 
Gent!eh)en in the county, who vied with each 
other in teftifymg every mark of attention audi 
regard to the philofophic hero. Mr. Lu-' 
nardi feemed to be in perfeft fpirits, though 
from the intenfe cold and fatigue, he sbmplain-' 
ed of an aching in his back. He had Undergone 
an immenfe labour, for, independent of the 
exercife in the air, he had been up the greateft 
part of three nights previous to his experiment. 
He informed the company, that he was engaged 
■■(''ery much in w^orking his oar, and at onetime 
felt himfelf exceedingly cold, and confirmed the 
account of the water he took with him being 
frozen ; the dog and cat that accompanied him 
fell afieep, he faid, which he likewife at that 
period was' inclined to, and the cat's breath 
afterwards appearing to be neariy exhaufted, he 
threw it out of the gallery. During the voyage 
he drank in all twelve glaffes of wine. When 
the balloon was at fifty decrees, he faid, he was 
charmed and delighted with the profpeflhe had 
, before him. After dinner Mr. Lunardi fet off 
I for Mr. Baker's feat, near Hartingfordbury, 
i where he paffed the night. The balloon re- 
j ceivedno damage, and was laft night conveyed 
I to town, in a caravan of Mr. Baker's, and de- 
pofited in the care of Dr. Fordyce, in 'Effex- 
ftreet. 1 

What does the greateft honour to Mr. Lu- 
nardi for his ingenuity and intrepid condud is, 
that he had no knowledge whatever of the 
management of an aeroftatic machine, except 
what he derived from theory, never having 
been in France, or fcen any perfon go up be- 
fore him. 



September 23, 1784. 




-no^tO ap 3it3jtoui3pBi^['3jtaouj3ti3t-i ap ôjiàjiôur 
-or^UM 'G-inoiivA ap amBptjAj *43uopnQ aiiitp 
-B]A[ 'jtuSinbo^ ap sja-junoo 7>v(\ 'sjaqnogap 
sjaiuno^ sqjL 'aamaSo; papusDjB S3ipt"jOA\i 
sq» puB 'uK3f ap amcpBi^ o? îbsj siq dtt sacS 
pjBqouBig •I\r 'p3pu33j3p Xam uaqAv -Jaar 
A;q3i3 JO îqSpq sqj oj ajaqdjotujB Dqj ojui xàm 
qjiAV dn JU3AV puoijojg ap sjsuoiqoaBpLt 3qj pug 
'uoonvq sjq ur Su.poaojH jo enoayap o^^^ sa-pi'T 

-auoqt,3,au aq, „e qo.q;,, 01 ';.uopnal,iVjï 
puB-IMjoajnoqaq; 41; paurBjjania sbav 'uyno>V 

UJOJJ sSeXoa [EU3K qjHj siq UO 'S?un033C p3JV.-)d 

-3-1 ptqaAEq 3av s^uatuuadxa o.nryo.iaB ajoqAV 40 
puv *uopuoi u; Avou St oqAv 'pjEqauEig -j^ •' 

•uoîSuiuiîH «aq 
OÎ U3qj p^naddBq aqj 3j3qA\ *p3ip aqg '^pom 
^^^ SAiAjnj 30U p-[noD sqj irq?' pajppap pué 
'S3JU3J joq P3J3AO03J sp.iEMjayE 4nq 'jg jo 
puiîj E 04UI ipj yjij aqg •3uuuoui Xepjaqja^ 
./î[.iE3 paaidxa 'aouE^jiyE iBoipsiu [[e jo ajidj 
ui puE '[[I U33IE4 A[U3^pnj SEM 3qj 4Eq4 'Xpbq 
UEtunq E joj ijooj aqj qoiijAv 'jeo siq jo |ej 
-UMop 3q4 4B p3ijiaja^.^„tœ*Hfcj^aj).33pooo ni 
P9AII i[.i3taJ04 on.'" ■«-.— -^T,, If, j3.iaîipioq 

311'"- . .4t;j p3AO.id SKq Xsu-inof siq *po. ^ 
..iq ^^[^\^i.^ sno.in^u3ApB sjij} qSnoqx 



[Ol HHX 



tZ« 



It muit oe matter ot^ no iraall concern to the 
admirers, of Mr. Lunardi's courage and enter- 
prizing difpofuion, to think of his being fo 
poc^ly rewarded. About five hundred people 
paid for admiffion into the Artillery Ground j 
very few of whom fat in the half-guinea feats, 
and ftill fewer in the guinea ones; on a mode- 
rate computation, therefore, it is fuppofed the 
money taken could not amount to much more 
than 150I. Admitting the expence of con- 
ftruâing and filling the machine to have been 
paid by money taken at the Lyceum, whicli 
with the fubfcriptions at the fame place, did 
not exceed gool., this is not an objeft at all 
adequate to the perfonal rilk of this ingenious 
Gentleman. 

Meff. Blanchard and Boby, the two celebrat- 
edFrench aerial navigators, came over to fee Mr. 
Lunardi's afcent ; the former, from motives of 
delicacy, was not in the Artillery Ground, but 
Mr. Boby was prefent, and gave his affiftance 
in filling and railing the balloon. 



24 4^^ PA N THE O N. ^^.f," ! : 

The EXHIBITION of Mr. LUNARDFs BALLOON 
I S opened at the PANTHEON, where it i^ - 

■*- to be feen in the exaiV (Trace il was in when Mr. Lunard» 
defcended at Collitr's Hill neur Wire in HertforJi'iirc; an^' 
as every circumftance, though ever io trifling er minute, \i 
înterefting, when con-.îcib d with a grc.il an>I imporCnit adven- 
ture, the curious will be ïr itilicd with the light ot' the tw.j 
little animals, (a cat anu dog) which ihared with him tha ., 
dangers of that hazardous and uncommon voyage. Mr. Lu-'' .'. 
nardi will attend perfonai.'y, as much as h,s bulinefs aiul oc- 
cupations wiU (jernalt, for thz fatislailjon^of thiOf^ who inay 
wiih to (ee and converie with him. 

Admittance to the "Pantheon, One Shilling. j 

The I^ublic are likew'.fe informed, that in conr.ili.ince with ; ; 
the general wifl> of pe-ople of the fir.'J- rank an.t fortur.e at tiie ^ 
Weft end of the m»rroD-!i5, as well as the m:)/! refpeftable 
Merchants and individuals in the City, tliat a .SUBSCRIP- 
TION fliould be ap;n-;d f,>r Mr. LoN ar oi, not Pnly as a te- 
ftiraony of their approbation of his merit, but to defray tlie c-c- 
ponrcs nf his firft voy?gc, and make a.ffienJs for the advan- 
t.iges taken by the ncighbourh )ed of the Artillery Grou .d on 
the djy of his aicentj that Subfcriptions are accordingly open- 
ed at the following places, viz. New 1,1 .y.l's Coffeii-h;)i:f; ; 
Broolte's-Kid Wbice's, St. fames's-ftreet j bs!:.rettand Schick- 
dale's, Bookfellers, P ccadiUy ; the Londoh CofTee-boufe, 
Lud^>te-hill j the Parliamonc-itieet CoJlee-houfe ; and at 
the I'an^henn. — 'All Letters, MdragK, &c. tntendad for Mr. 
X-unarJi are ro be left at his lijufe, Na, 6, l'oljad-Sisc:, or 
EC the Piïïtheon. ' j 



LUNARDI'S AERIAL NAVIGATION 
To combat the prejudices of a nation, and the incre- 
duhty of mankind, efpecially when deterred by exam- 
ples ot refentment in confequence of deception or mis- 
fortune ; when awed by the danger incurred .n experi- 
ment, and the unce.tainty of fuccefsin the projea mufi 
certainly require the greatell effort of human refolut.on 
to encounter. Whilft we were recolleaing the occa- 
fion, which colieaed at leaft one tenth of the inhabit- 
ants of the metropolis within the optical powers of an 
individual, we could not help indulging ourfelvesin 
thcleeccentnck refleaions. 

The aëiial voyage, which has long been propofed bv 
Mr. Lunardi, was appointed for yeflerday, and perhaps 
the Englifli nation never wicnelTed, upon any former 
occafion, fuch a number of perfons being collefled to- 
gether as were to be feen within the environs of Moor- 
fields ; not a plain or an eminence, a window or a roof 
a chmmey or a fteeple, within the fight of Bedlam, but 
what was populoufly thronged. 

About half paft one o'clock the Prince of Wales ar- 
rived in the Artillery Ground, viewed the apparatus of 
the balloon, and retired to the Artillery houfe, which 
was principally occupied by his fuite, and the perfons 
who had liberally paid the adventurer for their admif- 
fion. We were forry indeed to obferve that fuch gene- 
ral advantages had been taken by the neighboui iiood, 
of farming their windows, and for benefits which were 
due only to the novelty and fpirit of the enterprife ; we 
were the more forry, as the ground, which (hould have 
been liberally offered, was, under a falle idea of genero- 
fiiy, on the prefent occafion, moft unhandforpcly rented. 
The operation of filling the balloon was carried on 
under tlie infpeflion of Dr. Geo. Fordyce, during the 
whole of the preceding night. The materials of the ra- 
refied air were zink, oil of vitriol, ancffleel fhavings. 

About a quarter before two o'clock the balloon was 
fufficiently filled and doled, and the gallery and orher 
apparatus prepared to be fufpended ; buton Mr. Lu- 
nardi, and his intended companion, Mr. Biggins, a 
young gentleman of fortune and enterprife, takTng their 
fituations, and finding the machine unequal to theii 
weight, it was determined that Mr. Lunardi (hould 
afccnd alone, A cannon having been fired as a ore- 
paratory fignal, Mr. Lunardi embraced his friends,*and 
all matters being adjufted, a fécond cannon was fired as 
the fignal of afcenfion. Infenfible mufi; that heart be 
which was not at that moment iinerefled for his fate. 
About five minutes after two, the machine was launcii- 
ed ; and after mounting about twelve yards, it defcend- 
ed. Mr. Lunardi took his feat in the gallery with great 
compofjie, but finding himfelf too equally poized, he 
difcharged a part of ihe ballaft, which confided of fmall 
bags of white dry fand, and by that means relieved his 
weight, and caufed a regular and moft beautiful alcen 
fion. After he had cleared the buildings, fubjeft to the 
direftion of an eafterly wind, he faluted the fpcftators 
with great elegance and gallantry, by waving a blue 
flag, which he had taken for that purpofe, and fiem- 
ingly bade them a friendly adieu. The gallery was 
formed of an upright four feet fquare, and netted with 
a ftrong cord, bre,ift-high, but quite open ai the top. 
After'this falutation for tlie fpace of five minutes, he 
dropped his flag with an air of fecurity, and having 
feated himfelf, took to his oais ; but foon after one of 
them came down, which alarmed his friends for the 
confequence. Steering at this moment due weft, be 
fuddenly tacked towards the north, and with little va- 
riation of altitude. Until by degrees he had eftabliflied 
that diredlion, hisprogrefs fetiried exceedingly elevated 
and fvviff, tho' the balloon appeared to be under maf- 
terly management. We viewed this obje61, neverthe- 
lefs, diftindly for one hour and twenty minutes, with a 
mixture of anxiety and delight. Mr. Lunardi after- 
wards lowered himfelf towards the earth nearBarner, 
but not liking the fituation, and having the command 
of his machine, he difcharged a part of his ballaft, and 
purfueii'his courfe until he arrived over Collier's Hill, 
in Hertfordfliire, at 25 minutes paft four o'clock, where 
he alighted. His companions in this adventurous vov- 
age were a dog and a cat. Mr. Lunardi was hot a lit- 
tle affefled by the difference of climates thro' which he 
pafl^ed, as may be readily conceived by thofe who are 
told that icicles were hanging on his clothes when he 
defcended. 

The Reverend Mr. Douglas, of Little Stanhope- 
ftreet, followed Mr. Lunardi on horfeback as far as 
Northaw Common, near Chelhunt, Hertfordfliire, a- 
bout eighteen miles from the metropolis. Mr. Lu- 
nardi feemed psrfe6lly colle£led and compofed, and ap- 
peared to be a complete mafter of his wonderful ma- 
chine. He Vvfas obferved by the above Gentleman to 
make ufe of his oar, and defcended about half paft four 
o'clock within eighty feet of the ground, moved to the 
left, and then afcending, took a turn towards Cam- 
bridge. It is fjmewhat Angular, that among the great 
and numprous croud of fpeftators that attended the let- 
ting off the above machinCj the Rev. Mr. Douglas, 
and Mr. Churchill, the Prince of Wales's Equerry, 
were obferved to be the only perfons that followed Mr. 
Lunardi from town. 

His Majefty viewed the balloon through .a telefcope 
from the Queen's prefeuce chamber. 

The Duke a^ DucFefrorRichrnohd, in "coinpany" 
with Mr. Pitt, occupied an apartment at the floor-cloth 
manufaOcry, in the City Road, to fee Mr. Lunardi's 
alcent, for which accommodation, it is faid, die fum 
of fifty guineas was paid ! 

Mr. Fox, Col. Fitzpatrick, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. 
Buike, Lord North, Col. North, and a number of 
the nobility and perfons of fafhion, male and female, 
were on the ground, or in the furrounding houfes. 

Dr. Franklin fome time fince decided on the imprac- 
ticability of governing the aeroftatique globe by oars. — 
A fliip has two mediums, water and wind, to aft a- 
gainft each other ; the balloon has but one ; and the 
attempt to direft them by winged oars, that philofopher 
thought would be equally Weak with oppofing the wind 
of a lady's fan to a barge rapidly carried down the 
tide. 

The Publick are fo fatisfied with Mr. Lunardi's 
noble machine, exhibiteft yefterday, and the uncom- 
mon pains he and his friends took to prevent their be- 
ing difappointed, that there is not a doubt but he will 
meet with a liberal reward from the generofity of Eng- 
liflimen, cither by a publick fubfcription among the 
connoiffeurs, or fijme other more delicate way of teftt- 
fyine their approbation. 



Ac counts/' Mr. L u n a r d 
September 

[R. LUNARDI having been dif- 
appointed ot the nle of the gar- 
dens at ClieJfea Hofpital, had for f'ome 
time announced to the Public his inten- 
tion of afcending from theArtillery Ground, 
in his Aëroftatx Machine. Accordingly, 
on the day appointed, a vail concourfe of 
people, fuppofed to he upwards of i 50,000, 
were aflembled in Moor - fields, and 
all the adjacent places ; and temporary 
icôf&Jds were eie-?1ed in Bunhili Row 



I's Aerial Voyage, on Wednefday 
• ^S^ 1784. /' 

and the City Road ; but we are forry to 
acd, diat the appearance of company in 
the Artillery Ground, did not befpeak 
inuch attention to the emolument of the 
ingenious and enterprihng foreigner ; and 
we undeiftand, that, exclufive of the ne- 
ceiiarv expenfes attending the preparations 
tor nlling the Balloon, his receipts at the 
.. Lyceum and at the Aitillery Ground were 
lubjea to fome conUderabit defalcations. 



FOR SEPTEMBER, 1784. 



Z^i 



^^':^^l^è:.':^:is^^^^ ^^^^ -^ -^-"y '«^^«^«^ '« ^ 



Mr. Lunardi's eondisa yefterdjy dSfcovered 
. <tie uirti&H degree of intrepidity, and a noble fpi- 
r nt of adtetftirre that cannot be fufliciently ap. 
plauded. If this enterprifing foreigner had ben 
, at all fearful of making the hasardons experiment, 
f he inig.ht have preferved his reputation, and have 
defcended in fafety juft after the Balloon «as 
Jau-nched-; tvhen after rifing to about the height 
ofan.hoûfe, rt rapidly lowered and appeared as 
if It would touch the ground : inflead however of 
taking the advantage of what would univerfally 
have been deemed a ^efefl in the filling to fecure 
himfelf, with a carclefa a^ivity that difplayed a 
zeal only for the /^mour of the Balloon, and an 
utter indiiFerence to his perfonal fafetv, he 
exerted hiinfelf to remove the ballaft, in' order 
to- overcome the preffure of the external air, and 
proudly foared into the unknown regions of the 
Iky, with all the calmnefs of the philofopher, and 
the reiolHtion of an hero. The immenfe multi- 
tude who attended this (ublime fpeaacle, con. 
dufted themfelves with the moft rcfpedful de- 
corum, and manifefted an cnthufiafm in his fa- 
vour, and, a folicitude for his fafety, that do ho- 
nour to the chirafter of Engliflimen. One can- 
not but lament that Mr. Biggen, who cagçrly 
panted to fliare with this fpirited foreigner the 
aerial honours, fliould have been difappoint«d 
wpon this occafion, as his zeal for fcienee, and ar. 
dour of enterprize, would doubtlefs have emu. 
luted the noble fortitude of Mr. Lunardi, and 
theit^ mutual obfervations would probably have 
furnifheda more ample defciiption of this coura- 
geous expedition; but as the Balloon would ab- 
lolutely raife only one pei:fon, Mr. Biggen was 
of i-ieceflity prevented fiom indulging his incli- 
naiiouand fcientific curiofity. /^ /t/(/-^/y^2A \ 



The place where Mr. Lunardi defcended was ^ 
a kind of inclofure ; he pafied very nearly ovee 
lèverai hedge-rows full of trees, and in the Jaft 
field very narrowly efcaped a rugged flump of a 
tree, which might have done hira great ■mif- 
chief, as the balloon w'^is unmaaageable : it re- 
bounded feveral times from the earth with great 
force and broke the gallery, bcJide bendiu? the 
trumpet. S*^/i^ na. /ytPA, * 

Mr Lunardi is a young gentleiTian of good fami- 
ly at Naples: being a younger-fori, he had little 
more to encounter the world with, then a very li- 
beral education, a good perfoB, and an enlic^h'ten- 
ed roind. He was fent in the early part°of his 
life to the Eîft Indies, where he remained fome 
time without benefiting from the plunder pra<?-ifed 
in the Eaft. On his return, being of an enter- 
prifing and philofophical turn of mind, he was 
lelefted from his countrymen as Second Secraary 
^%- ; "'^^" Carrimanico, the Neapolitan Ain- 
affador. Some time after their arrival, in Eng- 
land, the Prince honoured Mr, Lunardi with his 
confidence and appointment, as principal Secretary 
to the Embalfy ; in which capacity he remained 
until the Prince was recalled to his, appointment 
acadifFereut Court. Thefeparation was reluftantly 
cofnplied with, but could not be prevented with- 
out a violation of that honour which M-. Lunardi * 
had ever fupported. tlaving fixed bia mind oa. 
ins aerial exatr^^on, m'i pledged his faith to the 
public, in Lonaon; for the performance,- he re- 
fdledîhe impulfe of frietidfeip and intereft. 

/rhe mortifiGatjoi> which evidently^ifrack Mr 
Biggin in defcending from the machine, af^r a 
nle-of IvQ foot, was fo great, that his fabfe- 
quent calm, and iitady coolnefs, in aifiiîino- ,- 
htsfrirad and anxiety for his fafety, was the ! 
lubjea of general admiration at the time, andof ' 
fubfequent converfation. The colleded ma»- 
.ttanimity of his conduft Ihewed figns of theraoli 
fpirited gencrofity. Tlie Prince ccmplimeated 
Mr. B. on this refohition,, and he replied witli , 
the true elega ,. of ckffic knowlege, that 
Scipio was more celebrated for his coutinence, . 
than Plannibal for all his virtues. It is to' be : 
regretted, that this failure has occafioned 'the '■ 
Jofs of .that gehileraan's cisfefwatiolis. . : . -. - jj 



'The /oïïji'hallma received its coup-de-grace 
yefterday, and^aw up the ghojt in a blaze, be- 
tween four and five o'clock in the evening. A 
great number of people were admitted into the 
gardens, and it was highly diverting to fee fonie 
with long, others with grinning faces leave the 
ground, each bearing fome relicks of the baU 
\noT^ ae/una. &ic Uanfit gloria mundi. 

- Adnjertiftment Extraordinary To be fold 

cheap, feveral Pairs of fine, well-fed Pidgeans, 
an Owl, Dog and Cat, that were intended for 
the aerial voyage of Meff. Folly, and Co. alfo a 
coapîe of fpeaking Trumpets. Enquire this 
day and to-morrow, at the Fool's Cap, LittJe- 
wit-row, near Humbug-ftreee, Cavendiih- 
fquare. 

Mr. Lunardi's dog and cat, are no bad em- 
blems of eur modern gentlemen who make the 
grand tour ; they ride zxiàjleep, and return with 
the fame flock of ideas with which they fetout , 
if they are externally tranhnogrijted. it is ufual- 
ly for the worfe ! 'S<^yycP4 




It was a perfea Sphere or Globe, about 
33 feet in diameter, and 102 feet in cir- 
cumference, and was to contain i8,zoo 
cubit feet of inflammable air. It was co- 
vered entirely with oiled filk, the ftripes 
alternately red and green. Below the Bal- 
loon was to be fixed one pair of wings, 
raifed high, and moving horizontally, 
by means of a wheel with pinions, in 
order to increafe the motion it might re- 
ceive from the wind. In the gallery, not 
only Mr. Lunardi, but another gentleman, 
Mr. George Biggin, was to have afcended ; 
and below the wings our aerial navigators 
^'e';e to have made ufe of a pair of oars, 
which were to move vertically, and which 
were intended to raife or deprefs the Bal- 
loon at their pleafure.— But fome unex- 
yefted circumftances defeated this arrange^ 



ment : Mr. Biggm was unavoidably left 
behind J the wings were laid alide; and 
although Mr. Lunardi afcended with both 
his oars, he dropped one of them before 
he had attained any confiderable height.— 
It IS certain, (to whatever caufe it might 
be owing) that at the time announced for 
the departure of the Balloon, it was not 
fufliciently filled with the inflammable a'r 
to render it praticable to Carry the intended 
weight, as four hours more would have 
been requifite to fill it propsrlv. The 
lower part of the Balloon, in courfe, was 
flaccid ; arid, inflead of being an exaft 
fphcre, as at the Lyceum, it had more the 
appearance of a pear, with its ftalk down- 
wards. 

Mr. Biggin had aftually taken his feat 
with Mr. Lunardi, in the gallery, which 



THE LONDON CHRONICLE 



for 1784, 



"To »/^tf Printer of Wtf Lomdom CHRONict.E, 
SIR, Jc-A p. //fj^ 

THE writer of the paragraph containing a 
natural refledion on the experiments with 
air balloon Sj_ can not fubmit to the fevere ani- 
madverfions^ Correfpondent'm yourlaft, p. 343. 
has made on it, as proceeding from an ignorant 
enemy to the acquifition of ufeful knowledge. 
I will not undertake to juftify the objecîfions 
of the old ladies, but admit that he has refuted 
them much more fatisfadtorily on paper, than I 
am perfuaded it would be in his power to do 
if he was befet by three or four matrons at a 
tea-table. The reflexions ifcat didtated the 
offenfive paragraph were Amply thefe. A large 
fubfcription is required, with long time and 
much attention, to prepare a balloon with all 
Its apparatus, fubjeiS to various accidents, for 
the experiment of a few hours. When I heard 
that Mr. Lunardi had landed near Ware, I ex- 
pcâed that theBâlToon, when eafed of its load, 
would dill have been buoyant enough to have 
carried itfelf; and that it would have been 
brought to town tied by a cord over a waggon 
ox ftage-coach, and have arrived at leaft half 
full of this extravagantly dear air, to have been 
repleniflied for farther attempts. But though 
this fluid may be of a permanent nature itfelf, 
itîsfcarcely to be expedted that any material 
whatever can be made ufe of to contain fo vaft 
a body of it, fufflciently free from pores to re- 
tain it for any duration, and at the fame time 
fo light as to give us the advantage we wifli to. 
enjoy from the letity of the inflammable air. 
But we fee three or four hundred pounds all eva- 
porate in three or four hours ! And a hundred 
pounds an hour is too dear, even for the pocket 
of a Prince to fupport, for a repetition of ex- 
periments necefl*ary to be matured into know- 
ledge. Hence, by raifing large fums, we are 
expofed to be duped by balloon adven- 
turers,^ or muft make a Bartholomew-fair 
exhibition of an ingenious man, aflbciated 
with a cat and a dog, for his indemni- I 
fication : which is a moft mortifying degra- | 
dation in liberal undertakings ! But cut bom, is 
the queftion that has given offence. I am forry 
for it } but inftead of withdrawing it, I muft 
repeat it. Even if we had acquired the art of 
navigating a balloon in the air as perfeftly as a 



ihip m the ocean, the application cannot be 
very extenfive, if every balloon is to coft four 
or five hundred pounds; and is, when perfeded, 
of fo ti'anfltory an exiftence ! The fire balloon 
feems to promife the moft in point of facility, 
when once a regular ufe is found for balloons ; 
and yet a furnace is neither a fafe nor a con- 
venient attendant in fuch excurfions ; and muft, 
m many points, contract the ufes to which 
balloons might be applicable. If indeed bal- 
loons could be regularly fent to the mouth of 
a coal pit, be filled with inflammable tCw gratis^ 
and then be conveyed to the various places 
where they might be wanted, without lofs of 
the contents ; nothing would remain but to 
itudy the management of them : but even 
then, a difficiilty little adverted to, flares us 
in the face. A fliip fwims in one medium, and 
is impelled by another ; but a balloon floats , 
m the fame medium that we wifli to apply to •■ 
move it in the diredion we want. The inftance | 
of a fifli win fcarcely be produced to fhevv the 
pradicability ofefltdipg this purpofe, until the 
mcchanifm of human art can be proved equal ' 
to that of nature ; concerning which I have \ 
fome little doubt. If we could attain the com- i 
plcte government of a balloon in a dead calm 
ftagnated air, I fliould deem it no fmall acqui- I 
lition, and yet of no great ufe: becaufe the i 
application muft then be confined to a ftate of 
the atmofphere not always to be found, or to 
be depended on. While fo great a body as a ! 
balloon is ftrongly impelled by the wind in one ' 
d'redlion, I own it appears to be an arduous i 
ïindrrtaking to ftem this force by any little ex- 
ertions btlov/, fo as to give it another direc- j 

lion. But though yo^rCo7refpondent~mav^ 
probably retort, that he cannot help the dim'- 
nefs of my fight, or the ftiallownefs of my con- 
ceptions ; I aflure him, that even himfelf would 
not rejoice more fincercly or cordiallv at fuch a 
grand difcovery than I fliould. I only regret 
that the experiments cannot be made at a rate' 
that will allow a fufficiency of them for the im- 
provements we defire. On this principle I ftiall 
not be forry if he fliould be able to prove 
all I have now written to be as vreak as 
the old women's objedions he has fo ingeni- 
oufly exerted himfelf to refute in his letter, 

CUI BONO? 



4 



il 



Further authentic P'articiJars of the late 
Aerial Excursion, coUedsd from the Con- 
vcrfatim of Mr. Lunardi. 

WHEN the balloon firft afcended, he was 
enabled, by the gradual progrefa it made, 
to take a diftind furvey of the valt multitudes 
■who were contemplating his flight ; particularly 
the crowd in Moorfields ; their faces, which 
were direded towards him, prefenting the moft 
uncommon appearance. At this moment it 
ftruck him, that if he threw his flag amongtt 
them it would occafion fome diverfion j he 
therefore waved it, as a farewell falute, and 
dropped it from his hand. His oar fell prefently 
after ; which accident, for a time, embarrafled 
him, but ftill the balloon held on its courfe with 
a fteady motion. While he remained over the 
city, the acclamations of the populace came to 
his ear, foftened by the diftance, into a moft 
pleafing murmur. He was enabled, by one 
«fFort of the fight, to behold each extremity of 
London ; it was literally a bird's-eye view of 
this vaPc metropolis. Its fuperb edifices, fquares, 
the Thames, and the fhipping on it, were ob- 
jefls that enriched the fcene. As this magni- 
ficent fpedacle diminiflied, he caft his eye to- 
wards his compafs, and was furprifed to find 
his courfe altered from a weftern to due north ; 
however, he did not think it neceffary to 
change the diredtion.not having fixed upon any 
particular fpot of deftination. He now looked 
at his barometer, and found he was at a con- 
fiderable height, and that the balloon went with 
great celerity, the fcene below continually va- 
rying, fomc objeéts with-drawing, and others 
prefenting themfelves. . He was enabled, when 
at an altitude of full four miles, to diftinguifli 
•corn-fields from pafture lands, fo clear was the 
"vifion. The balloon defcended fo low near Bar- 
net, that he fpoke with fome perfons ; as it 
rofe again, he extended his fight to the horizon 
round, and beheld the earth, a fufpended globe 
in immenfity of fpace. Recovering from the 
reverie this majgnificent objeâ: occafioned, he 
thought of his terreftrial friends, and being in 
a ftate of the utmoft compofure, wrote fix let- 
ters to his aflbciates on earth, fome of which he 
committed to the winds, and fuch was their 
fate, that they have all, fave one, been fince 
heard of. Thofe that he retained were de- 
livered to fome of the guefts of the hofpitable 
Mr. Baker. 

The accounts which ftated that his clothes 
were covered with ice, when he came down ; 
and that his wine was twice frozen, prove to be 
erroneous. The mercury did not at any one 
time approach the freezing point ; nor did he 
-experience any greater degree of cold, than be- 
ing induced barely to button his coat. While 
he was proceeding on his way, he felt himfelf 
dry, and prepared to drink to the health of 
their Majefties, the King of Naples, the Prince 
of Wales, the Prince of Caramanico, the Peo- 
ple of England, arnl fome particular friends ; 
but found himfelf w^ithout a corkfcrew : in this 
predicam,ent he determined on breaking off the 
neck of hiri bottle, which he effedted with the 
utmoft eafe ; and applied the neck to the fol- 
lowing experiment : he eftimated by his baro- 
meter, that he was full four miles in heiglit, 
and throwing the neck towards the earth, found 
by means of his llop-watch, it was four mi- 
nutes and a half in falling. He was enabled by 
reafon of its glittering in the fun, to fee it dif- 
tinétîy till it ftruck the ground. 

The appearance which the machine had to 
many fpedators, of its being violently agitated, 
inuft have been occafioned by the intervening 
medium, as Mr. Lunardi did not feel the leaft 
tinpleafing motion dùrmg his voyage. His 
courfe varied at times to the Eaftward and 
Weftward of the North, but never more than 
one point. The a2ure canopy over him ap- 
peared fcrene and beautiful ; and the beams of 
the fen. nlavintï UDon clouds that every iiilîant 
varied their form and colour, produced the 
moft fublime fenfations. He was proceeding 
on his way, when hé was fuddenly furprifed at 
an appearance, which for a time he imagined 
was the fca, but recollefting the courfe he had 
taken, he difcovered they were clouds, agi- 
tated and rolling over one another, like the 
waves of the ocean. He made a defcent to- 
wards them, and as they broke beneath him, 
the earth again exhibited towns, villas, rivers, 
and fields, in the moft pleafing diverfity. 

The relation of his leaving his little cat in 
charge of a woman is true ; and that, on his 
final defcent, he was aflifted by a girl, to whom 
he gave half a guinea. 

The place where Mr. Lunardi defcended was 
a kind of inclofure; he paffed very nearly over 
feveral hedge-rows full of trees, and in the laft 
field very narrowly efcaped a rugged ftump of a 
tree, which might have done him great mif- 
chief, as the balloon was unmanageable ; it re- 
bounded feveraltimes from the earth with great 
force, and broke the gallery, befide bending the 
trumpet. 

Mr. Lunardi declared that he felt no anxiety 
during his flight, and that the only ground for 
apprehenfion,wouldhavebeen a thunder-cloud. 
He further obferved that he felt not the leaft 
fatigue, more than what was occafioned by the 
labour he had undergone inj preparing the bal- 
loon, for feveral days before the morning of bis 
embarkation. 

Mr. Sheldon, who followed Mr. Lunardi 
from London, on a fine hunter, changed his 
horfe three times, and kept fo well up with 
him, as to be enabled to dine in his company at 
Ware. 



Chemical Process of filling the Aerosta- 
tic Machine. 

It may be pleafing, and at this time not un- 
interefting, to perfons unacquainted with the 
principles of chemiftry, to be informed of the 
method employed for obtaining inflammable 
air ; and even to thofe acquainted with chemi- 
cal procefles, it muft be acceptable to have ex- 
plained the application of the apparatus ufed in 
filling the balloon of M. Lunardi. We may, 
we think, without impropriety, exprefs our- 
felves, on a fuppofition that our Readers have 
feen the works ftill ftanding in the Artillery 
-Ground. 



In two large calKs on the ground, the zink, 
a femi- metal, was depofited, and, we are 
informed, fome fteel filings. In two backs or 
cifterns, erefted high, the vitriolic acid and 
water were mixed, the water was conveyed 
into them by an engine; from thefe backs the 
mixture of acid and water was conveyed by 
tubes into the large cafks ; in thefe, on the ap- 
plication of the acid to the -/.ink, an effervefcence 
took place, and the inflammable air, the ob- 
jea of the procefs, v/as extricated from the 
zink. From each calk a tube proceeded, which 
conveyed the air to a tub elevated between 
the backs; at the bottom of this tub, im- 
mediately above the parts where the tubes en- 

j tered, a valve was placed, which opened up- 
wards by the impulie of the inflammable air ; 
this valve was kept down by the weight of the 
Buid in the tub ; this fluid was water impreg- 
nated with an alkali. The inflammable air 
tranfmitted through this alkaline fluid, was- 
corrected of any acid, and volatilized and ele- 

' vated in the procefs ; it was then conveyed into 
the balloon by a tube proceeding from the up- 
per extremity of the calk. When an addition 
of the mixture of acid and water was made to 
the -zink in the large caft:s, it was neceflary to 
difcharge the fluid already in them; this was 
carefully preterved by the afliftance of traughs 
lined with lead ; for it is neceffary to remark,; 
that the combination of viti-iolic acid and zink, 
when cryftallized, conltitutcs- a .valuable^drugi 
called white Yitviol. 



W 



A Ell I A L EXCURSION, 

Colkiled from //&.? C6 k v h R s a t i o r? of Mr, 
Li; NARDi. 

We feize the earlieft opportunity in our 
power, of laying before'the public fome pafti- 
lars refpedling Mr. ZarW/'s Tour,— which will 
be found todiHer'from tke accounts given in moft 
of the other prints ; but, as they are of an 
aiithu-.tic nature, they claim the credit of our 
numerous readers ; who will find in the pubfi- 
catiqn ofhis Narrative, which is now preparing,^ 
a coniirmition of the fads herein-mentioned, 
Wheft the Balloon tirft afcended, he w-is en- 
abled by the gradual progrefs it made, to tak,e a 
diiVmd furvey of the vaft multitudes who were 
contemplating his fligiit ; particularly the croud 
in Moorlields ; their faces which were direited 
towards him, prefenting the moft unco ;;mon 
appearance. At this moment it ftruck him that 
if he threw \i\% f.ag amongft them, it would oc- 
cafion fome diverfion;-^he therefore waved it, as 
a farewell falute, and dropped it from his hand. 
— His oar fell prefently after; which, accident, 
for a time, embarralTed him, but ftill the bal- 
loon held on its courfe with a fteady motion. — 
\'yhile he remained over the city, the acclama- 
tions of the populace came (o his car-, foftened 
by the diftance, into a moft pleafing rnurmur.' — 
He was enabled by one effort of the fight, to be- 
hold each extremity of London ; it v/as literally 
a ùird'stye view of this vaft metropolis. Its fu 
pcib edifices, fquares, the Thames, and the 
fhipping on it, were cbjeâs that eniiched the; 
icene. As this irt ignjficent fpeaàcU di mini Hied,, 
he call his eye towards his compafs, and was* 
furprifed to find his courfe altered from à 

ivefern, to due ncnhi, however he. did 

not think it neceflary to change the direction, — 
not having fixed upoo any particular fpot of de- 
Itination. He now looked at his barometer, and 
found he was at a confiderable height, and that 
the balloon went with great celerity, — ihe fcene 
below continually varying, fome obj-eias with- 
drawing, and others prefenting themlblves. — He 
was enabled, when at an altitude of full four 
miles, to dirtinguifh co>-nfiddsixom pajiure-lànds, ^ 
(o clear was the vifion. The balloon defcended 
fo low near Barnet, that he Ipoke with fome per- 
fons ; as it rufe again, he extended his fight to 
the horizon round, and :beheld the ea,fch, a fuf- 
pended globe in immerfity of fpace. Recover- 
ing from the_ re-osrie this magnificent obje£l: 
occafioned, he thought of his terreftrial friends, 
and being in a itate of the, utmoft cornpo'fure, 
wrote fix letters to his ajjeciaies on ear-ih, fbnie 
of which he committed to the winds, and fuch 
was their fate, that they have all, fave onCi been 
finxe heard of. Thofe that he retained, were 
delivered to fome of the guefts of the hpfpi- 
table Mr. Baker. ' .; 

Many of the accounts in other prints, have 
been very erroneous in ftating that his cloaths 
were covered vviih ice, v.'hen he came dov^-n ; 
and that his wine was twice frozen.— The Mer- 
cury did not, at any one time approach the 
freesing point ; nor did hs experience any great- 
"Sr degree of cold, than being induced barely to 
button his coat, WhjLe he was proceeding on 
his way, he felt himfelf dry, and prepared to 
•drink to the health ùîthç'nMaJefiies, ths King 
'~^' NapUs, the Prince of Wales, the Prince 
of Caramanico, the People of England, and ferae 
particular frien.ds ; but found himfelf without ,a ' 
corkficre^ij : in rkis predicament he determined , 
on breaking ofr the neck of hii bottle, whick he 
effeded with the utmoft eafe ; and applied 
the neck to the following experiment.—— — 
He eftimated by his barometer, that he was full 
four miks in height, and throwing the neck td~ - 
wards the earth, found by means of his fiop.^ 
nvatch, it wks four minutes and a ha fin falling ; 
— he was enabled, by reafon of its glittering in 
the fun, to fee it diftindly till it ftruck the-' 
ground. 

The appearance which the machine had, to 
m.any fpetlators, of its b.ing violently agitat- 
ed, muft have been occafioned by the interven- 
ing »«^^/«;«, as Mr. Lunardi did not feel the 
leaft unpleafing motion during his voyage. — 
His courfe varied at times to the Eaftward and 
Weftwardof the North, but never more than 
one point. The azHre canopy over him appear- 
ed ferene and beautiful ; and the beams of the 
fun, — playing upon clouds that every inftant 
varied their for.ii and colour, produced the moft 
fubiime fenfations. He was proceeding on 
his v/ay, whfn he was fuddenly furpri- 
zed at an appearance which, for a time, he 
imagined was the fea, but recollefting the courfe 
he had taken, he difcovered they were clouds ; 
— ragitated and rolling over one another, like 
the waves of the ocean. — He made a defcent to- 
wfrds them, and as they broke beneath him, the 
£aj-th again exhibited towns, villas, rivers and 
fiejds in the moft pleafing diverfity. 



The relation of his leaving his little cat m 
charge of a woman is true ;— and, that on his 
final defcent he was affiftcd by agir!, to whoih he 
gave half a guinea. 

Mr. Lunardi declared that he felt no anxiety 
during his flight, and that the only ground for 
apprehenfion, would have been a thunder- cloud 
He further obferved .that he feltnot the leaft fa^ 
tigue, more than what was occafioned by the la- 
bor he had undergone in preparing ihe balloon, 
for feveral days before the morning of his em^ 
barkation. 

Mr. Sheldon, who followed Mr. Lunardi 
from London, on a fine hunter, changed his 
horfa three times, and kept fo well up with him, 
as to be enabled to dine in his company at 
Ware. 

'"■■i><miiii"n.i 

One of the country fellsws who came round 
Mr. Lunardi when he alighted, told him, the 
balloon appeared fo dark that he took it for a 
fire-ball r 

Mr: Sheldon gave a dinner at the London Ta- 
vern on Saturday laft, at which Mr. .Blanchard 
was prefent. Mr. Lunardi was invited, but 
cpuld not attend. 



An Englilh lady of fpirit, beauty, and family, of 
the name of Litchfield, has exprefl'ed a defire to take a 
tour in a balloon, and it is faid will certainly carry her 
purpofe into execution. 

Mr. Lunardi was yefterday entertained by the She- 
riffs of London, nt tlie Sdfions-houfe in the Old- 
Bailey, and was received and treated with the greatefi 
marks of refpe61 by the Judges, and other diftinguifhed 
perfons who were prefent at dinner, they all feeming to 
vie with one another in fliewing him marks of civi- 
ity, and promoting with liberality the fuccefs of his 
fubfcription. ^>/. j-J-.^S^ 

The few following particulars, refpefting the late 
aerial excurfion, are collefled from the converlation 
of Mr. Lunardi, who is preparing a narrative on the 
fubjeft for publick infpcfSfion : — He was enabled by 
one effort of the fight to behold each extremity of this 
vaft metropolis, which he defcribes as a Ipeftacle of un- 
common graudcur. When he remained over the city 
the acclamations of the multitude came to his ear, fof- 
tened by the diftance into a moft pleafing murmur. 
At an altitude of four miles he could diftinguifli corn- 
fields from pafture-land, fo clear \^as the vifion. He 
was fo compofed that he wrote ^\^ letters to his friends 
on earth, fome of which he commitred to the winds, 
and fuch was iheir fate, that they have all, fave one, 
been fince heard of, Thofe lie retained were delivered 
to fome of the guefts of the hofpitable Mr. Baker. — 
The report of ice being on his clothes is erroneous ; 
the mercury did not at any one time approach the 
freezing point ; nor did he experience any greater de- 
gree of cold, than being induced barely to button hi» 
coat. Being dry, he prepared to drink to the health of 
their Majefties, the King of Naples, the Prince of 
Wales, the Prince of Caramanico, the People of Eng- 
land, and fome particular friends, but found himfeif 
without a cork-fcrew ; in this predicament his rcfource 
was to break off the neck of the bottle, which he did 
with the utmoft eafe, and applied the neck to the fol- 
lowing experiment : he eftimated by his barometer that 
he was full four miles in height, and throwing the 
neck towards the earth, found, by his ftop-watch, it 
was four minutes and a half in filling— he was enabled 
by its glittering in the fun to fee it diflin6\ly till it 
ftruck the ground. 

The appearance which the machine had, to many 
fpeaatprs, of being violehtTy^agTtateT, muft"Iiavc 
beerl occafioned by the intervening medium, as Mr. 
Lunardi did not feel the leaft unpleafing motion duriiig- 
his voyage. , His courfe varied ,at times to, the Eaftward 
and Weftward of the North, but never more thatl one 
point. The azure canopy over him appeared ferenë 
and beautiful ; and the beams of the fun playing upon 
clouds that every inftant varied their form and colour, 
f)roduced the moft fublime fenfations. He was pro- 
ceeding prt his way, when he was fuddenly furprifed 
at an appearance whjch, for a tiitie, he imagined was 
the fea, but i'ecoHe6ting the courfe ,he had taken, he 
difcovered they were clouds, agitated and rolling over 
one another like the waves of the occai: ; he made a 
defcent towards them, and as they broke beneath him, 
the earth again exhibited towns, villages, rivers, and 
fields, in the moft pleafing diverfity. 

Mr. Lunardi declared that he felt ho anxiety during 
his flight, and that the only ground for apprehenfion 
would have been a thunder-Cloud. He felt no more 
fatigue than what was occafioned by the labour he bad 
undergone in preparing die balloon, for feveral days 
before the morning of his Giiibarkation. 

The relation of his leaving his little cat in charge with 
a woman is true; and on his final defcent he was af- 
fifted by a girl, to whom he ga.ve half-a-guinea. 



J 



\ 



i 



\ 



THE EMTERPllZING LllNAIBfs GIAND AIR BALLOON., 



W-^ '" 




Mu ujonah-ful JicLdcn,^ rcuM to LiJa^x-n^ kirdt cr(mar tUi^dtr^ contuui^d ^a£j irr^fL ^r^l^^i^, 













, t'S&S^^^^^^^^^ite "'^ 








'.f^^^^^^H 


^ 






,^ii|i.' " '^^H 


^H 


k;^ 


-V 


^^^f' ' <'^' . '" ^-"r '"'^'^^^^^^^^^s 


^^^^^^^^ 


^^M ', 


^4 


ll^l^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


^^^H 


^S\ 


'^>^ 


^fpf'' '^^^^Kkm^^^^I'Sw î^' '■'"^■S.î*' 


,1/i.^^^^^ffî 


^^^^i *' 


M 


^^^^^^i 


'^H 


^^a- 


<^'ïO 


t^P" -'- ^ 


-j^^^p 


^^^^K\ 


/^Pi ■ 


J^fcwt 


-4^^^^ 


^^^^^.^ 


^0L 


^w^ 


;^^^» 


^^^^m\ 


'^^^^^ 


*.. ^^^K 


A^^S 


^^^^^'" 


^^^Ê 


^•S 


■"^^^ 


^^^^S 1 


.m 


■ 


m 


Wm 










^^B 


1^' ':*^H 


^^^H 


^^^Kki 


■ 


L 1 


1 


¥ 




"^^^^^K^ 4^jjl 


HBg^^pP^, 






* '^^^^^B^JS^saKfMfô " ''^S 


BBMf^^ t 


\ 




'""'•iJ'I^WB^ ,jj 


^^c^'' 






■■*£!^^Mi^^y2- 


-- ',v" 




Il Ti 

■:; 1 


jr VI ^1 (( l'i^T^7iO 1 ,1 'T1 >T nn'T ][ TTC :(CHESE, , 




« 11*11 t"_-Vt-J d U 






> 


Mciî" ■ 








î^'^^/zofn/i'/ fûf/. 








AiTicrc real 








JVTxsu. 




Nfxxxii. 







This Day nu a s puUiJhed, Price 6d. 

THE T O W N and COUNTRY 
MAGAZINE, 
For NOVEMBER, 1784- 

Embellithed with the following engravings : I. A 
beautifui Portrait of the engaging Mrs. R — fs. %. 
A ftrong Lii^enefs of the "ZimrTRvêlIên And, 
3. An elegant hiibrical PÎJHTre of Three Days, after 
Marriage. 

Containing, among a variety of original and inte- 
retting articles. Mathematical Quelbons and-An- 
Iwers; liidories of the Tête-à-T ête annexed^jK 
m emoi_r_sj)rthe AcmTTrayeller ânO^^^ Cngig! ing_ 
M i-g. R — fs ;' "tïïe' (!olee-]roufe ; the Theatre ; ac- 
coiint of new books and pamphlets; the Man of 
Pleafure; fketch of a certain foreign Adventurer;, 
the Delineator; the Obferver ; Poetry; Foreign Oc- 
currences ; Domeltic Intelligence ; State of Eu- 
rope, à.c. 

Printed for A. Hamilton, juti, oppofite St. Dun- 
ftan's Church, Fleet-ftreet; and fold by G. Robin- 
fon, No aj, Piter-no Iter-row. 

Of whom may be had, 
The fifteen volumes, half bound, jprice 7s. 6d. 
«acb, or any fingle Number, price 6d. 




^^' 




LE GLOBE EIJLEVB ^' E^ MUETTE . 



.^'tncrJUr' 31 y^ov^fire lySS.att C^a^mt Je la Jfuettc.cm a pro c Aie a une /iccDeri-ncf ./^ /, m^^/,-rr,^ ^^ a ^ ~ 



^dec/rtrra-e^ , donz wie de phi f de ^œ pteff,<- de l<'njne,cr . La /flnc/nhe.rcn>ie,ice .ry le.<-trad.e.a^ 
j-.'on. la vu j'e/ever de la ma/n'ere la plu j- mca'eu-tiieru^.et l^j'^i»^.^^ 

-, -^ /-- - ^m/yecAer d'éprouver aler.r ttrt d-entùrient^ me'le^de cramte eu 'i^'^^'^^ff',,//. 

-iJ^'Crne-a, vjuni/e au nunmf a trot'^ rmïïe pi'ed^ de /imiteitr . ou ell^ «■^t^^^^^,Jf/'JZ 
tel. ilej- iTwaàdej- , elle a e'te a rinr/v^ ^'J^^ ,„,^ d^ /^«« Parilf . Le^ f^a^ettro- ctaiujaui: 



c^„,., ^ ^c„opcu„ui^,azi^-deZci du neu3>emù leulevard.Tnlf-ii-ry/r/r^^"'/' "*% "%"^*'^f^ -^, ^^tz^ ''<7"^Z^z<^ leur rm 

k^,J^a^,a.^ de.d-a^ f'<rnS,J,e^.le.LeraJ^,'7:.VJ:ZX^Jd::Z^■..^; '^ ""--' <^^''^^^^Vlf ^uf^É' &^,% ^Z^^^^tt^^^l^^^^ " '"'^ ^"''" """'"' '"^''" 



t-i-OÀice 
^ontte 



dicc o-ep-t centic ttvre^f / , „ ■ • Prnji- 
de Ktiuireinl . d'Ifurutud , Bci/armn ^rm- 




///?J^xactReprefeiitatLOXL ^MLimardis GiandJVir Balloon ,&^z^^_-^ 






/ 



a 



<.A0*-y^ 



Si-^. 






fau*>. 



^^éut*^ 



SL^ •/fe^ 



J 

JZ, ^^ ^^.uJ^ /^/^ /).M.^^^ 

Iê 

r 

^^^ ^^^ >^^ €^^<^ /a^ *=^**- g»^^t^é^. y^ ^ xul ^hi^^-K^ 



A 



/ 



^'i^ ^ 



V ^ ^ A^-^i ^^ P^^ f -*- r^<^ 



<«0. 



'^ /<^ y^ ^^^*^ -^^"^ ^:*^«**** ^ ji*<^ c^A^Ji 

^9 ^/-— ^ xf...^ii^ A^.à.^/Je'^. 







SIXTEENTH NIGHT of sUËSGRÎPfîOM. 
Theatre-Royal, Richmcîïd-Green,^ 

This prefent MONDAY, July ii, 178^ 

Will (b y Defire) be prefented ( for the fécond Time) a Comic Ôœr. '^ 

The D U E N N A. 



Ferdinand 
Ifaac by 

Don Jerome 
Antonio 
Father Paul by 
Lopez . by 
Servants by 
And Carlos 



by 
Mr. 
by 
by 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Mr. PAL M E R, 
W E W Ï T Z E R, 
Mr. F E A R O N, 
Mr. DAVIE S, 
P H I L L r M O R Ei 
W I L L I A M E S, 
Meir. SHADE, PER KINS, &G. 
by Mrs. WATTS, 




Louifa by Mrs. P A L M E R^ 

Duenna by Mifs WILLI S^ 

And Clara (fécond Time) by Mifs MARIA PALMER^ 

( From the Theatre-Royal, Dublin, ) > 
^ To which will be added ( aded here but Twice ) a NEW 

PANTOMIME, 

CALL'D THE ' 

POWERS of MAGIC- 

O R, 
9 




.With the ASCENSION of a R E A L 

AIR BALLOON. 



Harlequin 
Pantaloon by 

Clown by 

Principal Singing Witch 



Lover 



by Mr. P 

Mr. D A 

Mr. W E W I 

by Mr. P 



I T T, 
VIES, 
T Z E R, 
A L M E 



R, 



Mr. PHILLIMORE, Blue-ikin (the Butcher) Mr. SHADE. 
Spright by Mrs. B O L T O N^ 

And Colombine by Mrs. W A T T S, , 

To conclude with a Country Dance by the Cl^araé^-rs. 

BOXES 4s. PIT 28. GALLERY is. 

The Doors to be opened at Six and begin precifely at Seven o'Clock, Vivant Rex isf Reglnài 

Places for the Boxes to be taken of Mr* ROGERSON, at the Stage Door of the THeatr** 



^ 



IB L A NC H A R D*s ASCENSION 
IN H .0 L L A N D . • 

Hagutsl-^thof July^ •785- ■ 
"■ Ycferi '.y «t a few r:!:':iUies bef-Te five 
:>'clcck in ■ lie afternoon-, Mr. B.'rir.b rd, rucend- 
;d with hi.5 new balloon, accornp-fui d by the 

I' Marquis âe Breuilpont, Captain of ihe French 
Hragoons, (who vient from London with Mr. 
Bljiciiard to H..-!]-nci)- antf Mr. d'Horindiiien, 
Capiain in thej g.ion of the Conîte de Maiile- 
iois-; the machine arofe with great rnaj-'lîy, and 
che wind being N. W. and ne^rfy calm, afforded 
the fp?dators a b?au'ifu! fight for a long time. 
. "Tlie St'.d'.hokier and his whole Cr :i.t were 
prtfen», as well as the French Arnbaiï'.*sor and 
our new Dutch French Gtx\zr A Le ^o.nte de 
Mai!!;bois, and a vaft, nvrmber of the r:obiiity, 
wi'o'teilifi d their »pprob.icioB at theinSaiion of 
t?te aè'roilar.vwhich ahjityugh fo"v?:.ry l^rge, vvjs 
completely filled in lefg tiiin t,vo hours. 
^ -'-' As tl is was the firii ^f^ar/i? ill aeroftatica 
in thiî irountry, it dr^vv an ini nenfe concourfe 
of people, indeed mote than wag cy.'.r collected 
together fit any particular tia^e in the memory 
of the oldfd man ; who teilified their wonder 

iand admiration at this new and briliiaat experi- 
ment.** 



\ L À N C H A R D's^ A S e E K'TTO N;: 

Fro7n the Hague,. 
We are under the neceffity of cbntradi^fting the. 
article in our paper cf Monday lalî:;, which af- - 
ferted that Mr. Blanchard afcended from the 
Hague at five on the preceding Fuefday, ac- 
companied by two foreign geatlemen. The 
miitake arofe from the following circuir.- 
ftance — t'ne Hague Gazette (from which it 
was copied) was printed cfF previous to the; 
hour of Mr. Blanchard's departure, and froral 
the fize of the faalloan, nodoubtwas enter-- 
tained of the event, unfortunately, however, 
it was found unequal to the burden of ihr«e. 
pafTengers. The following we have received; 
as an authentic account of his a/cent, the 
other particulars were as ftated in the Herald 
ofWednefday. 

Hague, July 13. 
About three" o'clock y éflerday afternoon, tVlr. 
Blanchard began the procefs of filling his bal- 
loon. The apparatus confifted of twenty-four 
cafks, communicated by means of tin tubes, 
with two large tubs or recipients, and the mate- 
rials ufed for the produftion of the inflammable 
air were vitriolic acid^ and zinc. It had been 
previoufly calculated that two hours would be 
fufficient to fill the areoflat, but from the bad 
conftruftion cf their tubes, and their being very 
ill foldered, the inflation took up a much 
longer, time. When it was about two thirds 
full, Mr. Blanchard perceiving the approach of 
evcDing, refolved to depart with one companion 
only. Thedrawingof lots was fixed upo . by 
the PR.iNCEa.,d Princess of Oe ange, and 
iht French Ambaffador, as the mo ft équitable 
mode of determination, to this M . de Breilpont 
«nd.vi. Honinchtun (he r val candidat- a) con 
J^K , and the latter bee me the favouiite of 
fortu.ie. He immediately etitered the.gondoh, 
a d a half after feven was launched with his 
AT !i ^^ companion, the one w^.ving the iiag of 
'A/i'/Ai.^. the other the colours of the Legion de 
"■Laii.ehûis, of which neis an otiicer. 



By advicci from Holland we hear, that Mr. 
Blanchard defcended ^t a village called Zeven- 
huit, two leagues from Rotterdam, in a meadow 
at a dift.nce from any honfe ; that the couht'rv 
people, armed wi.h ftakes and piich-forks had 
in a moll violent manner feized upon the car and 
broken it to pieces, and (lolen the materials of 
which it was made, which they diviied among 
themfelves in fpiie of the endeavours of the 
Aeronauts to prevent them. Not content with 
this, the farmer in vvhofe meadow they alighted, 
had the infolence to demand 10 ducats for da- 
mages fuppofed 10 have been done- to his 
ground. Mr. Blanchard, however fead fuffi- 
■«ien'trpl-efenGeof nvind to tell hitij t%at he had 
«ot fo much about him, bu€ offered to give 
tiim a note payable next day at the Hague. 
This the farmer accepted, after repeatedly 
thjefttening" to demolifh' the balloon. It was 
then put in a boat with the fragments of the 
car, and in t^vo hours the travellers arrived at 
Rotierdara, from whence they returned next 
day to tbe Hague, and waited on the Prince 
"Stadtholder, who kept,thera to dinner. Tlie 
farmer has not yet been to demand the payment 
©f his ttote. 

The promifory note, delivered by Mr. Blan- 
chard to the greedy Dutch Cannibal, -who did 
not underfUnd French, was worded as fol- 
lows s 

" I hereby certify, that I .totîk ground at 
nine o'clock in the evening, in a lonefome mea- 
dow, belonging to a man who has fuiFered no 
înanncr of inconvenience by my defccnt ; and 
who, neverthelefs, has had the mcanneft to in- 
fift upon my engaging to give him ten ducats, 
pfter he had been aiïïlUng in deftroyiag my car 
ynd globe." 

(Signed) Blanchard. 

July X2, 1785. ' 

Our Rotterdam correfpondent further hys, 
that upon hearing of the extortionary de- ; 

mands alluded to, Blanchard exclaimed, i 

** What unconfcionable rafcals are thefe Myn- j 
Ibeeren ! — It is true I got little, fau; I paid j 
jaoihingi" j 



\fi^-Hx. 2L5^. To the PUB X~I C. /YcOS; 

MR. BLANCHARD'S fudden departure 
irom i,o;idon was o.ving to iinfotff<en circu.aftj' c;^, 
\vh(ch, hefirs ic is lo .g, wlii be hil!y explained to -be world, 
ann (hew that gent.'ïirun's comiu'ïl in ils pn^pcr light j till 
the.'i, the public arcu-cjii.fted n.x to iKlen to the private i.j- 
linuations oljavidious and ciJigniBg perf m:s, who may re 
joke at Mj;. Biancijard's mi>rortune ; but their enj- y ment 
wili be of a ftortdur.tti*!), Mr. iJlancfiaid h(.!pcs to co^-vince 
ioon his f,isnds_t:)at h.-- is wo; tHy of their eil-em, aad iiis, 
mc^tv 5, t'- rg' nc i- nS ,v • ill-; .iMcici<s nf envy and mslev.lenc' 



//sr 

Hague, July 4. The few people who haVe 
already feen Mr. Blanchard'? balloon, whjch is 
exhibited in the Grand Saloon of- the Old 
Court, admire it very much in every rciped ; 
and we do not doubt but this GenMetnai; will, 
if the fubfcriptions for the necellary txpeiivres 
fill, fulfil his engagetnents with tlie Public, 
and make -an aerial voyage from this place, we 
hope with the fame liiccefs of ihofe he has al- 
ready taken from other coiintnes. Immediately 
after his intended journey, Mr. Blanchard w;ill 
go to Frauckfort on the Main-, where a- fub- 
fcription is already'operied, and half fiHed.'in 
his favour. • - .■ 



The uninformed, people of Holland, imagine 
that Blanchard's balloon, was nothing more 
than a prodigious large bladder, filled with an 
infuiion of quickfilver, on the principle of a 
fchool-boy's tricks with adumplin. 

The treatment poor Blanchard has received in 
Holland, is fufficient indeed to make him ex 
claim, *' ^that he found himfe'f in the £«w 
Countries 1" -^t-^-j- //^^^ 



Lxtrad of a Letter from the'H agite, Aug. 2.. 
" Mr. Blanchard afcended on the 30th of lad 
month from Rotterdam, in the fame^balloon in 
which he crofTed the Channel, at half an hour 
after fix o'clock in the afternoon, and defcended 
at Yfielftein, near Utrecht, at nine o'clock 
cx.iflly, where the reception he met with over- 
balanced the rough trcatinent he experienced 
at Zevenhuifen. Mr. Blanchard, fays this was 
the molt dangerous aerial voyage he 'ever took, 
as he was met by a ftrnng whirlwind, and palTcd 
throtîgh feveral thunderclouds, and wag at one 
tiiîtc, as nearly as he could calculate, 16,000 
feet high." ' 



' The penfant at Zevenhuyfcn, againft whom I 
an aiSioH had beert brought, for damages done . 
to Mr» Blanchard's balloon, io his defence, 
proved that he «nderftood Logic better than 
Aerostation . Ke thus addrefled hir,, Judges ; 
" ..Gtntlemen, it is an eftahlifiied point in 'iiw, 
that whatever falls^Jrom the cluuda be^ouiea 
the properly of the owner ortlieTand on whicF 
it falls: 

" Mr. Blanchard and his balloon fell in my 
field. ' 

" Ergo, Mr. Blanchard and his balloon both 
1 became my property, which I permitted him 
to re-purchafe for ten ducats, to which I am 
julflv entitled." 

This curious fyllogifm. which appeared irre- 
fragable, diverted the Court exceedingly; and 
Mr. Blanchard was one of the firfl to join in 
the laugh. ^^- //. f/Sr" 



ysr^ _ Li sTiTAuG. iSTMr. HahcTii7dT,idTTr'c^iiïïi^ 
mon, after avarjous courfe, occaHoned by the different 
currents of air which they encountered in their eleva 
tion, were carried full 189 Engbfh miles from the 
place of their departure, and defcended at a village in 
the province of Clermont. Having placed their^bal- 
loon in fecuriiy, on the fourth day after their departure 
a courier arrived here to announce their approach 

FnnceR d. (patched a meffenger to defire they 

would retard their arrival an hour, in which time the fix 
regiments were drawn out, who, on their entering the 
City, faluted the intrepid aeronauts with military ho- 
, nours. The aerial voyagers were then carried to the 
rnnce s chateau; where they received everv refrediment 
and in the evening he accompanied .hem to (he theatre' | 
Blanchard was placed on his right fide, and the Cheva- j 
lier on his left, and a fong compofed to their honour 
was lung by one of the aftors, who placed a laurel 
crown on the bead of each. The whole audience Coined 
in the chorus, and tefiified every emotion of admiration 
1 he evening concluded at the Prinrc's. where every per- 
fonof rank was invited, and the higheft fellivity pre- 
vailed— The voyage was performed in lefs than 7 hours 



Mr. Blanchard, in a lettéi- from Lille, gives 
an account of his kil dangefoûs voyage, He was 
elevated, he fays, 32,000 feet from the earth, 
and he refifted the rarity ©f this atmofphere for 
three- minutes. In this defperate fituatiou he tore, 
his -balloon open, and. defcended with extreme 
j-apidicy— the globe anfwering no -other pufppfe 
' than tjiat of a parachute. ^tc.. />yf ; 



Farticuhrs of the dremony ohfm^ed at te In. 
augufation of the Column ered^d in the Jo^ 
AoJGmfU to,fe Honour cj Mr. Elan. 
dard. fyfà 

ON the 7tli-6f January, at three o clock, 
P. M. the Magiara.es of the town ot Cji..^ 
„cs, ^vilh M. dc Gu,l.l...n de B-'f t. 
Mayor and Sindic of the NobUde o ,l,c 
d.ftr.a of C3la,s, ■p.ocee<1cd to the Colua>.n 
which had been ctc&cà io the Kuig s forUl,^ 
^vhe>e they found M. Blanchard, accompa- 
nied by the Vifcotint Delandroudin, Cham- 
bcrlau/to the Emf.ror and Kn^^ht ol Mai- 
ta, as aîfo by M. de Follye, Knight of St = 
Louis andl Captain Commandant in thé 
regiment of Poitou. 

M.- de Launay, King's attorney, for the 
inunicipal body, then addrcffed M. Blan- 
chard in the following terms : 

" We are proud of the honour, Sir, of 
having you here at the hrhs day and hour 
on which you alighted laft year; but the 
fight of this Cofumn, and the infcnption^ 
given for it by the Academy, forbid all 
compliment. This monumeiVt, and the aSt 
of its inauguration, which we are now go- 
ihp- to fign jointly with you, Sir, will fopply 
its'^place. Both will laft to the rnoft remote 
polferity. Both will immortalize the me- 
mory of the firft Aeronaut who had the 
courage to crofs the feas, and both will bear 
witncfs to the juft admiration, with which 
we regard an event that will forrn the moft 
glorious epocha in this century." 

M. 15lanchard's reply was as follows : 

" Gentlemen, 
" This Column, the valuable hint of your 
love for the Arts, the infcription with which 
it has been honoured by the Academy, fay 
every thing for youj Gentlemen, and fay 
much more than I have dcferved ; bût bow 
fhall I acquit my fell ? what terms fliall I ufe 
to exprefs rry admiration of and gratitude 
for a treatment equally noble and gtnerous ? 
Silence and refpeSl, Gentlemen, mufl be my 
only reply." 

The Clerk then read the Aft of Inaugura* 
tion, and received the fignatures ; after 
which the company returned to Guifncs,' 
where -the Mayor and Efchcvins had caufed 
a very magnificent entertainment to be pro- 
vided ; after which there was a ball; the 
Nobleife and principal inhabitants, as well 
as a number of foreigners who had attended 
at the inauguration, were tharers of the fcf- 
tivity; Among others were two gentlemen 
who had accompanied M. Blanchard in his 
aerial voyages, viz. the Cheval:er L'Epinard, 
and M. d'Honiahun, an ofEccr in the legion 
of Maillebois. 

The onlv ornament of the hall was a por- 
trait of M. Blanchard, with a fide view of 
the Column, in a medallion pncircled by a' 
m)TiIe wreath, and furrounded by a crown 
of kurel, with this infcription, written by 
M. de Laplace, ciiizen of Calais : 
Autant que le Francois I' Anglohfat hitrepide. 
Tous les deuxont plané jvfqu' au plus haut des 

airs, 
Tousles deux, fans Navaire, ont traverse' les 

7ners, 
Mais la France a produit l'inventeur et k guide. 
Th' Ergblb and Frenchman have like cou- 
rage fhrwn ; 
Both through th' .aerial tracks fublimc have 

flown ; 
Without a iliip both crofs'd the dang'rous 

tide; 
But France produc'd the inventor and tb.s 
guide. 



._ - ^7^6 

The following account, given by M. Blan- 
chard, of the deftruftion of one of his balloons, 
with his reiieftions upon it, may not be un- 
pleafing to fome of our readers, at the fame 
time that it may ferve to reprefs the temerity of . 
thofe adventurers who raflily venture to foar to 
the ikies by ineans of fo dangerous a vehicle. 
It is dated at Bruflèls, May 27 ; and is as fol- 
lows. 

" This afternoon about 4 o'clock, as I was 
fitting at home at dinner, M. Leimpeas, Coun- 
fellor to his Royal Highnefs, rode up to my 
houfe full fpecd, to acquaint me that, as he 
was taking an airing on horfcback, on the ram- 
parts,_ attended by his fervant, he faw a coloffal 
machine afcend very rapidly from the garden of 
the Annonclaeks, till it gained the height of the 
jveathercock of the church-fteeple, wh'en it burft 
vvuh d report refembling a clap of thunder ; af- 
ter which It fell as rapidly. He hallened to- 

^^^V^' ^""^ ^'^^^'^^ " ^^'^^ °"^ °^™y aeroftates, 
and that It was torn in pieces, having been in- 
tangled m fome chimnies ; adding, that he had 
giren orders for difengaging it with all the care 
pollible • but he was afraid it was now un- 
lernceable. 

''On this information I hallened to the place, 
ana found my balloon rent in pieces. — What I 
apprchcfid to have been the caufe of this dif- 
aiier, I ihall briefly lay down. 
I u-*'r'^^^'^ balloon, which contained 14,142 cu- 
DXC teet, had been three days in the garden of 
tne Annonciades, and was filledwith atmofpheric 
Ml ; confequently liable to. be dilated or con- 
dtnled, according to the variations of the at- 



Balloon flying is forbid in the Emperor's do- 
minions and in Ptullia ; the wife foleph, and the 
caatious William, have forbid Blanchard to hunt 
any of their wild geefe; or fct their fubjeds 
an example" fo much at defiance with German 
•gravity. ^ ^<^/ . .-..^.. ,._ 

_ _ ^ 1 

^^''fP^'^'\'^^\ workmen, who were bufy iii 
gmng If the; _^ coat, were ftriâly charged to 
hlU.r emptv ic according to thefe variations. 

1 had ïo:-cleenthat morning, that the heat 
would be exccliive. and the variations mi.-ht be 
ludden, as a.number of .hefe clouds w^rz com- 
ing from the ea/?. ^ had therefore caufrd the 
fucker to be opened, and emptied the balloon of 
about one four, h of its air- For more fecurlty, 
,1 had caufed it to be tied <iown by an additional 
number of ropes. But all thefe precautions 
werefruulefs. - The heat fuddenly^incSd: 
1 he balloon was diflended in an inflant. There 
was no time to open any vent ; the ropes were 
broken ; even the iron bolts, which were fixed 
,in the wall, vvere torn away. The'workmen 
caught hold ofthe balloon, thinking to flop it 
but findmg themfelves lifted from the ground, 
prudently let it go. A fudden guft of wind 
railed it to a prodigious height, where it would 
probably have remained a confiderable time ■ 
but having turned on its axis, the internal heat 
acted at once upon every point of the fpherical 
covering, and this total diilenlion necefTarily 
produced the explofion. Even the tape with 
which I had guarded the feams was burft, as 
well as the cord of the equator, which was ©f 
confiderable thicknefs. 

_ •' Such arc the dreadful effefts ofthe fiUiden 
diftenfion of a balloon. It may carry an aeriai 
traveller to the moft prodigious height, and de- 
itroy him there, if he has not /kill or prefence 
01 mind to prevent it ; as a ludden condenfatioa 
may precipitate him to the earth. I therefore., 
tremble tor thofe who, without knowledge oi ' 
experience, ventiJi'e on a journey of this kind, 
and after having performed it onc&, pretend to 
make a fport of aeroftatiort. 

^' For my own part, the habit I am iti of 
travelling the aerial regions will always furnifl» 
me with means for avoiding fuch aceidents» to 
which, alTuredly, numbers -vill fall victims. — 
The dangers to which aeriai travellers may be 
expoled, with the means of guarding again-Ct, 
them, I intend t6 publifliin a collection of crates 
. on this fubieft. > ,. Blanchard." 

Blanchard performed his 17th aerial excurfion 
on the 18th ult. from Douay. This afccnfion was 
the noblefl light the inhabitants of Flanders ever 
beheld. He" mounted with the greateft intr'epi- 
dity, and was followed by the eyes of the multi- 
tude for Iralf an hour. This ^'uyage, from the 
violence of the wind, may be confidered as the 
moft perilous expeiiment which this wonderful 
aeronaut ever made. He went 96 miles in the 
fame number of minutes, and defcended at I'Etoife, 
a village va Picardy. M. De'eloge, t!ie Lord' of 
the,Manor, received him with every mark of dif- 
tintftion. Jf^t^ ZJ. Jy'S-/ ; 



M. Blanchard made a fé cond aeroflatic experi- 
ment the 25dult. at BrufTellsTat half after twelve^ 
notwitiiflanding a heavy rain, and ilormy weather. 
He went only about a league fro.ii the town, and 
in all probability he .would have defjcnded in a 
field full of rye, had not fame -of the numeroi» 
company that followed him. took h«ld cjf the 
cords, and pulled the balloon in triumph to Bru f- 
fels again. He was Introduced to the Prince of 
Lig.ne, t0 whom he prefeated tjis plan ha had 
traced in the a!r. The next d.iy he fee ';ut for 
Hamburgh, whither he had been f jjicaed l<i go 
by the moil fiatt ring invitations. 



I Bl anchard writes, that he has opened a fub- 
Tcription at Valenciennes for an aerial voyagé- 
the beginning of March. For the fake of pre- 
venting the dangerous inconveniencies attending 
the departure and the defcent of too large a 
I globe, he intends to fet out with five balloons, 
I four of 900 cubic feet, and the fifth ol 1350. 
j The latter will contain a foitpape, and a para- 
[ chute capable of fupporting four perfons. 



To the ED I T O R. 

,: 8 I R, 

ON the 18th oïttiîs month, at the Caftle of 
the city of Liege, I filled my Aerollat 
with inflammable air, lighter as lO to i than at- 
mofphetic air. I cxtraded this air from iron 
without the aid of any acid. Forty pounds of 
ballait and a fpeaking-trumpet were in my car, ^ 
and two men were appointed to hold the cords 
while I'Went to pay my refpeds to the Prince j 
de Liege, and to take leave of his Royal High- 
»çfs. — But unfortunately during this moment, 
,One of the- men by accident quitting his hold, 
the other fearing to be carried aloft, and having 
^fiO ambition for an excurfion in tlie air, aban- 
éQuiàn alio. The Aeroltat rofe in an iiiftant, 
ahd i-J two or three féconds was loft in the 
clouds. I difpatched fcveral couriers with the 
^ind, but they have all returned after a fruit-, 
^ké fcat-ch— a thing which d«es not furprize 
sne.t-for this, globe is the beft made of any; I 
cyéf had—all its parts areexaftly clofed, except 
tkelower, for the purpofe of being opened in 
cafe of dilatation. There is only one accident 
»*»at gives me hopes of its defcenfion, for unlcfs 
i; -btitfts by- rarêfaâirfft it may continue in the 
air for fix month?. It took its routt by the fo- 
j-efts- of Ardennes, where if it.defcends I may 
^prabably never hear of it.- — If by a change of 
.current., it fliould make its way, Sir, into En- 
gl^d^ I truft-.thpfe who find it.wil], throiig^ 
your annQunci,ng^he.faél, fend it to\lhè'Frîvy 
Council of the Prince af Liege. ' : 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

BLANCHARD. 

Liegcy Dec, 24.' /T(/^/ 

P. S, On the zyth, being the feftival of St. 
John, and the anniverfary feftival of the Free 
Mafons, I fliall make my /iu^A?/y-/«co«</ afcenfioD 
from iltie citadel with another Ballootj. [ 



àlAf^CKAWs 

Narrative of his last Aerostatick ■ 
Experiments. 

My ascent on the 26th of August, was frohi 
Strasburg, ivhen the weather was so dreadfully 
bad, that it was only to gratify the numerous 
spedators, that I could think of the enterprise. 
In this experiment, nothing occurred to me. new 
or interesting, except one phenomenon. When 
I had arrived at the height of about 2000 yards, 
I let go a dog attached to a parachute, vphich 
instead of descending gradually, was carried ra- 
pidly, by a kind of whirlwind, above the clouds. 
Soon afterwards, it began greatly to descend, 
when the animal, on passing by, recognized his 
master, by a piteous yelping. I then endea- 
voured to recover the parachute, when it was 
again carried aloft by another whirlwind, and 
for about six minutes I lost, sight of it, at the 
expiration of which time, I descried it with my 
telescope, when the dog appeared to be asleep. 
Beaten and driven about by the violence of dif- 
ferent currents of air, I resolved to descend on 
the other side of the Rhine. The parachute 
vibrated for some time, and did not reach the 
ground till about twelve minutes after the bal- 
loon had descended. 

My 27th ascension took place at Leipsic, on 
the 29th of September, in sight of a most bril- 
liant and numerous assembly. The weather was 
fine, and every thing favourable for the attempt. 
I moved through the whole town, within a small 
distance of the ground, attended by the greatest 
part of the speftators. After amusing them for 
a considerable time in this manner, I mounted 
in the air, and disappeared from their sight. I 
then returned, and descended in the town, and 
the following day tried another experiment. I 
discharged the gas into a smaller balloon, to 
which I attached a dog, and which I intended 
to risk to the experiment. It succeeded as I ex- 
peded, the balloon making an explosion below, 
and the dog being let down gently, without re- 
ceiving any hurt. 

On the 7th, being requested to repeat this 
experiment, I made dispositions for bursting 
the balloon above, and attached to it a para- 
chute, which carried two dogs. They mount- 
ed to such a height, that notwithstanding the 
clearness ofthe sky, the balloon was Ibst in the 
immense expanse. The best tellescopes became 
useless, and I judged that the animals would perish 
through cold. — They descended, however, about 
two hours after, safe and sound, in a town 
about three miles from Leipsic. I went yes- 
terday to claim them, and found them floating 
in the air, attached to the parachute. The 
officers who were in garrison, had several times 
let them down from the church steeple, in sight 
of all the inhabitants. — I also found the balloon 
at the Hotei-de-^'ille. From the most accurate 
observations that I could make, the utmost 
elevation of the balloon was about eight thou- 
sand four hundred yards. 

(Signed) Blanchard, 

Pensioner of the King. 



ExîraSî of a Letter from Nuremberg^ OH. ig, 
" A letter from Mr. Blanchard fays, " during 
'my laii afcenfion, on the 26th of Auguft, I was 
obliged to quit my balloon, twelve fept in dia- 
meter and eighteen in height, which took its 
diredion towards the Margrave of Baaden. I 
hoped to have had news of it in my journey to 
Leipzig; but having heard no tidings you will 
very much oblige me by taking a mem.orandum 
of the perfons who know where it has been found, 
and write to me of it at Nuremberg, or to M. 
deBurges, Commander of the Citadel at Straf- 
bourg, or, if you pleafe, at Vienna, where I fliall 
be in December. , 

" I am preparing to make ray twenty-eighth 
afcenfion. /v«^"^ 

' ^ «' SLANCHARD." 



BLANCHARD made h!s thirteenth experi- 
ment on the 5th of May, at Bafil. He af- 
cended, in the prefence of the Margrave of Ba- 
tlen, without the ufual boat, his wings or pa- 
rachute, owing to an opening of about fix inches 
towards the equatorial part of the balloon, 
■which prevented its being completely filled. 
All his efforts to raife the boat or bilket be- 
ing fruitlefs, he tied four of the ropes at the 
bottom of tlic aeroftat, and in that manner 
mounted the airy regions ; after an excur- 
fion of half an hour, he difcovered a defedl 
in the balionn, when pulling the valve (tring, 
the valve unluckily gave way, the inflara- ; 
mable air began to fly, and he was hurried 
down about two hundred fathoms with a 
violent rapidity. His feet received the firft 
impreffion, but by goo'd luck he received 
only afpram in one ancle. 



and a very brilham affemblv Pi ^ "^^ 

l^'«ontheocc3fion,tir'- ^'''"'^'^^'-'' r- 

' Nothing was neglected on my ,,arr r. 

anfwerthePnnce'sexpeaation/ind ° 

:: very fton time tlu.ebi;,,oons,;",L? 

■^ The Duke h.mfdf would fend one' ; 

the an-, wl.ch took the direflion w ft 
;;^'ward 1 adapted CO the fécond ,;7^ 
. menfe parachute, which I fixed to S; 
•«under pan of n.y boat, and letting nS 
^^-n>ftat be about ninety fee. abovl;: 
«' ci. \ "'^ ^''"Ss to the ma. 

^'■'l.'Oleil niViClr to mount." 
After manoeuvring for fome time in the 
ail-, hebegantodefuend. He foon got o er 
a w«od where a dead calm detained hmifor 
-3fhortL,me; but a imart fhake of h.s win" 
: made h=a. fiy over to a plain where a ,"^ 
lUimbcr of people on hoifcback tendVed 
-thetr arms to him j they took hold of his aa 
chor and by meatus of his extended win,!- 
and the parachute which opened itfelf at 1 
p.oper time, he touched Hie earth, Thev 
; theti towed him back exaftly to the place of 
his departure, where he was received with 
theloudeft applaufe. The Reigning Duke 
and h.S family gave him feveral prefents of 
watches, trinkets, &c. &c 



¥ 



^- 




^^- • ■ - -- - "^"^ "^"Hii è tiiii 



Extras ef a Letter from Mr. Blanchard, dated 
^* Bajle, in Switzerland, April ^^-^"^'^^ 
« Retired in a calHe near the gates of Bafle, I 
tave been many months making tvvo vvings, com, 
Sfed of whalebone, and covered wuh taffety. 
Sich are exaftly like thofe of birds ; and not- 
withftanding they cover a fpace of 90 feet, their 
nèhtaefs, jSined with the force I have borrowed 
from the powers of mechanifm, enables me to ufa 
chem fo eafily. th=t I cau mou«t mtj. the leaf 
motion, ^n Monday- the 5th of May X will 
make a public attempt m this cuy, at the Mar- 
orave of Baden's, ^nd mount rayfelf from the 
Court of the Palace. I (hall as my firft trial 
ta'-e my parachute with me, which a imall bal- 
loon, about 15 feet in diameter, will raife, and 
ke»p ready to fpread when wanted. 1 may, 
nerhips have a fécond of the fame fize for other 
ejcpermients. Many motives have engaged me 
to perfea and execute this piece of mechani/in : 
ifl-, To find fome method of direftioa, by a con- 
fiderable diminution of the volume of the ba]- 
'loon ; zdly. To reduce of courfe the expences of 
an experiment , to a mere nothing ; sdly. To 
avbid all the dangers which my afcenfion among 
a' number of inacceffible mountains will expole 
Irte to, if carried by a balloon only, and driven 
by a bad wind, I fliould reach the fummitof thofe 
mountains, which no mortal ever arrived at ; , 
whereas I now no longer fear thofe defolate 
places, but fliall be very glad to fee them, as I 
can eafily leave them by flying. After this eiTay 
nothing will be difficult to me, and I dare promife 
the fuccefs of ray win_i;s beforehand, from the 
obfervations I have made in the different experi- 
ments. I have tried for thefe 14 or 15 years 
with machines far from the perfeftion of my 
prefent piece of mechanifm. I flatter myfelf I 
(hail yet have the fatisfaclion of returning to Paris 
on a fixed day, flying in the air." 

P^yLJNCHjRD's JSC£-NSjON. ' 
Blanchard made his thirtieth experiment on 
the 5th inft at Bafii. He afcended, in the 
prefence of the Mf^rgrave of Baden, without the 
ufualboat, his wings or parachute, owing to an 
opening of about iix inche* towards the equa- 
torial part of the balloon, whiph prevented; its 
being complcatly filled. ' All his efforts to raife 
the boat or ballcet being' fnaiclefs, he tied 
four of the ropes at the bottoui of the aeroftat, 
and in' that manner mounted tl-.e airy regions, 
inlpiring a geiieral conllernpaion .^nd tei'ror-all 
round! . A mournful iilence, expreffivc of their 
inward anxiety, feized all the numerous fpeC- 
\tators, and it was only the colours, waved in 
^the air by Blanchard, that tranquilized their- 
minds. His elevation was foon at fuch a, height, 
til-iat-he hardly dillingaifhcd the mountains he 
was foaring above, but -as he was not î'ufficienily 
cioathed, he cOuld not , long refiit thefeverity di 
the cold. The heavens- were- ■calfti, an'd not 
the ieall cloud obllniéled the majeiHc ex-panfive 
view. On that endlefs circle of mountains the 
eye enjoyed one of thé moli; glorious -focilac-Ies- 
of che^atmcrpherc. ' It was with regret îhat he 
was forced to -quit that enchanting -fccne,- ■after' 
axi cxcurfion- of about half an hour; •Hé Vxa-- - 
fnivied his balloon, and perceived tW {-rif^bre:, 
that had prevented its being ocmple?,îîy iUied', 
ssi'i reiîdr'Vçd aboràve bis' efforts to carry the 
,icat, '&4'.','^-^"V f»*!"-'^ i'^= Vah'efs iWag, and 
tej mediately- felt- he waS'dercen«.«l«g- The fib- 
"ta% 'began;^ ÏO- be. rvjre vifiblc, atiii for fêj^r^'of 
..^aUlntf'ça tlje^topsoiCeVng-'kovHes,- or the nei-gh:- 




jafho-ms with-'îi. V . Ils i^^et're- 

çeivedihe f*fft ifv;;v- - ■ , : , / good lucfc re- < 
•çafTêïi as other ■îfijtïryboc'!î_fa»«#n ïn oneof Ijisl 
ancles. It was certainly a mirriciilé'i.s - efca'pe^, j 
. ior tiie. hailcQu aftsrwards-.ttiSp -found iiaxAly abl j, 
j to/u^^rt;- itfejf.- The: Sfci^atç of .Bafil 'hav;- | 
I -.placed, -'v^e cofeurs in- the archkeE of thetcvwn. ia- 1 
I f-e:!nenjnra.nca:e-f fp darîog an ai'çent; ^ni.io «iVV . i 
^ gerous â.defef^î. , aJ" ^-^c^- /■^e^^'^ .0^ J 



BLANCHARD and his BALLOON. 



Brunfwlcj!, Aug. 12. j...... ^ - - ^ . 

me time fince advertifed his intention of afcend- | 
g in a balloon on the i orb inft.nit, their Royal 
Tghnefies our Princes andPrincefres,with -nany 
hers, and a numerous party of nobility, lur- 
îunded by a multitude, met for the purpofe of 
"ng what was deemed nest to iinpofTible here. 
t one o'clock he began, on the firing of a 
, to inflate his balfoons, to one of which 
s attached a gondola, painted red, and deco 
ed with wliite h'"!: friiir.e. 
At five o'clock, aii b( l-^g ready, he mounted, 
the furprize of ev n-y fpeftator, and the 
vther being remarkable fine, added to the 
'iancy of the fcene. The wind being trifling, 
alloon went only p.s far as the village of 1 
about three Engli^î miles dlilance, where 
•ended at hair pnft feven, amongft a nu- 
company affemblcd, who received him 
eat ..pj/laufe ; but lnfl:ead of ^ getting 
tîie car, by f;:ine manoeuvre be r.iifed 
telf again, a.d fleered b-ick to the place 
fet out from,, where he was received with a 
.under of applaufcy and carried to the Palace 
M one of the Duke of BruuAvick's cairiapes. 
The crowd was fo great it was dilîicult to dil- 
cern whether they did not aftonlly carry the 
liorfes, carj^-iage and all, to the Palace, inftead 
of taking them off as the-, do in Kngland, 
' The ^lext day he' wenr -to the play -hoirfe, 
where a new play and entertainment were per- 
formed, the former named as an honour after 
him, and the latter called the Balloon. The 
Theatre was full of nobility, hardly any thing 
but ihrs to be feen ; and previous to the play 
beginning, Blanchard lent up a fmall balloon, 
with a dog in a baiket, which had a fuze bur.n- ! 
Jng, calculated to rife fuch a height- This, 
after being nearly out of fight, let^he animal , 
fiii;, Vxhichcame to the ground unhurt. The 
Pnnces and everybody he'clook on Blanchard 
to be ibmerhlng more Ihau human from his e!s- 
traordinary feats. 



] . A NO HA R ty's Letter to the Editors of the 
rurs Journal, dated Brumiuick, Aug. 13. 

'•LrENTLEMEN, 

" According to my promise t send you an ac- 
cnuiit of my experiment at Brunswick. I ar- 
rived in this town the ^^^ of last month, and 
lound the carpenters and other workmen pre- 
paring for my ,32d ascejision. These prepara- 
tions w^re very grand, and formed a kind of 
Amphithéâtre, like that of Verona, which 
could hold many thousands. The reigning 
Duke sent me his *tate carriage to carry me to the 
appointed place : At four o'clock every part was 
full ; the coup d'œil was superb ; the illustrious 
persons who composed thebrilliantassembly added 
lustre to the whole. The sky' was serene, the air 
calm ; nature, and man, in short, favoured mv 
cnterprize. Nothing was ne^ledled on my part 
to answer the Prince's expe'ftations, and in a very 
short time three balloons were filled. l"he Duke 
himself would send one into tKe air,' which took 
the diredtion westward. I adapted to the second 
an immense parachute, which I fixed to the under 
part of my boat; and letting this aerostat be about 
ninety feet above the third, I fastened my wings 
to the machines that were prepared for them, 
and disposed myself to mount. The barometer,) 
at my departure, was at zS inches, i line. Thel 
removed atmospherical air might weigh more] 
than 327 pounds ; there wanted just a pound fo^ 
my being at a proper equilibrium with the surface; 
of the earth. I charged the car with 89 pounds,, 
I trod consf^quent'ly on a ground of 90 pounds. — 
At the first motion of my wings, this weight 
seemed to obstruft their aftion. I diminished if 
«6 pounds, and instantly rose, employing all my 
strength. It was exadly five o'clock, and in 
fifteen minutes I was planning over the town of 
Brunswick. Every stroke or beating of the wings 
so much agitated the car, that I was obliged to 
forbear the motion, for the purpose of consulting 
the barometer, which I found at 24. inches ; this, 
according to the rule of the barometer, gave ^6^o\ 
feet elevation. During this observation, 1 de-'j 
scerided 92 feet ; my extended wings, horizontally; 
fixed, produced the efiFed of a parachute. The air' 
was ca):;-!, and the part of the atmosphere I was in 
very pnrt ; I re-assumed my work, and abandon- 
ing 20 pounds of ballast, I rernained half an hour 
m the same elevation over the town, and describ- 
ing ditTe'rent angles. Ihadthe projeft of descend- 
ing in the same place I h^d set out from, and from 
which I was not very farj but the fruit of all my 
attem.pts was to tack âxid wind about ; givingi 
sometimes to my wings ati inclining position. Il 
attempted to return against the current of the air,, 
which though feeble, I could never conquer, and 
;dl I could do was to keep in the same place. In 
executing these manœuvres, 1 had 50 pounds of 
ballast to bear ; my strength was exhausting, and 
I was-going to descend in the town, when I got 
rid of 20 pounds more of my ballast. This faci 
litafed very much my wojk ; I had only 30 pounds 
now to support; I manœuvred pretty easily, but 
Vet could not mount higher; I had been working 
32 minutes, and my wings seemed not to s.h 
with tiie same celerity : 1 threw away twenty 
pounds more of my weight : It was not difficult; 
then to rise, and leaving the town, I got four' 
thousand eighty-five feet high. The thermome- 
ter, which was at 20 degrees ati ir.y departure, 
was then at 9 ; the cold, though sharp, was 
bearable; Igot rid of the rest ©f my ballast, 
and by a light shake of the wings, at 35 mitmtes 
after five, I reached the height of 5869 feet. I 
took immediately the direftion of S. S. W. 70 
degrees westward of the compass : 1 got to this 
elevation by the assistance of my wings, and could 
not keep in it but by shaking tiiem ; the moment 
I gave over this inanceuvrel descended immediate- 
ly/. The baromet;.r was at 21 inches 6 lines, and 
the thermonifter 5 degrees above o. I had worked 
very hard at the chemical process for filling the 
balloon. I was muclr agitated, and Mîy warnion 
account of the aerial manœuvres ; the cold seized 
me, I saw my breath smokii g as in the severest 
win'ter. AH my experiments on thewmgs being 
over, I did not think proper to hazard my f.ealth:] 
I extended therefore my wings to their greates: | 
y:.liime, and began to descend. I soon got over; 
a wood, v\bere a dead calm detained me tor five 
mil utes ; a smart shrike of my wings made me 
fly over to a plain where hundreds of people 
, on horseback tendered their arms to me : they 
' -took hold of my anchor, and by means of my ex- 
-tended wings, and the parachute which opened 
Itself at a proper time, 1 touched the earth with 
the lightness of a bird ; and yet I got down with 
a pretty considerable weight, haying lost in my 
voyage 29 pounds of energy by dilatation. J 
iveighed then 30 pounds. They seized the cord 
in order to tow me towards Brunswick, but 1 1 
could not rise again but by the help of my wings : ; 
I was forced however to dismount them, for fear' 
they should be entangled and broken among thî 
trees and houses we were to pass by. This re- 
tarded very much my return, as I could not easi- 
ly get oyer the drawbridges and other fortifica- 
tions. By manœuvring however with a little 
more spirit, 1 got over all these difficulties;, and 
returned with the balloon exaftly to the place of 
its departure. The Prince's carriage ui waituig 
conveyed me to the Play-house. 




On the 27th of September, at three o'clock, 
BJanchard afcended^at^erlin, attached to his 
balloon, in the prefence of his Majefty, the 
Royal Family, and many foreign Princes. A 
building was ereded, which encornpafTed the 
balloon; but when it was ready' to afcend, 
half of it was pulled down, to give the fpe£ta-! 
tors a better view. Blancha.'-d faluted hisMa-- 
jefiy, juft as he quitted the earth, with a white 
fla^-, on which was difplayed the Roya! Black 
E^ip-le. He went over the river Spree, gnd h^À 
ordered a poll co.ich and fix at a certain di- 
ftsnce, where it is fuppofed he alighted,. -ss he 
meant to appear at the Theatre in the evgnihgi 
, 7'he prices of 'admiffion were two dollars.— 
The fum taken was very confiderable, Ke 
\tTY quickly difappeared, iZ^/^^ / /i^^/t ? 

'We rc-hite the (bllowing circumftance, which 
happened in the Binnat on the 14th uU. as it 
fhews.,a. noble f-rtitude, at the fame time that 
it conveys aftriking infiance of the national ha- 
tred engendered in thé breads of the Mahome-, 
tans agai-nll the Chriftians. . /' 

A Turkifii man and boy wefe loading a 
waggon with hay, when they were furprifcd by' 
a foraging party ofAu-ftrians : Th'êboy, thougli 
paly twelve years of age, defended hinifeirby 
two piftols on the top of the waggon with 
great bravery. When his powder and .ball 
were e.-cpended, he made a noble refiftancé 
with a fcythe, and wounded two hufiars ver) 
dangcrouily ; but the horfes in the waggon 
taking fright, it was overthrown, and tlse mi^ir 
and boy much bruifed-. Both of trv/in h.^c 
broken bones, which, udien examined by the 
furgeon, made the man cry with pain ; but the 
j boy bore all with the patience of an ancieni 
I Roman, and reproved his companion for betray; 
1 ing his. uneafmefs before the Chriftisn dogij. • 



. :BLANCHARD and his NEW BALLOON, 

Blanchard, to please the Diet at War. 
SAW, is going to make another Aerial Voyage, 
. in a Balloon eight times larger than the one he 
ascended with before — the gondola weighs 600 
pounds, and is to contain a second person— the 
first gondola weighed only fifteen. ^/^ /<" Ç'^t^ 



BLANCHARD and his BALLOON, 

On the 14th of May, Mr.filaiichard ascended 
in the Montgolfier belonging to Mr. Potocki, &t 
Warsaw, accompanied by liim and two: other 
persops. from a private garden. This being 
only an attempt to try it, no person in Warsaw 
vas apprized until they saw them at a consider- 
iible height in the air, after which they descend- 
ed about a quarier of a mile from the City, ir 
■perfeft safety ; and .B/a/?c,6flrd' intended to go u{ 
publicly again in his own Balloon on the i6ch 
if the weather permitted. 



AEROSTATION. 

■', In ,k long lettei-, wntteri froiri ,Pr3gUei- dated , 
ihe ifl ihilanf, M: Bl-àn'ch'àrd gives aciixiunltàf^tiai 
detail of his 37th aerial cxcurfionj âccoaîpanied 
by the Cbintb jqachlni Sternberg; ^Meinber of the 
Royal Academy of Fragile. . , . " ,. 

He filled his a-érollat with 9000; ùttlilc feet ,oî^ 
^as ; and on the 3 111 of Oftober, at four in thé 
afternoofi, he afcended from the. Plain Baiiiiigar- 
ten, in j^refenc'e of à multicnùe of fpeftators; . ■_ 

The Cotintvvas provided with lèvera! inftr-ti- 
liients for making oblèrvattons ; hut the iilachiné 
Was fcarcely at the height of ; 000 feet before they ^ 
\Vere all broken^ or tiirown do-.vn froln the gal- 
lery by the violent tiiocion of an eddy of wind; 
which tolTed the machine in all directions. 
; Mr. Blanchard declares, that though, at that 
time the air was perre-ctly caha in the loivef re- 
glc'ns> he nei-er eipciicnced any thing equal té 
the rtorni to which he and his corrlpan'ion weree^- 
pofed; .Frequently the bafé of the ■Hefûîtat was 
perpendicular to, the horizon; and the people be- 
low could eafily fee, with their telefcope;, the in-, 
fide arid the flotir of the gallery, the fi lés ^iïd 

, ddorâ of which were torn to-pie.ce$!; 

At the' height of icxîo toîfes the air was per- 
fedly calrri; and notv/ith.flariding ap|5arènt d^îfgers; 

• the aeronaut^ defcended afterwards in peffeti 
fafety; Ti/.fycA //^g 



Balloons. — As a proof that ascending in a 
Balloon has not the property of making persons 
.giddy, the celebrated d?/cj7fl/ Blanqh ard has 
been frequently heard to declare, " that he 
>, could not go up twenty rounds of a ladder with- 
' out his head swimming." Of his powers of go- 
ing into the air, no,pne can entertain a doubt. 



M-' BLANCHARD. 

j_iA forme allégorique de ce monument, inintelligible pour ceux qui 
n'auraient point entendu parler de madame Blanchard , est destinée à 
rappeler le souvenir de la rare intrépidité de cette célèbre aéronaute 
qui, la première, osa donner le spectacle magnifique des ascensions 
nocturnes au milieu des flammes et des feux d'artifice , et qui , victime 
d'un événement inoui , trouva la mort dans une des fêtes les plus bril- 
lantes du jardin de Tivoli. 

Un jet de flammes s'élevant de la partie supérieure d'un aérostat qui 
couronne le sommet du monument, une nacelle dont les cordages sont 
rompus , et l'inscription suivante , caractérisent l'art que professait ma- 
dame Blanchard , et sa funeste catastrophe. 

A LA MÉMOIRE 

DE Mag*' Sophie Armand, 
VEUVE BLANCHARD, 

CÉLÈBRE AÉRONAUTE, 

VICTIME DE SON ART 

ET DE SON INTRÉPIDITÉ. 

ELLE FUT ENLEVÉE 

A SES AMIS 

LE 6 JUILLET 1819, 

DANS SA i^ ANNÉE. 



Madame Blanchard, veuve du célèbre aéronaute de ce nom, était née le a5 
mars 1777 dans la commune des Trois-Canons près de la Rochelle; ses parents 
s'appelaient Armand , et professaient le culte protestant. Sa mère était près d'ac- 
coucher, lorsque le hasard amena devant la maison qu'elle habitait un voyageur 
inconnu qui lia conversation avec elle, et finit par lui dire: Madame, faites 
une fille, et elle sera ma femme. Ce voyageur était faéronaute Blanchard, qui 
épousa effectivement mademoiselle Armand presqu'au sortir de l'enfance. 
Madame Blanchard, familiarisée ainsi de bonne heure avec son art, avait con- 
tracté une telle habitude du danger, qu'elle a assuré s'être plusieurs fois en- 
dormie pendant la nuit dans sa frêle et étroite nacelle, en attendant que le re- 
tour de la lumière lui permît de descendre dans un lieu sûr. Un jour, sur le 
point d'effectuer une ascension à Francfort-sur-le-Mein , elle s'aperçut que le 



*«» 



m^M'iiPijy.,1 ' ; 




ballon perdait sensiblement de son gaz, et que, pour peu qu'elle tardât, elle 
ne pourrait plus s'élever; aussitôt elle fit détacher la nacelle pour alléger le 
poids, posa ses pieds sur le cerceau auquel le filet est attaché et s'élança ainsi 
dans les airs portée debout, sur un faible roseau qu'elle sentait fléchir à chaque 
minute. On pourrait citer une foule de traits semblables qui prouvent son 
étonnante intrépidité. 

Une colonne monumentale élevée en 1786 auprès de la ville de Guines, 
constate que son mari avait eu la gloire de franchir le détroit en passant, dans 
un aérostat, de la côte d'Angleterre sur celle de France. Madame Blanchard, 
à son imitation, nourrissait le projet plus périlleux peut-être de couronner sa 
carrière aérostatique en passant de la côte de France sur celle d'Angleterre. 

Fixée à Paris depuis plusieurs années, elle avait imaginé la première de sus- 
pendre au-dessous de son ballon des pièces d'artifice qu'elle faisait jouer à 
une certaine hauteur, et qui produisaient dans une ascension nocturne un 
spectacle aussi magnifique que difficile à décrire; cette admirable mais trop dan- 
gereuse invention causa sa perte, le 6 juillet 18 19, à 10 heures du soir, dans 
une des fêtes du jardin de Tivoli, au milieu d'une réunion aussi nombreuse 
que brillante. Madame Blanchard, portée par un aérostat élégant, s'élève avec 
majesté en répandant des fleurs sur l'assemblée; et bientôt, planant dans les 
airs aii milieu des flammes du Bengale et des tourbillons de feu, elle figure aux 
yeux des spectateurs émerveillés une divinité portée sur les nuages et mon- 
tant aux cieux environnée de la foudre et des éclairs: mais à peine l'artifice 
avait fait son effet, qu'on aperçut à plusieurs reprises une flamme voltigeant 
autour du ballon et qui bientôt s'y introduisit par l'orifice inférieur; un cri 
d'effroi s'élève de toutes parts, au même instant un énorme globe de feu cou- 
leur de sang et une légère détonation ne laissent plus de doute sur l'épouvan- 
table accident dont madame Blanchard est victime. Précipitée du haut des airs, 
elle est rapportée sans vie, peu d'instants après, au lieu même de son funeste 
tromphe. Elle était dans sa 43^ année et venait d'effectuer sa 67^ ascension. 

Madame Blanchard était née avec l'amour des arts et une finesse de goût 
qui lui concilièrent l'attachement d'une foule d'artistes distingués qui se plai- 
saient à recueillir ses observations toujours judicieuses. Elle n'était pas moins 
recommandable par les qualités de son cœur, et l'on cite un grand nombre de 
traits qui font honneur à sa délicatesse et à sa sensibihté 



^_-_^' 




iJW ^}Jhf ^tM'^^ i^iJ rUU'/fe- '7^^ 



^^■mfikm- yUm(M^ â^/^of&r^if U^fiÂièt^ ?f a/TÀm^Jf^^rM^^/rùr^M^^m'è^/kd^hii m ^^kayn^^Mmû^ mr^ mm' * ^'^'^ 



h» ' ^ J* ^■^i*■ ■^^ 







^zJi^U- /^ B ALLOC 14 and PARACHUjK. /T^^ 
'^ Aerostatic Academy near Vauxhall-tubnpike, ; 

MR. BLANCHARD is extremely flattered [ 
to find that fhe company who honored him with their ; 
pfefencs at his Academy on Friday fe'nnightbiV, were fo amply 1 
gratified with the experiment of the Par^achuCc or large Um- 
brdU j having received very numerous ifid prefTmg fohcitauons j 
to repeat the experiment, they will be complied with next 1 
Wednefday, if the weather perrrjts ; he will fend up a ? 
fheep into the air, attached to a Bolloon, trom w-h.ch, by | 
means of a peculiar machine, wliich will be fhown and ex- i 
plained by Mr. Blanchard, to the company, it willdecifen- 
■ gaged from the Balloon, when it hasattaiiied a very osrhde- 
rable height, not lefs than a mile perpendicular, and will then 
defcend to the earth with fo much levity, _^that the animal 
will not fMftain t^e fmaiieft uneafmefs in the dfcf:ent ; the 
Balloon, at the fame time, will, by another piece ot mecha- 
nifm be fufficiently emptied, and come tathe^graund near the 
fpot where the iheep is to defcend. 

The place of experiment is very extefifive, and,, replete with 
every kind of accommodation for the ctïmpiny. 

Mr. Blanchard is unoer the necefficy of requelVing that no 
attention may be paid to contradiftory bVUs potted agamft the 
walls, or diftributed in the coffee-rhoufes, as was done on 
the day of his laft experiment. 

Tickets, Five Shillings each, may be had at the Academy, 
•r at No. 70J Great Queen-ftreet, Lincola's-rnn-Fiete. 



' WJien once weak woman go afl/suy^ fays the 
poet, and tru& enough even in their draft, the 
deviation is dangerous. V/e daily obferve this 
in the pcefent rage for hats— for no foontr did 
theyiftray from theoid decent faftlon, thm ten 
thoufand vagaries were introduced, which bid 
fair to end. in r paraciu/e ^s^ ^'g <is_Mr. B/a>i- 
cbar£s. Let our fweei country wom:m refonn 
it altogether, for at prefent they wear' rto hars— 
butat prefent they walk.tiadejpeût.-hflufgi L 



Mr. Blanchard's balloon, which efeaped a 
few days fince from his ground at Vauxhall, 
as it did not tske up a Sheep , is expei^led to be 
on its way tothei?«w, which is l(3.tioned in 
the Zodiac. -'V-^^- /^ - //^^ 

When Blanchard's balloon took flight with- 
out the iSî'^/i, Which it was intended to carry 
up, it , was largacioufly remarked of the fpcc 
tators who h^d paid. ■*' that the Shsep were left 
below." 

Upwards of five hundred people were in 
Blar,chard\ ground to fee the Sheep, which he 
meant to fend up to the clouds, all of whom 
complained bitterly of being T?*'^^^/.' 



Mo r C an i and U^ 
DALk'-lOII I 

rHIo ITA /, V/ ne a 
m ny un'' re Is u i 
Aero lucs tj co v y a f r 
certT n egh,upngrud w 
af liiht 1^ t the \ vb t f-r 
launcn t n elf from a Pro ^ 




/tM BLANCHARDs/e 
S uth Lamne h mar "V l 

Betwe n tl Hours f Ta a 

So f tly f ft e o f- 

peri t J de fu 1 (L 1 1 , 

newly av 1 eJ a I nl y I (• e 

while on i is Jei e n to 1 f on t e 

,»ioI , a d a ve tpo g cuj I h t e i c ti 

pbfii I red ot idduce o t ^ h 

fuch txT i. t II > n t f qu 1, be f und of g pjt an 
publ u t as V ell a ut t! e t cat ft i verli , ef a 
when UD t raçd, s he fli il pre e, s hou a y eai o p 
fonal danger. - ., ; . ' . 

Ticket's fir/^dmilîi n, Half-a- Crown eich ouly, to be had 
at the Academy. ■ • 

No fatisfa£tory vievJ ca«i be had of the procsfs of the expe- 
riment in any places outfide oftbe Academy. 



• ïhe balloon- which broke loofe from Blan- 
•chard's AerSîTatic Academy, was found in one 
of Plaiftow marlhes. y<**-— .?*, l/àf^ ~ 



- It is no: to be wondered, as Monf. Blan- 
chard's Balloon lately took <vji/tg without 
its conduitcr, that he &«uld now_^ o^'without 
his Bal.i. en ! ., ^"-^ *'- <'v.^. 



■•"air balloon work: bags. ^ -, — 
'R. BLANCHARD'S Balloon and Vêffel 

having, from its neatnefs and delicacy, met the fu- 
pericir approbation to any thing of the ftiiid, Mrs. HILLS, 
No. 89, Great Portland-ilreet, Mary-le-bone, has invented 
■a Work Eag, the exaft model, the veilel of which ferves as 
a Pincufl-ii;n or Houfewife, Th; Balioin is fo contrived, 
frf>m its elafticity, as to expand or coilapfe at pleafure ; and 
having already met with the prtronagî of her Grace the 
Duchefs of Devonfhirc, and feveral of the .firft Nobility, 
-begs leave to.acquaint the Public in general, that (lie keeps 
one forihe infpeftion of thufs who, tnsy f leafe to favor her 
wiui tlifir cor3ni<sn*s,-3r.ii fft tijcflïlià timr ftD.ar hsv". the 
opportunity of viewing," gratis, an Exhibition of Stained 
Gla s, the beauty of which, fr«m the amar-ing effefts in tha 
different pice s, (irikes every perfon with admiration, p»-ti- 
culariy where the fun it introduced in the church pieces> 



I' L Y I N G V 



Jul I ", .> 

■'■\ 



ESS EX. 



If 



C T. A \r ^ r^ ^^ , 



CLAYTON-s AUCTION 

King-Street, St. James's-Square. 



ROOM, 




ere his moft curious G Î OTi t? j t 
his Experiment ar CHE^EA^TÂnU ^luW^^^^ employed on the Dav n^ 
until the Day fixed for his F I FT H V oVa C F % ï^ '"'P^^^°" of the Cu^ Ju^ 
public Newfpapers. " V U Y A G E, which will be advertifed in all thJ 

Admittance ONE SHILLING. 
'^** Mr Blanchard will every Dav h^ve rh. u 

..0„ YE.VB TO Fo„Kor/oCK^o:„fot:^,TLL'^TÏ''"^°'"''y '" ^^ R-"- 



thofe Ladies and Gentlemen w^o would wl more r .^1'''"^.^?« ""^X "^ put m hZT; 
..re about the Parcculars of hfs f fv ,TvXf •'' th f"^^ f ^". Vbh.c.h! 



and enqui.v, auuuL uic rarticulars of his feveral Vav^fre','- Ih "J^^^'IT ^krial Vehicle, 
the aft, having performed a Journey of Seventy UlfZ' • r °"^'^ °^ ^^^^^ ^^^ been 
the laif Hour he travelled at t^ Rati of ThiS M^f 's^k HoSr"^^" ^.^^^ ^^^^ ^ 



BLAirCHAUDS BALLOOir 




, The atrial excurfion of Mr. BH^ch^vffA 
Tuefday makes the twenty-fixth o irne? wh ch 1 

fin., fh "«"«'" '".^^^ airbydiffere-it perrons I 
fince the firft expedition on the ^,.k of Novem : 
beri78j, by M. Pilatre de iWier, Cj E ' 
Muette. The firft female who .d-l./cu ed iif ' 
the atmofphere was Madame Tiblr, a Lyonl! 
and the perfons who travelled fartheft, and Jon^ 
^nued longeHon their voyage, we e Me4«^^' 
Roberts and Hulin, who were lix hoursaiidS' 
minutes going from the Thuillerie, toBefw 
^èl'o^K^^^orn Pans about 1^9 4a^"> 



Bla^rÎ''^^ '' * ^."^'■'''' P^ft two o>clock Mr 

-L>r. JeiFnes, thouçh an American Cl Z* ^"^ 
with Mr. BlancliaTd . T ' ^", «^""^»o« 



^«.?. 



'/^/» 



/THE LONDON CHRONICLE 



fbf I7&4;! 



BLANCHAUD's BALLOON. 

MR. Blanchard having been difappointed in 
his aerial experiment on Monday, on 
account of the weather ; and "it clearing up 
unexpededly yefterday morning, he ufed the 
titmoft diligence in making preparations for his 
intended voyage, to gratify the curlofity of a 
prodigious multitude of people who had af- 
fembled on the' occafion. The Rhedarium in 
Park-ftreet, Grofvcnor-fquare, was the place 
from whence the balloon afcended. The pro- 
cefs of filling began about eleven o'clock, and. 
about half paft two was completed. The Prince 
of Wales, the Duke and Duchefs of Devon- 
fhire, and a very large party of Ladies and 
Gentlemen, their friends, were prefent. The 
Duchefs and the Ladies were drefled in blue 
and buff ribbons. 

After the operation of filling the machine had 
been completed, Mr. Blanchard and Dr. Jef- 
feries, a perfon of fortune, from America, of 
great literary talents, took their feats in thç 
vefîel, and the two laft cords were held by the 
Duchefs of Devonlhire and another Lady. Dr. 
Jefferies difplayed an Enfign called in the naval 
world a jack, in one of the quarters of which 
thirteen ftars, the fymbol of America, appear- 
ed; Mr. Blanchard carried an Englilh enfign ; 
and with thefe appendages, they faluîed the 
«company on the firft afcent of the aerial veflel. 

Before Mr. Blanchard made his final experi- 
anent, a fmall balloon, with a blue and orange 
cockade, and held by a blue ribbon, was let off 
by the Duchefs of Devonfhire as a fignal, and 
to obferve what courfe it took. About twenty 
minutes before three, the grand machine arofc, 
and the voyagers made two attempts to afcend, 
but came down again ; upon which Mr. Blan- 
chard ufed his oars, and when he got above the 
ieight of the ftablc, found it neceflary to throw 
out fome ballaft, to avoid ftriking againft a 
chiimney ; by which means the veflel was evi- 
dently lightened, as it inftantly towered, and 
appeared quickened in its horizontal progrefs. 

Having furmounted every difficulty, the bal- 
îoon purfued its courfe in the atmofphere, and 
made a very beautiful progrefs over the metro- 
p)>lis. It did not rife to a great height, and at 
periods was fo regulated, as to appear almoft 
ilationary ; particularly over Grofvenor-fquare 
and other places, where great crowds were af- ' 
iembled, and where the voyagers waved their 
flags, and politely faluted the fpeftators. The 
»l"y was fomewhat hazy ; but as the atmofphere 
was ferene, at the height the veflel fteered, the 
motion of the fails and oars could be diftinftly 
obfçrved. The wind was wefterly, inclining a 
few points to the north ; and it blew fo gently, 
that it required very little of that Ikill which 
Mr. Blanchard is known to poffefs, to keep him 
at that elevation which would be m oft likely to 
gratify the whole town, the utmoft length of 
Vhich he muft have traverfed. The exercife of 
the oars fcemed evidently to accelerate his mo- 
tion ; and he expreffed a determination to let 
the_ balloon take as far a courfe as poffible, 
•while he had a ray of light to guide him. The 
navigators were provided with fufficient refrefh- 
TOcnts, inftruments for obfervations, and de- 
lertces agamft the cold and inclemency which 
they êxpefted to experience ; and from the phi- 
ïofcphical abilities of Dr. Jefferies, the Public 
May expect to be highly gratified. 



Soon after Mr. Blanchard's balloon was 
launched, two fmall balloons were let ofT, 
which afcended perpendiculariy with great ve- 
locity. They pafled the large balloon, which 
at that time was going almoft horizontally ; and 
thereby proved that the large balloon was not 
ïmder the influence of the wind, but under 
that of Mr- Blanchard himfelf, 'who was guid- 
ing it. 

Dr. Jefferies, in a letter to a friend, gives the 
following account of the voyage : 

" I wrote you far, very far above the clouds. 
T.Ve have had a fhort, but moft noble and en- 
chanting voyage of twenty-one milea, over 
Shooter's-hiU, &c. &c. and landed on tlie banks 
of the Thames, in the parifti of Stone, in 
Kent, within half a mile of ElTex. Our motion 
was very rapid, and all our ballaft expended." 

Mr. Blanchard appeared to have fo perfeét a 
command of his balloon, that he crofTed and 
re-crofTed the Thames feveral times, undeter- 
mined which fide of the river he fhould land 
upon, and at laft fixed on a fpot called Stone 
Marfh, near Ingrefs, the feat of the late Mr. 
Calcraft, a few miles beyond Dartford in Kent, 
where he landed about ten minutes before four 
o'clock, and arrived in town about two o'clock 
on Wednefday with his balloon, which he fafely 
lodged in his late room in King-ftreet, St. 
James's. 

Mr. Blanchard and Dr. Jefferies, we under- 
ftand, were forced to come down on account 
of the extreme chillnefs of the atmofphere, which 
they felt very inconvenient and diftreifing. 

Mr. Blanchard, before his afcenfion, was of- 
fered the fum of 200 guineas by a Gentleman 
of the Middle Temple, for liberty to accom- 
pany him acrofs the Channel ; but he politely 
declined the offer, as it was his determination 
to make that aerial excurfion without a com- 
panion. 

Though Mr. Lunardi has profited by the 
public favour, for having been the firft who vi- 
fited our variable atmofphere, Mr. Blanchard is 
by far the moft expert and accomplifhed aerial 
traveller. Befides being an exquifite mechanic, 
he is the inventor of that fpecies of oars, or 
wings, which alone have been hitherto found of 
any material utility ; and upon the whole we 
may obferve that his fécond tour in England 
does him great honour, and was a much better 
fpedlacle than his firft. 

The Prince of Wales, who was prefent in 
Mackenzie's Rhedarium during the whole pro- 
cefs, expreiTed the higheft fatisfaflion, and 
heartily joined in the loud acclamations which 
bid the navigators farewel. 

The Duchefs of Devonfhire had fent to the 
ingenious adventurer for an hundred tickets for 
her party the day before, and fcemed highly 
gratified on this occafion. 



Mr Blanchard, with his air-balloon, defcended on 
J udday afcernoon, about te« minutes before four 
o clock, at Stoney-Marfl,, xvi.hin two miles of Dart- 
ford, in Kent, and returned f,-om thence yefterday to 
London ,n a poft chaife, with two fla^s flying, and 
part of rhe apparatus of the balloon, and pafTed in pro- 
ceffion through Flcet-ftreet about half paft two o'clock 
in the afternoon. J„ . a. y^/r^ 

The flight of Mr. Blanchard, on Tuefd.y, was ac- 
companied wuh feveral circumftances that did ere.,t 
honour to that fpirited foreigner. After his firft ex- 
ertion w,rh h,s fello.v-traveller, to try, as it were, the 
power of the balloon, before the ftay-ropes were 
loofened, he came down again, and received from the 
h^^ncs of the three Graces united in the perfon of the 
Duchefs of Devon (liire a pair of colours, bearing the 
arms of the family. Afier having waNed it, in com- 
pliment to the graceful donor, Blanchard returned to 
h.s aenal boat, and afcended into the atmofphere in a 
that awefulnefs with which the fare of two men 
ufpcrided between Heaven and. Earth, can infpirc a 
lenfibiefpeflator. ' 

The Gentlei.Tian who accompanied Mr. Blanchard in 
his flvmg vefl-.l, we hear, was Dr. Jefferies, a perfon 
ot h>rtune,_from America, and of ^reat literarv talents. 
i lie aerial excutfion of Mr. Blanchaid laft Tuefday 
makes the 26th journey which hiis been taken in the 
air bv difilrent perfbns fince the firft expedition on the 
2. ft of November, 1783, by M. Pilatre de Rozier, 
from La Muetre. The Brd' female who adventured 
into the atmofphere was Madame Tible, at Lyons ■ 
and ihe perfons who travelled fanhefl, and continuée! 
Ir-ngeft on their voyage, were Mtffrs. Roberts and 
Hiilin who were fix hours and forty minutes eoing 
from the Thuilleries to Bethune, in Artois, diftant 
from Pans about 160 miles. 



l-rom; the moft împrçvea^icpgfimenw-for 
nningairJba!|oonSi- it appears, that one poWd 
of the Erîgïïîhvitriolic acid, mixed with fi\;c 
pounds, or pints, of water, is fufficient to dif- 
folve the like weight of iron fliavings. Each 
pound of acid thus difl:blved produces three 
cubic feet of inflammable air. ^^. ^. /y^Js 
The above procefs, which was thVfatrle m. 
Blanchard made ufe of in his fifth voyage, cor- 
refponds with the eftimate calculated'two years 
fince at Upfal, in Sweden, by the late great chy- 
mift Sir Torbanus Bergman, from which it ap- 
peared a cubic inch of iron produced a cubic 
foot of inflammable air— or from 1720101770 
times its own bulk. 

The chymift who has taught almoft all the 
aerial voyagers the moft expeditious manner of 
filling their balloons, is the ingenious Mr. Af- 
gaud, a citizen of Geneva, who invented the 
fimpleft method of producing the inflammable 
air, from ufing a number of caflcs. M. Mont- 
golfière lately adopted his method ; alfo Meffrs. 
Chariesand Robert, and,'laffly, M. Blanchai-d. 
As this Gentleman's name ' has fcarceiy been 
heard of among all the aerial experiments, to 
the fuccefs of which he fo eflentially con- 
tributed, it is an adt of juftice and candour to 
give his name to the Public. 

- • J-'c.i//P4 

The fight of Mr. Blanchard, on Tuefday,' 
was accompanied with feveral circu m fiance: that 
did great honour to that fpiriied foreigner. 
After bis firft exertion with his fellow-traveiler, 
to try, at it were, rhe powrr of the balloon, 
before the ftay-ropej were loofened, he came 
down again, and received from the hands of the 
three Graces unked in thé perfon of the Duchefs 
of Devonfhire a pair of colours, btfarino- the 
arms of the family. Afrer having waveii u, \\\ 
compliment to the graceful donor, Bbnchard 
returned to his aerial boat, and afcended into 
the atmofphere in all that awfulnefs with which 
the fate of two men, fufpcaded between Heaven 
aad Earth, can infpire a fenfible fpcdato"-. 



^ 



All InteFesting Accomst of tbe above StiipeiîdoiiB Balloon 

CAI^LBB " THE -EAGLE," 
W blcli is «»lioi*tly to aseeEid fVom ICEi%s2N«TOX. wltîi 1^ Persons, and sail thro» 

tbe Air from ï^o.\dos to Pabss, aeici îjaclc again* 




1 




t'f way be in lite uectjjleMion of ohf readers, t hut 
•*■ in Atig«al 1834, tlie public pajHrs gave an 
at-couut of tli« Aerial Sliip iiitendiiij^ to sriil from 
Paris to Hyde-|>ttrk Coiitei ; bnt unforlunatelyi 
just at the mojiieiit of its expected usitnt, it sikI- 
dtnly turned t(>])sy-ti)r> y, and burst with a loud 
explosion ! The I'urisiaiis being thus disappointed 
of beholding the loitg-pronnscd spectacle, oiitm* 
geously rushed iipon the (alien bfllloon, and in- 
fctantiy tore it in pieces, Bod carried it off in por- 
tions, which weie exhibited aad sold in Phria, iu 
t'be course of the nfttrnoon. 

Count de Lenox (the ingenious projector of the 
Aerial bhip) although thus defeated was not dis- 
mayed, and resohed to try his fortune on English 
around. Accordingly in March last, he arrired in 
London, and engaged a spacious piece of ground 
in Victoria Place, Kensington, h here he is novv 
«xLilxiting his stupendous machine. As the Count 
de Lenox is a man of talent and enterprise, and 
profoundly skilled in the science of aerology, no 
doubt can be entertained of his accomplishing his 
i»€rculean task. 

This Balloon is intended to leave London for 
Paris in August next, which it is expected to be 
accomplished in six hours. It is 160 feet long, 
,00 feet high, and 40 feet wide, and to be manned 
by a crew of \^ persons. The purpose for which 
it is constructed, is to establish a direct commu- 
iWication between the several Capitals of Europe. 
The ordinary balloon is, from its shape, wholly 
at the mercy of the winds, as a tub is of thé 
waves; the Aerial Ship is capable of direction, 
although like its namesake of the deep, must de- 
,j)cnd for its velocity upon the wind. Its inventor, 
.M iseiy turning to nature for a model, found one 
in thefishj and, in fact, the work should be called 
thtf AeriaJ Leviathan, or the great Air Serpent. 
|l will be se«n the body is oblong, and at either 



end it runs off to a point. This viist reservoir of 
gfls is made of cotton fabric, thoroughly varnished 
so as to be nir- tight. ^Suppose it to ascend into 
the air, being filled with gas, and specifically 
lighter th.in the atmosphere, it would naturally 
lie lengthwise in the direction of the wind, if» 
greater later^^il surface yielding until its end should 
lie Ijcfore the wind's eye. As long as the wind 
reniuined in the same quarter, it would move on 
without turning, or winding round. If the wind 
should prove only slightly contrary, the inventors 
of tltia mai hine hope to keep their course by 
means of two fins or wings near each end of the 
mnchine, of broad «grface and light constrnction, 
and also by means of a fan-tuil or rudder, intend- 
ing to act after the manner of a fish. This tail is 
fastened not to the balloon itself, bnt to the car 
in which the vovagers take their places, and 
which being made of net-work and as little solid 
material as possible, is suspended beneath. It is 
long and narrow, and in the mid- way is the cabin 
for holding the machinery for moving the wings 
or fins. But should the wind prove contrary, and 
there can be no doubt now that the atmospheric 
currents are frequent and fitful, then nothing is 
left the voyagers bnt to descend towards the 
earth. It may be remarked, that by a partial de- 
scent an unfavourable may be changed for a fa- 
vorable current. One of tlie most satisfactory of 
the whole machine, is that which renders ascent 
or descent perfectly easy. Here again the econo- 
my of the fish's construction is had recourse to. 
Within the balloon is a smaller air-balloon, to cor- 
respond with the air-bladder of fishes. This can 
be filled or exhausted at pleasure by very simple 
means. If it be filled with atmospheric air the 
gas in the cylindar may be compressed to such a 
degree, that what with the ballast in the car, the 
whole machine becomes specifically heavier than 



the air around it, and it descends accordingly. 
.Should they vvish to ascend, the smnll air balloon 
is exhausted — the gas expands — the cylinder is of 
less specific gravity than the air, and rises. The 
result of the whole experiment seems to us to 
amount to this. The Aerial Ship will, wiih a fair 
wind, go rapidly any distance its crew desire — 
but it is liable to frequent delays. In either casa, 
it is safe. It cannot be turned to any very useful 
purpose, inasmuch as vast as is its bulk, it caa 
but Hcconiniodate some twenty persons — one half 
crew and one half passengers. The passenger» 
can never pay for the expenses of the immense 
quantity of gas which is requisite to fill the cylin- 
dar. Thus, uncertainly — great, but not so great 
as that in a common balloon — and expense must, 
upon a general calculation, countervail the advant- 
ages of its occasional velocity. E.xhibition be- 
fore, and at starting, may contribute to its out- 
lay, but that only wliile it is a novelty. Count 
de Lenox calculates on being ready for the voy- 
age the latter end of this month, or beginning of 
next. They are but making an experiment, in 
which they deserve encouragement. Some threa 
years ago, they made the first trial in a smaller 
machine, and sailed from Paris, 127 m'les across 
France. 

It is intended to make similar trips toBruçi»!?, 
Amsterdam, Berlin, Munich, Madrid, &c. till 
the practicability of establishing an aerial com- 
munication between London and the other capital» 
of Europe is fully and incontrovertibly demon- 
strated. 

In 1796, Mons. Carapenus proposed the con- 
struction of a similar balloon, for Baonaparte, in 
which he intended to hover over the English 
fleets, and throwing downwards firebrands made 
of a substance which would kindle only by coming- 
in contact with the ships, and so destroy them. 



Explanation of the References in the Engraving. 
1. Tlie body of the balloon, or cylindar, containing a smaller air-balloon, and the gas. 
3. The fan-tail, or rudder, to steer with, made of cane, and covered with gas. 

3, 3, 3. Wings, made of lawn, and netted over : they, as also the rudder, are worked by machinery enclosed in the calân. 

4. The cabin, which contains the machinery. 

& The sides of thee«r, eecnred with lattice-work for the protection of the voyagers, while perambulating or making of ohaervations. 



Smeftton, Printet, 74, Tooky SUoat. 



\r 



LUNARDI 





-ç;p« 



^- 



of ^W: Bla n cl?a rds J3a Uoo?i , k Mjj^ratiis . 







in^BaUoon wade cfTajfeta 26 Feet in- 
\dia meter cover'dndtù aJ^et- 
•(The Qirfuspendedh.y IcngitrMdmal Cords - 
^\-fronttJ.)eJîoûp C- 



jyiy:iyi:)-TljelVïng-s nwvdkv means of RackworkE. 

rAPar-achute or TTmhreJIato hreak dje, force of 
'Sydefcetit if the Balloon sboudbiirjt. 
çi-J T^Jje comdnmtcating wiA the ïnftde ofAeBadl- 



F,Mft,H Srp^'t^^tjmhvr^dnwer Queen, û.urt frreat Queen, S^-JJne.kn.InnFM. 




j^nrc 







'niant mMumd MC^mioAn^iMrw) IvrujM [ry fmùhl wrj-t mm(0i/na/fy ;fmi/rm^ m^ Jmfrmè. 






CERTIFICATE II. 



Of M. Blanchard's Third Aeroftatic ETigperiment, in 
company with M. Boby, drawn up at the time of 
their departure from the Old Barracks, at Rouen. 

N this day, the i8lh of July, 17^4, M. Blanchard made his 
third Aeroftatic Experiment in the court of the Old Barracksi 
at Rouen, 

The Barometer flood at twenty-eight Inches and three Lines (*) \ 
Reaumur's Thermometer at twenty Degrees. The air was clear (-j-), 
though cloudy, and the wind in the North-Weft. At fifteen minutes 
paft five the Balloon afcended, with M. Jean-Pierre Blanchard, 
and M. Dominique-Bertrand-Joseph Boby, Greffier au Parlement de 
Normandie , the Companion of his voyage, in the prefence of a very 
brilliant and numerous Affembly. In teftimony of which this Certifi- 
cate was drawn up the fame day and hour. 

{^S>igned^ CAMUS DE P O N T C A R R É, Premier Préfident. 
THIROUX DE CROSNE, Intendant. 
De BELBEUF, Procureur Général. 
De la LONDE, Préfident. 
BIGOT, Préfident. 
BIGOT DE S O M M E S N I L, Préfident. 

E 2 Le 

(*) The Barometer at London was that morning at eight o'clock, 29 : 14. The next morning, 

29: 3. i?o«^« is as near high water mark as io«^o«. [Second EJii."] 
(t) Reaumur's Thermometer at 20, is about 69 of Fahrenheit. [Second Edii.} 



. ^t JL}.^^UJ-^ — -t" 



CERTIFICATE III. 

Of the Defcent in the Fhim oi Pmjfanval. 

[ESSIEURS Blanchard and Boby defcended at thirty minutes 
paft feven, by their' watches as well as ours, in the Plain 
of Pmlfanval^ near Crandcour, at fifteen Leagues diftance'from Rouen, 
having previoufly defcended, and reafcended three times, at pleafure, 
by means of their wings ; for the purpofe of affording to an infinite 
concourfe of the Inhabitants, (who followed them for fome time) an 
opportunity of feeing part of their manœuvres. The Inhabitants, on their 
part, being defirous to return this zCc of complaifance, teftified a wifli, 
which in fadt was executed, of bearing them along in their A'cfiel, 
from the Plain of PuiJJanval to the refidenee of the Reâor, diftant 
about a quarter of a league, where, having arrived and alighted, they 
were entertained to their fatisfaaion(*}. This Certificate was drawn 
up and read to all the Inhabitants, whofe fignatures are annexed, as 
well as to the Redor of the parifii of Llnemare, who was prefent. 

(Signed) FORTIN, Prêtre, Curé de la paroifife de Puifliinval. 

JOUAS, Curé de Linemare. 

L U C R E S T, Syndic de la paroifle de Puifianval. 

DES H A YES. 

CHARLES BRUNARD. 

DETREMONT, Syndic de Frénoy. 

SOULET, &F. BAUVRIN. 



(*) It may be obferved, that the Travellers were fo furrounded by the Inhabitants, that 
itwasimpoffible to repel them, except by threatening to afcend again into the air, if 



e at 

Iny* 

■ftor's 
I No- 
A. Sc 
. idame 
.ours. 



! impoffible 
they did not curb their enthufiafm 



certi- 






Confeillers au 
Parlement. 



Leroux d'ESNEVAL, Préfident. 

P I G O U, 

Le COQ^ de be U vil le, 

THOMAS DU FOSSE, 

HECAMPde col TOT, 

L'Abbé de la CAUVINIERE, 

BIGOT DE ME L MO NT, 

BERTOT DU BOSCTHEROULDE, 

M O R I N D *A U V E R, 

ASSELIN DE CREVECŒUR, 

CHARLES, Siibftitut. 

MARESCOT, Procureui'-Général à la Chambre des 
Comptes. 

L'Abbé DE VIENNA Y, ancien Confeiller au Parle- 
ment de Paris, Se Abbé Commendataire de Tx^bbayc 
de Tupernay. 

HAILLET DE COURONNE, Lieutenant-Criminel. 

Le Chevalier de VILLENEUVE, Lieutenant-Colonel 
du Regiment d'Artois. 

Le Comte de T E R S A C, Major. 

G O D E F R O y. Curé de Ratiéville. 

V A L L E T & D'A L B A N, tous deux Direfteurs de h 
Manufacture des Acides dejavel. 

A U M O N T, Curé de Hottot-fur-Dieppe. 

Le FE B V r e, Receveur général du Tabac à Dieppe, 

P I L L O Px E. 

Du NE VIL H AR D, 

Le B R E T:^ O N. 

H E L L O T. 



Le R O S L E. 
P O N T U S. 
CHAPELLE. 
RENARD. 
BASSE LIN. 

D U B O S C, Conceffionnaire des Mines aux Pyrennées. 
CHAPELLE le jeune. 
T I E R C E L I N. 
PHILIPPON. 
B E A U F I L S. 
C U R M E R. 
FOU Q^U E S. 
LE GRAND. 
SELOT. 
B L î N. 
BLZUEL.^ 
SULMONT. 



Jttt. 



CERTI- 



^^ 



■'tut. 






'eut. 



''\JK, . 






Abbé 



) ancien 



Confeilie; 



^"««--.■eV::* 



^'^C, Kajor. 

^"^^deRaticvilIe. 

'«Hottot-fur-Dieppe. 



LL 
US. 

LLE. 
ID. 
LIN. 
X, Conceflionnairc des Mines auxPyrenw 

a LE le jeune, 
ELIN. 
PPON. 
ILS. 
ER. ^ 
[ES. 
ND. 



CERTIFICATE IV. 

Of what paffed after leaving the Redor's refidencc at 
Puijfanval, till their arrival at the Chateau de Folny» 

TESSIEURS Blanchard and Boby, after their arrival at the Reftor's 
hoiife at PuiJJanvaly were invited by many of the principal No- 
bility and Gentry in the neighbourhood ; among whom were M. Sc 
Madame la Marquife de Brossard ; M. & Madame Dudouet ; Madame 
d'Imbleval ; Madame la ComtefTe d€ Boubers, Sc Madame des Vallours. 

Having thanked the Re^lor of Puifjanval for his civilities, they accepted 
the offers of M. and Madame Dudouet. It was impoffible to reflrai^jjie 
Inhabitants from again carryhig thehi in their Veffel from the Reftory 
at Puiffanval to the Chateau of M. and Madame Dudouet, and it was 
agreed among them to fupport it only on the tips of their fingers ; which 
they effefted without finding the leaft burthen. Having arrived in this 
manner at M. Dudouet's honfe, which was about half a league difcance, 
they fupped in company with the Marquis de Brossard and his Lady, 
v/ho with permiffion pf M. and Madame Dudouet, engaged them to fleep 
at their feat at Folny, three quarters of a league diflance, which they 
accepted on condition^ that Madame la Marquife de Brossard and 
Madame de Jean would fupply their places in the Aerial Carriage. 

This was agreed to, and they were born along by the Inhabitants to 
the caflle of Folny, where on their arrival, they defcended from the Vef- 
fel. The Machine was depofited in the garden, and ballafled to the amount 
of fix hundred weight, which was hardly fufficient to keep it down, 
.owing to a very frefli fea breeze. 



ST. 



1 



dit Pai^^reaiL Volait/^, 





/die. l{itteral& oil f^w^&aicJD. 




Le /aùi\ri'aa-/\>/a/i/ de lil ■ cM/a/ie/zarc/ /le-fz/èrm^ uive^ Jfc'c/iaiu^ite uurr/ii-ut/e ./ui, au 7?ieye^tJAr 
Uvter.r ,'/ yt\'- /.^,'u/icj^ inupe.p etv trwuvement far le.r pveA<j^ elL\p niaiiw^ ,////'//''/,' ./.'w.r Laiw^ c^ Paz/Acau, , 



cL^là 



'ûiu'' L'/i Jeiiii^-t'i'iw Zir deLMÙ\ app&.p I'eccp ervence^ faîte' en pi, 



■xauc 



Chr.: niarlmA rut S-' jac./HCJ 



3ir- ITUM AB ASTllA 







(*) A fall of four Inches and fix lines of the Barometer, gives, according, to Hali.ey's Expe- 
riments, about 1470 yards in height, and in feven minutes, is at the rate of about fereii 
miles an hour. [^Second Edit-I 

(t) Twenty -eight Degrees of Fahrenheit. ISeeond Edit.'\ 



(*) At the height of 2610 yards, near one mile and an half. \_Scco?ul Edi'i.] 
^,. (f) Nine Degrees of Reaumur Jire nearlyfifty Degrees of Fahrenheit. [Second EdU: 



(*) At twenty Inches of the Barometer, the Degree of cold was about fifty Degrees of 
Fahrenheit. [Second Edi/.J 
>'- (f) At the height of i960 yards. [Second Edit. "] 

(§) Twelve Degrees of Reaumur's Thermometer, are aboutfifty-fix Degrees of Fahrenheit. 
[Second Edii.l 



We were only one hour and three quarters in our cb'reÛ courfe ; half ao 
hour being fpent in hovering over the City of Rouen. — I obferved tliat in 
the greatefl rapidity of our courfe, a lamp would not have been extin- 
guiflied, and thence I conclude, that fails adapted to an Aerollatic Machine 
would never fwelL 

(Signed) BLANCHARD, 

BQBY. 



The following is the Engliih Weight of M. Blanchard's whole Appara-^ 
tus, at the time of his Afcenfion from the Court of the Old Barracks at 

Rouen ; viz^ 

lib. 
The Globe and appendent Tube, about — - 114 

The Net and large Hoop, — 71 

The VelTel and Cords by which it was fufpended, 84 

M. Blanchard, — — J24 

M.B0BY, — — -.-._ ji^ 

Provifions and Ballaftj — — ^sr 

Total, 741 




^J^j-racj- del 



EXPEÎQENÇE DU VAIS SE Al^ VOLANT DE MON. EL AKC H A RI) 

Enlevé au, Cliamp de Mars près Pans le z- Mars 1784 entre Midi et^Hem^es. 



i 

il 

I 




^<^ 



3. jriedj- 



lOTlCfJi 



ndep, 



pied.r de larufii 



^ ■ P'-^ff'^^ol poar'^garanàr faut dangei- ^ de 16. pieds de diamèlre H Tiu/cui end coimnunùjiie l'air^ emjda/naMc ï . Jif- Blnnchaid ^ K .. Ccmpcujnc7i 



de V. 



'0yaje . 



Eclielle de 34 Re«is ■ 



••■ <"■•: l'autre 



s, 3 4. 



^"^ 



<Se ve/id à Pans cfie-)0 Jiasj^et, Hue. lT. Jaaju&s an coin de cede d'cs ^Hxl/uiruio- . 



'i,'y.T. 

.Avec Frioi/èije dit Rm/ ■ 



B.iraa of a pn-v^fe letter, dated Paris May,2l^ 

« This is the time to fay with our great^a- 

. «Fh quel tems tut, jamais plus 

jrixi.H BN^^iaACLBS ! ' Wonders .ndeeo 

u never ceafc ; and all our go d Panfians '.re 
^'^' „Tat the Lht of ne^v miracles. If you re- 
^'^ hi any thing of my former Inters to you, 
""'rvvUlrecolIeft thatafe^v.m nthsago I gave 
IZ ; Son of a man who had t^e natural 
VI of finding out fprings and other hidden 
fre fu esof the earth.-Thts I dehvered upon 
Way; of what follows I fpeak as an eye-wtt- 
Î' !!a countryman, bkndtolded. armed with 
al^witch cut from a filb^rr-tree has .a the pre- 
w^of the Magiftrates and above five hundrea 
fence ot tne iM^S ^ r .Up a^urdua 



^Lfmekliae from its coui-fe undergrouud.- 
What perhaps wiil appear to you more çxtraor- 
Jlnar/ar^ 'eems to ine unaccountable, is, that 
»hk liln {topped (li..ri at rne place, and, rolling 
h mfff n ht^s wand, o, i.vitch, declared tha 
th^fprin^ ended at that particular fpot: being, 
howe^ver,%ncouraged to go further, he, a ew 
Seps above, found once more the current of the 
Sonne. The magiftiates prefent havin . oruu- 
ed the ground cu oe fearchal in thole two places, 
itoroved, that in the latter, the water ran Iree- 
u. but that in the former, forae planks were 
Jaid acrofs, which preveiued the efted of the 

"Thisfaftis too well authenticated to be in the 
leaft quealooed ; but the caufe of this phenome- 
non whether it proceeds from a natural fympa- 
thy or antipnhy between the man and the water 
• is worth the invelligation of your profound phi- 
lofophers. to whom I itrongly Recommend it; 
and'here goes one. "Nl 

" The fécond is yet in embfyo, but will, I 
hear be in a few weeks pcrfeftly compleated, 
it is 'the work,^olaJ\lr.jaançbiji^i'-eiXia. 
aein^STmi^anic ; it confifts in _ a boat fo 
feia;''^M"pïoviïï"ed with fuch fpnngs, as to 
be able by means of one man only, to fly or ra- 
ther fwim in the air, and keep fuch courfe, as 
tfcTiTpTl^nrarairea. Attempts have been 
made beforCi to take thofe cloudcapt journeys, 
and Icarus is the firft madman upon record,, who 
ventured on a bold pinion, to fly through the 
a r J God grant Mr. Blaiiohard may prove more 
fuccefsiul than the fon of Dedal us I, 

"The third parifian wonder, and the lafl:, tho' 
not the leaft, I'lhall fpeak of, is to be wrought by 
thecelebrated, and not lefs unfortunate Monheur 
Linguet. This gentleman, whether his long a- 
bode in the Baltile has turned his brains, or the 
defire of. getting out of it, has made him con- 
ceive, that every thing was poffible, has tranfmit- 
ted to the minirters, a memorial, ftating_ a me- 
thod by which intelligence and orders might be . 
conveyed loand from'Breftin the fpace of twen- ; 
ty minutes; how this is to be elFecled, is a myf- j 
tery for the folvJng of which, the dijlnterepd , 
pleader only afks his freedom ; but fo far 1 can 1 
tell you,; that it is not by the liring of cannon, 
which, as the inventer ob.ferves, do their work 
but too weiis and are calculated to daftroy, not 
toinftruft; nor by fignals or dubious fires, but 
by a private agency, which at prefent is a fecret 
iocksd up in the breaft of Monfieur Linguet. 
There let it remain till the author is pie ale d to 
. give it life. 

"Afourtharticle, which even the court enthu- 
fiafts will call in queftion, is, that our minillers 
would make the wrld believe^ that though wc 
have been beat In the Weft-Indies, it is for the 
better. Dr. Panglofs himfelf would not per- j 
fuade us into a dilbelief that it looks very raujrh j 
like the vvorfe f:yr us ; and we, to a man, c4n- j 
elude that the appointm-nt and bad fuccefs Qf , 
De Graffe is in reality for us the coup de grace. \ 
— Forgive .the p^n-jitis: too true to make a joke i 
of it." 



PARISIAN ÏNTELLIGENCÈ. 
//^"■h- Aerostatic Globe. 

THE fecond^_of_Mâîçh, being the Day 
appointed for the Experiment of M. 
Blanchard, every thing was prepared lor it in 
j the Middle of the Champ de Mars. He had 
! iffiied an immenfe Number of Tickets, and 
the Place was crowded with all Ranks of Peo- 
ple. His Machine was ingenioufly contrived. 
The Balloon was coaftrufted o» the Principle 
of MelT. Charles and Roberts j a.nd had Wings 
and a Helm, the Mechanifm of which wa» 
curious and phiiofophic. By applyïng the 
Principles of Mechanics to the Difcovery of 
the Air Balloon, it was his Projeft to Ihew 
that it was praticable for Man to navigate 
tha upper Regions of the Air. The Adven- 
turer had prevailed on a young ?hyftcian. 
Dour Pech, a Benediftine of St. Martin des 
Champa, to go with him as his Contpagnon di 
Voyage, for the Purpofe of making Experi- 
ments on the Atmofphere. When every 
thing was ready for th ir Attempt» abont a 
Quarter after Eleven o'Clcck, the young 
Gentleman felted himflf in the Car, with a 
drawn Sword in his Hand ; his Enihufiafi» 
firuck the Spedators with Terror, and they 
endeavoured by every Means, but in vain,, 19 
prevent his going up. The Tamak was ex- 
ceffive and outrageous ; -and in preffing on the 
Machine the Wings were broken, and the 
Globe itfelf •i^ry much jiijued. But alî 
thefe Obllacles could not dster them frorn 
their Flight—They cut the Ropes, and the 
Machine mounted irito the Air ; bqt a deal of 
the Ga'2i in the Globe being diffipated by the 
Damages it bad received from the Mob, they 
came;<iovvn, and Dour Peeh very unwillingly 
refigned his Seat. Blanchard thus left to him- 
felf, and ftript of all the Means of direfting 
the Machine, would have poftponed his Ex- 
periment; but, in his Account, he fays, in 
the true Spirit of a Frenchman, "I wa* un- 
der the Eyes of the Public, and my Honouip 
was pledged."— His Helm was lliJl perîed. 
He mounted with great Rapidity, and rofe to 
an alloniihiog Height. The Wind was high» 
and he was canied over Pafly — There came, 
he fay&, a fudtjen Calm, and he remaiiî^Ji 
ftationary for fourteen Minutes — -He then re- 
paired the River, during all which Tims the 
Clouds were under him, and he experienced 
anqther Calm which lafted about 15 Minutes. 
and daring which the Sun was very warm, 
A contrary Gale then fprung up, and he was 
carried with extreme Velocity towards Mon- 
trÇBge; in this Dirtftion he tacked four 
Times by means of his Helm. Perceiving 
that his Globe was djminifhing by the Lofe-o^ 
Air which it bad failained, and ihat he was 
I defcendine.'he threw out four Pound Weighê 
ot his Ballalr, and he remounted— I'o prevent 
his coming down in the River, he threw out 
the tell oi his Balhlt, and at length de- 
fcended in the Plair> of Billancourt, aitet 
having been in the Air an Hour and a Quar- 
tcT ; in the Courfe of his Ihort Excurfion he 
experienced, he fays, extreme Heat, and 
afterwards extreme Cold ^ a very fharp Appe- 
tite, and a ftroug Difpofidon to fleep. His 
Arrival was witneSed by a Croud of Spefla^ 
tors, and he drew up the Account of his 
! Journey in the Preience^of the Due de f ronfac, 
; and the Marquis de Laigle, de Montaignac» 
de Montefqaieu, and de Reaulx. In regard 
to the Queilion, whether it is p^-ffible todireéi 
the Aeroltatic Machines in the Air, iVîevif. 
Blanchard fays, that though depVived. of il^.e 
principal Part of his Machinery, his Wiags^ 
vet by means of his Helm, and Tail, he was 
able not only to witàlîand the Rapidity of the 
Gale, but alfo to atcomplifb what none of 
his PredecefTors have effedled, the faiiing, in 
Reality, againll the Wind. 




blanchard's balloon and stebrino apparatus. 

M. Blanchard, who afterwards acquired great cele- 
brity as an aeronaut, and whose attention had long 
been directed to the invention of mechanical aids to 
the aerial voyager, made his first attempt in March, 
1784, at Paris, in a balloon filled with hydrogen gas. 
Through the fears and imprudence of his companion, 
after having risen a few feet from the earth, they 
descended with a severe shock ; but Blanchard, who 
now took the sole management, rose to the height of 
a mile ; and, after having been driven through various 
currents of air during nearly two hours, he de- 
scended in safety. 



A very curious relation is given in fome of the foreign 
papers of a voyage made in a balloon on a new plan, 
with wings and fails, by M. Blanchard, at Rouen, of 
which the following is an extra£l : 'Z^*» 

" I afcendcd from the old barracks of Rouen on Sun- 
day May 23, at 20 minutes pafl feven. The weather 
was extremely fine, with few clouds, the wind S-. E. I 
paffed over the Seine, intending to direft my courfe to- 
wards Verfailles j but a contrary Vifind preventing me, I 
vfent, over a vilbge called Ilneauville. I croffcd a fmall 
cloud, which affeÔed me a little, and foon after a larger 
one, that wetted me confiderably ; it appeared like a 
thick mill, in which I could difcern neither earth nor 
fkv ; 12 min. pad 8, I left the cloud with a rapid move- 
ment upwards. The fun again appeared, but did not 
prevent my feeling a very cold fenfation, nor my clothes 
from freezing on my back. In this temperature of the 
atinofphere I ran about two leagues in ten minutes. 
Perceiving a very thick cloud, a little below me, that 
feemed ftormy, and imagining that I could alTo difcern 
the fea, and was rapidly appioaching both, I moved my 
"wings, and defcended gradually, at my owndifcretion, 
taking advantage of a calm to eat and drink. About 
600 yards from the earth, I faw a moft beautiful country 
which I judged to be a plain in the environs of Rouen ; 
fori had paffed the mountains without being aware of 
it, every thing from the extreme elevation appearing to 
me on a level. The city of Rouen referabled a parcel 
of flones, of about half a foot fquare. The face of na- 
ture appeared delightful, and I contemplated it with in- 
expreffible fatisfaftion. A fuperb foreft invited me to 
fkim over it, but the near approach of night, and the 
lightning that feemed to be brewing under, my feet, 
made me determine on a defccnt. I then fwept the 
earth above a quarter of a league, at the diflance of xoo 
feet, at the end of which I touched it gently. Noone 
was prefent at my defcent; I was fitting quietly in my 
balloon, and making my laft obfervation, when feveral 
of the country people came up, and affured me of the 
fidelity of my watchj by which it was 20 minutes 17 
féconds pad eight. They informed me of the name of 
the place, which was MottvilU Claville, four leagues and 
a half diflant from the place of my departure. 

" I had almoft forgot to mention, that the country 
people came armed, and one of them had loaded his 
gun, in order to fire at mc, taking my balloon, a» they 
tolditte afterwards, for fome llrangfe aninial ; otners 
were fo terrified, that they could fcarcely be induced 
to approach me.^.^^^^^ BLANCHARD." 



M. Blanchard, who entertainel" Paris fom2 
lime ago, with the promife of an a^riiT naviga- 
tion, by means of^ a flying machine, is no--/ l;m- 
■ ployed in applyii^.g the principles of his difco- 
v^rv to the principles of the Air Balloon. In | 
his'advertifemenchefays, that his difcovery was 
defeclive. He contrived means by which he 
could navigate the higher regions of the air ;/ 
/,. ccu'dgeuhither. The god like Montgolfier 
has opened the communication, and he has ap- 
i pointed an earlv day of March for his expeii- 
i ment. He means to fail with thevvind, and 
: fleer his veliel againft it. lIis fuWcriptiovi is 
; full and we wait with impatience for the return 
I of good we.ather, that he may take ins flight. 



GARNERlh's BALLOON. 

Jo-Iy S. />^ûU • ç 

The fine spt-aacle preseriled by the late ascent ot 
this celebrated aeronaut ac Ranehigh excited an tmi- 
versai desire to behold the more arduous enterprise 
of his descent in the p/irachûte which was adver- 
tised for Saturday. The people accordingly flockeci 
from every side tcvards Lord's Cricket Ground, ana 
though bills were vested at the Pantheon, so early 
as tv>elve o'clock, to signify that the high \vind 
render d it necessary to defer the accent till Mon- 
dsr, yt'i sf) few had seen them, or had received 
auy ipformaiionGf the postponement, that Bdter. 
street, aiui the other ' avenues fcading from Ox- 
ford-street to the new rojd, were quite thronged 
with carriages, and foot passe.ngers a'^out three 
o'clock, when a torrent of rain p :nred on the 
unfortimare multitude, in which few ha i h-id the ' 
prudence to provide against it, th ;'.gh -hey had 
sufficient notice of iis approach by thr gloominess 
of the sky, and the fall of several lighter »i.owers 
in the earlier part of the day. A seme of ii.con. 
ceivable confusion immediately ensued. Five or >>ix 
* persons crowded under every u/nhtella, and hi their 
struggles to shelter themselves under it, with^mt 
regaiding who was the right owner, derived no 
a;her advantage fron> it than receiving the rain in 
copious streams, instead of separate drops. Carts 
wh'ch had been hired out to some who wished for an 
elevated situa i)n, b.-caine no'.v so many reservoirs, 
rind those Who were ii them wished in vain that" 
ihey were inver^ed, while others crouched beneatli 
ihem, waihout waiting to bargain with the owners 
for this un'ooked for species of accommodation j 
m;my sought refuge beneatli the bodies of coaches, 
and coach horses, trusting more to the impossiiity ot 
nxoviiig in the crnvd than to the humanity of the 
coachmen. The female pt-.destrians afforded a most 
afFecTing -appearance of distress ; abandoned in many 
instances by their swains, who, in this moment 
thought only of theniselve:!, unwilling to risk their 
muslins in the rude retreats, where the men were 
"ontcnt to hide themselves, they remained exposed 

to ail the fury of the tempest, whicii in a lew mi- . 
j nuies drenched that light and elegant drapery in- 
I tended to float not in the deluge that now deformed 
1 ir, but in the gentlest breezes of the fairest morn- 
ing, adding grace to the shape which far frotn con- . 
cealing, it would scarcely be saicl >o cover. One 
advanrage indeed waa enjoyed, though p.)isib!y not 
feit by those wb'se dress ts but a system of dis- 
phiy ; their robes clung so closely to ihem that 
every variation of figure was perfeftly distinguish- 
able. The fair inhabitants of Baker-street and Port- 
man-square being early apprised of thepostj)onement 
of the ascent, remained at home, and^ consoled them- 
selv-j wiih behokiing from their windows the ani- 
j mated carricature which seemed to be given to them, 
asan indtmnificaiion. ■ Upon the whole, we have 
not wilnebsed such a sight since the review on his 
M,ije3ty's birth day, in 1800, and tliat of yester- 
day was probably of a higher kind than the other. 
M. Garnerin himself felt e\tre:=ne disappointment, 
not only in not being able to afford the promised 
gratificaiion to the assembly, but still more in the 
suiierings even of those, for s\!ch almo.st exclusively 
were the suff-rers, who were hut gratuitous spô^a. 
tors of I he «mertainment, which he had prepared 
at 80 great an cxpence. In order that wo se- 
cond disappointment rnay be experienced in any 
thing that depends on him, he declar^-d his positive 
•: determ'P.ation to a.^end at any rate this day ; but 
j unless the weather proves fair, he will not come 
j down in the parachute. Captain Sowden, who' 
seems t® have become enam')ured of aerial voyages, ' 
iro.-n his last trip, intends to accompany Kim, it the 
wvath; r shouH be such as to permit o.dy a comiDon 
iUc^n; withoat the çarachuts. 



locIpL^ÏÏ'îome'n!:^-"''^ indignation, that the- 
i^ORo's Cricke g"oS"^'"^ "-ghbourhood of ^ 
' let fîaees for 7i ^'°""^' ad vertife they, will ereft and ■ 

|baioon'g;tfF';hirr;"t'°"f^^^^'''^ ^« ^-"- 

f doenerofitydifpkvedbvM'rV ^"'""^-"^ ""^^'^^^ 
K^rom Randaoh, {, will h^ f ,'"'';.'"'''" '^^^^ ^^^^^"^ 
mean and iilibera at^, L /hi f.'I^ "'^'''^' '^'^^^ ^^^^'^ ^ 
of the means of i4S^?h f ,' "^'^^ ^' ^^' ^'^^ ' 
bi-xperiment in ol - '^ ^'^^J ^^^^^ ^^-^ 




-âscmdeitiramLordJ Cricket (rrûund,MarY.ldicme,ûn\ 
\Mûndm%JuZvj,iâo2.wr/àMe/s'7é^imierrn andLockerr I 
j iheireatfierbemc e.vtrernely wetandclmuivMm-ùit/a'ct^ 
\Mmutes became imi.nble;k àz a quarter aféaiSoicr de i 

rfcended at Chmffford 6reen.mJBfsej:.adi/hzficeufpmks. 
^ The great0l Height thex'attaznd was ^,âooJ^ee£^. 



C.rorkrTielm' 



yulm.f, 



GARNERIN' s JBJLOON. 






A confiderable degree of difapprobation having been 
exprefied bythe multitude on Saturday, at M. Garne-. 
rin not afcending, he, on Sunday pubHcly advertifed that 
he would afcehd yçfterday although the weather fiiouîd 
not prove favoorable, although it might be impoffible to 
attempt the defcent by the parachute. It was like- 
wife advertifed that Cap'tain^Sowden v^ould accompany 
him, but which proved to be^a mifUke on the part of 
IVI. Garnerin, as he mifunderfbcd the Captain in the 
converfation .he , had with him .on Saturday on^ 
the fubjeét in the Cricket Ground. The Captain, how-' 
ever, yefterday morning, in the mofl; handfome manner, 
toMM. G. if he could not get any body to accompany 
him, fooner than he fliculd be without a companion, he 
would go with him. In the courfe of the morning M. 
G. received a letter from a lady, offering tb^àccbmpany 
him ; to which he returned for anfwer, he rnculd wifii 
to have an interviev/ with her before he gave his confent 

but the {adydid not make her appearance. M- G. 

alfo had the offer of feveral gentlemen to accompany 
him ; among them were Mr. Carberry, the fon of an, 
artificial flower manufaâureh and feather-feller, and a 
gentlemaB of the name of Browne. The latter was 
fixed upon by M. G. to accompAuy him : we under- 
ftand this is his baloon name, but that his real name is 
Beck, and that he refides in Oxford-fbeet. 

About 12 o'clock the operation for fdling thebaloon 
commenced ; î^t half paft three M. Garnerin arrived on 
the ground, .and infpefced the operations, and affdlcd 
in filling the baloon. He did not appear in the lead 
difmayed at the unfavourable appearance of thcAvea- 
ther, although it rained very hard, and the wmd blew a 

briflc gale. _ . r-r^r ^ ■ u 

' About a quarter paft four the Prince of \Vales, with 
the Puchefs of Devonihire on his right arm and Lady 
Morpeth on his left, arrived on the ground. They were 
followed by Lord and Lady Belborough, Lord and 
Ladv Cathcart, Lord and Lady Cholmondeley,^ and 
Lord and Lady Wm. RuiTell, Lord Chatham, Lady 
Holland. Lady Melbourne, Mrs.Erilcine, Mr. and Mrs. 
Hare, and a'greattiumber of other Noblemen and t^en- 
tlemen of dl{Hn(îtion. , , . m 

M. Garnerin and Capt. Sowden havmg met with 
great difficulties in their late excurhon from Raneiagh 
when the-^ landed, the people fuppofing them to be im- 
poftors, M. Garnerin apphed to the Prmce to hgn a 
certificate of his being the man wno went m the 
baloon, &c. which his Royal «ighnefs agieed t^^^^^^^ 
the moft condelcending manner. His ^^f^^^'^lf 
followed by that of the Duchefs of Devonfhire, Lo.d 
Cathcart, and Sir Richard Ford. .^rren^vU 

During the preparation, the wind was fo ex renn^ y 
boifterous thatit was with the gre^Ueft ^'^^^^'l^^y ^^J^ 
ropes could fupport and a great number of men could 
keep i'downfthree men got into the car to endeavour 
to eady it, but without effeft, and it was tned if 
vo dd ri}e with three n.en in it, but it was found tobe 
Trnpraaicable. If it could have been managed, Mr. 
Carberry would have been the third man. 

Aboift half paft four M. G. thought the baloon 

fuffi^ciSy fdled^nd in a P-pe^" f - for " "g. and 

Mr Brown got into the car. M. G. th.n dreiiea 

h mVelf in a^acket, in which he always makes his 

èS exiurfions ; he took a tumbler of rum and water 

Ss.ïï.ti.ri:îïS:fssl^:js 

i great powa- over the baloon ^^ '']^^%^^^,,.,^ , 

I to touch the ground ieveral times. , 

' (hip at anchor in a ^^-P^'^^^^^J^.^^ for the r aSon, I 

before five a fignal^ §7 ."^^^ a every hing was ar- i 

M r" hav ng intimated that eve. y *" , ? , . 1 j ;».; 

':.„,• .„ Jf.rirf.aion. The laft rope vhch held .. 




stii"indT"hrb:;5or»oi^;rco„fe.o.;.rd3 



i â:"hr.hr;op:S7a«- *e. .e.e„. h„... a. 
they afcended. 



IK GAlUW-ilN. 

Yestermay, in consequence of his engagcmepî 
with the Public, M. Garnerin made the r;coet,- 
sary preparations in Lord's Crkkct-ground for ids 
ae/iai ascent. The hour fixed for the ascension was 
four o'clock. For two or three, hours previous, im- 
mense crowds of people in carriages, on horseback, 
and on foot, were collefting in the streets, roadU 
and fields in the vicinity of that place. The con- 
course of people certainly exceeded every fhirtg 
that had been seen upon any former occasion. The 
earlv part of the day was fine, but towards tiie 
afternoon rain c.ltne on, and as the hour approached 
it increased \\\ a great degree. This probably- 
occasioned a delay in rh.e ascension beyond the hour 
fixed upon .in t!)e advertisement. At ten minutes 
before 5 o'clock M. Garnerin at length ascended. 

He was accompanied by a M, Zotti, who we 

understand -is a Dutchman. The ascent waa-extreme- 
ly grand and gratifying ; but from the thickness 
of the weather, in about four minutes, the Balloon 
was lost in the clouds. Their journey we hope %vas 
a pleasant one." The wind was W. S. W. at the 
time of their ascent,, and seemed to direifl them 
towards Suffolk. They would have land enough 
before them in that direftion to permit a long ex, 
cursion, from which we iiope they will have iandejl 
in perfeft safety. M, Gaknerin, we are deci- 
dedly of opinion, is entiried to the admir 'tiun an^î 
proteaion of the British Public. — Pic has proved 
himself to be scientific and enterprising, grounds 
of pretension which can never be overlooked by liie 
People of this Country. - — . - ~ 

Notwithstanding the immense pressure of people 
arrd crowd of carriages, we are hopeful i^w acci- 
dents may have happened. An over-drove ox mi-^ 
fortunately got into the New Road, and tossed 
some persctrrs, among whom %vas a. fine y.oiith oi: 
about fourteen years of age, -who had both his 
arms broke. The gard.eners in the neighbourhood 
of Lord's Ground most unjustifiably escdted sîaf..- 
folds that overlooked ihe space in which M. Gar- 
NEUiN was carrying on his process-. These scaf-^ 
folds beiiig insufHciently construfted, sortie of thera 
gave way, and s^avef^l persons were inaterially in- 
jured by rhe fall. It was disgraceful/o the Nation 
thaï M. Garnerin should thus, be defrauded cf 
the pro&rs of his adventure, and not very honour- 
able to the vigilance of the .Police, that scaffolds 
should be permufed to be raised that might endan- 
ger the lives of His Majesty's subjects. 



AIR' EALI.OON.-Thifi Day is P!'?'''^"?'^' fi"p^, ""^^ 
Sixp'^ncs feinbelllshed witha beautiiul coloured Pure; 

Mr locke , who accompanieù M, Garnerin-, as wr, tien 




J., ù/rrm/7// 4^^ot"//fr 



L Ojaj s ( JtlCKE T Gli UKD 



,/ ll"'-''''/'^-^,yo. 





^^^A 



V 






.Z■/^^/.:i:7»^/ évJ^n^eSfUMrIVfJ0Ar-/rnns Cou?^- Bro.yrl S/rr^e^- 7. em- f-/,e Eovr^ / I':.'cA^n,^fr. 



Irice 6 Hani Qk Coloured. 



July mT- i&O'i. 



':f^;;Z^ July22, 1802. 



BALLOONERT, 
T «ft nio-ht M. Garnerin was compenfated for bis 

■tr "f endfy J. Sf occafion .s it had been unfa voor. 
V^ \Zhl forroer experiments were attewpred. 
T^er^ t fca ce^ "breath^f wind, and, .hough it 
V:ZltX^^^^^ theato^ofpherc was uncommonly 

'^'vâuxh.lî Gardens were crowded at an early hour. 
We e very feldurn inded wnneffed fo much beauty 
TdShion it this advanced period oi the feafon. 
wt; thev hadforn^erlyfeen appeared only to have 
Sed their curiofity-and all were on the cptoe of 

''CcoTcert concluded about eleven, and the com. 
panu immediately flocked to the Eaûern walk. On 
rhe'aa£e, at its extreanity, riie balloon was vifible. 
It looked exaftly like an immenfe Windfor pear. _ In 
a few minutes it ^vas allowed to rife to about the height 
of thirty yards. The various fire works attached to 
it could now be difcovered diftindly . Every thing 
beine ready, the fufe was lighted, and the balloon 
afcended with the molt wonderful velocity. Ac firlt 
it teok rather a northerly dirertion, and feemed even 
tohavecroffed the river, but it immediately after 
returned to the ibuth, and hovered exaitly above the 

It had now rifen to fi/ch an immenfe height, that 
fcarcely a glimmering ot light could be perceived, and 
everv body was afraid lelt the fufe was exiinguinied, 
and 'the balloon without, taking fire would fiy offinto 
thediftant regions oi fpace. But in the midil QÏ this 
anxiety the hreworks in a moment began to go oiF, 
and a fight was exhibited which it is impoffible tor the 
jivelieil imagination to conceive. Wheels, rockets, 
tourbillions, bombs, &c. fucceeded each other, till the 
iireatlaft reached the balloon itfelf, when a grand 
explofion took place, and the whole horizon was in a 
blaze. 

" A flood of glory burft from all the fliies." 
We never witneffed fuch rapture as sha fpeftators 
expreffcd. A very grand difplay of fire-works fol- 
lowed, by Sigaior Ruggieri.; The gardens wer.: mod 
bi:il]iaiH!y lighted up, and a grander evening Vaux- 
•ball has never feén.. ' ' - / 

The/crowd of fpeâators v.'ithout the walls was far 
greater. The highways and lanes in the neighbour^ 
hood were .filled, from fide to fide, and Weftmjnfter 
Bridge for hall an hour was almoft conîpletely irapaL 
Table, During the explofibn the balloon rouft have 
■beenvifible' at any plape. within twenty miles of 

' Xondon. ^ v. 

.. ■' -> . ' • '■II . = 

No fsiwer than four publications have appeared 
upon Balloons. If any of our Readers vnù\ to hz 
intbrracd upon this subje^fî, we would recommend 
t'lem one called Aerouatlcs. It conta'ns a pard- 
ciilar account of the Aerial Vo^-ag^s' that have 
been made, and gives the fullest diredions for 
making th^^se machines. It' has a very good Plate 
by Roberts, reprîsenting^ M. Garnerin desccnd- 
' Ing b a P'drachL'tf;,and its price is only ore, ihiiîuig. 

THE BALLOON. 
To the Printer of The St. J. CHRONICLE. 
SIR, yu^-Z^^/S-a-L. 

PERMIT mc to congratulate you as well as the 
Publick, on the revival of the Balloon. You 
will agree with me when I remark, that Editors' of 
Newfpapers, thofe indefatigable provifors forourintel- 
leéUial entertainment, arefometimes barren of incident, 
and that during the dearth of other provifion, they are 
reduced 'to the difagreeable neceffity of recounting the 
moft ni.irveiious events they can find. Such being the 
details that are read with the greateil avidity. — An 
Infant fwallovving a knife with two bliides, and firft 
voiding the havdk by the mouth, and one of the hladei 
by another paffage, while the fécond blade was waiting 
to be diliblved in the little ftomach, appears to be an 
Anecdote taken up merely for want of one mor€ capa. 
fele of exciting thé publick aftonilhment. Now, Sir, 
a Balloon is unqueftionably a luonder-exckitig objeét 
of a much fuperior order, and the Navigators of it 
deferve our very great admiration and furprife, both 
on the fcore of perfonal courage, and ingenuity of mind. 
Yet allow me to hint to thefe adventurous voyagers, 
that they might do much more to excite our amaze- 
ment and gratify our curiofity, if they could rarify 
tliemfelves and their machine in fuch a manner, as to 
rife entirely beyond our folar fyftem, and arrive at 
thofe extra regions, fo celebrated by the great Author 
CÏ Paradife Loft. This, Sir, is not by any means, a 
jaunt fo impraticable as you may imagine it. If 
univerfal tradition may be credited, it has been fre- 
quently explored ; nay, it has been faid, that fome 
even of my own timid fex, have boldly ventured into 
itit region of 'vanity. Many difcoveries exceedingly 
curious might here be made by the aerial voyagers ; 
and I can affure you, that their travels would be read 
by none with more avidity, than many of my own 
female acquaintances, who would no doubt hear of 
raany articles of their property being found there, 
■which they looked upon as irretrievably loft ; and I 
for one, ftiould be much more entertained by your in- 
telligence from thence, than by a ftory even fiirpafllng 
the Infant and the Knfe, in the marvellous. It would 
be a very defirable objed, if fome regular mode of 
communication could be eftabliflied between that region 
and our terreftrial globe, as by this means many cu- 
rious things loft on earth might be recovered. Not 
only the poets of the day, and I may alfo fay thofe of 
half a century back, would find their account in it, 
but alfo the works and opinions of many learned 
Judges, grave Moralifts, and deep Metaphyficians 
might be recovered, which are now fcarcely to be 
found even in the upper Ihelves of a publick library, 
or the windows of a fnuff-lhop. There would be no 
want of conftant employment to the correfpondence, 
as new.year and birth-day odes, with a variety of 
Cmihr produirions of genius yearly, I had almoft 
faid, weekly, difappear from our planet. If my 
perfuafions can have any effeét in inducing the heroes 
of the air to undertake this journey ; they flaall be ac- 
companied by my beft witbea for their fuccefs and fafe 
return. - v;, * 

While they renew the travels of \^<^lo the 
Moon, upon his HippogrifF, when he t^^'^'^d that 
region, to bring back the lolt wits of Orlai ^^u'/riofo, 
I fincerely hope, that no future Aeronaut w •fiijfave to 
undertake a timilar voyage on account of M. éarnerm 
^"'^^k companions, but that their wits will alio return 
ra this earth, and not retriain m the chudi, alter their 
, bodies have defcended from the aerial regions. 

1 his voyage, Sir, is moft devoutly to be defired, 
tor the benefit of the Bull family, and likewife for the 
oeneht of the Readers of Newfpapers, in which nura- 

l^er IS your very conftant friend 

OLIVIA. 



THE AIR BALLOON. 
A PIC-Nl'c ODE. 
By CARDD CLOFFi July 6, iBot. 
H LNCE FORTH to France let Britain yield 
The glorious point of Castle- Building ;— 
But not those Uncouth fabrics, sliieWing 
RcbsUioua Lords, or Barons boldj 
As witness'd oft in days of old; 
Where steel-elad Knights wre w,'ont to wield 
■yVith giant-arm the massy laiiCe ! 

No— nor th»se casttes stat«ly floatiog 
On the vast deep with sails uhfurl'd, 
— Th3 admiiration of the world I 
Built (By many a skilful stroke) 
Of native British Heart of oak ; 

The pal* in these I'm not for vdtiitg 
So condfisetadiagly to France ; 
&it yet (to àive the Dev'l His.duè, is îAt), 
The French can alvvsys best euiU cas tits in iht air Ï 
Soar high, mymUse, and try to follow 
Patn'd (îAHKtRiN'â aerial fiight \ 
Exert thy nimblest v/ings aright, 
^ Or his balltjon will beat tlieehoUiiW ! 
Êehold, he mounts his swingirig cir, 
^pin'd by a gallant British Tar ! 
"triumphant they ascead together. 
In spite* of envious wind or weather. 
5,0 ! high among the tow'ring clouds, 
. Now like a Brace of Gods they ride } 
Feasting-^tiOt on thé empty air- 
But sumptuously on f/c-»/V_^v / 
\ "Whilst their proud waving Hags deride 
JÇarth's creeping thhigs— the gazing crowds ! 
To tliern St. Paul's snàjestic daroi 
Soon seems diminish'd to a gnat, 
Ten thousahd.ftet aloft tb*y roam. 
Swift as an eagle id pursuit of pfey, 
Cutting through trackless air an easy way. 

Yet ev'n can hear our gossips chat ! 
Or, v/ith keen eye, behold a wi-en or thrush, 
ferch'â on a Spray of Epping's gooseb'ry bush ! 

Thé angfy clouds, althd' Unable 
To cope with the undaunted flying pair, 
That dar'd t' invade the regions of the air ; 
Diseharg'd their ire or» those below, 
Who came in crowds to see the shew. 
And drench'd alike the hapless muslin'dyi;V, 
Thé Squeamish beau, a :d motley rabble 
Asserinbicd for a precious stare ! 
Who 'gainst the ruthless vengeance of the rain, 
Sought shelter from their nlken shields in vain. 

But now, my mu5.ï, descend and change thy tunc. 
Now must thou chaunt of thmgs beiow— 
Sing of disasters full of vi'oe ! 
Like those bHield xuz fi-now: fourth of Junt^\ 
When Londof.';-. i;all:!nt volunteers 
(Despising all ill natui'd sneers, 
■ With banners waving in the air, 
V7fou;4h[ oy their leaders' ladies fair) 
Ê^j bravely stood their ground in arm» 
Agaiuit most dire anvl dr^^d alarms — 
'Till Gen'ral Rain's superior force 

CauS'd the brave gay clad ranks to yield 5 
M'adeev'ry woman, man, and horse, 

Fiy from the delug'd .slipp'ry field ; 
Forc'd many heroes, highly tir'd, 

To use the niusket for a prop ; 
Whilst others faintand hungry fir'd 

Pop— pop— 'pop ! 
Thus row amongst the gazing throng 
A Scene commenc'd of uproar dire, 
Tfte-dripping fair ones tripp'd along, 

Up to their tott'ring knees in mire ! 
Their robes clung like transparent paste, 
Close as a leech to the slim waste, 
l5isplaj'ing forms— man's soul to charm ! 

What heart from lo-.e could then refrain ? 
T^y made the stoic's bosom warm. 
Amid the chilling wind and rain, 
\ A finer treat, to peeping beaux, by ût, 
■ ïhaa see the Frenchman mount th' aerial car ! 
As towards horn's the groupes repair'd. 
All eyes upon them rudely star'd, 
"Yea some, who were not of the crowd^^ 
Maliciously would laugh aloud ! 
The milliners— those pretty little thieves, 
Smil'd too, Vi^ith countenances quite bewifching ! 
And many /aiion, grinning in thsirskf-ves. 
Were seen, as on the shopboards they sat stitching. 
Ksw caps, new gowns, new coats, all seein'd to say, 
Must ilovv become tlie order of the day. 
The doilors too, v/hose primness scare yè. 
And ev'ry stilt- back'd'potliecary. 
Had visibly some lively traces 
Of jay indented in their faces. 

Some counted what tliey'd gain by co/d. 
And agueis that would soon abotmd, 

In pieces of most prscious gold, 
To tlie s\Veet tune oi many a pound ! 
And thus th' aerial show a charming thing was found ! 

* M. Garnerin in his advertisement said,, that he would 
positively ascend on the day appointed, insj^ife ot wind or 
Weather. 
f The grand review in Hyde Park the 4th of June, tSbo, 



^ fûrTheST. JAMES'S CHRONICLE.' - 

A-ràchman accounted to his fried fr theafwttof- 
- Vi Garnerin's Ballmi at the prejent time, by objerv- 
,;,; «• M'«/ tt -was cujhmary ,r> this nat,o,t al'ways to 
f^dup a balloon at the Diifohitiot. of Parliament. 
this ingemous remark ga've occafon to the foUuvJtng 
Lines :— ^i^/&!>,Z^ 

OF late, whea London in amaee, ' ; 

Ran all into the iîelds to gaze ; 
While o'er St. Paul's, on clouds beftrode. 
The Aeronauntk Heroes rode ; „ , . 

«' Mon Dieu ! what monfter in the Jkiei . 
tacques to his kinfman fiirugging cries. 
'' Pogh ! anfwer'd Monfieur wich a Ineer, 
that's nothing ftrange in England here ; 
The/^ry gas to warm debate 
That's liorcd within St. Stephen's gate, 
Aiid oft makes f.ith a rout therein, 
As frightens Europe with the din 5 
If let, when Padiament is out, 
Abroad, might ravage all about; 
N&nd therefore for the publick good, 
A wife precaution is purfued ; 
The fiery vapours yet unfpent, 
In air-balloon are always pent ; 
Then from the earth are borne on high, 
To Milton's realm of 'vamly:' ^^^ 



ORIGINAL F02TKi\ 



^ 



THE PARACHUTE.— AN ODE\ 
(beiko intended m a supplement to THB 

AIR BALLOON, A FlC-.VlC ODE, PtrELt.SH£a 
IN THE MORNING POST, 3 1ST OF JULY LASt.) 
By BARDL) CLOFF. 

AGAIN, my Muse, prepare to sing, 
Again prepare thy wings for fdght ; 

Soar— and bedim a mortal's sight 

Trace G a rn ek : n's stupendous -"rt/.ijf .' 
His praise to all thô world declare, 
And crown him Emp'ror of'the Air I 
On pleasing London gazers bent. 
At last, he made his bold descent ; 
Plurg'd downward from the lofty sky, > 

'J'he curious world to gratify, 

And set ouf be.tux iztJ iadiet siuooning ! 
Yea—bent Oil giving yonrry Hail, 
At last, his honest belly full 

Of AtR Ballo.oninc ! ! 
On ev'ry side were steadfast eyes 
Devoutly turn'd towards the skies : 
I UK an not folks their sins repeating, 
Or weeping widows, quite forlorn. 
The loss of husbands dear lamenting. 
Or children, from their bosoms torn S'- 
Eut num'rous gazing ey.s uplifted 
From crowds, like rapid torrents, drifted, 
T6 have à sight of Garnerin, 
Descending in the grand machine, 
That would so elevate his fame. 
Or break his neck— 'twere all the same ! 

For thousands, in sweet dust beclouded, 
Fill'd all the spacious stitets around ; 
Nor did a single spot of gr.'Und 
f£xcepting only the Parade., 
Wbei-e none couid peep, u/tkss-they paid *J 
Remain uncrowded ! 
The cobwebb'd trapdoors open flew, \ 

And soon each roof was weil bestrode, 
'J'ill cracking underneath its load ; 
And some were happy to have got 
Well seated on a chimney pot ;— 
All ranks were eager for a view. 
Prim ladies— misses—jolly dames— 
As if tiiey flew from spreading flames ! 

Like soldiers stormiiig a redoubt-^ 
Clim'd the steep laddJrjj to behold the shew, 
Regardless of all pteping eyerbelo-w ; 
1 ' And thus the houses were r«r;7'£//>r«V/.' ».'.'/ ' 

\ Anon the great Balloon \ip pops ! 

\ ' And, like a hicnstrous globe appears ; 

Or, like the iKad'i of modern crops, 
I . . E abb' d oy their ears1 

i Beneath it hui^g the Parachute, ' ' 

Shap'd like a hugeous Bond-street lost ■ 
. And.i^îonsieurGARîJERZN bïlûw. 
Quite at his ease, peep'd thro' the toe \ 
Thus he advanc'd, light ■<^% a feather. 
Through tvads irnmense of limpid xther, 
• Usurping, on yon airy plains, 
The royal eagle's wide domtins, 
And his fam'd winged poiv'rs, defying. 
Not much unlike his Gallic master ,- 
Whose grand expieits fly rather fwter 
Than Fame herself— tho' always flj ing. 
At length, the fam'd aerial lord. 
With keen knife, cut the hanging cord ' 
Down swiftly dropp'd the pendant car, 
Like Lucifer, the morning siar f 
At once, ten thousand^shrieks were heird 
- From the sweet throats of British, heljej.; - 
Who', pleas'dj had on the housetops star'd, ! 

But, then, would fain be hid in ccili. 
Some dropp'd, as quick, the pearly fear^ 
For the brave man they held so dear ; 
Grieving to see the air's great king 
Within his own domlnioias sauting I 
And thought his fame and glory ended, 
When thus 'twixt lieay'n and earth suspended- 
But he, with wrea:!is of g!«ry crown'd, 
Soon reach'd, unhurt, our dirty ground, 

Resembling smne old demi-jjwl ! 
Alas ! what has poor earth to spaj^c 
For tlie brave heroes of the air ? 
; She's scarcely worthy to be trod : 

I Yet, .since they deign to light upon her, 

' ^ Let"«j-begrat;ful for the honour. 
\ jt^ ^Ji„^^^ ^^< Garnerin'saccoiint of his descent. 

The. Pantheon is evfiiC/ Say crov^âeà "with people 
of faîshion anri amateurs who come (0 exatnine Mr. 

" ' G.ARNtRiN's aerostatic machines ; every body seems 
pleased 'with the ingenuity oftliis aeronaut, who 

. . clurstiir.^t jr^sf to a paracluife to descend from the 
highest regions of the air. General Money in par- 
ticular, so well known bv his aerial vovagefi,,&fllnired 

.. this vasit apparatus, and offered to go hiiii^TF In a car 
above the parachute, in order tp^ save the balhron ; 

' bufMr. Garnerin woylu not endanger the life of 
'any individual Jjt'fôré lie has tried that experiment- 
Ijihudft therefore he deolined the General's gencr 

- rous offer.. , It i* nevertheles.î thought that at his "' 
lïcst a.'icension he will accept of the offers several 

• Gciittlemcn-have made him, to share both theexpence 

"tajQitpleajîice of aiv serial .vû¥^'''' 

Colley Cibbfr, of fiicetious menwry, com. 
pared the amusement of Coursing to " being rae- 
lancholy mad for two hours, and stark mad for two 
minutes." But had Gibber witnessed, on Mon- 
day last, two or three hundred thousand persons 
standing for two hours under a heavy rain before 
the Gallic Adventurer started from Lord's Cricket 
Ground, and for a sport that lasted but one minute 
only, he might have thought the Company all 
raving mad. If a few of the many thousands of 
pounds so tmprofitably spent on that day had been 
direfted by high and low Adventurers in the ra- 
pidly approaching and advantageous Lottery, what 
sums of money might have been won ! — and how 
many individuals, under a cloud all their lifetime 
before, mig'ht have ascended and approached the 
sun-shine of Good Fortune, and especially, if such 
Lottery Tickets or Shares had been bought at 
Pope's * Fortunate Office,' Royal Exchange, clos» 
by the Bank* 

~^helEagle can fly iii a minute 601,3, Englifii 

feet. M. Garner I n's balloon went at ithe rate of 

6; 9 2. A Hawk belonging to Henry the 2d, King 
of France, flew away from Fouucaiiibleau, and 
was cau<:>^ht 24 hours after at the iiland of Malta. 
In that time, therefore, this animal had travelled 
icoo Englifti miles, xvhich make about 42 miles 
per hour, or 3696 feet per minute. At -fhe rate^^ 
at which M. Garnerin's balloon proceedcfj, it' 
would go round the Globe iii 13-f days, allowing 
the .circumference of k to be 2400 miles, which 
is double the velocity witli which Diamond and 
Hambletonian run againll: each other, and with 
about half the fwiftnefs of a carrier pigeon, 
one ol which went, in the year 1779, fn.-m Lon- 
don to Tipton Church, in Staffordlhire, which is 
no miles, in '53 minutes. 



' 'CAPTAIN SOt^lk^'i, ACCÔt/Nf 

Asnumberkss questions have been piit to n^ vt- 

^„,a IT the sensations I experienced wlrtie .n ta. 

^S^eions, I think iUdmy .neumbent on ,..e o 

SJthe Public, and to set them ng!u as to the 

n ideas th'^v have of an .eroBtanc T03':tçc; 

oH "rf^cnding,we^hafcwdtoi.^ 

ÏÏrS ve hnd gained the hdglu «f^boat Jooo tecr. 

rSred Mr. Gakn.kin not to ascen-d any, &.gher 

ri e had passeci the metropolis, that .he inhabi- 

t might be gratllkd with a f V.l v.e w ot us. V/!)en 

we ."d it at a small distance from. London, we 

?ce ced'^-o.gh Some very thtck clouds, of wh.ch 

onUl percei.^ three distina row., at the k>vver 

ir of which we found tiie qu.ckstlver ot the 

\.^,c^r nt ic de-vrees, and I was obbged to 

e °ound The air more temperate, and the cpick- 
; Iver rise gradually to 5 ^^egree._ above summer 
h,,r We then scented to be stationary, and fcTr 
no'tnore motion than one would feel in sitting m a 
chai^:n a room. I then proposed to Mr. Garkkrin ; 
to overhaul our lockers, where we found a liain» a 
old fowl, à cake, and two bottles orgeat, wines 
oVspirits being dangerous to take, owing to the rare- j 
^ fia ion of the^dr. The chill ol the clouds having 
■given us an appetite, we made a t.ble on our knees 
fvîththe-seaîs of the car, ar^d ?.te a very hearty 
L.\ The clouds then dispersed frooi^undcrus, and' 
• ve had a dellghtfui view of the country, _ Whether 
Hsowing fo the rnreficatipn of the^^ or to , 
■he strong light thrown on the earth, I canno 
a termine, but 1 found that my sight, which a 
■A\ times is rather weak, become so saongithat 
I could easily distinguish the muunest objects on 
■the, earth: it appeared like a vast panorama, or 
n>ap, ot" aJour" mty" mu^ hi ctt-cumierence. 
"he c we codd not only- follow wuh our-eyc-^ 
1^ diiï^^cnt cross roasts and Interseaions on.u W 
even distinguish the ruts .on them, and the very 
fJrrowsin^h'e field. The sense of hearj.g was 
tom^er here than on earth ; for, at the height ot ,- 
1 c 000 feet, we cculd distinctly hear_ the rattling 
If hecarria..cs on the roads-, ,be lowing of cattle, 
Ind^the aeciamatians cfahe people who saw ^.s ; 
though at the.skme time :.ve coula hardly hear our- 
selves speak-, and 1 arr) persuaded, .tuu a person 
on the earth, 5vvh>«trnng^.o.ceaiidaspeuk.ng. 
trumpet, might make himsdf pei^fedly, understood 
by any person at that height m the air. , ■ _ 

I have obser/ed,. that, ah,r.ost..<:very.,se,nsa.tion 1 
experienced wliile in the upper regions, was exaéUy 
the contrary to what is .he general opuimn of the^ ■ 
Public 1 was assHredbya txumber, -of the roost 
celebtated lacrati, who pretended to, be ve.ry 
learned on that s.uhjc.a, that I shQuhi_ find .th,e . 
cold increase, the higheri T ascended -, instead ot;. 
which, 1 found- the heat increa.se to tiuu degree, 
that I was obliged to take both my grent coat -^d 
incket off. It^s also ^ic .g<ineral opinion, that 
lookinc down from so stupendous a height renders a 
ncrson'so giddy as not to be able to keep his seat i 
on the confrary, 1 found thai I could look down with 
a vast deal of pleasure, and without experiencing that 
I inconvenience ; whereas looking round on i.ie vast 
•expanse awt surrounded us, rendered my eyes so dim 
tltn 1 was sometimes a few. minutes be ore 1 cou d 
■perfeaiy recover my sight. I experienced nodifficui- 
fy of breathing, or inconvenience trom. the motion 
of il.e Balloon ■,' for though we moved with im- 
mense velocity, we felt not the least wind or pres- 
sureof air, it bcing^ so perfeaiy calm, that the flags 
inourhands, and those with which the Balloon 
was decorated, hung supine, nor did they stir. 1 
observed, that between every row. of clouds^ no 
<>nly the atmosphere, but the wind, varied severa 
degrees; for on our passing through the first cloud 
after leaving Lotidon, the wind, which had before 
been' rearlv South-West, changed to South South- 
'.Ka.st, by ..which means we found ourselves oyer | 
St. Atban'^, in Hertfordshire, - On ascending | 
still higher, the wind became nearly \\est, whicn I 
drove uts over Epping Forest, which I distinpished , 
vcrv plainly : it appearc^l like a gooseberry-bush, ij 
then pointed out our course to Mr. Garkeuin on -, 
the mup, and observed to him (bat we should soon 1 
perceive.the sea, which in a short time we saw very ^ 
pbirdy. Mr. Garnerin then toid me we had 
not a moment to lose, and must descend with all 1 
possible speed ; at the same rime pointing out a very ( 
heavy cloud to me, nearly under us; and said--- , 
" ///««/ one mus passions a ^tr.vTJcrs de ce drôle là 
accrochez ^oms ferme car nous alhvsnouscnsserje 
col." 'l amv.-z'Cçà, ''De tout mon casur." We tnen 
opened the valve, and we descended with rapidity. 
On rushing into the cloud, I found, as he h.^l con- 
ieaured, it contained as Violent a squall of vvina 
and rain as I ever ^experienced. The attiacfion 
of the water, the force of the wind, and the constant 
emission of gas from the valve, hurled us vyilh.such 
velocity towards the earth, that I expeftcd to see his 
prediftion verified, th.ough I-:Can assure you, my 
ideas at that time did not coincide wuh t'ae answer • 
I made him. Mr. GaRneiun sfdl retained ail Ins 
coolness and presence of mmd , and while we were 
descending with that extreme swiftness.desired me, 
the moment Î should find the car about to toiieh ue 
earth, 'to catch hold of the hoop winch was ftsieaeci 
to the bottom of the net, to which th.- car was sus. 
pended, and lift tnyself up into the net, by wiiicii 
means ss't saved ourselves from being d.ished^to 
pieces. The Balkan did not re-asceiid immediate^', 
but dragged us along the ground, with astonis.ung 
, swiftness, for the length of .nearly three fj':^lris, . 
before the grappling iron took gor/d hold, ano men 



tm- 
out to 



we thought ourselves safe, , being close to a f: 
house, from which several persons came out iw 
see us ; but though we threw our roi^es to thorn; and 
called for, help, they were so consternated, that nei- 
tlier threats nor entreaties could prevail on them to 
come to our assistance'; for; as I afterwards iieard, ;, 
they took us to be two sorcerers., it bcivig rallier an-, 
unusual thing to see two men coming down post- 
liastc from the. clouds. We were for about three 
minutes in that^itur.tion, till another gust of wind 
broke our cable, and we ascended agam nearly 600 

I IiL the bustle of prevaring^ the ropes for the £ir- 
' *jçh,j MrV#à«Éîi{N m Ui ttiië ftîpê lîcfônp:^: J, 

' io^he valve sîîbôttt oi hii hund, hy whiclt îîfÇ-'.fK: ..1 

the bortûiR of the SaHodn whs prbsed-ai^wavds by 
the wind. Mr^ G/iRNERi>t desired me t^ tty fo 
reo-ain it, which I at last effev^cd by çUrtfbitiè ù'p 
into the ner, though the force of tht ^inj «ruc^- 
ihe tin tubes faSte.ied at the boltorri nf the E.nlortn^ 
i and througlitvhich the rope led/with such viole.rTce 
I ac^ainst my face^that it had néaily stunntïd me 
I Having recoveredj \^e re.descchded^ but were? uotne 
! with such violettce across the country, sometimes, 
aloH? the ground^ sometimes in the air, that I se- 
veral times proposed to Mr. GarneRin to abandon' 
the Balloon, and to save ourselves ; but he contu 
nuaily objeded tti it, and reminded me of my pro • 
mise not to quit him. ln the mean t.me,^ We 
were dashed ag-iirtst several trees, one of which had 
nearly destroyed us. Being with my bdck towards 
it I received a blow on the head, v;liich threw me at 
fuU length at the bottom of the c^r. Mr.GARNERi.v, 
in attempting to assist me, was nearly thrown over- 
board : two of the <:ords that held the car broke, 
and at the same time some of the branches tore 
the Balloon: upon which Mr. Garjiekin cried 
out «' The Balloon is torn, and we are saved. — 
Another gust of wind disengaged us from the trc-, 
and we touched dic ground once more, with, a less 
violent shock than before. We then both got our 
but so exhausted with our numerous exertions, that 
we had hardly strength to follow the Balloon, which 
fell again about .00 paces further, when we com. 
ple.clv mastered it, by throwing ourselves upon t, 
and by that means pressing out ^^'\'''''''f;'''Xi: 
aas. It rained so very hard, that I proposed to Mr. 
L.NKUiN to leave ^^^ Walloon in iliej^a^nid 
go in search of some house for shelter and refresh- 
lent. We accordingly made the best of our w.ij cO \ 
a house, which.wecfpicdabouthalfa mile off, be- 



uouse, wiin-ii'VTi- w^f-.-" — 

,naing to a Mr. Ki^as.EKY; and here a very 
carfous mistake took place. When we inquired iuc 
the Master of the house, ,. Mr. Kingsbery appear- 
ed, but seeing two persons of so scr.nge an rippcar^ 
arce, (Mr. Garkerin having a trench hat on, 

hi the National Cockade, bearing the I n-to bur- 



came on account ot me r.ic(.iu'i. , <- --.-- 

" e^, hhn. .M. '< Genrte,.e„, .bo.sU a,n ^ ,e. 

holder, 1 have made » derer.nniation no! to to.etot 

one iJe or the other." So On,ch was he m.pressed 

M, ,hU Idea that it was some lime Ixtore M-e 

e"! ti; ïùntnsible that we W not.vlng «, 

^rwlth the Eleaion, but that we iaaie m a BO. 

oln three q-attcrs of a„ horn from Lorn,,,,, ;- 

,: we were\c„ ..>.* l>.»iscd a.d ureJ. a,,d 

dr 
hi 



r T^v!Zt even offered us bed., the use of 
r/,"rfo W ;'l.'bf« convey us.tWther where 

7o:'r°:aft?trwor;^--""-^»^-'°" 

o'clock the nexr morning. 



of „,i„d Mr. G.".-;;,i-- :j>„x;„v,!r. 



his 

lat 

th 



On the day of thelaft afcenfion of Garnerin's balloon, 
an order was given by Willan, the farmer, to his men, 
to impound all the horfemen they found trefpaffing on ' 
his fields. A great number rufhing on, his grafs and 
inclofures fuftainedconfiderable injury. The firit thing 
the men did was to rail up all the gates, and other 
avenues leading out of the fields; and they actually 
impounded not only the horfes but the "riders, to the 
amount of about fixty, affording great amufement to 
the mob collected to fee this extraordinary levy carried 
into execution. The horfemen v/ere releafed, but the 
horfes detained. On Tuefday, at the Publick Office, 
Hatton.Garden, feveral gentlemen appeared before the 
Magiftrates, at the inftance of Mr. Willan, farmer, 
on a charge of trefpafs, in having, together with 
nearly 500 perfons on horfeback, and a great number 
on foot, broke down his palings, and covered a large 
field of grafs, which was entirely deftroyed, in confe- 
quence of their eagernefs to fee M. Garnerin's balloon 
ji off. The complaint being more adapted to another 
place, the parties gave their addrefs at the efficcj and 
they departed. 

We are forry to learn, that a perfon vjho was car- 
ried to the Holpital, in confequence of the fall of a 
fcaffold at the time of the afcenfion of Garnerin, died 
yefterday morning. 

A great number of pick-pockets apprehended when 
the Balloon afcended on Monday, were yefterday 
examined at Bow-ftreet, when three were committed 
for trial for robbery, and fifteen to hard labour as 
reputed thieves. 



\voald venture -to go to the. 

'""Thisas\s.ear.as,ate3tasa^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

-^? V'T'Aif »; w »M "thL^by save «e . 
,t It. «m.r Paper, « !° .. „„,„„ breath enoosh 
r:«wer't':t::iorS:4-ies^o„eer„..o«, 

aerial excursion. ^ ^^ SOWDKîif. 



The following faithful copy of an advertifement, 
wrote by Captain Sowden hiuifelf, the original of 
which is in Mr. Garnerin's hands, fully jufi;iu£s this 
lart gentleman, and gives a flat contradicTtion to fome 
extraordinary paragraphs v/hich feeni to difcredit Mr. 
Garnerin's authority for pubhfliing Mr. Sov/den's fé- 
cond afcenfion with him : 

" Mr. Garnerin not having been able to defcend in , 
the parachute on the third of July, on account of the 
■ violence of the wind, refpedïfully informs the Nobility 
and Gentry, and the public in general, tlrat, if on I!vlon- 
day the weather will not permit him to afcend in para- 
chute, he will afcend with the car, -in U'hrch Captain 
Sewden means to as^company him." 

Ji'^^7'. /Sot. 



'Captain Sowden" is not fbe ¥rît whole ofg-ans ok" 
tifion fliewed the precarioufnefs of the common laws 
0Ï perfpedive. An iiluflrious Spectator before hioi 
declared, that in his -view Auftria v/âs J}rong h re- 
fourcesy \jh'\\t France v/as exhaujlcd. Why ftiould nVc 
then wonder at the narrative of an .^.^ronaut who 
merely fays, that the cart ruts v/ere diJluiBly "v'Jiile, 
while Epplng-Foreji appeared like a goofebcrry hujb. 

The company at Tanbridge are all of the courtly 
kind, and the etiquette of St. James's is preferred with 
exaflnefs ; every thing is as fliiningand japanned as. the 
auares of that celebrated watering place. 

The number of Black-legs at the Races has probably 
been over-rated ; that there are many of the defcriptioa 
we cannot doubt, but (till all calculation muft be mere 
conjecture, unlefs fome dilfimflion be ettabliftied be- 
tween ihzprofejional Black-legs, and the amateurs.. 



: Various paragraphs have appeared" in' the' rfally 
prints, ascribing to Captain Sowden a novelty 
of invention, in the Narrative he has given to the 
world oi his Aerial Excursion with Monsieur Gar- 
nerin. That M. G.'s countryman, Volnev, 
fufnisbed Captain S. with the-everal ideas, cannot 
be doubted, if we refer to bis Survey otihe Revo- 
, lutions of Empires, where, speaking ot mmiclt, as 
! having been lifted into ihe uppermost region by the 
wing of Genius, he s.y.s, - that although he hao j 
eyes mure piercing 'than those of the eagle, //.. 
rivers belo^jo appeared to me no more tkaumeander. 
' .inz ribbons, ridges of mountains irregular furron.vs, 
I and great cities a msi f^f. boxes, varied'amorg tP.-m. 
I sehes like the s^uara in a chiss.ho^rd." 



/Sûi- 



There was much propriety in Captain Sowden s 
roing up in a balloOB with a ynmature painter. He 
leems no inconfiderabie proficient in that art himfelf. 



Thedidance to which the gallant Captain Sowden 
afcended v/as no doubt very highM^ the Pic Nies ought 
not to have advanced the expence of the journey in pro- 
portion. ys-û2- 



ÛARNERIN's BALLOOIi. 

'----*—:. v^^ s: /Sût 

The uncommon surcess which attended .the firsit 
ascent of M! Garnering under, circiimstanccs of 
such peculiar danger and 'difficulty, had excited in 
the mind of ihe Public the utmost anxietj' to uir. 
ness his second experiment. He had announced ins 
intention of ascending on Saturday, to the height 
of 10,000 feet, and of letting hiiîlsdf 'down by 
means of a jiarachute. — The novelty of such a 
scene in this country, reiideted every one desirous 
of being present. — The celebrated Aeronaut had 
advertised, that if the weather should prove un- 
favourable, he would postpone his exhibition ; and' 
in point. pf fad, the stormy and boisterous night 
of Friday determined him not to risk his own' life, 
and deprive the Public of that gratifcationj which 
could only be deiiveci from à serene atmosphere. 
The balloon and parachute were affixed at Lord's 
Cricket-ground, Marybone, and every preparation 
made for inflating the former. On Saturday morn- 
ing, the idea of an ascension was revived, in con- 
sequence of the wind having subsided, and the ;" 
Public, whose anxiety nothing could exceC'd, 1 
crowded for admission into' the placé from whence,, 
the balloon was to be launched. ' : 

The intrepid Adventurer had used every exer. . 
tion to repair the damage the Balloon had received Î 
by some atrocious miscreant having cut the oil-skin, ' 
of which it was composed. Every thing would 
have been ready, had the weather continued favour- 
able ; about two o'clock on Saturday, a tremendous 
shower of rain precluded the possibility of ascend- , 
ing with the Balloon, and hand-bills were distri- 
bated, and placards afHxed, informing the PublicJ 
the experiment was put off till tHis day, at four' 
o'clod'k. The Balloon was sent away to the Pan. j 
theon, in a cart, followed by a vast concourse of 1 
people. The populace, by the time it arrived near ^ 
the Panthéon, becan.e irritated at theix disappoint-" ' 
ment, and it was found necessary to co.nvey the 
Balloon to Marlborough. ^treet) where it was placed, 
by order of the Magistrates, under. tlie eare of ihe 
Police Officers. Thousands of peirsons continued 
flocking to Marybone, long afl'er the Balloon had 
been sent back to the Pantheon. 



Mr. GARNERIN. -'^ k /got 
•JN c.nsequence of the loss Mr. GARNERIN 
•-:.•,. must have suàtahied from the untavourableness ot the 
•!.\t.ither, and the situation ot Lord's Ground being so much 
©vevlosked that few persons contributed towards his ex- 

fciices, it is (Jtoposed by persons totally unacquainted with, 
'r. Garncrin, to open a Subscription, with the ho^é 
îh;it a rcir.uaeration may be'made to him for his courage and 
intrepidity. ^ 

Suos,:riptiotis received at Messrs. ttoôTchams and fibers, 
ïs'o. 15, Ohi Bond-street. , , 



^'â^z. - t^Al^mkms^_ ASCENT' ■ ' "— 

ITROM LORD'S CRICKET GROUND. 



iVT. Garncrin having,, ifi order to prevent a re- J 
petitionof the disappointment of Saturday, pledged 
himself to go up inevitably yesterday, the balloon ; 
was arcordingiy prepared, but the experiirient_ ot 
the parachute was impossible. Notwiihstanding 
ihe unfavourable appearance of the day, more i\\àx\^ 
one pifson offered himseU as a co:-npanion._ Captain. 
'Sowden havirig thought it prudent to r.;main content^ 
with the fanfie which he hid already acquired,, and' 
to decline his engagement for tkis day, Mr. Peck, 
of 'Oxford-street, was first mentioned, and ^ adually 
determined togo, bar, from, some reasons with which 
we are unacquainted, the place was given to another 
ger^tle^oianj whose name we understand is B.own, 
Mr. Carbery, son of Mr. Carbery, of Conduit, 
street, a bey of light weight, was also to have ^o-^^ 
u/i in case more favourable weather had permitted, 
Mr. Garneriri to take a second companion, 'i'he 
'ialioon.vyas filLd about four; but ths additional 
preparations of tying on the car, which from the ^ 
boisterousness of the wind, it was necessary to ren- 
der more secure liy one or tA'o r-juod's of circular' 
cor.iage through the ropes by which it Was sus- 
pended to the balloon, took up a considérable time, 
.so that it was near five when the aeronaut was 
called away to meet His Royal Highness the - 
Pjincc of Wales, who having been detained by 
■th? press of carriages, now entered the ground, 
with her Grace the Duchess of Devondiire, Ladj'^ 
Bessb.)rough, Lord and Lady Morpeth, L:idy Har-^ 
riot Cavendish, Lady Duncann^n,. &c. &c. Gar-^ 
jierin now exerted himself in j^etting through tvety 




of continued exertibn, wishing to do every ihingg 

himself, notwithstanding the most p;rf««5l.diligence| 

and attention in his attendants^ wete wet througft^J 

long before he entered the car. Every thing bemg;| 

prepared, a few mmutes before five, Garnenn iiad a^y 

a longconvt-rsation with" the Prince of Wales, \û\ 

which his Royal Highness gave many marks of his^j 

iTiost graciotis attention : After receiving the good j 

-wishes of his Royal Highness and his fair and nol)le.._ 

companions, the hardy Frenchman approached his ■■' 

aerial vehicle; there was yet some difficulty with 

respea to the managenaent of t}ie baliasr, and the ' 

Gentleman who was to accompany Mr. G;trner!n 

rose up to assist in settling it ; but Garhcnn, who 

at thirs moment took his seat, said to him, ne njoui 

deranges fas Monsieur, and at the same time ad. 

justed every thing himself. The wind having beat 

with some violence with a most piercing rain now 

for some hours, the majority of the spectators, as 

Well as tlie adventurers themselves, were wet 

through, and there being no shelter to afford the 

same facility of taking the balloon about the ground 

which the inclosure of Ranelagh afforded, Garnenn 

ordered the only rope that now held it to be cut, 

ai>ci, without waiting for any of those interesting 

forms which more favourable weather would perm.t, 

he was.launched at once into the clpuJs. 



Tlje balloon was not the same that went up from 
J^/-nel..gh • It was of an oblong form, and f om 

tt^t^S^"' ' 'T^^^ uniformwiodduring 
about t.iree hours, winch the ir.fiation occupied iu 
pa4Uion;ntîie netting ^was considerably deranged 
-J that.vh,ni* gofimo the air, its app^r.u cc wï 
different from the steady majesty and eWant pro 
.poruoaothebaHoonc/^^^^^ 
y u cgu,H, and aukward, the car seemed not right. 

J ght (wmch was not above three minutes) swung 
.cominually ,round in consequence. But .11 these dis! 

' Sin ;f ^^^^^^-V'^^'V"" "^ G^^^'^<^r-" «"d his compa- 
^on Hd^ocotninucd flounshir,g the united fl. J of 
«I'eat Bntatn and France as long as th,y t^m;hncd 
3; sight A thick chud, however, intcrv^nTd be- 
tween theanxtous eyes of the immense assemblage, 
and the interesting ebjeft which they pursued, whde 
itwjs yet near and perfedly distinguishable. The 
wind was nearly in the same dirtdion as on the 
day ot the asce.it from Ranelagh, but from the 
change of place added to the thickness of the at- 
mosphere, we fear the general view from the various 
parts of the city was not near so good. Within 
the _ground, the number .of persons, chiefly of 
'tne, first distindion, may be estimated at about 
one thousand ; many ,more were prevented by 
the press from comiirg up in time ; a considera- 
ble number remained in their carriages in Baker, 
street and on the New Road, and some who had 
got out to make the best of their way were comin^r 
JO whentheascent took place. Besides the Princeand 
his party, there weçe present on the ground Ladies 
Hunl-dce and Warren ; Lords Stanhope, Holland 
and Gathcart ; Colonel Greville, C.nptain Sovvden! 
Mr. Wynne, àc. The display of femali citarms 
■was greater than we have ever witnessed, and 
wanted but the accession of more favourable wea- 
ther to_ render it i'rresistabJe ; -as it was-, it affijrded 
a ^considerable alleviation of the vexations of the 
lain and wifld. There were two large tents and a ' 
jwrraaneni wooden building, which afFirded shelter \ 
to the greater part of the speélatnrs. The Prin,ce of . 
"^Valcs aud his fair comnariionsj after having braved I 
■the weathcrj from the time of Aheir entrance into | 
th^ ground, till near a quarter of an hour after the | 
ascent, retired to the wooden building, where the i 
îest of the company enjoj^cd the most grateful pros- ' 
pea of the day in beholding His Royal Highnisss in ' 
idle most perfed enjoyment of bci^hh, and in the ' 
most unrestrained display "of his fascinating gaiety 
a: M good hutnoiir. The chîirras of the gaze seemed 
«o have fasciîiated tlie assenibly, and if some who 
had engagements to dine with persons not in ihte 
grounds had not thinned the crowd, and admonished 
îhose who were to dine at home that it was time to 
; go away, the meeting would, perhaps, never have 
' separated j arid when comj^elled to depart, the com.. 
p;my had the evident app«arai>ce of making a sacri 
fice. 

the scene without the gardens remains yet to be 
«described j and it was of such a nature, as has not 
oply never been described, but we will venture to 
*ay, never witnessed. The entire space of Baker- 
Sireet frotn Portman-^quarc;, and above a mile of the 
New Raad, w3i cr^nyded wiih coî^hes and carriages \ 

oX vàrîoiis {^escriptibn.it, t!ie passengers m\ which 
.condoled ihemselycs for the want of A nearer view, 
in being perfeaiy secure from the rain. The own- 
ers of the nurseries adjoining the Cricket-ground, 
determiricd on sharing Mr, Garnerin's profits, 
vviihout participating in his expences, had let 
their scaffolding for half-price, or for any 
price they could get, whi-le the proptietors of 
the adjacent fields had their grass trampled 
to desti-udion without thiivking of dem.inding any 
recompehce. The vast number of females in the 
windows, 'and even on the roofs of all the houses 
-Within siglu of the ground was extremely interest- 
ing ; but the most novel and striking scene of all, 
was tl.e vast multitude in the fields and other 
open spaces, who presented bilt oneprospcft of urn-' 
brellas, united so as t© present a tolerably juat idea 
of the locked shields of the Romans in an assault. 
We cannot atîempt to give an idea of the numberot 
persons coUefted on this very interes'ting occasion ;, 
bet thci-e cestainly appeared to be more than even 
at the ascent at Rai^elagh. We are eVaremely con- 
cerned that the gratifications were in any respeain. 
ferior, and we must do Mr. Garncrin and tlte gentle- 
mtn who went with him the justice to say, th.^r,,àt 
the inost imminent hazard of their lives, they shewed 
their determination to contribute, as much ss was 
in their power, to the pleasures, as v/ell of the 
more limited number who contributed to the ex- 
peiTce of the day, as of the unnumbered multitude, 
from whom they c«uld expe^^l to derive nothing but 
praises or malediftions. • 

The whole assemblage separated with no other 
"idea on- the minds ot thsse who composed it, but 
admira-.ion for Mr. Garnvrin, and the most earnest 
wishc:, for his safety and that of his companion ; a 
safety which it might, perhaps, he some reproach 
on the inhabitants of the most enlightened city in 

^ the world, to have suffered to be exposed for a 
momentary, gratification.' 

Previous to his departure, M. Garnerin took the 
precaution to obtain a certificate, signed by His 
Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, her Grace the 
Duchess of Devonshire, and several other noble 
personages, and also by Sir Richard Ford, recom- 
mending him to the f.iendly attentions of all coun. 
try gentlemen and farmers, among whom_ he may 
happen to land; and we have no doubt, as it is-r>»w 
known, that he do s not come on electioneering hu- 

■^sinéss, that wherever he.; shall descend, he will be 
treated with truly British hospitality. 

I'he i?iischiet that had been done to the balloon , 
on the early part of Saturday by some malicious 
person, was entirely repaired on that day, so th,<t- 
no danger could be apprehended from ir. We are 
sorry to state, that an unhappy accident occurred: 
a man fell from a scaffolding, and was taken to an 
adjacent hospital, under the most dangerous ap- 
pearance. _ 



R GARNERIN has the honour of informing ; 
the'Public, that f.is ascent into the Air, to the height 




''^^f imiî^ance to Seats, immediately in the viclnitv of the ' 
Ap'^^S ? from which the operanon of filling the Balloon. 
t?Wbèdistmaiy seen, los. 6d.-Second Places, 5s. 
T-hi" exhibition of the Balloon and Parachute continues^ 
n.,V" +"mni Nineo'Clock in the ^Jorning till Five in 
fhelt?erl.oon! at thïPantbeo., Oxfofxl iwÇ where the 
+fr« People of this Metropolis come to insped them, as well 
: ,he Suhere of the Union of Nations, an Aerost^.c. Globe, 
wùïits'^ïena°Car, decorated with the Flags of all theCLvil- 
Wd Nations of the Earth, which ascended with four Persons 
^flni Paris, the 9th of last November, m the presence of 
«nnaoarteand tlie Marquis of Cornwalhs. 
Bona^ifte AiUiiiwion to the Panlheoii is. /S^Z. 



B 



ALLO.ON,— S rA/3K3 will be ereifte-i in the 
a J Nursery Grounds of Messrs. Cochran arid Jenkins, 
-^hiinc Lord's Cricket Ground, for the accommodation ot 
I ia es àrl flr-nrlenien to see the Balloon go eiton Saturday 
^■'»xt Sded p-^rtias .may 1m ve' places tor axy numoer on 
^pplxation at Ihe above^^^^rs^ry^^A,^'' "'"^"^^ 5^- each. 



SCirNSTON vvi-h 



BAÎ.LOON, 



and 

,U<. .. 



A 

MEKIN i •• his I 

f^lacè (if tlie weùUicr permits}, ar \Ai\<\j'^ CRlC.'vET I 
GROUND, New-road, Mary-la-boune, THIS DAY, 

the 3d of July, at Foura'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Dcjors open at Twelve. Admission Tickets, for the First 
l?cais, and in the Vicinity of tiie Apparatus, &c. los. 6d.— 
Srcrond Seats, 5s. to be had at No. 31, Couduit-street ; at 
Tom's Coftfee-liouse, CornhiU ; ai the Globe Tavern^ Meet- 
street; at Lord's Cricker-^round, New-road, Mary-la-bonne; 
and at the Pantheon, Oxford-strecr ; where the Aerostatic 

Machines aie to be seen everyday. ^Admittance, is. 

N. B. Order to be observed :— Coaches coming to the 
Ground, with tlie horses heads towards Paddington. — In 
case ©f an unavoidable disappointment, on account of tlie 
rain or wind, Mr. G.'s experiments will be poitponsd till 
.Monday, the 5th instant. /^(S'2. 



Trial tourney, and descen r in a 

/.* paR^XHUTF;.- Mr. GARNER-.N begs leave to 
t,Ùm the Public, that his Ascent into the Aenari Regions, 
alt "s Descent b means of a Paraehute, from the height 
nV ,0.00 Feet, will irrevocably take place at LORD s 
Y^'iîTrKFT GROUND, in tiie New-road. Mary-la-bonne, 
on tV^ ?d ot ]ulv inst. at Three o'Clock in the Atternoon. 
MrGarnenn having obtained the approbation of the Ma- 
«htraesfor ihe c hoice. and eligibility ot .ihe^spot, ,s thus 
fa authorised to announce. he pr.c.e tnneof his Ascen.ion, 
Zlio assure tlie Public, th:it, as the trial ot the Parachute 
r'ïtSc af^i'e v.eathe:, yet, ifhis descent was thereby pre- 
^emèri: he vvoul . neverthdess, pc-rform h.s maje^tuous 
Ascen.ioo in his'Balloon ; :md- moreover pledges hi mse It, 
èutrotîl.gon his part .shall be wantinirio «raiity the cu- 
T osJt of the Public. On account ot the number ot clistm- 
guUhkl -.nonages who have already applied and promised 
%o honSW wiiTi their presence, Mr. Ga.nerin t. depar- 
^reforh^Aerisl journey, as well as the crowd which m 
^xpekéd at the doors, it becomes incumbent to h.iti to re- 
aiicst, that such l.ailies and t;entlemenwSio wish t» be 
s»aicdin the vicinity of the apparatus, trom which the ope- 
S.Ô"Vllin'i the Balloon may be dist.niUy seen, would 
4 -d as soon a. convenient tor Tickets ot admission, which 
ïnav be hîd. First Seats, los. 6d. Second Swts, 5s 
^^Ir Caberv's. No 3., Conduit-street. Bond-street; at 
rheGlS Tavern, Fleet-street ; at Tom's Cotfee-house 
C^rnh^l- at Lord's Cricket Ground, Mary-la-bonne ; and 
M the Pumheoii, Oxford-street ; where the Exhibition ot 
his Balloons, Parachute, and other Aerostatic Machines, 
«ontimi.reverv Day, but Ascension Days.-Adniittance to 
.the Pantheon, i ?- /$ ûl. t ^/^^4 ^_^i__„ 



We are extremely cencerAed to flate that fome- 
perfon or perfons were bafe enough to cut and da- 
mage M. Garnerin's baloon (with which he \vas io 
have afcended on Saturday) in feveral places on Thurlr 
day evening, at the time it was exhibiting in the Pan- 
theon, and it was only by the great exertions of a num. 
ber of perfons fitring up all Friday night that it was re- 
paired and in a ftate fit to afcçnd on Saturday. Some 
fufpicions, it is faid, attach to fome of M. Garnenn s 
countrymen. We fhould radier think that this mali- 
cious outrage muft have proceeded from another quai"- 
ter. Early on Saturday morning it was removed, with 
the parachute, to Lord's Cricket Ground, New Road, 
Mary-le-bone. Every preparation was made for hiling 
the baloon ; between eleven and twelve o'clock M. 
Garnerin arrived on the ground ; it was then blowing a 
very ftrong gale at North Weft, and M. G. expreffing 
fome alarm at the appearance of the weather, having 
fuftered fo much on his late afcent in confequence of 
the boifterous weather, his friends preffed him to make 
up his mind before the doors were opened, as they al- 
lured him it was very material to the prefervation ot 
order to determine before any tnoney was taken,_ upon 
which he begged for a fhort time to confider of it, and 
the doors were delayed being opened, and at length he 
determined not to go. Between twelve and one o clock 
he left the ground, accompanied by Captain Sowden, 
and the populace learning who they were, a great 
crowd followed them 'to view their perfons. 

As foon aspoflible, after M. Garnerin had made up 
his mind not to afcend, he fent a very polite letter to 
Sir Richard Ford, informing him of his determinati- 
on, in confeqtrcnce of which Sir Richard fent a letter 
of difmiffal from duty to the C^iptain of the Guards 
who were ftationed there, but fent inftruftions^ to the 
Police Oflicers to remain there till after three clock. 

M. Garnerin took every poffible means to prevent 
the public from being difappointed, by giving orders 
for a number ofhand and polling bills, informing the 
public of his having put off his afcent, to be printed 
and circulated with all pofllble fpeed, and with luch 
difpatch were they printed, that they were actually de- 
livering and pofted before three o'clock. . 



; 



About threeo'clock the balbon^in a wooden cafe,' 
the parachute, and all the apparatus, Was removed in a 
cart from the Cricket Ground with an intention of 
lately lodging them in the Pantheon. An immenfe con- 
courfe of people followed the cart, biffing and groaning 
all the way. This difapprobation was fuppofed to arife 
from M. Garnenn having faid in his advertifements 
which appeared before he afcended from Ranelagh, that 
he would afcend with the baloon although the weather 
was not favourable, but not defcend in the parachute, 
the condition of the weather being only as to his de- 
fcent in the parachute. When the cart arrived at the 
pantheon the mob had increafed tofuch a number fo as 
to render Oxford-ftreet impaffable, and the ftiop keep- 
ers near it were obliged to put up their fhutters, and 
the people became fo outrageous that they adually pre- 
vented the baloon from being taken into the Pantheon, 
threatening to tear it to pieces. Information being fent 
to the Public Office, Marlborough-ftreet, of this daring 
attack, the Magiftratcs difpatched a party of Officers, 
and on their arrival they found feveral of the mob with 
knives, &c. about to break open the cafe which contain- 
ed the baloon, with an intention of carrying their threats 
into execution, when Hamilton, the Officer, in the 
moft firm and manly manner fought his way through 
the mob and got into the cart, and dared any of 
them to touch the baloon, when, with the aififtance of 
the other Officers, the cart was driven to the Public 
Office, Marlborough-ftreet, where the baloon, para-- 
chute, and all the apparatus were fafely lodged in the 
ftrong room of the Office. We are extremely forry 
that the populace ffiould have betrayed fo ffiameful and 
outrageous a difpofiuon on this occafion. M. Gape- 
rin has already fufficiently proved himfelf willing to 
gratify the people of this country with the fpectacle of 
his aeroftatic experirhents at the expence of no com- 
mon danger. The public therefore ought to have re- 
lied upon his honour that nothing unfair could be in- 
tended. Befides, the populace had no reafon to com- 
plain. They pay nothing to M. Garnerin for the pe- 
rilous enterprife to which he expofes himfelf. It 
ffiows too much brutal difpofition even to wifh that a 
man ffiould rifle almoft certain deftrudlion to afford a 
ffiowtolhc public. The pleafure of the afcent of the 
baloon muft depend on the finenefs of the weather. 
And the interefting experiment of the parachute cannot 
be made at all but in a calm. Had M. Garnerin af- 
cended in his baloon it might have been deftroyed, nay 
muft have been deftroyed, fo that the parachuté could 
not have been exhibited to the People of London. 

The crowd affembled round the Cricket Ground 
was beyond calculation. They began to coilefl; between 
eleven and twelve o'clock, and continued coming till 
five o'clock, during which time feveral very heavy fhow- 
ers fell, and fuch was the rage of public curiofity that 
they weathered the ftorms, and many of the fair fex 
in particular were completely wet to the flcin. The 
morning having been very fine, induced numbers to go 
out even without umbrellas. The New Road was com- 
pletely filled with carriages. In addition to the Police 
Officers and a party of the Guards, a party of the 
Horfe Guards attended, in confequence of an applica- 
tion from Mr. Lord, the proprietor of the Ground, to 
Lord Cathcart. 

In the crowd at the Pantheon a female pick pocket 
was deteéled, and we are extremely forry to fay, Con- 
nolly's daring gang was as aftive in comnatting their 
depredations upon this as on all other public occafions. 

We find, however, that it is fettled that Captain 
Sowden again accompanies M. Garnerin (Ihould the wea- 
ther be fuch as to prevent M. G.'s defcent with the para- 
chute), and the afcent will certainly take place this day. 
M. Garnerin, in his bill, expreffes his regretthat the pub- 
lic Hiouldhave taken offence at his not afcending on Sa- 
turday, but, as we/iavefaid, we rather think that he has 
reafon to complain of the unreafonable demands of the 
populace. 



Garner's Afant from lord's Urnkci.Groma, ^ 
M. Garnerin havinç, in ofder to preverit à repeti- 
tion of the difappointment of Saturday, pledged him- 
fdf to 5ÏO up. I'.ievitably yefterday, the balloon a^'^s 
accordir^ly pr^p^rea, but th. e)q.erin>ent «1 the para- 
chute waVir^pofTible. Notwithftanding the unfa vou^^^^^ 
able appearance of the day, more than one perfon 
offered himfelf as a companion. _ Captain Sowden 
having tbought it P^'ient to remain contenrwdrc . 
fa.,ne which he.had already acquired, and to dechne^h s 
engagement for thi.s d.y,- Mr. Peck ot Oxford-ftreet, 
wifs firft mentioned, and aélually determined to go, 
but, from fome reafons with which we are unacquainu 
ed/the Dlace was ?iven to another gentleman, whole 
ni weCderftanl is Brown. Mr. Carbery, fon of 
Mr. Carbery, of Condui t-ftreet, a boy ol hght weigh , 
was airo ti'have gone up in cafe ^^^ ^^^T^ 
weather had permitted M. Garnenn ^« ""^^J^ J^^^^^^^ . 
companion. The balloon was filled aboat four J but 
hTadditiônal preparations of tying «n the cur, wh h 
fron. the boifleroufnefs of the wind, u w^^ jecefla y 
to render more fecure by one or two rounds of art,t.lar ^ 
cordT'e through the ropes by which it was fafpended 
rh^balloon? took op^^confiderabletitnefo that t 
«.as near five when the aeronaut was ^f^^^^\^^^ 
' meet his Royal Highnefs the Prince of Wales, whû 
iTavngbefn detained by the prers of carriages now 
' entered the ground, with the Duchefs of Devonjiire, 
' LXBefl3orLgh,'Lord and Lady Morpeth, Lady 
Harriot Cavendift, Lady Duncannon, &c. 

Garnerin now ^^-^^^^^ 'i.mfeif in getting throigl 
every rémajt^ng preparation ; ^'^ '^''^^'f f^J'^'l 
LmmVs jacketr and pantaloons, which, from 
length of time he had been on the ground, in a I a te 
ol ^ontinoed exertion, wiihing to do -er^ th-g^^^^^^ 
r,lf, notwithftanding the moft P^^ ^^^^^^ '^ '*§'"'^' ,'"^ 
attention in his attendants, were wet throqgh long 
before hé entered the car. Every thing being pe 
pared, a few minutes before five, after /^ceiv ng the 
. Pwifhes of hisRoyalHighnefs the Prince oL^^^^^^^ 

f nd his fair and noble companions, t^ie ^^''^^Y. ^'^^c 
• man approached his aerialVehicle; there was yet fome 
difficulty widrrcfpeft to the management of the ba^- 
kft and the Gentleman who was to accompany M* 
Garnerin rSe up to aifift in fettling it^5 but Garnenn, 
w o at tbis-..Lent took h- /eat, faid to im. N^ 

the adven/tirers themfelves, were wet through, and 
L bet, no Shelter ro render the fame facility of 
aknçth balloon about the S-"-i which the incb^ , 
fure 0^- Ranelagh afforded, Garnenn ordered the only 
ï,pelauiûw held it to be cur, and, w.thont waiting 
Srai y o thofe interefting forms which more hivou - 
lie weather would permit, he was launched ,.t once 
into the clouds. ^ 



Ihe b^ioon WaS not the fame tnHt went up from 
Ranelagh ; it was of an oblong forrii, and, from the? 
prevalence of a ftrong and uniform wind during about 
three hours, which the inflation occupied, its polition 
in the betting was confiderably deranged, fo that when 
it g<^t itîto the airj its appearance was different from 
the ftcady majefty and elegant proportion of the balloan 
of Ranelagh} being extremely irregular and aukward, 
the car feemed not rightly balanced, and die balloon, 
while it remained in fight (which -was ncjt above three 
minute's) fwung continualif round in confequence. 
But all thefe difadvantages ferved only todifplay tlie 
fuperior courage and determination of Garnerin and 
his companion, who continued flouriiliing the united 
flags ot Great Britain and France as long as they re. 
mained in fight. A thick cloud, however intervened 
between the anxious eyes of the iinmenfe affemblag^, 
and the interefting objeft which Ihey parfued, while 
it was yet near and perfeiflly diilinguilliable. Within, 
the ground, the number of perfons, chiefly of the firft 
diftinétion, may be eftimatéd at about one thoufand j 
many more were prevented by the prefs from coming 
up in time; a cpnfiderable number remained in their 
carriages in Baker-ftreet, aud;On the New Road, and " 
{oitK who had got out to make die beft of their way », 
i were coming in when the afcent took, place. • ■ ,•■ 1 
r , The fcene witheut the gardens remains yet to fee , I 
, defcribedj and it was of inch a nature, as Iws not ] 
! pnly never been defcribed, but we will venture to fay^- 
never witnefled. The intire fpace of Baker-ftreet 
frotp Portman-fquaxe, and above a mile of the New 
Road, was crij<vded with' coaches and carriages of 
various defcriptions, the paflengers in which <:onfoled' 
themfelves for the want of a nearer view,^ in being 
perfeftly fecure from the rain. The owners of thé 
ntirferies adjoining the Cricket-ground, determining 
on Jliaring M. Garnerin's profits, without participa- 
ting in his lexpences, had let their fcaffojding ht' 
half-price, oc for any price they could get, while the \ 
proprietors of thc^ adjacent fields had their grafs 
trampled to deftrudlion without thinking of demanding- 
any recompence; The vaft number of females in -the 
windows, and even on the roofs of all .the houfes 
within fight of the ground was extremely interefting: 
: but the raoft «noyel and ftriking fcene oi" all was the ' 
vaft multitude in the fields and other open fpaces; who 
prefepted but one profpeft of umbrellas, united fo as_ . 
to prefenta tolerably' juft idea of the locked ftiieldso^f 
the Romans in an alfault. We canno; attempt, to 
give an idea of the number of perfons cellciled ©n this : 
very interefting occafion 5 but there certainly appeared ; 
■ to be more than even at the afcent at Ranelagh, We i 
are extremely concerned that the gratifications were 1 
in any refpe«!i inferior, and we muft do M. Garnerin 
gnd the gentleman who went with him the juftice to 
fay, that, at the rooft eminent hazard of their lives, , 
they fhewed their determination to contribute, as 
much as was in their power, to the pleafures, as well 
of the more limited number who contributed to the 
expence of the day, as of the unnumbered multitude,- 
from whom they could expert to derive nothing but 

The whole affemblage feparated with no other, iéça. 
ôt> the minds of thofe who compofed it, but admira- •■ 
tion for M, Garnerin, and the moft earneft wilhes-' 
for his fafety and that of his companions a fafety 
which it is perhaps, a reproach on the inhabitants of 
the moft enlightened city in the world, to have fuf*. 
fered to' beexpofed for a mtoentary gratification. -^ 

Previous to his departure, M. Garnerin took ttie^ 
précaution to obtain a cirtificate, fignedby His Royal- 
Highnef? the Prince of Wales, her Grace the Duchefs 
of tevonftiire, and feveral other noble perfonages,- 
and alfo by Sir Richard Ford, recommending -him to 
the friendly attentions of all country -gentlemen and 
farièerv among whoitl he may happen to land; and 
we have no doubt, as it is now known that he does 
not come on ekaioKcmng b'.-fine/t, that wherevet^he 
ffisl! defcend, he will be treated with truly Britifh 
hofpitality. , ,. 1 

T}^ wind vvâs more foutherty than when M. Gar- 
nerife made his afcent from Ranelaghj and gave the 
B.3llQ0n a dii-eaiort apparently more to the Northward, 
feeming to pafs over Highgate. 
■ Betbre and after the afcenfion of the Ballaon, the 
moft fiagrant and atrocious afts of pluhder and robbery 
were committed by gangs of thieves and pickpockets. 
^ Their nuinbers enabled rhem to carry on their depre- 
datiofis in fecurityj and -feveral inftances occurred, 
■where finding it impoftible to fteal with fuccefs, they 
did not^ fgruple to^feize and 'carry off the property 
openly and by force. . 

The breaking down oTa fcaffold or platform, upon 
which a great number of perfons had taken their ftand, 
produced a moft melaocholy and afteaing cataftrophe. 
By this unfortimatc accident feven perfons v/efe moft 
dreadfully cruftied, a child was killed on the fpot, a 
woman had both her legs broken, a man had a leg 
broken, and two dtliers their arms., Another had his 
head and f<îçe prufiîcd in fo dreadful a manner as to 
leave little hope? of his reco-v ery.} , 



BAT.S<36ïrs'"-l-^ïl k' wi'h thf utmost concern 
flit ■^^^. G.ARNKRlM foUiiclhim»elf compelled to 
*sai>9oint n- PiiWici.i th.: Ascsn-iion he h-id announced 
and pre|>arei f-i Sutvirday In.^. 3a instant. The hijjh 
Winds havinK' rendered \\K ex.!!eriin^n+s ntterlv impradicao e - , 
*mh the Paracljute, and bein< quire unprjpar^d tor a smtple 
Ascension vviiii his B..lloo.i),'»n aca.nat af the hardship? he 
experienced in his list ^ xcursion (in gr.^nn Imp;), Mr C.ar- 
Bermaaxlously,a.vtcc.nti.kntly trusts h.s jip<>los;y wilt be 
accept aWe to a r-Ù^'-il a-kI -Uscermng Public, at the shrii>e 
of wlivch he pledges hin-ali iHit nothms will prevent his 

chute, and in the alternative with h.s .>.dloo)i>, at I;p'd's. 
Crlc1cetGr.mndTHIS .AFTERNOON', at Four o'Cloçk 
precisely Hir-.t sea's los 6 J —Secondes. _ _ 

N B It, bvco.nwv weather, >lr. Garnenn is- oblig-;'d 
to -ive up the idt^a of a-icending in a ParaciK-.te, Mr Sow - 
it Ml will most ceit.iinly nuke his second Ascension with 
Mr. Gnm^-rin and lii.'< Hall '^n. Ju^ A- /ij^t^ 



teriay evening.- being dtiî y ret' from the origir.atly 

rintc^.wleiihCiUf of three, in consfqnfnce of the pra. 

;-'ces5H)n -ot 'His Majesty, to fhe" House of l■i>^ds' 

xvhi'cn, JhaH'cver, prsvested many .persons of Uis- 

P'iihiiidn fro.T-i attending. The bylioon wa^s about 

■.t}ilr(y feet in diametef, and, about forty-five in 

'height ; th^ cai, about six feet by (our, Awi about' 

two feet and a half in depth, \vi;h a scat at each 

end, AVià a f^piicc b-tween ioc h;il!ast, lïung Irom the 

extremity ofths netting widi which the balloon vvas 

•covered, at a distance ofnsarly eight feet, suspended 

by no more than four cords, so that when the numbcj' 

«f accidents that every day are heard of, by falling' 

' overboard ships, encompasseJ a* they are vvith rig-' 

j.p'ne, and familiarised as men are- with theii, wcte- 

'.con-jdered, the most lively anx-ery prevailed for' 

1 the satcty of the daring adventurers <vlio were to" 

* ascend. The figure and proportions of the baDoin 
were grand and beaucifu' ; its colours alietnjte 
setlions of dark, green and yello^v, diversified by 

' the oetdng. The vessels in which were coniai-icd 
,' the materials from v.-hich the gas was generated, the 

tubes bv which it was conveyed to the balloon, the 
: most minute part of the instruments, and the pro. 

cess, were examined with the in;;st particular atien, 
: tioii that wonder and curiusiiy could excae. Tl>c' 

dap, which had h'dd fair till t-lie people were gratu 

tied v'/ith the sight of their befovcd- Sov-ereign, be-. 
^caine. somewhat g'iojmy, wheii they proceeded- to. 
'wards B-aoela^h, in search of a plcasure'less miral 
|. and alFetî ling, though certainly innoce;it and inte-', 
! resting. A slight dropping of rain, and the evi. j 
^ dent approach of a Ii.avy shov^xr, gave lise to some^ 

apprehensions in breasts less b dJ than ihoëe of Gar.-' 
f ncrin and his companion (and probably such were 1, 
' those of all present but the a:dventurcrs theinselues), . 

that.tbe ascent would not take place j but a few' 

tninutes before five, all the preparations being com- ' 

■ pleted, a signal was given by the firing of a gun, ' 
^and the company hastened froin the Rotunda to the- 

• «pot where the balloon was moored. Garnerin, 
with an alacrity astonishing on such an occasiqri, 
took leave of his fsiendsj and Captain Sowden, oi 
the Navy, now resolved to navigate a new eknient 
(which, we trust, if ever it becomes cotnpletcLy 

I practicable, will, like the proper element of Captain 

■ b<3wden, be ruled by the British flag), mounted the 
■i car. This was a moment of keen anxiety to the 

great number of speélators unskilled in the nature 
' and management of balloons. The cords by which 
: the balloon had been secured were imtied, the men 
who had held it down h^d let go their hold; and 
though the car fes!e;d still on the earth, the body 
floating in the air seemed ready every mo- 
Kient to ascend into the clouds with a man to- 
: tally unacquainted with the regions into which 
he would be hurried, and haying nothing to depend 
lûpon for his safety but a courage which, afier 
tills day's treat, naay be fairly said to be inac . 
'cessible to fear. In this situat'on the balloon was , 
detained for some few minutes, by the weight ot the 
sand in the car ; but Garnerin having' thrown out 
33 much as .was necessary to give way, stepped on . 
board; his as'sistants again laid hpld of th-: cord, 
, and the balloon, now completely afloat, was borne 
thtee times round the circle, ainidst the universal 
and loud applauses of the assembly, and the ana- 
r)imous wish of a' happy voyage and asafe re- 
turn. The balloon was now entirely loosed, 
Garnerin and his brave companion pronounced 
their adieu, and mounted in'o the air, fol- . 
lowed by the eyes, and the. ani-nating exclama- 
I tions of the company within the gardens, and the . 
: immense multitude which crouded the surrounding 
itolaces. Mutual' expressions of kindness were ex- 
changed, as long as articulation could be distin- 
, guished ; and when the voice.5 of the adventurers 
tould no longer be heard, the cheering shouts of (he- ^ 
,,^drairingassemblag." below, ascended to them, and j 
'was replied to by kibsing their hands, and wavmg | 
their hats; and when even that was no longer 
distinguishable, by flourishing ' the .flags which 
they held in their hanJi. ,A more ' subi irr:ie, 
îjnd interesting sight, was never witnessed, 
"than that wthich was afforded by the tnoinents 
between the entrance of Captain Sovvden i<up the 
car, and the time when the balloon attained it^s; full 
.elevati -n ; tlte. ascent was .not rapid, but rather 
easv and majestic, till the voyagers, having clear di 
,rhe' trees, and given facility to their fli,i,ht, by i 
throwing ou£ an additional quântity.of their bsHasr, 
.TOi'e beyond the power of the naked eye, and were , 
'.no longer discernable, except as a dark mass, mov- 
. "ing in the atmosphere. This interval was about 20 ^ 
minutes, and attentloti was still fixed on the ob- ..' 
■jea, continually diminishing by distance, and ap. > 
-proîching to irivisibility, when- 3 heavy fall of rain j 
..•ompellcd the compet^y to take refuge in titc Ro- 
tunda, notwiihout a sincere feeh'n^j of concern for 
.,t%, v,cy;igers,-.,,_ . 

''Garnerin is hi tht tniddk iizc, with an ex- 
-.presbive countenance and a quick eye, extre.mely ac- 
tive andalert, and particularly so it^ the mo;ne;it ol 
ascending, Caiat. Sowden isof a tall manly figure ; 
toe seemed rather to feel a solemii and deckled reso. 
Imion .than a thoughtless gaiety, insensible of the 
v^l«e of what it exposes. 

■ The company in the gardens couMSted of about 
1200 persons, almost tmiversally of fashion. Ihey 
began to assemble about two : rearly at three the 
Duchesses of Manchester and Gordon, with Lady 

'Georgina Gordon, arrived, with a party, at the 
Water Gatp, having come in a pleasure bargoTrom 

■ Whitehall Stairs. Their Graces were saluted, on 
lanàing, with a volley from the soldiers «n duty m 
the gardens. At holf past three arrived the Duchesses 
«f Devonshire and Leeds, Lord and Lady Morpeth, 
tmà Carlisle, Lady H. Cavendish, Marqutsses 
Lorne and Hartington i Sirs John Shelly, and John 
iUddeli ; Lords Caratiford, Cholmondeley, Mount 

" 'EdivecuKibfi, Stanhope, Cooper,' OssuLstone ; Col. 
'Gre ville; Messrs. Maddocks, . W. Maddocks, 
Witford, Dawkins; Mrs. Fitzherbe-rt, Mr. and 
Mrs.- Vaughan, &c. &c. At four the com- 
i>any partook of -.the refreshments, which v/ere 
excellent; the wines were of the first quality 

■.:ïgMrâ^a^îaW»n5Kthç .g^alfery:,. ^ere nope W 
(he members of the Pk Mc S-eiety, and those who 
-ad tickets *rom themj were admitted. 

Among the , UiOUTS on (he scene,' it was mch-, 
-ion-d thyt Coio„e' Gr.viile wished very-much tt) 
he^« 'voyage ; and thatwhen he was informed thstt 
the cat could .not admit three, he had etuk-avoured 
10 persuade Capftain Sawden to resign his place to 
him. A lively conversation was said to have taken 
place on the subi a, in which each of these gent».- 
men displayed much anxiety for the sa'Cty of the.- 
other, a.,d for his own glory. It was .aid tnat 
Captain PoI.en r-fl^ered 50 guineas to be permitted to 
terminate the dispute, by being himsdf the com., 
panion of Garnerin, and that ^ptam Sowden ac- 
Lily patd too guineas for being allowed to reiam 
his seat. . , . . - 



Such are tlie partacnlars iwirnm tne e.irticnO of 
;ne second Fe.'e of the P/. A';v Society, aVRanea.h 
ine whole cxpence of tm« two, including cool, inid 
to Garnerin, was 5000!. The money paid tbr 
t.chets, and for admission at rhe doors, amounte.T 
only to 2000'. consequently the subscribers have 
/i cool, to make good. 

Without the gardens every wiadow, every h mise 
top, every tree, was filled ; CheLea gardens were 
crowded the river was covered with boats ; while 
the banks on both sides, and evciy avenu- 
from town towards Ranelagh were so Thryn^.d' 
It was difficult to fitid a passage through \h,m 
The great ruad from Buckingham-gate was aU"' 
so-i^Idy impassible, or at least' ihs ca^^ri^és 
wWcn formed an unbroken chain from the t?rn' 
p^ke to Ranelagh door, could only advance so 
slowly that many persons preferred getting out 
ontheway, and struggling through thé* crowd at 
.any nsque. It is m faft impossible to form 
an idea ■ of .the numbers vvho went out to 

yiew this- siiblime and novel sight.- Those 

who were unable, or ui>wil!ing, to go to the spot, 
were extremely for;.unate in seeing it pass over 
the town, so low, as to be perfcdly seen ; Mr 
Garnerin and Captain Sowden saluting as they 1 
passed ah^ng, and seeming to contrive, by the ma. j 
nagement of their ballast, &c. to remain purpo-^ely ' 
at that elevation, from which the whole City « ould 
b« likely to have the best view. From Ranelagh, 
thebailoon took its diredion towards Westminster, 
passing over Duke-street, whence it kept its line^ 
'between the river, and the Strand, Fleet-sireet* ' 
•Ludgate-hili,- and St. Paul's Church-yard, &c! • 
■ Garncnn's intention, if the weathef ans-.vered his 
wishes, was to have run a course of three hours, in 
which rime he expefted to go a length of 50 miles ; 
the state of the day did probably not permit him to 
go that length. ' 

In addition to the above particulars, we are' 
enabled to add from another correspondent, that . 
Garnerin said in the Gardens, previous to his depar- 
ture, he would probably ,be obliged to make a 
long voyage, in consequence of the fres|mess of the 
breeze, which would carry him, and this turned 
out the fart, as he went too far to return last night ; i 
it was, in consequence, unknown where he landed ; ; 
probably thirty or forty miles in\Essex. He will' ' 
certainly, however,, be in the Pantheoii, this day, i 
at one o'clock, and the whole town will be crowd 
ing to see hjm. ' ' ' ' 

No Nloim that evei' -before, -went up, tookjâ^ 
course so direaiy over London (from West to East) 
as Garrlerin's yesterday. Hepassed over Wcstmin. 
ster Abbey and St. Paul's, and.could-lie disti.nflly 
seen above every street. ^ Every house and, shop was 
totally deserted ; every soul flocked into the 
street as if there had been an earthqu.ike.—- ^ 
He could be distinaiy sfen waving the flaggy and 
atone time he rame very low, upon which i.e threw 
out ballast, ascepded and was lost behin-.l a cloud. 
Soon after ihis.a sm.irt shower fell, and we suppose 
he had not the most comfortable voyage. The wea- 
tller^ was very. hazy : had if been elea.'-, the .sight, 
passing so direaiy over London, and so low, would 
have been one of the most beautiful ever seen. The 
sight, produced a great: sensation in town; great 
astonishnictit and anxiety. Every inhabitant saw it, 
and never ha,d any speaacle so many speciators. 



/r' 



^yi^^ :. ^ J^^-,^ ?^ . / ^^2^ 



THE BALLOON. 

M. Garnerin has favoured the public with the foJ£. 
lowing additional particulars of his aerial voyage:— 
At the moment of departure, the balloon direded sts 
courfe <acrofs St. Jame.s's Park, and went over the 
river between Weftminller and Bfiiclcfriar's-bridge.. 
Perceiving then that the aerollatic vehicle u as defcend- 
ing, Mti Gi threw out fome ballaft; he then rofe 
much above St. Paul's, and the travellers had an 
opportunity ,of viewing at one fight the city ot Lon- 
don and its fuburbs. The temperature was already i^ 
degrees colder, Mr. G. and Mr. S. felc quite chilly. 
London foon difappeared by croffing a cloud, which, 
being furmounted, made them likewife lofe fight of 
the earth. The temperature was milder. The in- 
flammable air began then to dilate : and the aeronauts 
provided the means of fafety by procuring every ne- 
celTary emiffion-of air. Dinner was then introduced, 
and eaten with pleafure and appetite; at the defert, 
Mr. (j. informed Capt. S. that their journey was 
drawing to a conclufion, and it was neceffary to pre- 
pare for a defcent extremely hazardous, on account of 
the exceffive violence of the wind, which was likely 
to precipitate the. travellers and the machine on the 
trees, on the hedges, on the houfes, niid, in }';ia, on 
every thing that would obftrua their paiTage. 

The travellers had been exploring tiic atmofphere 
upwards of half an hour only, and having np idea of 
being at fuch a diftance, thought it neverthelefs expe- 
dient to come down. Mr. G. opened \\\cfoupapes or . 
aperture of liis Balloon, to crofs again the fdnie cold 
and dark clouds already mentioned. The eanh be- 
came vilible as well as the fea, which they faw very 
clofe, an arm of which they even crolTed in various 
parts. The artchor and cordage were ready for land- 
ing ; the fury of the wind made the Balloon bounce ' 
' from place to place as it grounded, and dragged the 
travellers through fields, trees, and bufheS, by Which 
their hands were torn to pieces. The anchor now and 
then caught ground, and fallened at laft to a hedge near 
a houfe," v^hofp inhabitants, frightened at the'fight of 
the aerial rrîâehine, nst only declined to giveaffiitance, 
but aaually offered to fire on the venturefiime Travel- 
lers. At this junaure, the roric that hitttns totbe^ 
anciîbr'Brokê, and tiie machine was carried wuh addi- 
tional violence againft a tree, by which Mr, S. re* 
ceived a fevere blow on the head. The Balloon, 
however, liaving been torn in the lower part, both 
the cords and netting, of the railing of the car broke, 
"and the wind again forced away thefe Gentlemen from 
the .tree they were flirongiy clafping, but with the 
affiflance of a new though 'laft exercion, the aerials 
had an opportunity of leavmg the Car and Balloon, 
which fell upwards of 200 yards furtli^,, 

Mr. G. and S. were then four miles beyond Col- 
chefter ; they went over Epping Foreft,. &c. and per- 
t<?rmed this long and arduous journey, in the Ihort 
fpace of three quarters of an hour. 

Mr. G. uientions in the handfomeft terms the cou- 
rage Capt.. S. evinced in this new inftance, and with 
peculiar expreffions of gratitude" and acknowledg- 
ments of the prefeverance with which he volunta- 
rily (hared in the dangers attending their briding, aa 
he could feveral times have extricated himlçli trotn 
the car, whkh he never thought of leaving without 

"fd^has unfortunately received fome contufions; 
but we are hnppy to hear, that they are ot no con- 
fequence. 



Hi 



OARNEkhV'S BALLOON. 



I 



Yesterday forenoon, Golonéî Grévilîe received 
an express from Colchester, with the two following 
Letters; the first from Captain Sowden to the Co- 
lonel himself, the s cond fronl M, Garnetin to his 
confidential friend in London. /Jf/if2- 

•« Dear Greville, Ctîlchester, Jurte 29. 

" After a delightful voyage of three quarters of an hour, 
we landed safe at Colchester. Our landing was extremely.- 
diiRcult, on account of the high wind. You may suppose 
al 'vjhat a devil of a rate ive came at. Your's, &c. 

" R. C. SOWDEN." 
EXTRACT OF A LETTER PROM MONSIEUR GARNË- 
RIN, TO ONE OF HIS FRIENDS IN LONDON, 
' DATED COLCHRSTER, 29TH JUNE, ONE O'CLOCK 
> IN THE MORNING. 

" I take the earliest opportunity of informing you, that 
. after a very pleasant journey, but the most dangerous de- 
1 scent I ever made, on account of the boisterous weather, : 
and the viciuity of th? sea, we alightsd at a distance of ; 
four miles from this place, and sixty from Rajielagh. We 
were only three-quarters of an hour on the way. To night, 
I intend to bs in London with the balloon, which is ^lYto 
pieces, as well as the netting. We ourselves are all over 
bruises." 

At twelve o'clock last night, neither M. Gar- 
neriii or Captain Sowden had returned, and they 
were not expected till this morning. Probably they 
slept long and sound after so much fdtigue and 
anxiety, and were afterwards much caressed by 
the inhabitants and officers in garrison at Colches- 
ter, who prevailed on tliem to remain there all day. 
The appearance of the balloon we understand excited 
the utmost astonishment among the country people, 
and in Colchester. The town was in an uproar all 
Monday night and yesterday forenoon, and the two 
travellers much delighted with their recepli ,n,— 
Garnerin, bJore he entered the car at Ranelagh, 
exaded from Captain Sowden his word of honour, 
that he would not require to be landed til! he (Gar- 
nerin) pleased. Garnerin designed to go as far, as 
he could, and he was only stopped by his approach 

to the sea. . n -, 1. j 

Ths terms on which Captain Sowden purchased 
his seat vire curious. Colonel Greville conirafted 
UiatM. Gnrnerin should go up, and said' he would 
go up with him ; Garnerin consented, but the 
Colonel was persuaded to decline. Colonel Pollen 
offered Garaarin fifty guineas for the seat, but 
Garnerin said he could not lett it without Colonel 
Greville's consent. In the mean time. Captain 
Sowden applied to Colonel Greville, paid him 
200I. for the scat, engaged to go halves in 
the profit or loss of the Ranelagh Fete (the loss is 
more than loooh), and opç of the conditions was, 
that he should make his will in favour of the Co. 
lonel, which hcaaually -did ; thus a seat for three 
quarters of an hour will cost Cftptam So^vden 
about eight hundred pounds I Talk of tlte high 
price of seats in Parliament! A« the Gcne:al 
Election is coming on the people of Colchester 
should choose Captain Sowden. It is. not every 
day they can get a candidate Irom the clouds . 



M. Garnerin and his compnion Captain Sow- 
DiLN, ended theii aerial flight on Moud.iy evening 
at sU o'clock, by descending near Colchester, wh«re 
çhey sat down to a good supper i and, iso doubt, 
with a good appetite! i^^f^y^i^i 

I£ the following Letter ftom Captain Sowden to 
Col. Greville be authentic, it is evident,4hat tlse 
Aeronauts must have travelled at ade^'ii of a rale: , 
" DkarCrevillé, ■ CM,cuc.:,yu><e2^.^; 

'< After aileligiitful voyage of three quant-. s of an hour, 
we landed rate at Colchester. ' Our Uiufnig Avas exirei>-.el/ 
.Miculr, on account or the high wjad. You may .upp.se ^. 
•^hat ade-vll oj u nue ..e ca>ne at. ):^^f'^^^,^^,^^_,. 

■ An Irish Gentleman, born in the PVrsi ■hullet, 
yesterday ob.^erved, thatGARNri'.iN and his kl low- 
traveller would lataliibly land \\\ tuc sea. 

It was very sagacm^lj asketT by a Gontlemaa 
(not- tin Irishma.:) yesterday,: Whether M. Garnb- 

■B.,iN-:quld seè\^.-Eatth^\\Qn he was aoo-ve the. 
Clouds. ' ' 

"' A Morninç Paper mentioning the Balloon, says, 

- the Populace' pursued tt till ihey l^i' s'ght of iti 
We may i.rfer that the popuhictr took -^n acruil 

.^e^/,..44vanted gas. The same sagacious Record 
very gravdy. and truly observes, that ' had the. 
Sunlhone upon .7, the effe6t would have been more 

According to- the Mornhfg Herald oî yesterday, 
r wediave a County in the An; but we have not heard 
whether Messrs.' Garnerin and Sowden are ta 
,represc.nt it. 



1^ " ■ ' JujtJt. 3p- /SCI, 

M. GJRNERIN jm hs 'BJLOOJL . 

The public cariofuy, which had beeh fo miich g^rail- 
hèd by the bold expedition' of Capt;ain - Sowden .and 
M. Garnerin on Moi*!day, iveré yeftcrdày kept in great 
anxiety refped"ing their fuccefsj as late in the day no 
accounts had been received pf them. Vv-'e are happy to 
ilate, however, that' they alighted tolerably fafe on a 
comrnon four rniles beyond Ci)lche(ter before 6 o'clock.,, 
This journey they perfoïriied in three quarters of an 
hour from the time of their .'afcending at Ranclapdi.— 
The didance is 60 miles; and it is, we belu^ve, the 
hrll: tinlefo great à fpacé ^|as crofled in fo fifort a pe- 
riod. Unfortunately by.Ahe violence of the wi'nd the 
baloon has been dedroycti ; but this lofs, we h.ope, \vill 
be compenfatcd to the Aeronaut by the additional cu- 
riofity that iTiufl: be e>rcited, and the additional patron- 
age that mud be gainfed to the afcent on Saturday from 
Lord's Cricket Gxf^und, by the example of this'daring 
enterprife. IndetHl, conGdering tljc date of the wea- 
ther, and the wi/id blovving directly towards theoCean, 
it required, the titmod courage and rcfoliuion , to under- 
take 'it. Ma;<y people at Ranelagh wiihtd M. Gar- 
nerin to poftpone his afcent, but'heitndauncedly perfe- 
vered. The firmnefs of his companion, who made â' 
fird atlem^iit in fuch circumdancesj ir-ud be greatly ad- 
mit ed. 

Thf;- following are the fird authentic advices that ar- ! 
rivfed from the voyagers. That from Captain Sowden j 
wai3, with much attention to the public feeling, left: at ' 
Hookhara's, to fatisfy the univet-fal anxiety. 

■Letter received by Colonel Greville from Captain 
Sowden :-^ 

Dî-'ak Greville, Colclienct;, junea9.- j 

After a delightful voyage of three quarters of an hour, w.e 1 

laiidcd fafe at Cokhefter. Our landing v?as extremely diiScuIt, ' 

on account of the .high wind. You may ïiippoie at ivhata d«vil-'-^' 

of a fate -we came at, Your's,^c. ' 

' , R. C. Sp>yDEN. •- 

EXTRACT OF A LETTER. FROM M. GARÎJERÏN, TO ONE OF. 
HIS FKIENDS IN LONDON, DATED COLCH EST ER, 29T H JUtîE, , 
ONE IN THE MORNINC. 

I tgke the earlicft" opportunity of inforaiinij you, that after a | 
very plcafani: jiiurney, but the moft dangerous dcfcent 1 ever I 
made, on' account of the boiRerous we.ather, and the vicinity of I 

, the fea, we alighted at a di'tance of four miles i/rom this place, ■ 
and fixty from Raiielagh. ' We remained on!y three quarters of ,i 
an hour on the road (in the air); to night I intend to be in.! 
l>ondon v;ith my lïàloon, v,:hich is all to pieces, as well as the 
netting. We ourfelves arealloverbruifes, &c. 

We hofied to have been able to have furnifhed our. 

'readers with farther particulars of this intereding voy- 
age, but at one o'clock this morning M. Garnerin and 
Captain Sowden had not reached town. 

An Emigrant Pried was heard on Monday afternoon 
to inform one of his countrymen, that an air baloon 
v/as always let off to announce the diiTolution of Par- 
liament ! , 

The whole experlce of the two Fêtes of the Pic Nk 
Society, at Ranelagh, including rod paid to Gaïine- 
RiN, was ^oQok The money paid for tickets, and 
for admifilon at the doors, amounted only to 20ooi. 
confequently the Subfcribers have icool. to make good. 

A paper of yederday-vhimfical'y combines the three 
great ubjeds of attention on Monday at the Weft end 
of the Tov/n. THefê were **the Royal proceffion — an 
■ exhibinon in the pil!ory~^and tiie afcenfioo of Garne- 
RiNVbabon !" ^ 



An unfortunate accident happened at Buckingham 
Gate on Monday afternoon. A gentlçman driving in 
dns one fiorfe chaife, jufras Garnerin's baloon appear- 
ed, was thrown out with great violence, as he turned 
the comer clofe by the'Horfe and Groom public houfe, 
and fell on . the back part of his head, on the edge of 
the curb done. This misfortune was occafiontd by 
the hcirfe taking fright at the concourfe of people aifera- 
bled to fee the afcent of the baloon. He was.tuken to 
the Wedminder Kofpitai. Ju^.^Jc■■■/^^2. 



■ The late Duke of Orleans was one of thofe who 
• ventured up in a Balloon ; but the valve for the dc- 
fcent not anfwering as it ought, he cut the Balloon 
with a fabre, and let it come to the ground, which; it j 
did gently without any accident. 

M. Garnerin's aerial voyage on Monday laft, 
was the t--juenty -fifth which that Gentleman had 
made. Ji^^^ 2 . /'Ut, 

It is faid, that fhould the weather prove fo unfa, 
vourable to-day as to prevent M. Garnerin's afcending 
with the parachute, Captain Sowden has offered to 
accompany him again in the car of the Balloon. 

Captain Sowden, who accompanied M- Garnerin 
in his late aerial excurfion, poffeffes a very handfome 
fortune, recently left him by a diftant relation. 



//: 



A Balloon was last week let ofFat Pans, ancfrt 
. ^.^-^Tibc'nara^ of Ga«nerin, with a young 
Î Hv ascended in ir. ; It, rose majestically to an 
tnmense h^K^h anci after continuing stationary 
S:S tfrl^lfere, a geritle_ breeze earned U ; 

miles off. ^ y ^ y 



Among the aerostatic novelties of Paris', \% \h.k ' 
ascension of a mnn and hone in a balloon. This 
we siiould suppose to be the most expeditious 
mode of travelling possible, and to exceed greatly 
QViXflymg njoaggouiy fljmg dilljs, iwvljijntg aoches, 

Tlie great objetfl ofCitizen Gaknekin, in his 
aeronautic expedition, appears to have bean to 
obtain the air of the higher regions, which wa« 
some degree more impure than that which he 
breathed on teria fuma. Tiie Philosophers of 
Laputa bottled up Sun Beams, for the purpose 
of ripening cucumbers: thus it appears that it 
is not only in mori.1 but even in physical pur, 
suits that the French condescend to proht by 
the wisdom of the fl/mg Islami. //j^f 



Citizen Garnerin, who has lately ascended i" 
a balloon, has written a long Letter to the Editor 
of the French Paper L'Echo, in which lie enlarges 
on the great advantages likely to result from 
aerostatic expeditions. The chief of these which 
lie enumerates, is that of conveying intelligence 
from ihe Fleet with the utmost speed. Unfor- 
tunately for the Great Nation, their naval news 
always comes too expeJltiouslj for them. -0?^ 



^ Garnerin, the Parjsijin Aeronaut, whom we 
announced some time ago as preparing to pay A 
visit in his baloon to some of the European Sove- 
reigns, came back again to earth wiUiin three- 
quarters of an hour after he ascended. He has 
therefore postponed his great jourt>ey, to the 14-th 
of July, a memorable day for French extravagan- 

■ cies. . ^/^ù/ /»/}/ 



Citizen G A'kN ERIN, irritated by ft^me obferva- 
tion of the Newfpaper wits of Paris, on his aerial 
Voyage of the 1 -it h Jul 



has publiflied Jbnie de- 
tails rcfpeding thai voyajie. Gri that day he af- 
cended from the Champs Elyfees, accompanied by 
liis wife, and the Citizens Nolin and Beauvjvis; 
in the evening he difcontinued his voyage at Ferti 
fous Jouarre. It was rt-fumed on the follewing 
morning by the Citizens Nolin and Beautais 
only. The new voyagers were bufietted by the 
winds ; they' encnunteied fqualls and torrents ; 
they ran over the departments of Seine and3Iarne, 
bi the Marne, the borders of that of the Ardeiines, 
•^ndthen that of the Aifne, in which they defcend- 
ed at Saint Thibaud, neai* the houfe of Citizen 
. Ï)'Ormessok. Depa,rtiTig thence, after a ftay of 
^nc hour, they coafted along the dejmrtment of 
ihe Somme, from which they were borne back on 
that of the North. At I'relon, near Maubeugç, 
they were under a iieceflity of delcending once 
ir,ore, with the intention ot reraolinting again the 
"riioment after. Vain hope ! the peafanls of the 
village having tampered with the balloon, render- 
jd it impoffible for .them to proceed ; and the 
^ieronauls were confoled for this ve.\atien only by 
ihe excellent reception which they met witLfrom 
'Citizen Lemme as. ^^- 3. /Sa/ -. 



Citizen Garnerin wishes to ' be appointed 
aeronaut to the French government ; but ihe go- 
vernment, though professing the highest wishes to 
encourage his talents, has declintd his request. — 
France has been so aiych censured for itmovarion, 
that they are probably afraid of being the first to 
take aeronants into îhè public service. The matter 
might be arcommodated by a little change in the 
Vale— the appellation of Admiral of the Clouds 
WQuld probably meet the wishes of both parties. 



■ •■ ifi-e '14'th inst. was to have been à grartd day 
at I'aris; being the anniversary of that devastate 
big hydra, the French Revolution; Among ©ther 
intended aniuseraents, the Aeronaut Garnerin 
was to ascend in a balloori. He gives the follow- 
ing account of his intended j-ourney: — "The bal- 
loon in which I am4o ascend, iii company with 
three other persons, will afford me every means 
of making the long voyage wldeh has for some 
time engaged my atten'Uoh. This ascent, which 
•fs to be preceded by four other balloons, will be 
the grandest that has ever taken place. 

" The detonating globe that is to precede the 
exhibition- of the fire-woidcs, 'will be attended vnih 
extraordinary effects : it is the bailooH of taffety, 
in which I fast ascended, that will be employed 
for this Durnoc» " ^^"^ 



Garnerin, tlie^rench baltoon-man, wasn^l, 
when, according to Ihe Morning Chronicle, he 
a-scended wicn the English and French tlags in 
unto 1, to announce to tlie po.vers of the air tiie 
revesta'iusiun-.-ni-of Peace on earth ; tor tire Prince 
of the Power o! the Air has undoubtedly sufficient 
cause to rejoice in the compl- tion of the present 
Prehmmaries. 



Among the firft importations from France we find 
M. Ga nenn. who afcended from the Ghampde Mars 
by a balloon m iSoo, and defcended by means of a 
^'f ^'l- "' ^'""^'^ ^' Dover on TMay laft 
and has brought his apparatus with him o maL he 
fame.expenmentsmEngland.^ ^ ^' 



. _ Saturday king the day tiked upon for Mr. Game, 
rin's fécond afcent in his balloon, from which he was to. 
delccnd by means of a Parachute., vaft numbers of peq^ 
.^jlg Were colleéted at three o'clock' about Lord's 
Ground, from which place the Balloon was t^afcend; 
M. Garnerin, in confequence of thé high wind and 
heavy rains, not choofing t» make the afcent, had hand, 
bills diftributed, and placards affixed, informing the 
publick the experiment was put off till Monday, at 
four o'clock, when it will be made, if the weather is 
more favourable. The balloon was fent away to the 
Pantheon in a cart, followed by a vaft concourfe of 
people. The cart was furmounted by a tail French- 
nian, with a tremendous large cocked hat, and whofe 
figure was the moft grotefque imaginable. The popu- 
lace, by the time it arrived near the Pantheonj be- 
came irritated at their difappointment, and it was 
found ncceflary to convey the Balloon to Marlborough, 
ftreet, where it was placed, by order of the Magif. 
trates, under the care of the Police Officers. Thou^ 
fands of perfons continued flacking to Marybone, long 
after the Balloon had been fent back to the Pantheon. 



M. Garnerïn, the JErojiaut, who has made hira- 
felf celebrated by the experim.ents he has made with 
the Parachute, in defcending from immenie heights, is 
arrived in England, and will, no doubt, fiiev\/ his 
daringadventure in London. /(?^2- - '^^^-v. 



PAKTHE(^N. 

->r,IMMENSE PARACHUTE, of the inveti- 

.onofthe celebrated Aeronaut GARNERIN, whose 

;l iîi England lias already been announced in the news- 

. will be exhibited at the above Place on the loth of 

r, and following days, together with a Balloon of 

JO ciioic feét. It is with this Parachute that Mr. 

I .leriii has already descended tour times frohi the upper 

'Hbotthe air. Tite En^^lish Nation, so remarkable tor 

ncouragemcnt it has always given to useful discoveries, 

■ decide on the merits of this experiment, which will 

be repeated by this Aeronaut. It has already met with 

1, ,.• approbation of the Irench Consular Government, which 

' .; re.varded Mr. Garnerui with a superb fusil d'Honneur, 

.„■ will likewise be exhibited'at the Pantheon, and also a 

v.--T-^f Bonaparte, on the head of which will burn the fire of 

lUusijkept up by means of a thermo-iamp recently invented. 

"^ Garnerin will attend froin twelve till five o'clock. 

Aduuttance One Shiljliug. /■fi^^y /'iW. 



fAt^Piir^O-Nf, May 28, 1802. — BALOON.S , 
aiiJ. PARACriîJ fE - The Public are mofi. refpeafuJly 

'- infirnu'd, th'vt the liXMl^mON of IVI. GARNi-RlN'S ÛA.-., 
X.^rJAti and PhR.I .iiUri'':, v/hich wa& advertiled fur the 
■a-1 of |unR next, at Aiarlborough' Gardens, Chelfsa, is una-, 
ïoidabiy Poflpon.d for a few days, in conikicration of the 
,'.a»\age theit niigiit ai -.rue to theaeighbouring Gardens and^Grals ! 
: ..mIs, flom the K'set concourfe of perfons who aie expe^cd to 1 
•. r :;jle; an inconvenience that M Gameriu would moll anxi-', 
•i.iii'j- avoié. Ir is in contemplation to obtain the ufe of a tuore; 
«• . 'Vaiancielipible foot, of which public notice will be lonh ; 
with given.— All Tickets liTueJ for Marlborough Gardens will 
berecdvedat iuch piac- ; and, in the mean tune, the Kshibuion 
of the ^aloous and P;irachate will continue as ufnal at the Paii.^ 
.thton. Oxfrrd-lïi fct- ' - . : ■ - '_ . . -. l^*' 



M GARNERiNr the aeronaut, we hate no doubt will 
have fufficient encouragement in this country. We 
believe too that thefe are the only ^^ /jj«| projets 
that will meet with a aoed reception ! /^^^ -^-^ 



T 



rr^'sïsî^n^ Is;*- "'•:'■■""■ "'"°" 

assistance than tl'^^ "* ''^^,,^^;'^^r ful by the learn^s -'"1 ^^'\: 
J^^^uEr^Ube^tatTUo'ClocictntheAl- 

^^Xrittance to the Seats in th. f -J^I'^-^J:!,:^"^- 

paratus. ««'i'-^-^'riwiine a he Marlborough Tavern ; 
^ Tickets are now deh vu ing at t ,,„,ut^the t^an- 

at Mr. Carbery's, No. 3^> ^°%^"^g,iioon, ParachuiXN a4id 
theon, "^'0'-t/*T''^,I« now exhibiting, and wiU.conti- 
il;S^I^lcfr;;;^^n-,theDaysofExperuneats 

^^m?tance. at the Pantheon^ «-^iJ^^g^he Parachute 
Fine weather being ^^^'^'"/^''^^."j-.oi, of the Public, and t.-.e 
Experiment, both for tl.e ^^^-^- J^f^\'° ;° ,,.hd, that Exp^v.- 
Aeronaut's safety, ^"^'^^^'^r gth ; but that the i-'ubl.c tmy 
ment wUl be put off to "f ° " ' ;„ ^pHt ol the wmd,will 
Zx be disappointed Ml (.-'n^J^,;', ^^^^ „f the most cx- 



■^#¥r Members of the Fk Nk Society, it is faia, 

'.^l^Z^k Fete on the aift inftant.i. honour 

Sf fhe Peacf on which occafidn M. Garnerin will 

l£;SSn^aicendfromone,of the^bo^sftation^ 

upon the Thames. '*- " — 



The Regatta Fête, in Honour of the Peace, will 
be gtven at Ranelagh on the 23d inst. Tl^- fol- 
lowing Ladies keep Books, a Copy of which is left 
at Mr. HouKH AM's, for the insertion of Subscribers' 
rsames : 

Dutchess of D.vo.s.t.., ^^^^/'^^^t 

Marchioness of S AH sFURy 

Countess of Cholmonueley, 

Viscountess Melbourne. 
Mr. Garnerin, On that day apd ercrfing, will 
exhibit his day and night Balloons. Further parti, 
culars may^be knOvvn by applying to Messrs. HooK. 
HAM and PEEK'S, .No. 15, Old Bond-îtreet. 



J^^/X«24,./îûil^]iGATTA FETE. 

THERE not being a sufficient Number of SUB. 
SCRIBERS to the FETE, to warrant the giving it 
on the I Ian originally proposed by Mr. GREVII.LE, and 
zt being judged adviseable not to disappoint the general ex- 
pedation, the present Subscribers ^nd the Public are inform- 
ed, that on TUESDAY Ni^ht, th.re will be 
A BALL AND SUPPER 

^1'^.^."^,^^^'^,= ^'''°"'' ^'"^ «-'ardens of which place, Mr. GAR- 
^^^\lf4 ^"J-IpH'!;. BAL LOON, and Mr.'RUGGlERRl's ' 
OOMLT will be displdved. 

AND 'on MONDAY 

'^'"l,,^.^^^^'^ A FETE will take place on the Thames, 

anaa BlU-Alit AST and D] .NNEK wih he prepared, bv Mr. 

E-sCUDI ER, with W! N ES, &c. at Ranelagh ; and at Five 

o'clock Mr. GARNEIU.N will asc:end from the Gardens i a- 

, his GREAT BALL(M>N, richly decorated with Flags oT 

! ditterent Nations, in Honour of the Peace. -, 

Tickets tor SuoscriOcrs to be taken out at ,No. 8, in Strat- ! 
'ton-street; or at Mr. Hookham's, in Old Bond-street, on this \ 
day and to-morrow. j 

The Price ic guineas for four Tickets^ or two guineas for 
the Ball and Supper ou Friday, and one guinea for the Break- 
las, with admission to theGarden to see the Balloon ascend 
on Monday next. ^ 

Mr. Escudicr begs leave to inform the Public, that he has \ 
taken upon himseli all rue Preparations- that had been made 
by the tic- Nic Society. 



M. Garnerin, the celebrated Aeronaut, after his 
propofed exhibition , at Ranelagh, will, it is faid, 
early in the enfuirlg month, afcend from Lord's 
Cricket-ground, and let himfelf dow,n in a parachute, 
at the moderate height of io-,ooo feet, leaving his 
Balloon behind him to its fate. ,,i..-.e.z4. /.«oz. 



r 






Alii BALLOOiV. 



We learn with pleasure that the cele'^rated Aero, 
nautj Garnerin, has the more readily acc.'ded to 
the terms and solicitations of the managers of a pri. 
vate society, to make in his balloon «n ascensioi 
from Ranelagh, as this first excursion is the more 
likely to prepare and stimulate the attention .^nd 
judgment of the public to tiie merit and novelty of 
his philosophical researches, and the wondeiful dis- 
cjveries wh ch are to be e.semplified in his expe- 
riments. National liberality will, we trust, with 
its usual and becoming pride, rivrd, in this instance, 
every other occasion, and gratified curiosity repay, 
with p:oper encouragement, the bold exertions of 
the successful philosopher, distinguished akcgdy by 
twenty-five various ascensions. The balloon; which 
is to carry this daring stranger through \hé aerial 
rcgi -ns, we understand, is the same which was 
launched in Paris, before Bonaparte and Lord 
Cornwall IS. Great as the public ciuiosity may 
appear in this first instance, our further cxpeftatioa 
is greatly excited, we own, to the e.\'v>\t of Ins se- 
cond ascension, which is publicly antionnced for the 
private benefit of the Aeronaut, arid is to take place 
at Lord's Cricket-ground, in the ■ Ne\^ -road, 
Mary-la-bone, about thr^e o'clock in the after- 
noon of July 3. This last ascension is absolutely 
novel, and proportionably interesting, inasmuch as 
Mr. Garnerin, after having risn to the height 
of 10,000 feet, is to let himself down by means of 
a parachute. This wonderful experiment, and ihe 
• convenience of the spot, altogether promise an ade- 
quate harvest both in the field of glcry and fortune. 



^ WellTould think that' none of the' Pic-Nic mana- 
gers will venture in Mr. G.^rn.erin's baloon, whtca is 
fo aicend in honour of their fete. The natural h^tiy^ of 
that fociety would make the baloon nfe muca lartner 
I than intended, anlefs it were to take m as bahajt 
the works of fome of their ow>t authors, the gravity ot 
which would faithf,uily point downwards! //?^'>2- _ 



//■m 



,^Sfh;i/r 



AERMt NAnGATIOU, 

fTMs curious Article js t.kcn from the ficpulhcah ,.- 

I ' '" Francois. J ' _ , . ' 

aûzen Orrpenas, Hvdrnulic Engineer, 
,.,„r on.e moarhs ago the following letter tç. 
Sene .1 Buonaparte. The Author à.Ure. u 
toLbi'(h it 5 and we are of ôomion that-it will 
certainly excite much curiofity ; 

« Citizen General, _ ,.£,,, ,, 

*«Your glorious campaigns, âncB.cd by the 
^.w Go^'«''^"^'="^ '■^^'•^^^'""'^^ Repubhc, have 
at length foread the dawn of a genera Peace 
over the fontinent. ; 

♦' The only enemy which remains for you to 
combat, is leparatffd from us by the fea. Finidi, 
in the wife manner in which vou have begun,' 
the %vork of a Continentar Peace ;. and then 
ome. and repofe yourfelf awhile among us un- 
Ir vour laurels. You will behold with plea, 
faref'.e flo'jriihin^ftateof the arts, which you 
Iwve-cheriihsd from your infancy, and of which 
vou are a well beloved f)upiL .Your multiplied 
conqucfts-have recovered' them from that abyls 
into wh'ch deftruaive War bad plunged them. 
The Attift who p.ddrélTes you, filled with the 
♦nol lively graiitude, willerca, if the means of 
eKccutiqn be afforded him, a vaft edifice, 
whence, at the conclufion of his labours, there 
VJll iffue an aerial vefTel, capable of carrying up 
Vitb ynu more than twp hundred pcrfons, and 
whid. may be^direfled to^amy point of the com- 
paCs. I myfelf will b^xour pilot. , 

" Youc-in thus, without any danger, hover 
above the Pleats of Enemies jealous of our hap.- 
pmefs, and thunder againfl them like anew Ju. 
piter, merely by throwing perpcndicidarly 
downwards fire-brands made of a fubilaricc 
which will kindle only by the contaft and per- 
cuffion at the end of its fall, but. which it will 
be impoffible to extinguifh : or perhaps you may 
think it more prudent to begin at once, by 
forcing the Britifll Cabinet to capitulate, which 
you m'ay eafily do, as you will have it in your 
power to fet fire ,to the City of L(^ndon, or to 
any of the maritime towns of England. From 
the calculations, I have made, 1 am convinced, 
that, with this machine, youmay go from Pans 
to Lonrlon, and return back again to Paris, in 
twenty- four hours, without delcending. 
■ " The period of this enlerprife, if my hum- 
ble voice can be heard, is! not far diftarit. A 
fmgle campaign would be fuffidënt to realifethe 
whole of my plan. £)cign; then, t.o promote 
its execution, bv your correrpondence with the 
Executive Direaory of the French Republic. 
J have not yet made any propofal to the Go- 
• Vernment, becaufs it would require 'onfe miU | 
lion to carry through tTiis projeft efFe^ually, j 
and the expences of the War have hitherto ab- 
(orbed the whole of the revenues of France. 

• « Thé objeft I propofcts, toeftabHflr, in the 
jgreat Ocean of the Atmofpere, a General N:jvi- 
gation, infinitely rhore certain and more advan- ^ 

' tageous than Maritiihe ' Navigation, which hafe ^ 
«ver difturbed the traiicjuillity of mankind ; toil 
reftore the peifeft'^iberty of Commertre, and to ■. 
give peace and bappinefs to all the Nations of 

; Ihc Univerfcj and unite them as orte family. 

i By etcat labour I have furmounted the multi- 
plied obllaclcs which prefented themfelves be. 
fore me; and my progreflive difcoverics are- de- '! 
>eloped in a work which I have prepared, con- ^ 
'ftfling of about 400 pages, and divided inlo five 
parts. ^ 

• ' «' 1 have fhewn my work to feveral fee'rhed ' 
men of this capital. The Coramiffionefs' ap- 
pointed to take my plan into Gonfideration (two- 
'»f whom are Members of the National Inftitute, 
!and formerly were Members of the Academy) 
Tiave long meditated uport my data,- which they 
iiave frequently examined with- the greateft at- 
tention : at laft, after a long feries of converfa- 
tions with me, they have teRified their appro- 
bation in the mod unanimous and moll earned: 
manner. 

" Every moment of your tiffle; 'fe-a^*é èen^-; 
rai, is occupied by your attention to objefls that 
are conducive to our happinefs.- I cannot then, 
and ought not, eo-nfidering the diftance be- 
tween us, and fearing left my letter fhould fall 
into perfidious hands, tranfcribe the whole of 
the long Report that has been made upon this 
ifubjeft. 1 fhall fimply prefent you with ian ex- 
' traft from the laft part of it, 

EXTRACT FROM THE eONCLUSION OF THE 

REPORT, 

" In the fiftÎ! anâ last part of the work we find tietails 

■W'hichthe Author had preserved of his first experiments 

ton Aerostation; and we learn that this Artist had hitherto 

experienced only disappointment ; but it is obvious that 

bis eoinhinations and his data carr^ witli chens alt the cha- 

rafteristics of reason and truth. 

" We iastly.proceedid to consider the experiments which 

theEneiBearCampenas has lately made, with a view to the 

tionstruiïHôn of Aerostatic Macliines, and direfting them 

its useful piijposes. W^ are convinced with him, as we 

. have already observed, that the larger the Aerostatic Ma- 

cbinesaie made, the more easy will it hH to direft them:— 

because tb.ïy will present in the- air tos relative resistance 

. in pr»poftioB tb rhe number of nisn thay rpay carry, and 

Cunsequentiy insuis the progress of the direaion. Inde<5d, 

jt_we consider the unitecl st'rtngdv-of zco men ag'ainst the ; 

w5nd,ard'"submit the powar ot both to calcijbîion, it wiH 

. bt seen that the force of the m%^n wiltbe seldom inieii.or„X_o ^ 

^ that of th.^ wind. We are therefore ccnvinced, tJMt^ it 

would.' he highly advantageous to give CkizeiiCampisriiis 

Ee-.louj, and faithtttl co-operstors to aasisc him ifijhe con- 

■"«■r^l^tion cf this M^clnrte if vye consi^der attentively the 

^ îmrr.ense treasures which Maà.t>!"e Ns'^'ga^'O" absorbs,'" 

• thsre is nt>thihy exrravai^ ■at in sugs^estin'g that three 'or four 
miUions mijcht be laid out, if nepsssai v., to rtaiize an at- 

-. tKmpi,.thÉ succesrs of which mpst add to -ihs happiness of 
;*11 thé Nati6ns of the Globe. " "■■ ' ■ - .r - 

" Besides, such an enterprize, if completely successful,. 




- . -, ...hy of the Kepublic, 

►■it all the civic festiyalii «light be celebrated, and ;all cerc-.io- 

.. r,ic5 p-rformetl which riquirs gftat space, and of course 

cannot be exiilbited iivbad vv-ieathcr. This building is the 

Aeroit^iicDock ; .ind Ports and Whwrfs may. be hiultipUed 

f 1" proportion as new vessels-are construSed. The ad van- 

taseS-wlUcha Navigation of this kind would infailihly pro- 

a«Ov, are so amply demonstrated- in the work of'Citizen 

, Cauipenas^ -that we <u> n.->t hesitate to recommet^d the 

■|>vo«ipt txecution^f l:;i plans " " 

' .Y-^-^ -^^ ray tvejBiifeon i^eroflatiQn». ]^ prb- 
ïnifé [.Hat,.thc ca^itai cuy of each country fhall 



W a Bock for baildlng Aenal ve^Tels ; wsd in 
u-''?'r'4' P^'"^ j^'ving a nun.ber of wharfs, on 
which foreign yelTels .nay at all times, defcend, 
and remsm without dati^er a fufficient. tiine to 
tinlo.d, make commercial exchanges, take \n' 
frelh cargoes refit, &c.. But, while thefe vef- ' 
fels are under fail, the fmalleft of which will 
carry mote than two hundred perfons, they will 
havenooccalion to defcend for the purpofe of 
exchanging or purchafing commodities. Their 
powers of direftion, by which they are enabled 
to make-way againa the Hrorigeft winds, will 
fervc to make them afcend or delpend. or remain 
ftatinnrfry^at any height required, Twoatmbf- 
phénc buoys, each furmounted with a parachute 
10 be ufed in cafe of ^ny accident, muft be 
placed in the two pavilions with which the two 
extremities of the gallery of the vefld ought to 
terminate, and may be let down or taken up at" 
the pleaflxre of the crew, with men, provifions, 
or i,rticles of any kind nçcelTary ^or mancsuv- 
ring the veirt'l. ' ■ '. ' 

" Finally, another frmjU cylindrical buoy may 
be Têt down from the centre paviliop (for the 
gallery ought to have three naviliotis), which 
would ferve to receive, until a general Peace 
the capitulations of the Fortreltes', &c., belong- 
ing to our remaining enemies. During Peace 
this buoy might ferve to give and receive intel- 
ligence, either by day or night (for it can be 
illuminatedj, ugon a plan previoyfly con- 
ceited. - - 

" My work^ befides, contains all the details 
neceffary to this kind, of failing^ and an Atmof- 
pheric Code, the regulations of which have for 
ther fole obje£ï the Peace and the Happinefs of 
all. the Peopleof the Earth. 
. (Signed) . ^ 
" Camp EX as; Hydraulic Engineer." 



AIR BALLOON. Oc/:/6./?^7 

The JdjUwiitj^ is txtfa&eà'frùm ik lafi. Pnrih 
Papers. 
The jfïrtjiUtîc experience of Citizen Oar- 
He rinj who on the zatid bf Auguft fiai led, ; 
cWing to the cord bteàking, compleatly fucceed- 
fed the day: before yefterday, in the Garden of 
MoulTeax. The Balloon was of tàffety, and 18 
feet high -, it was filled'at half after five. Citizen 
iiALANi> took .it to the mtdft of the Inclofure, 
i^nd the young: Pbyfician faid with a loud voice, 
Tf^'if I répair this day the misfortune with which 
.iBey have fo tïiuch reproached me I fhall owe 
it to the protcfting^gcnius v^rhSch has covered 
tnc with his à&gis," but Citizen Laland faid, 
Jie had no other merit than that of having de- 
fended Citizen GaRîTERIn againft calutiiny. 
The latter rofe amidft the applaufes of an im- 
jimenfe alTembly, who followed them 'with their 
' jÉyes. The .^rôftat took a Weftward direftion. 
The Car was filled with little bags of earth, 
■which the Phyfician threw from time to time to 
diminifh the weight and rife with more cafe. 
He was often feen in the higheft region of the 
atmofphcre, waving his fiag towards the place 
where the Public we're aflembled. In a few 
moments after he was out of fight. Citizen 
jLaland a (fu red us that his plan was to defcend 
3n Champaign, The air, vyhlch was very calm, 
and the little that' remained of day prevented 
hun frotn purfuing his voyage fo far. He de- 
scended in the plan of St. Denis, at eight 
.o'clock. It was on his return to the Garden 
that he received the compliments of all who 
were afieJnbled to fee the exhibition of fire- 
"works of Cit'izen Berna Ri>, and a fine illumi- 
nation. The Globe was (till nearly full, but 
Citizen Garner in was in want of repofe, and 
the Public would not abufe his good nature. 



; 



Î - 'M.GARNEIUN. 

ANY particulars concerning this adventurous per- 
foil mtift ht aiTUifing to the Publick :— 

He is a native of Paris, and the fon of a Pew/terer 
in that capital. His father, though very far from be- 
in'^ in opuK-:it circumftances, fent him to the Univer- 
fity at an early age, but it cannot be faid that he went 
■through any thing Hke a regular courfe of ftudies, as 
he only remained three years at College, and peve;r 
entered the clafs of Natural Philofophy. 

It was at the period ihat the noted Montgolfier firft 
invented and exhibited his Balloon, when young Gar. 
nerin, more'captivated by the new difcovery, than m 
love with claffical learning, foon conceived the idea of 
making little Balloons forhimfelf, and ot letting them 
^,t from his chamber windows. The Pnnc.p.U of die 
College, however, feeing that he totally neglefted h.s 
ftudie^ for the purftut of fuch baubles, told htm, in the 
■mod peremptory manner, Jat he (houldenher abjure 
his Balloon, or quit the Seminary. Garnerin pre- 
Srfd the L-itter, and went home to his ftrher, who 
was far from being fatisfied with his condua. 

When the Revolution broke out, «hich wa. foon 
after his 1-avinar college, he became a volunteer 10 the 
P^ilia Nation^al Gufrd ; and though e proved very 
attentive to his military avocations he did not lofe 
tht of his favourite amufement. Not having money 
ftfffi ie t to irchafe a balloon himfelf he applied to 

learning uw^ Maver of Paris, and conjured him 

U raye,,e, who -= Q-n,.nd= C^ ^ *= 
F.rif.anGu,rf, ami ''^««'f , ffer the eiddy yooth to 

rfcend. M. La *^>}",j'i<.„ „p„%he young adven- 
, rr'ljcr^fi^t^GatnLia feeing the men 



approach, and gueffing their intention, immediatfriy 
drew his fabre, threatened to run the firft perfon 
through who (hould interrupt him, cut the cords 
Which kept the balloon to the ground, and afcended 
with the utmoft velocity, amidft the acclammations of 
thoufands. 

When the monfter Robefpielre filled France with 
widows and orphans, the Revolutionary Committee of 
Publick Safety deputed Garnerin to the Army of the 
North, then commanded by General Ranfonnet. ' He 
appeared there in the capacity of Commiffioner, and 
was inverted with extraordinary powers. 

His funâions called him to Marchiennes, in Flan- 
ders, a few days before the Auftrians attacked that 
place and carried it. The Anftrian divifion was un- t 
der the immediate command of his Royal Highnefs 
the Duke of York, and Garnerin became a prifoner 
to the Britilh ; ke was fent with the others, about ' 
i6qo, to Oudenard, whence he efcaped about two 
months after, but was retaken almoft immediately. 
He paiTed into the hands oi Uie A iiU r. uns, «'.!.■; conveyed ^ 
. up the Danube, into Hungary, where he remained till . 
he was exchanged. He complains highly ef the {Trench 
Government, and certaitily ntJtwiihout juft caufcj for 
having refufed to pay him his arrears duriitg the period 
of his captivity ! 

Garnerin is of a very diminutive {tze,~and is in his 
thirty third year. 

He is married to a lady of fimilar difpofitions to his 
own, who fometimes accompanies him in his aereal 
excurfions ; Ihe however, with laudable deference, 
gives op the whole honour of adventuring in our boif- 
terous regiops to her hulband. Ju../^ '/£^i/Z 



; M. GAR:sÉRm, 

\ ■ -: Whose bold aeriid excursion hns. wjthin thcjietwo 
"\ or three day.?, beeii the almost universal topic of 
conversation, is a ntitivc of .Parb, and the son of a 
Pcwterer in that capitaJ. His fattier, though very 
far from heitig in opukntciicumstances, seiK. him to 
the University at an earlv age, but it cannot be said 
that he went through nny thing like a regular cour.?e 
of studies, as he onlv rem:iined three years at ctd- 
lesje, and never entered the class of Natural Philoso- 
phy. It was at the psriud that the noted Mont- 
Gf/i,riEn- fu'^t il cnlLd and evh'b'tet ]'- ^ iVoii , 
younj: G vRNLRiS, moif cipt vsitf -^ ' 3 t' u wMos- 
co-veiy t'nn ni lo\e -wit 1 1 1 --s ' ' aim,, <!Oi in 
conceive i tht idea of m Jv i li '' 'i l!i t r s lor hiin- 
stlf, uid of letting 1 1 in ut t n 1 i"- ch niScr wn- 
d( wb Tac I* II ^ipt^oi 'l« L ^ (. e, hov \ 1 , ■- c 
injithit h<. t<>til \ nc/lttuuti r.. ' it ih p ir- 
feint ot Muh b ul k^, tf h' I , 11 t' t I i( ^t ^)"irmp- 
tc} mil' ti,th t b vl no' 1 ( i rabpiuh H lit on 
m mu, nr q 1 - t!u Scmmirj. GauMiK sprcfciied 
tke iitt'T, >in 1 \-ieiit home ti hi*: fithei, \\\o v. is ni 
no T bci ij; « t s 1 with hi<; conduct. 

V\ M-n t -^ Tlj, I j-i jrok' .►^at^, wHsc» WaV sjook 
ait -T his- Iea\iii(j ( ilb -", 1 h^t n\^ \ Vf>ljit u "' 
th'* F I IS m IS r 1 J d Ci ( I 1 n 1 t u i-^h !i p ( c ^ 
^uj tt- tivc to li(i> n iht n ''Ol it oii«, he 1 a p^it 
loobf si^htof his I oi.n'- i" \ ■"uT't t ^yhvui- 
money sufti. icit •■ » f^ u "< "t i i> 1 1 i 'Mn3 V !n^ 
applied to a iiuh a id i i 1 '., o" ^ i ^vl 1 i 1 : 
one hi him, i id guc " i . '-t i t f m t& d 
nc: III it, on ((I J ' n 'tlut '" -,iciH s " " 

C i*-!! wIiIl'i th' J> ' \vLJP to { Tt- lO' a.'i 1-. , 

T \ c^ii tl i pi op )> 1 \s i'î i^c de 1 1 1 hi G a '^ *• r r \ 
Ilrs p rei ts, hn ve; r, 't iri'i^ fhi* lie w s en the 
■"ve c poHin; uj ' i » i3 n, , )' 1 1 ' '^ " < or 
of ?» 1 , I 1 r T 1 c I ■• ^ 

■ expT- 1 ^' ' n ^ t 'o « 1 • 1 i> * 

t' t Ma' intL ( t vi b ti J tt 11^ >)* T ) 
rt tused *• ) 1 t 1 c» 'svwj^ 1 1 <l M hu ? v i>> i ot 
\\ bin '^ / r c f J ' t ■)! — <. (li<~ti ie*>d 

t tL^er lU d tnct^lt! k .i v (,ci c 1 ' r I 1 a. 1 \\ - 
jiiL, who was fo 1 1 ! CI I ^ I ( 1 of ih I - 
nsn 1 G^i d, -nu b ^.^t d 1 c \%o-. J 112,!" po ^ ti 
md L 1 ) II Ti )•" vv , c-n(^ I . t ^i1 I t It f 11 ('\ )utn 

t)UStClil 1 r^\lT-"h. <Cj1 -'Cd I the fn GUI 

»th'y bOuc ttd, tad sf ta tiV ot se le ter» to p it ibe 
voung ad\c it' set mi co' tintmi. !<■ , b it Gjv m ai"^ 
saw t'lc ■>! ' ppiOAch. atid gt c«'-inE: wh it h id bcti 
tti'^n o^ V ':, Ti n'- »i "■ (' \\ 1 1- s bic, thicu.t- ed 
to uti the ^ ^•i 10 I ^ i_,h \ ho shouki iilcnii!)t 
hiiu, cut t* cOiUa vv 1 en k p»^ the Billo-^i t ; t iv. 
ground, and ascended with tiie utmost velocity,- 
anîîdst the acclamations of thousands. 
When the monster RosESPiERttF, filled France 

I with widows and orphans, the Revolutionary Com- 
mittee of Public Safety deputed Garnerin to the 

■ Army of the North, then commanded bj-- Geueral 
Haksonnet. He appecircd there in the capacity of 
Commissioner, and, as lie was known to possess a 
considerable portion oî hijlamviahkmati&, h.e wa« ia- 
vested with extraordinary powers. 

'■ His functions called hitn to Marchiennes, in Flan- 
ders, a few days before the Austriaxis attacked that 
place and carried it. The Austrian division wasi.isder 

'the immediate command of his Royal Highness the 
Dnke of York, and Garnehik became a prisoner 

\ to the British; he was seat, whh the others, about 
1600, to Oudenard, whence he deserted about two 
m^?nf hs after, but was retaken almost immcdiateij. 
He passetl into the hands of the Austiians, was con- 
veyed up the Danube, into Hungary, where he ra- 
mained till he was exchanged. He comphins highly 
of the French Government, and c^ertaiidy not with- 
■©ut j'ust Kiiise, for having refused to payhira his- Sis- 
rears durmg the period of his cjiptivity !^ • • >-^. 

Garnerin is of a small size, and is In his thirty 
third year. He w;is bearer of recommendatory Itt- 
ters from Mr. L. GoLDsMixa to Lord Stan- 

H03?E, &'i-. 



//"/' 



THE MAN m THE MOON. 





PREVAILING scarcity having extended 
l^' from coin and potatoes to jokes and subjects 
for allusion, we determined upon accompany- 
ing the " Columbus of the skieu" (as Mr, Green is emphatically called 

B 2 



^ 



■ / 7 







2 THE MAN IN THE MOON. 

in the powerful language of Cremorne) to the realms of air, to see 
if there was anything there that had not yet heen used up. We 
were also anxious to pay a visit to the real Man in the Moon, and 
present him with a copy of our work, in person; we wished to 
experience a new sensation ; and we thought that it was time our 
efforts should take a higher flight than we had hitherto essayed. 
We were ready also for a lark, and we thought the skies the hest 
place to find one. A friend wished us to accommodate him by 
taking up some bills, which the ascending power of the great 
Nassau could do to any amount : in the present dearth of theatrical 
talent— especially after Macready's late failure at the Princess's— 
we wanted to see what stars were out of engagements ; and above 
all, a fair friend had requested as to procure her a sky terrier. And 
so,' with aU these inducements, we did not dissent to the ascent, but 
made our will with the aid of sixpenny worth of " plain instruc- 
ons," and prepared for the worst. 

N MONDAY, the seventh of the past June, we 
had this opportunity of taking the air in a 
I manner we had never before experienced— of 
I filling the ofiice of overseer of every parish in 
London at once — of adding our name to the 
list of daring BaUoonatics who had preceded us, 
and descended again safely cn^^ughto be our Air- 
shire legatees i .ai -we required them : of meet- 
ing Mr. Green in aw o.ifii element : and with • 
our companions, full of spirits, appropriately 
..^^j^gy^ turning into car-boys. 

Cremorne, for the benefit of our readers in the country, is a ba- 
ronial residence, situated two minutes to the west of Battersea- 
bridge, with a fine track of country surrounding it, the prmcipal 
productions of which are polkas, fireworks, balloons, comic songs, 
and sherry-cobblers ; forming the principal articles of commerce. 
An extensive trade is also carried on in tea and shrimps, both of 




THE MAN IN THE MOON. 3 

which are admitted without duty, the landing place being a free^ort 
The port of the Gardens, however, is not altogether free-from fo- 
Sgn'substances ; bat the greater part of the champagne, from ^e 
adjacent healthy nurseries of Battersea, may be drunk w^h im- 
punity, beiBg unadulterated with any foreign substances. Dmners 
of fish on the same scale-or rather in the same scales-as hose at 
BlackwaU may be had ; but it is worth while to mention that you 
S; nearly the same whether you l^ave cold meat and sa ad, or 

salmon and broiled fowl: the P^^F^^^^^ t!^°*^°°^^f V^^^n 
being limited to the fact of ordering anythmg on the carte, withm 

''our first view of the balloon was nearly that which we have re- 
presented at the head of this narrative. From the Gardens it 
Lked something like the dome of St. Paul's out on a spree, and 
rather overcome with drink ; for it rolled about vaguely, restless of 
confinement, and now and then took a rise out of the hands of the 
stalwart men who held it, and behaved in a manner altogether un- 
becoming, when the important trust about to be confided to it was 
considered. 




J 



THE DISGRACEFUL LEVITT OF THE BALLOON. 




\^ 




-r-^^ 



(w^^^sssîHSBsaa 



m ' lihiipiipi!::,.. 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 

The balloon was surrounded by a large crowd of visitors, anxious 
to see us turned off. We partook of a hearty dinner, and, as the 
djacent clock of Chelsea toUed the hour of seven, the procession 
commenced in the following order ; everybody trying hard to look 
as though they did not care about it ; butin that state denominated 
by the ancient Greeks a *uw : — 

M. Laurent's Band, playing a dead march. 
Company. Mr. Green. Company. 

Some people who got in the way. 

Mr. Dawes, 

(formerly much better known as " Charles," at the Albion, 

carrying the stores for the journey — viz., Champagne.) 

Teas. Friends of the Aeronauts ; Teas. 

(proud to know them, and shake hands with them before 

lots of people.) 

Some more people who got in the way. 

Admurers. A Gent, Admirers. 

(wishing it to be tliought that he was going up.) 

THE Man in the Moon, 

Accompanied by nine gentlemen, eminently distinguished in the 
Arts and Sciences, who honoured him with their company to the 



THE ilAN IN THE MOON. 




ShilUngs. 



Waiters. 
'Oi troWol. 



Shillings. 



We had been recommended to go on the hoop — a circle of cane, 
to which, vthe netting of the balloon and the ropes of the car 
(which is a grand name for a large baker's basket) are attached ; 
and, accordingly, we, with some difficulty, climbed there. This 
view, taken on the spot, represents 



OUK C0NXE3IPX1BLB EFFORTS TO GET ON TO THeIHOOP. 



But, When once there, the seat is very comfortable ; and one which 
we really recommend all future visitors to take, for reasons to be 
hereafter explained. At the same time a ladder should be pro- 
vided for the ascent-such as in olden times was foundat the 
coaching inns for outside ladies. For all dignity is lost m the 

^^Sength, when m. Green had hailed the last traveller with, 
"Going up. Sir ?" we were all ready to ascend. We bade our 
friends farewell, and tried to smile, but it was a failure. Nor was 
the nervousness diminished by the last speech made by one of our 
party, that « he hoped all who heard him would avoid the bad com- 
pany of aeronauts, as that, with drinking and joke-writing, had 
brought him to this sad end." He also added, » that he went up 



-^m^ 




6 THE MAN IN THE MOON. 

in peace with everybody, and had left his keys behind the looking- 
glass." And when this touching speech had been given, Mr. Green 
pulled the liberating trigger, and up we went, taking some cracker 
bon-bons from our pocket, which we distributed to the crowd as 




OUR VAirriNG (,irT. 

The above sketch is drawn Avith singular fidelity. The action, 
in the crowd, is well preserved ; and their anxiety to catch the 
souvenirs vividly depicted. The. likeness to ourselves is also 
admirably caught, especially about the wristband. 

For the first minute or two of our ascent we were too much 
excited to notice anything. Everything seemed falling away from 
us ; going rapidly down whilst we were stationary — as objects 
appear to do when more wine has been drunk than is proper. We 
heard the visitors' huzzahs, and saw them gradually assuming the 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 7 

appearance of the intelligent inhabitants of Noah's Ark ; and then 
we noticed 




EUSTON-SQUAKE, AS IT APPEAEED EROM THE BALLOON, 

at -which we had scarcely done gazing when our eyes were de- 
lighted with a picture which must excite enthusiasm in every 
British heart, ca-cu before Winterhalter's. It was that of 




THE QtlEEN, PRINCE ALBERT, AND ROYAL FAMILY, WALKING IN 
BUCKINGHAM PALACE, AS THEY APPEARED EROM THE BALLOON. 

We gave them three cheeis, which, we are afraid, they did not hear, 
and threw down our last bon-bons to the Eoyal children, which Mr. 
Green was much pleased at ; as, if wc had popped them, he assured 
ns the balloon would have gone off with a bang, and we should 
have come down to earth much more rapidly than we expected. 




wmm 









THE MAN IN THE MOON. 




THE PKKITENTIARV, SEEN FKOM THE BALLOON, 

was the next objeet of attraetion -, bat, as je were akea^ 
familiar with the view, from the map «^ .^«^^^^ was 1^.^^ 
peculiar eharm of novelty. Much more ^^^eresting was the .^^w 
of London, which we shall descr.be as if we were wutmg for some 
High Art pubUcation. Order ! . ■.■ x. ^ ^c,,^ -ncMe 

les-there it lay- that mighty Babylon m which o ^n^ ^oUe 
minds were stniggling and breaking down, calmly sleepy m the 
warm glow of eventide, as its thousand vanes and V^^^^^^^ '^ 
flected'the light in twinkling brightness ! And f- off-out ^d 
away in the grey distance-did its polypus ™;^fff-^^^J 
every speck that dotted ats swarming expanse was the horn , ^d 
hearth, and holy sanctuary of domestic '^'^^f.^^^llX 
bloodless battles nobly won; and every mite that traver^e^ i^ 
tiny streets had aheart, and impulse, and affections, with ourse^es^ 
Oh! human vanity! oh, soaring, empty conceit of ^^^ /^ 
dost thou fall to less than nothingness, when we thus l^eh«M ^he 
formsinwhichthouworkest-grainsoflifeonthevastsystemofbe^ng^ 
That's the way to do it ; and no wonder everybody is so fond 
of it, when it's so easy. Mais revenons, 8cc. Th« "^^w of London 
ÏS very wonderful ; such a city as you would build upon a bilhard 
table with lots of little Dutch toy villages ; with people ve^ 
like the distinguished individuals who throng the streets in the 
ILLUSTEATED News' vicw of Dublin. But the river is equally 
wonderful, and especially 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 




THE STEAMERS, AS THET APPEAR FROSI THE BALLOON 

shooting out two trains behind them, like water-rockets. But, 
with regard to the river itself, we never knew, until we took the 
bh-d's-eye view which the present trip allowed us to, 




-..^_ 



WHY IX IS SO PAR TO MARGATE BY WATER. 

I 

We sailed merrily on, but were somewhat disappointed at not 
being able to have an interview with our proprietor, for the Moon 
was not yet up. But we had plenty to occupy our attention, never 
having seen a "Map of the country for twenty miles round 
London " on such an extensive scale before. We passed the Me 



10 THE MAN IN THE MOON. 

ofDogs,andBlackwall, Plaistow, Woolwich, and Erith ; and at 
last prepared to descend near Rainham, in Essex 

The process of descending is as foUows :-Mr. Green throws 
out a grapnel of iron, ahout four feet long, which leaps along the 
ground in a very wonderful manner, and at last holds fas 

The progress of the balloon is thus suddenly checked, and, from 
the shock, the passengers perform various feats, in the manner of 
Professor Eisley and his Sons, as follows :— 




FIKST CHECK OF THE GRAPNEL. 

You cannot form a clear notion of those " Bounding Balls of the 
Balloon" (as an Astley's bill would say), unless you put some corks 
on a di-um, and then give it a good bang, when they wiU imitate 
tolerably well the absurd conduct of the passengers when the 
grapnel first catches. But this is not all that may occur. The 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 



11 




ADVANTAGE OF THE GKAPNEL 

i S sometimes shown in hooking up cattle for stores ; and this fate 
nelrly befel one of the cows of Mr.Blewitt, the gentleman on 
whosl land we were about to descend, but no connexion with the 
veteran of the same name from whom "the favour of a song is 
requested" so often after dinner at the Freemasons . 

The cows appeared, however, to be up to it, and hooked it 
t hemselves, lest they should be hooked. Indeed, 




THE PANIC OF THE CATTLE, WHEN THEY FIEST SAW THE " 
BALLOON COMING IWWî^ 





12 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 



was such, that it 'formed the most remarkable object during the 
voyage, and was only exceeded in intensity by the 



THE MAN IN THE MOON. 




13 

Those on thehoop smashing the hats of those in the car, turning 
inose on lue i> readily, but would not open 

earth. 



ALAKM OF THE BOY WHOM WE CALLED TO ; 

for he, bemg uneducated, and of a feeble mind, the minute he per- 
ceived us, started off across the marshes, and was never seen 
more. 

So we came down unaided, and the first bump that the balloon 
gave against the ground was productive of the most 





THE E&SEX jrVRSUES 

are not Uvely pieces of ground. They are amphibious Vf^^^^- 
80 much so, that it is, at times, diificult to tell where the land ends 
and the water begins. At last, after many ups and downs^^hke 
an india-rubber ball thrown out of a nursery wmdow, the balloon 
was sufficiently steady for us to alight. ^^^^ *J«^;' J^^^^, 
its gas through the "butterfly valve "-it settled overhand, Uke 
the dead elephant, majesticaUy sank to the ground. We can 
scarcely picture 




THE DELIGHT OF THE PASSENGEES, AX ONCE M0B1Î riNDlNG 
SOMETHING TANGIBLE TO BE UPON. 



EXTEAORWKABT CONFUSION OK DESCENDING. 



wa 



j4 THE MAN IN THE MOON. 

It was only exceeded by the alacrity with which they commenced 




for 
cei 

mo 



THE PEOCESS OE PACKING UP THE BALLOON, 

and putting it into the car, into Avhich one of the travellers, over- 
come by the excitement and the champagne— which was all along 
very much up— had previously tumbled. 

The greatest bore of all was the coming home. We did not 
descend on the grounds of any gentleman who "hospitably re- 
ceived" us, but in the middle of a marsh, whence we had three 
miles to walk to the nearest village. And then horses had to be 
got, and an omnibus hunted up, and beer distributed m unlimited 
quantities to the "helpers," all of which took up two or three 
hours. However, the trip was well worth the expense. Risk there 
is none ; Mr. Green is anything but what his name would imply in 
managing his ship. A novel exhilarating sensation is something 
now-a-days in these times of go-a-head universal Masé-x^ess, and 
this you will be certain to experience ; so, when you see " early 
applications for seats in the car are necessary "in the advertise- 
ments, go and make one, at once. 






Contradiction in TEHMS.-Accidents are peculiarities which 
may, but do not necessarily, exist co-incident with any given fact or 
object. They are, therefore, the reverse of essentials. This does not, 
however, hold good as to railways— recent events having proved 
that, on these works, accidents are clearly essentials. 




mm 



^ The 



I 



'2 

With which Mr. Garnerin af- 
cended from the Volunteer's 
Parade, North Audley-ftreet, 
Grofvenor Square, to the 
hçighth of 8000 Feet, & the 

Parachute 

by which he defcended into 
a Field, near St. Paneras' 
Church, 551ft Sept 1802, 





Printed and /old iy J. Davenport, 6, Ôeorge's Courts CUrkenwelt. 



The PARAGHUTE, a name compofed of 
Greek and French, fignifies '^1'he Breaker of a 
Fall,*' or guard againft the danger arifing from 
one i as Parapluie is for a thick umbrella, which 
is a protedion from rain. 

M. Garnerin's Parachute was made of canvas, 
and about 30 feet in diameter when expanded. 
In the annexed figure, C reprefents thefurface 
of canvas, which was, when it afcended, fuf-» 
pended to the Balloon A, by the rope B, which 
paffed through a tin pipe to E, where the ropes 
PD, affixed to the extremities of the Parachute, 
met, in order to prevent it from opening too 
wide. From E was fulpended the cylmdrical 
bafl^et F, wherein M. Qarnerin.took his ftation. 

At one minute before fix o'clock, the Balloon 
with the Parachute attached to it, afcended vçry 
majeftically, amidft the acclamations of thou- 
fands, arid rofc to fuch a great ^nd grand altitude, 
that the numerous fpeftators viewed it almoft 
perpendicularly with the greateft fatisfadiop and 

About ten minutes after he afcended he fepa- 
rated himfelf from the Balloon nearly over Rufifell 
Square. The Balloon inftantly afcended with 
furprifing rapidity, turning upfide down; whilft 
the Parachiate feemed to defcend with great 
velocity, for about half a minute ; then it e:??- 
panded to the view, and, for a minute, inclined 
llowly towards (he earth ; afterwards, owing to ^ 
the want of fufficient ballait, Garnerin was tofled 
from fide to fide, like the pendulum of a clock, 
and fometimes more violently : as reprefented in 
the annexed Printo 



! k 



THE PENNY MECHANIC, 



^^D^ THE ^GHEMIST^ 

^"•J^LVII.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1837. 

COCKING'S. CARNERliM'S. 



[Vol. II. 



i 




\ 




Vol. II.— No. XLVII. 



Hollowaj' Press: D. A, Douilney. 



COCKING'S PARACHUTE. CARNERIN'S PARACHUTE. 



I 




DESCENT OF CARNERIN'S PARACHUTE 
IN 1802. 

In this age of ballooning, and at a time 
■when the fatal experiment of Mr. Cocking 
forms a subject of general conversation, 
we think the following account with 
which we have been favoured of M. 
Garnerin's descent in a parachute in 1802, 
as given in his own words, cannot fail to 
be acceptable. 

The parachute used by Garnerin on the 
occasion of his ascension in London, on 
the 21st of September 1802, was of cotton, 
and expanded in the manner of an um- 
brella. At the top of it ran round a 
hoop eight feet in diameter. In this part 
also was a circular aperture, where the 
cylinder terminated the cord by which 
the parachute was to be fastened to the 
balloon. The sides of the parachute, 
"when it was expanded, were about fifteen 
feet long, and formed a sort of curtain. 
Garnerin placed himself, with a flag in 
his hand, in the basket suspended from 
the parachute. The cords by which this 
basket was fastened to the cotton stuff 
were tied just above his head in a knot, 
and from this knot ran cords to the ex- 



tremities of the cotton. The cords and 
basket wei'e about twenty feet long, 
reckoning from the end of the stuff. 
This parachute, which was attached to 
the balloon, hung at a considerable dis- 
tance beneath it. As the balloon rose, 
the parachute followed, and it was im- 
possible to view the aeronaut dangling in 
it at such a prodigious height without 
shuddering. At length Garnerin cut the 
cord by which the parachute was fastened 
to the balloon. At this sight many of the 
spectators were filled with the greatest 
alarm, fearing lest they should see him_ 
fall every moment. The balloon rose 
with extraordinary velocity, and the para- 
chute 'descended with equal rapidity for 
half a minute, and then sunk slowly to 
the earth. As there was not sufficient 
ballast in the parachute, Garnerin swung 
backward and forward like the pendulum 
of a clock, but with much greater vio- 
lence ; at length he alighted in safety. 
The following is Garnerin's account : — 
The experiment of my 31st ascent, and 
of my fifth descent in a parachute, took 
place on a very fine day, and in the 
presence of an immense crowd of spec- 



tators, who filled the streets, whadows, 
houses, and the scaffoldings erected round 
the place of my departure, which, alas ! 
was the only spot not crowded with spec- 
tators." [ The price of admission to St. 
George's-parade, North Audley-street 
(the place from whence M. Garnerin as- 
cended) was 5s., but the money taken 
did not amount to 180L, so that M. 
Garnerin must have lost considerably by 
his adventure. The cause is easily ac- 
counted for : curiosity is much better gra-' 
tified by being at a distance from the as- 
cent of a balloon. Persons of the first dis- 
tinction, however had assembled on the 
ground, particularly the Earls Camden 
and Stanhope, Sir Francis Burdett, Mr. 
and Mrs. Sheridan. &c.] 

" It is necessary, when I undertake the 
experiment of the parachute, that I should 
know the state of the atmosphere, in order 
to enable me to judge of the course I am 
to take, and also to adopt the proper pre- 
cautions to insure success. About three 
o'clock in the afternoon I had the satis- 
faction of having a first indication from 
the agreeable effect of a very pretty Mont- 
golfier balloon, which was set off from the 
environs of St. George's-parade, and which 
took a direction over Marylebone-fields. 

"The success of this experiment ougiit 
not to prevent me from expressing my 
opinion of the danger that may result to 
the general safety from the daily abuse of 
those night experiments which are not al- 
ways directed by persons conversant with 
the subject. One shudders to think that 
a machine of this kind may fall, and fall 
on fire, upon the cordage of a ship, and 
thus involve in a great conflagration all 
that constitutes the wealth of one of the 
first cities of the world. The use of these 
machines was prohibited in France, and 
the Consular Government confided to me 
alone the direction of night balloons, 
which I conceived and introduced into 
the national fetes. 

" Convinced of the direction of the 
winds, I hastened the filling of the bal- 
loon, and at 5 p.m. 1 filled the pilot bal- 
loon, which Mrs. Sheridan did me the ho- 
nour to launch. It seemed to me that I 
was conciliating the favour of Heaven by 
the interference of the Graces. This pilot 
balloon ascended quickly, and was soon 
out of sight, marking my career towards 
the north-east. Awhile the anxious crowd 
were following the path of my little pilot, 
I suspended the parachute to the balloon ; 
this painful and difficult operation was 
executed with all possible address, by the 
assistance of the most distinguished per- 
The parachute was gradually 



suspended, and the breeze, which was very 
gentle, did not produce the least obstacle. 
At length I hastened to ballast my cylin- 
drical bark, and to place myself in it — a 
sight which the public contemplated with 
deep interest ; it seemed, at the moment, 
as if every heart beat with unison : for, 
though I have not the advantage of speak- 
ing English, every one understood my 
signs. I ascertained the height of the ba- 
rometer, which was at 29j inches. I now 
pressed the moment of my departure, and 
the period of my fulfilling my engagements 
with the British public. All the cords 
were cut ; I rose amidst the most ex- 
pressive silence, and, launching into infi- 
nite space, discovered from on high the 
countless multitude that sent up their 
sighs and prayers for my safety. My pa- 
rachute, in the form of a dome over my 
head, had a majestic effect. I quickened 
my ascending impulse, and rose through 
light and thin vapours, when the cold in- 
formed me that I was entering into the 
upper region. I perceived I had reached 
the extremity of the city, and that im- 
mense fields and meadows offered them- 
selves for my descent ; I examined my 
barometer, which I found had fallen 43 
inches ; the sky was clear, the moment 
favourable, and I threw down my flag, to 
endeavour to show to the people assembled 
that I was on the point of cutting the 
cord that suspended me between heaven 
and earth. 

I made every necessary disposition, pre- 
pared my ballast, and measured with my 
eye the vast space that separated me from 
the rest of the human race. I felt my 
courage confirmed by the certainty of my 
combinations being just. I then took out 
my knife, and with a hand firm, fi-om a 
conscience void of reproach, and which 
had never been lifted against any one but 
in the field of victory, I cut the cord. My 
balloon rose, and I felt myself precipitated 
with a velocity which was checked by the 
sudden expansion of my parachute. I saw 
that all my calculations were just, and 
my mind remained calm and serene. I 
endeavoured to moderate my gravitation, 
and the oscillation which I experienced 
increased in proportion as I approached 
the breeze that blows in the middle re- 
gions ; nearly ten minutes had elapsed 
and I felt that the more time I took in 
descending, the safer 1 should reach the 
ground. At length I perceived thousands 
of persons, some on horseback, and others 
on foot, following me, all of whom en- 
couraged me by their wishes, while they 
opened their arms to receive me. I came 
near the earth, and after one bound, I 



ascended from 
in a parachute, 
disengaged it 
1 was slow and 
llatory motion, 

ascended from 
lied by a navrai 
ir voyage, that 
ihester, having 
i state of the 
: of the same 
ats, and on the 
* ; the result of 
tioned above. 



i 



ing top, somewhat 
basket attached to 
; balloon by ropes, 
he voyager, while 
rapidly ascended, 
jwnwards, with a 
the power of the 
. in various direc- 
.lous descent was 




THE PENNY MECHANIC, 



^^LVII.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1837. 

COCKING'S. CARiMERSN'S. 



[Vol. II. 





Vol. II.— No. XLVII. 



Holloway Press: D. \. Doiidney. 



COCKING'S PARACHUTE. GARNERIIVI'S PARACHUTE. 




¥ 



DESCENT OF CARNERIN'S PARACHUTE 
IN 1802. 

In this age of ballooning, and at a time 
■when the fatal experiment of Mr. Cocking 
forms a subject of general conversation, 
we think the following account with 
which we have been favoured of M. 
Garnerin's descent in a parachute in 1802, 
as given in his own words, cannot fail to 
be acceptable. 

The parachute used by Gai-nerin on the 
occasion of his ascension in London, on 
the 21st of September 1802, was of cotton, 
and expanded in the manner of an um- 
brella. At the top of it ran round a 
hoop eight feet in diameter. In this part 
also was a circular aperture, where the 
cylinder terminated the cord by which 
the parachute was to be fastened to the 
balloon. The sides of the parachute, 
when it was expanded, were about fifteen 
feet long, and formed a sort of curtain. 
Gavnerin placed himself, with a flag in 
his hand, in the basket suspended from 
the parachute. The cords by which this 
basket was fastened to the cotton stuff 
were tied just above his head in a knot, 
and from this knot ran cords to the ex- 



tremities of the cotton. The cords and 
basket were about twenty feet long, 
reckoning from the end of the stuff. 
This parachute, which was attached to 
the balloon, hung at a considerable dis- 
tance beneath it. As the balloon rose, 
the parachute followed, and it was im- 
possible to view the aeronaut dangling in 
it at such a prodigious height without 
shuddering. At length Garnerin cut the 
cord by which the parachute was fastened 
to the balloon. At this sight many of the 
spectators were tilled with the greatest 
alarm, fearing lest they should see him^ 
fall every moment. The balloon rose 
with extraordinary velocity, and the para- 
chute -descended with equal rapidity for 
half a minute, and then sunk slowly to 
tlie earth. As there was not sufficient 
ballast in the parachute, Garnerin swung 
backward and forward like the pendulum 
of a clock, but with much greater vio- 
lence; at length he alighted in safety. 
The following is Garnerin's account :— 
The experiment of my 31st ascent, and 
of my fifth descent in a parachute, took 
place on a very fine day, and in the 
presence of an immense crowd of spec- 



landed, and quitted the ])arachute, with. 
out any shock or accident. The first per- 
son that came to me pressed me in his 
arms ; but, without losing any time, I 
employed myself in detaching the principal 
circle of the parachute, anxious ^ to save 
an instrument that so well guaranteed me ; 
but a crowd soon surrounded me, laid 
hold of me, and carried me in triumph, 
till an indisposition, the consequence and 
effect of the oscillation I had experienced, 
obliged the procession to stop. I was then 
seized with a painful vomiting, which I 
usually experience for several hours after 
a descent in a parachute. The interval 
of a moment permitted me to get on horse- 
back ; a numerous cavalcade approached 
to keep off the crowd, whose enthusiasm 
and transports incommoded me not a little. 
The Duke of York was among the horse- 
men, and the procession proceeded with 
great difficulty in the midst of the crowd, 
who shouted forth their applause, and had 
before them the tri-coloured flag which I 
had thrown down, and which was carried 
by a member of Parliament. Among the 
prodigious concourse of persons on foot I 
remarked Lord Stanhope, from whom I 
received the counsels of a scientific man, 
and who penetrated through the crowd to 
shake hands with me. " Gtarneein." 

According to M. Garnerin's calculation, 
he had been to the height of 4,154 French 
feet. The balloon fell on the next day, 
near Frindsham-mill, three miles beyond 
Farnham, in Surrey. 

Much wonder was excited by the first 
ascension of a man in a balloon ; but 
surely the descent of a man from an ex- 
alted balloon to the earth, without harm, 
is far more wonderful ; it is, however, an 
experiment as daring as it is terrific. 

Madame Garnerin, the daughter, we 
believe, of the celebrated Garnerin, has 
announced her intention to make a de- 
scent in a parachute, in the vicinity of the 
Parisian metropolis, in the course of the 
ensuing week. — Times. 



In October, 1797, M. Garnerin ascended from 
Paris, for the purpose of descending in a parachute. 
When at the height of 2000 feet, he disengaged it 
from the balloon : at first, the motion was slow and 
steady, it afterwards assumed an oscillatory motion, 
but he reached the earth without injury. 

In 1802, he visited England, and ascended from 
Ranelagh Gardens, London, accompanied by a naval 
officer : such was the rapidity of their voyage, that 
in less than an hour they reached Colchester, having 
suffered greatly from the boisterous state of the 
atmosphere. In July and September of the same 
year, Garnerin repeated his experiments, and on the 
' latter occasion descended in a parachute* ; the result of 
this voyage was similar to the one mentioned above. 



f ■ - - -- , 




DIFTEKENT POSITIONS OF THE PA1ÎA0HUTE. 



* The Parachute is an apparatus with an expanding top, somewhat 
similar to a large umbrella, and with a small deep basket attached to 
it, in which the aeronaut sits. It was suspended to the balloon by ropes, 
so contrived as to be loosened at the pleasure of the voyager, while 
sading in the air. When this was done, the balloon rapidly ascended, 
and the parachute, on the contrary, dropped downwards, with a 
frightful rapidity, until the top was forced open by the power of the 
air. In this form the parachute was blown about in various direc- 
tions, as shown in the cut, and a zigzag and perilous descent was 
effected. 



u 



THE PENNY MECHANIC. 



SO 

OvR present Number is illustrated with 
engravings of four parachutes. Should 
any of our readers, therefore, have a de- 
sire to visit the regions above, they can 
have a choice of conveyances to bring them 
dovpn again safe to terra firma. 

WILSON'S PARACHUTE. 

To the Editor of the Penny Mechanic. 
Sir, — I send you a model of a parachute 
which is constructed on the principle of 
Messrs. Garnerin and Cocking, with the 
addition of a valve which opens outwards, 
which, by that means, can easily be re- 
gulated by the aeronaut. My motive for 
having a valve is to regulate the oscilla- 
tion, which, by M. Garnerin's account, 
was greater at some times than others ; 
and it being well known that Mr. 
Cocking's parachute could not oscillate is 
the reason I have adopted the cone. I 
have made models of the three parachutes 
and I find that Mr. Cocking's will not 
sustain very little more than half of M. 
Garnerin's ; but the oscillation of the last 
getleman's is very great, while that of 
the former is scarcely perceptible, but it 
comes down with a greater velocity : the 
one of which 1 have sent you the model 
will sustain more weight, and is longer 
in the descent than M. Garnerin's, and 
the oscillation is not perceptible : the 
reason why the cone shifts is to facilitate 
the ascent. If you think it worthy of a 
place in your useful periodical you would 
oblige. 

Yours respectfully, 

M. B. Wilson. 

Explanation.— A, the valve-line; bb 
E B, the four cords attached to the rim of 
the shifting cone; cocc, the four cords 
attached to the rim of the upper cone ; d, 
the upper cone ; k, the shifting cone. 

[We certainly must say we form a very 
favourable opinion of the invention ; the 
model sent to us is on rather too small a 
scale to decide of its capabilities, other- 
wise we should have tried it ; but we 
would advise Mr. Wilson to apply to the 
proprietors of Vauxhall or the Surrey 
Zoological Gardens, who would, no doubt, 
construct one, which would most likely 
be of benefit to themselves, a source of 
gratification to the public, and the means 
of rewarding the ingenuity of the inventor. 

We have much pleasure in informing 
Mr. Wilson and the Public, that we have 
had an mterview with a gentleman wlio, 
for some time past, has made it his study 
to produce a parachute which would be 
found capable of allowing a safe descent 
from the greatest altitude. He has ex- 



pressed his perfect confidence in the nlai] 
proposed by Mr. Wilson, with the addition 
of one or two minor alterations ; and so 
satisfied is he that a steady, uniform and 
safe descent may be effected by its means 
that he has requested us to announce his 
willingness to make the experiment as 
soon as such a machine can be con- 
structed, and an agreement entered into 
with the proprietors of a balloon capable 
of ascending with the parachute and its 
voyager, the weight of which he esti- 
mates will not much exceed 300 pounds 
being 150 pounds less than that of the late' 
unfortunate Mr. Cocking. Any commu- 
nication, addressed to the Editor of this 
publication, will be promptly responded 
to by the gentleman here alluded to.] 

PARKE'S PARACHUTE. 

To the Editor of the Penny Mechanic. 

Sir, — I beg to send you herewith in- 
closed a drawing of the plan I propose 
for making parachutes. If you think it 
worthy of a small space in your valuable 
Magazine, perhaps you will be kind 
enough to insert it at your first conve- 
nience ; and by doing so you will much 
oblige. Sir, your very obedient servant 
and subscriber, 

Islington. Charles Parke. 

Explanation. — a is the top of the para- 
chute, composed of a frame made of a 
circular hoop of ash, also a piece of hoop 
one-third the size of the former bent in the 
shape of a bow a, and covered with fine 
silk. B B b b are four zinc clasps fixed to 
the hoop to fix the lines f f and the other 
two at b b to. c c c c are four wicker 
groves made to the basket d for the lines 
F F to move free in and keep them in their 
proper place : there are also four other 
grooves on the basket n for the lines from 
6 /;, which act in the same manner and are 
for the same purpose as c c c c. Da wicker 
basket, for the person who descends to 
place himself. E is a double wicker groove 
for the lines F F and those from bb to work 
in and placed in contrary directions, which 
act in the same manner as c c c c. f f are 
two safety lines for keeping the top a in 
its required position : for instance, sup- 
pose the parachute while descending loops 
at one side, no matter which, and as there 
are two lines F f and two b b, you have 
only to pull the opposite line, and the top 
top A will return to its required position, 
thus securing a safe descent, g is the 
knot which ties the lines which commu- 
nicate the top A and the basket d together, - 
which should be made of strong gut be- 
cause of its elasticity. 




K 



'm.' carnerin. 



In out Papers of Saturday and yesterday, we in. j 
serted a question or tvvo respefting M. Garnerxn, 
aut by a Correspondeni, to which we have received 
the, toUowing Answer from that Gentleman. We 
shall insert it without any comment, as our Readers 
w'iil be as able as we are to judge from the Letter, 
whether the questions are satisfadorlly pnswered : 

Lendre, U 30 Add, 1S02, an it de la . 
Republlq^ui F'-ançaise. 
CARNERtN, CITOVEN FRANÇAIS, A MONSIEUR l'edI-, j 
TEUR DU TRUE BRITON. ' 

"On vient de me communiquer, Monsieur, les tradudlion 
d'un article contenu dans votre feuille du 28, du courant 
qui est bien l'ait pour excitbr mon indignation. 11 me paroi^ 
de'loyal et inliospitalier, que vous ayiez pu concentir, sans 
une verification aussi simple que facile, du rapport de mon 
âge avec la date de événemen que vous citez, à publier une 
information aussi extraordinaire sur le compte d'un étranger 
dont le acSions dans votre patrie, li'ont pu que lui donner du 
droit à 1' estime générale. Je n'entrerai pas dans de plus 
longe details at je ne m' baisserai par au point d'entrepren- 
dre de me jus-tifier du Soupçon outrageant que vousi avez 
eu l'indiscrétion de faire circuler sur mon adioii et sur mon 
sentimens moraux.' Je vous laisserai le regret d'avoir ccm- 
promie devant le Public un liomme d'honneur qui est venu 
dan votre patrie avec la protedion de son Gouvernement et . 
le marq-ues glorieuse de son estime, et je voiis contierai le 
soin de reparer le mal que vous m'avez fait, bien persuadé 
que vous êtes trop honnête-homme pour rien négliger a cei 

^S^*"^"' " GARNERIN," 



TRANSLATION. 

London, %oih August, 180Z, in the latè 

Year of the Frencf} iitpublic. 

GARKERIN, r REN C H C l T I Z F I. , TO THE EDlfOR OF ïBé! 
TRUE BRITON. 
" SIR, 

«« The translation of an article contained in your Paper o„ 

the aSth instant, lias been romniunicated 10 me, which ha 

greatly e.Kcited rny indignation. It seenii to rne inhospitable 

that without attending to an easry and simple contradiction 

of it in the circumstance of iiiy age, wliea compared with 

thedateof the event which you cite, you should have.- in- ' 

serted so extraordinary a Paragraph respecting a Fortiguer, 

whose condud in your Country entitles liun to general- 

esteem. I shall not enter into any details, or degrade myseii 

by attempting a justification of my condudl against the uut- 

rageous suspicion which you have had the indiscretion t"^ 

circulate respefting that and my moral sentiments. I leav ' \ 

you to the regret of having traduced a Man of Honour, who ' 

\ is residing in your Country, under the protection of its Go-'i 

vernment, and with splendid marks of its esteem, and I trus' ; 

to you to repair the injury you have infiiclei;!, well persuaded [ 

that you are too honourable a Man to ncgleCt any thing fo j 

that purpose. „ . 1 

^ ^ -"GARNERXN." 



We hayc received the c6py o^ a letter from Mr. 
Garnerin to the Editor of a Morning Paper, a tranf- 
lation of which we lay before our readers : 

To the Editor of the Tru e Briton. 
London, 3oih Aug.- loth year of the frcnch Republic. 

«« I have juft had communicated to me. Sir, the tranl- 
lation of an article contained in your paper of the 28th, 
which is calculated moft ilrongly to excite my indigna- 
tion. It appears to me highly ungenerous, and contra- 
ry to all the iaws of holpitaUty, that you (hould, with- 
out a comparifon, as eafy as it was fimple, of the 
agreement of my age with the date of the event which 
you allude to, pubhlli lb extraordinary a report refpec- 
ting a ftranger whofe conduit while reiiding m this 
country has'^in no refpeft rendered him unworthy of 
general efteem. I do not think, it at all necefiv^ry to 
enter into any detail on this fubje6t ; nor do I judge 
it requifite to attempt in an elaborate manner to jui- 
tify myfclffrom the extravagant fufpicion which you 
have had the indifcretion to circulate againft my adions 
and my moral fentiments. I will leave to yourfell to feel 
regret'for having endeavoured to prejudice in the minds 
of the public a man of honour, who has copie into 
the country under the proteaion of your Government, 
and who has experienced uné^^uivocal marks of the 
pubUc eikem, and to you I will entrufl: the tafli of re- 
pairing the injury you have done nie, convinced as I am 
that you have too high a fenfe of honour to be negli- 
gent of any opportunity of atoning for your error. 

GARN£RIN. 



MONSIEUR GARSC^RÎ-N' 



Having inserted the let.ier of our Correspondent 
ViNnEX, respeaing this Gentleman, we consider it 
as our duty to publish his answer, in his own words, 
withoutdday. Admiring his adventurous spirit 
Vnd scientific knowledge", we afe happy that -he is 
abk to give such a satislaft' ry answer to a report 
that was generally prevalent, and that materially 
affeaed..his character. . Much as he must have been 
mortified by this report,, he has no reason to regret 
that we submitted it to the Public, since we -have 
thereby brought the mattef fairly to issue, and have 
enabled him to vindicate his character from a stain 
•that all his acknowledged enterprise and talents 
never could have effaced. 

AU redacteurIju true BRITOS'. 

MONSIEUR, 

Un Ecrivain du True Briton, de Samedi dernier, se 
Signant Vindex, a jugé à propos dje me faire trois questions, 
Savoir : " Si je suis la même iiersonné qui a signé le Décret 
de Mort de son malheureux Souverain i Et qui avec une 
barbarie sans ekemple, vouloit porter, de ses propres mains, 
la tête de la Princesse Lamballe, que l'on venoit d'assassiner, 
pour la faire ^oir à la Reine dé France, qui étoit alors prison- 
nière dans le Temple ?" La troisième question, qui se 
trouve en Postscript—" Peut-être il est nécessaire que vous 
jépondiez à une autre Question, quoiqu'elle ne soit pas directe- 
. ment relative à votre propre conduite. L'on vous a demandé 
Si vo^as avez été accompagné dans ce Pays-ci. par l'exécrable 
■Vilain qui a eâ'eûivement coupé la tête de la malheureuse 
Princesse Lamballe, et si ce misérable n'est pas ici à votre 
service ? Cette question n'a pas été répondue." 

Ma réponse â ces questions est premièrement, que la mort 
de Louis XV I . fut votée par la' Convention Nationale, qtjî je 
IiVi jamais été Mtmbre de la Convention, et que je n'ai 
point signé son Décret de Mort. C'est pourquoi nia réponse 
à cette première question est un Non formel et direâ. 



ùi cet assasin avoit consulté la Liste èjs Membres de la 
Convention Nation aie, et s'étoit référé aux relations de ces 
époques, il se seroit assuré qu'il n'a jamais existé de Membre 
^ de la Convention de niou nom. Quand Louis XVI. fut 
j «lis à mort, j'etois à Bruxelles, attaché à i'Arm.ée de Du- 
• Couriez. 

I . JMa réponse à. 12 seconde question est, que je n'ai jamais 
-Vu la Princesse LambâlIe, et que je re sçaurojs par consé- 
■^uent avoir été accessoire à sa mort, ni à aucune autre des 
enormités commises % cett« épo^Cj ©uiautune autre de la 
Rfcvoiution. 

le réponde âla troisième questio n, en déclarent que je n'ai 
■pas été accomp.igné dans ce Pays-ci^ par l'exécrable vilain 
qui a Coupé la tête de la malheureuse Prince.sse Lamballe, 
et qu'à ma connoissaiiûe tel être n'exista jamais à mon ser- 
\xe. l'ignorç parfa tement quel est l'auteur d'un crime qui 
ne peut avoir été conwiis que par le plus grand monstre qui 
put exister. Ainsi, ma réponse à cette troisième question 
est aussi positive tt aunsi ncgatoire que celles que j'ai faites 
aux deux premières. 

Comme on a fait allusion à la personne qui est venu en 
Angleterre avec moi, je crois devoir ajouter que son nom est 
Jranfois Soulês, dont je ne fi# choix que i>arcc^(u'il avoir 
demeuré en Angleterre avant la Révolution, et en égard à un 
tiombrc de tradudiohs qu'il avoit faites, nomement M. Ar- 
thurYoung, à qui, j'ai entendu dire, qu'il étoit connu, et qui 
l'a accueilli poliment à son arrivé en Angleterre. 

ÎJerD'stant proniptemcat apcrf.u que ses mœurs et ses 
talents ne justifient par Popinion que j'en avois conçue, je 
le renvoyai promptement en France, il n'a pas entout été 
■deux mois à mon service et je ne Paijamais employé que 
comm.e mon iiuerprète. 

Te réponde ainsi a ux accusations préférées contre moi, par 
la méthode i laquelle je suis obligé de me conformer par 
jr&ipecl pour le Public. d'Angleterre. 

Quand au lâche reptile qui sous un nom emprunté, a osé 
jn'attaquer, je ne scaurois m'exprirner que par le plus pro. 
ibnde mépris, et je desirois seulement, qu'il me mit a même 
de lui rep.rondre d'une mainere plus analogue, à ce que je 
xesente et a ce qu'il mérite. Et en vérité je ne me sens par 
infiniment dispose, 3 respeéler d»vantage, l'Editeur de Tr u» 
Brito.v, qui a souffert que son Papier circula des accusa- 
tions; quil auroit pu lui même relever en examinant, les 
feuilles du Moniteur, de 3792, et 1793. Ainsi que tous les 



GAHNEllIN H!S PAÎiAClIUTE r^ND 

The DAILY ADVFJiTlSEli and ORACLE^ 



TO TUE 



PUBLIC. ^^^/*^»t 



Autres ouvrages. Périodique de cette epogue 
iondres, lezâSept. x8oî. 

f'A Translation To. morrow, J 



GARNERIN. 



MONSIEUR GÂRNMRlh/.. 



As we find the following translation of Mo.nsieilr 
G.^unerin's Letter was inserted in most of" the 
Public Prints of yesterday, we shall spare ourselves 
the trouble of translatirtg it again. — M. Gar- 
NERiN seems by no means aware of the extensive 
.prevalence of the report which has obliged him to 
come thus forward, and it is, indeed, his own fault 
that matters have been carried sO far : if lie was 
conscious of innocence, he ought at first to have 
positively denied the charge whichvvas insinuated 
against him, and which has been disserted in many 
quarters. Insiead, therefore, of being juigry with 
ViNbEX, he ought rather to| thank our Corres- 
pondent for having given him an opportunity of 
clearing his ciiaraéter from an odium, of the most 
atrocious description. 



TO THE EDITOR. 



Sir, 



A Wri'ter in The True Briton of Saturday last, who 
signs himsetf i^/W*;f, has thought properto put tome. '/./r^e 
questions :— 

1st. " Whether I am the ■s«me-"pefson who sighed his un-^ 
fortunate Sovereign's death warrant ?" 

ad. " And, with unparalleled'barbarity, wanted to carry 
with his own hands, the head of the murderedPrmcess de 
Lamballe, to shew to the gueenof Prance,, then a prisoner m 

'^'?d.''which.is inclosed in the postscript of the letter-- 
" .crhaps it may be necessary for you to answer another 
question timugh it does not immediately relate to your own 
conduct. You have been asked, whether you. was notaccom- 
panieU 10 his country by the execrable wretch who actually 
cut off the head ot tlie unfortunate Princess de Lamb-alle , 
ami whether this wretch is not here in your service Î 

My reply to these que.nions-First, That the death of 
Louis the .6th was voted by the National Convert tipn; t ua 
1 was not, nor ever was, a Member ot the Conytnt on, and 
that of course I did not, nor could, sign his death warrant 
My answer, thcreibre, to'thishrst question, is a dircdt and 
lornial negative. 

Ha.: this assassin referred to the list of Memhers^ot the 
Couv(jntion, and to the proceedings of that P"'« J, f,^ '^'| f 
nave ascertained that there nuver was a Member o^XhcX-o^- 
?e„t.;. of mv nanne. W tieu Louis the 16th «^^.P^^^^^."'-/-"-' 
I was at Brussels, serving in the army under Dumoaner. 

To the second question, my answer is-Jhat I never saw 
the P incess de Lamballe m my life, and ot course could not 
nave b^n a party to her murder.-I add, I never was con- 
!"rned m any. of ti.e enormities of that or any other period of 

''tJuI- thin"question.' I answer by declaring-That I was 
1 o UK ini.u uuc-i couitrv bv the execrable wretch 

1\TM to the two first questions. 

among ?'^^^}il^^-'^^^^ek\.cztnycd in this country. 
Fi X^hovwv ? LTaS he did not justify the opn.ion I 
h H Wmed of his morals and his talents, I sent him back to 
Knee The whok time he remained with me was but two 
monSs, and he never aded in .ny other capacity than as my 
interpreter. • » „ 

T have thus repelled the charges brought agamst me, 
which indeed, my deferens and resped tor the English Pub- 
Uc^ave pfincipàlfy induced me to notice in this way. 

For the coward who, sculking behind ^^' ^^'l^^fj^I^'l 

has sutered l^'s 5 aper to uc u j jj^ ^y a reference to 
^m^S^n^:^ i^3f o^ W oth^ periodical wor., 
have proved to been totally unioundsri. 
I remam, on, ■ 

YourniostobedientSe^.t|t.^.^^j^_ 



}^Mt. Garner!n*.s Letter fo /^^ Editor 0/ 
The Morning Post, respecting the attach 
:vade upon him, ^c shall positively appear in 
Monday's paper; and -we think it^roper thus to 
announce it, that the Public may read it 'O^ith 

.attention. ^ ^'^ ^- ^^^^ 

The request of Common Sense shall be-complied with. 
The account of the Riciunond Swindler on Monday. - 



" I think thcrefiectioiwrivave just made are important to the 
' ich-ncc of VaruchiU,, and! consider my last esporimoi.t as the 
most usoful of unv 1 Irave made, and .-xs U.5 one ^^ Inch »t!l.ri*dur 
t!vf«,/im.revK-ff^^^t. ll.ou.ul, it was not ccrt^iinly the luoit agree- 
ably OHC in which I have been engaged. 

" All that i.=; «rilteu upon a new science deserves (o !»» reluteri 
whon it proceeds upon false calculations^ or inaccurate data. • U is, 
on thi..? iiccouut tiiat I am compelled, not from a desire to . criticiiie, 
nor from a sp*rit of mahgnity, to con«>laiii of thô inaccuracy 
of the reasoning published in The Oracle of th<J 22.d. .1 he- 
dimensions which the writer gives to my I'arachule ^are not cor- ^ 
rect— nObodv knows them hut myself, and they . cannot bo pro- 
cured hut l.vVaud and underhand means. I have my reasons for 
noi communicating .them, and no-onc «illthiniC it improper, that 
I reserve to myself, for some lime, the exclusive posse^^sion ofmy 
properfv. This reasoning, however, js froni a sk'dnd hand. 
TïtE Oracle has sometimes reasoned on my ascensions 111 Hie 
mo.t siliv and laugl.ahU; manner; everyone knows that it has 
made the verifying of the elevations, which I ;is<rerlain from the 
fall of tlic n.ercun- in the barometer, to proceed from the skU.tul 
maker in f'iccadiily, wluihas surelv iieen a litUc mortified atT HE 
(»nACLE's Iiaviug'n.ade Uim pUv tlie part of a fool. That gen- 
t'en.an, however, has been revenged, by not discovcnng .to the 
V . :er, that the difference which always exists between his calcuta- 
ti.msand mine, proceeds only from >the difference between the .^ 
]■ nglish an<! the French foot. • , 

" The Editor of The Or.\ CLE will not be offended at the just- 
ness of m v reflections ; he must kmm- that, in morals, as in phy* 
sics, the rV-acliou is alwa-s ecpial to the aciou ; he might -Iiave 
cxper.ied that his first attacks, the continuance of Ins hostihties, 
and the innocent anecdote he has published upon i>iy fathqr's pro- 
fession, mv educatior,, and the oihcc I filled under the Kevclutior.- 
atvfù'vcrnuvnt of the execrable llOBtsriERtXE, would be an- 
Mvcred on the dav on ^^:,llich the public should pronounce their 
opinion. TheOr.^cle must fccb ti'.at the hderyiew before a 
Jiasiv.rate, whom I respect, cannot deprive me of a lejja! justi- 
fication, and does not destrov the menaces sent to me incit- 
ing by one of hjs writers, who vas disappomt-.d at my 
refusal' to participate itf aaiy manner in the pûWication m Eng- 
land of the translation he had made <jf the account of my im. 
pris„nmrnt among the enemies of Srauce, after the aetimi of Mar- 
.hiennes, notwithstanding the advantageous offer Jie made me, 
prefcrrin", as I do, the sacrifice of my interests to the revivu.g of 
resehtments, vhich ought to be forgotten in the general Peaoe 
vhtch hK- bein so Itappiiv restored, and «-hicli no howjst man 
ou<.ht to attempt to disturb, particularly from interested motives. 
Tl^c person, to whom I allude ought to have felt that it was bad 
policv to pi<blish in The Oracle a scandalous aneèdote, -attcr 
having furnished nie witl^ a written proof of his bajenes.-!. H the 
mania of publishing something relative to me had seized him he 
ought to have done it with that delicacy and candour from which 
' a writer wdio respects himseUl ought never to depart. 

" I certainlv was employed by the revolutionary government 
of the execrable Robespierre; but Bonaparte, Moreau, 
JouRoAN, almost all the Members of the î^ational Institute, 
e-fvv man in France who had talents or energy, were employed 
akn- and it was not their fatdt if, whilst they were absent from 
the interior, employed in dissolving the coalition against France 
nionsVrs filled the bosom of their country witli uilaaiy, whilst 
their united efforts we^e surrounding her wdii a circle ol glory. 

" Arts and the Belles Lettres are of the same family, and it i.s 
afiiicfin- to see them destroying each other. The contest ou^ht 
not to li prolnaigcd. I have been unjustly dcfained and attacked : 
I have mad« my" l^gal defence, and things should return t« the^ 
natural equilUiri'nm, with more reason on my side ; because // 
7V//' Br/vU. and Oracle 1— '-''" 'l"- ^l"'^'"' "-'''"■" -''■'''brn..* 
Yet I hate a right to require 'hat the perfidious veil which concea 
th,-,e anonvmous wrileis sin uld be torn aside. Nothing ought 1 
shield them fi-.m public indignation and contempt, and to th 
demand the Edilors of these two Papers cannot, without cOmpr< 
misiiig iheniselves, refu.se to accede for their pwn justification, 
sun.inon The Okacle to declare, whether . the Anecdo 
re-pccUng ray birth j ■ my fatlier's profession, &c. which h 
been copied into several" pamphlets, was not communicated I 
Francois SoÛLFS, as soon as Lhad desired him to return 
France,' loaded with benefits, notwitlistanding hisbad behaviour 
This w'relch deserve-s iwthiug but contempt, and is a fit object f( 
the alientlon of the police of both countvie--. I siiinnu; 
Th- True Briton to confers, whether a certain man rf /in rvi 
a Noble. ljef(.>re tlie revolution, and ha.' been a gretii Speculut. 
.since, be not the author of the indecent (juestions put to me upc 
the subject of Louis the XVI. and Madame de Lamballe 
dc-alh f Tills man did I save from 4ieing arrested in- 1793 ; 2 
event that would infalliblvha-ve brought him to thKscaiiold. It 
lliii ind«:d that throws aii air of improbability upon the iii.dicatioi 
that accuehim of an action which, adding ingratitude to basencs 
would load liim with an infamv equal to that which belon^a to tl 
e.xccrabic assassin of the Princess Lamballe, who. possess 
thcsamecrueltv of heart, but less wickedness, than the authcvr'. 
the tjuestions in 'ITieTrue Briton. " GARNERLV. ' 



k 



To the EDifORofâefnÛÈ èàlfON: 

•'.■•iii '" 

Sir, ■ 

Having been most grossly abiised ancî attSckec! 
by the Oracle, although you have been the first td 
arraign me at the bar of the Public^ Ï still flatter 
myself that you will readily insert in your Papèé 
the Reply I Beg leave to inclose; 

I reniain> Sir, your most obedient humble seri 
vant, 

Andre Jaques Garneri^, 

Oâ, 22, 1802. 

TO THE EDITOR. 
SIR,- , . • 

Nothing but my absence from London cniiU^. 
have prevented me from replyin^^ sooner to the 
series of unprovoked attacks which have been made 
upon my èharaiîler, by The Oracle. That part of 
them which relates merely to " the useless art I 
profess" (an. art, however, not found so useless at 
the battle of Fleunis), I will pass over. It is com- 
paratii'ely of insignificant consideration, vifhen com- 
pared with those charges which would depift me to 
the universe as a monster, unfit for the society of 
human beings. My reply to fhem^ to be ?a- 
tisfadtory need not be lohg. What I shall as- 
sert, I shall be able to prove ; and against me, at 
least, shall not be urged ihe accusation of making 
up, by virulence and investi ve^ for the deficiency of 
argument and truth. 

The Editor oiThe Oracle himself seâriis, I know 
not vvhy, to have placed himself at the head of the 
battle. Against him, personally, I never brought 
any charge ; I considered him merely as a dupe.— 
But I curcplained of the condufl of a person de- 
scribing himself as a Writer in TheOracUy and in- 
troducing himself to me, with a reqtiest I would 
communicate, excluû'vely^ to that Paper (which hé 
asserted to be the leading one of England, and pan. 
ticularly celebrated for its scientific, as loell as fo. 
litical, knoivledgej, my accounts, then not deemed 
to be 50 useless^ of my aeronautic experiments, 
during my residence in England. Such a request^ 
in {d.Tom oi The Oracle, gave me every reason to 
believe that the person was really a Writer in . 
it. — And what reason have I now' for thinking 
that he gave a false account of himself? Tlii 
Editor of The Oracky in his Paper of the jth of Ocj 
tober, denies that that person has any connedliorv 
whatsoever with his paper j but he, in the vtTy 
same sentence, announces — " that the \Vriter al- 
Juded to has promised him a vindication of his con. 
duel,*' w'nich promise was fulfilled on the subse- 
quent day; with the positive declaration from this 
person, so totally uftconnefted with The Orachy 
" that.he gave the particulars of my life, which ap- 
pearevl in The Daily Advertiiet- and Oracle, and that 
he was answerable for his assertions." I leave the 
Edi.tor and this person to settle their contradictions 
between themselves. 

I proceed now. Sir, to the attacks of that per- 
son, Mr. John Neville. Soon after my arrival in; 
England, a combination was made between Johri 
Neville and my interpreter, Francis Souley. Ne- 
ville was introduced to me by the latter, with 
wliom he said he had been acquainted twenty years," 
Neville told me he had translate»! the memorial of 
my captivity in Austria, which I had drawfi up 
between five and six years ago, at the express order 
of my Gcvernment. He theii made me an ofK;r of 
halt the profits of the publication, if I would furnishr 
him with my Portrait, the drawings of my Balloons 
and Parachute, and an explanation of the means I 
employed in filling my Balloons, &c. To this of-' 
fer, at the second interview with him, I gave a de- 
cided refusal, alledging as a Reason for it ^ '* That as 
Peace had novj happily been re.eslabli'shed betn.veen- 
France, England^ and Austria, such a publication 
•would be unseasonable, and could only tend to re'vi've 
sentiments that ivere JionX) fortunately appeased."—^ 
After that interview, I saw Mr. Neville no more* 
But on the zzà of June, I received the following Let- 
ter from hijn : 

Sir— Not having heard from you, although vou pro- 
mised you would have writcen to me, either the rollowirig 
day or the day after that 1 had the honour of seeing yott at 
your house, f see myself compelled to trouble you i* order 
to inform you that since you decline acceding to my <iérnand 

I I will publish your Memoirs, with such Notes 34 I thinic 
proper to add, to replace what I desired you to iend me. 

j The pamphlet will sell the better for it, and to yourself 
alone you will be indebted for the conséquences attached to 
the publication of your xMemorial. Notliir,g shall be niade 

! public but wlwt truth will loudly procKirn. 

I As I am but seldom at home, and a's the distance to your 

< house besides is great, every i)crsQnal explanation (explication 
de wve v»ixj becomes henceforth impossible ; and for that 
very reason, I once more subjoin my address, 

A^ ^ r ■ i^^^r^} , |OHN NEVILLE. 

. Mofidqy Evening, 47, Little Britain. 

I leave it to the reader to decide, whether the 
above letter daes or does not contain any menace. 
So convinced, however, wasT that it was;! menace, 
and a deep-laid sciieme, that I took the liberty of 
sending a copy of it to the French Minister here on 
the 24;th, and had tlie bonôur of receiving on (hd 
25th of June, ins approbation of the motives which 
had induced me to resist both the ofi'er and the 
threatened consequences of my refusal. 

I howexpeaed Mr. Neville's , publication, and 
should not, but for his Letter in T/j^ OrW^, of the; 
6th of Oaober_, have been able to account for his 
delay. After 1 liad refused to partake in the pub"^ 
licauon, Mr. Neville is seized with à sudden fit of 
delicacy towards Austria ; and though he had, at his 
first interview with me, assured me had already 
translated the work, he says, in his letter to The 
Oracle^ " that be resolved, before he tn-rtslated a 
smgle line of my Memoirs, to address the Imperial 
Ambassador, and ask if he had any objedion to the 
produdion, which he transmitted hinij bsing pub, 
i shed in English." The regard I have for the Im. 
penal Ambassador prevents trie from m;iking a 
single coirittient upon his Letter. His Excellency, 
however, oiigiit to kno\rj for he cannot have for- 
gotten the treatment of the French Ambassadors, 
and ot the Representatives of the People, that the 
complaints of the French Prisoners, of the manner in 
which they were treated in the Austrian Dominions, 
were but too v/ell founded. 

With respea to my behaviour to my Interpreter^ 
Francois Souley, I answer, that the charge brought 
by John Neville, of seducing him from Paris, and 
abandoning him ïn London, is infamous and false. 



To tie EDITOR 0/ Tm TïlÛE BklTON, 

I trouble yon with some observations on Garne- 
Rin's unic/ne composition, (as it appeared in several 
Papers of Saturday last), having solicited and obtain- 
ed your permission to that effcft. 

I begin with remarking, that, as a Translation, 
tant bonne que mauvaise, of ray Letters to GaRNE- 
RiNhas appeared, I concejve the Question -with 
respeB to me, is completely put to rest ; but I have 
sincerely to regret, that I should, in one of them, 
have expressed myself most unbecomingly relative to 
The True Briton, concerning which I had been 
led by misinformation into a gross error. I solemn. 
ly declare, that I was fully convinced, the Property 
and. Editorship of the Paper alluded to, had passed 
iiito' the hands of a person of most equi^vocal. Poli- 
tics *, as soon as Peace was concluded ; nor was I 
undeceived, until about three*weeks back, I was 
told tbe contrary was the case. I here emphatically 
abjure my errors ! 

The Natural Philosopher, Garneuin, tells the 
"World, with a mixture of effrontery and folly, that 
his (aïrociaus) Memoirs do not contain any thing 
disrespectful to the i.llustricus chief of the gal- 
lant Army of this Country — it would be idle, it 
would he insolent in me, a very humble i4idividual, 
to volunteer the defence of the Royal General, 
to whom no charge i:A\-\ possibly attach— hwi as the 
little .^^,^/ has deposited in the Pantheon the effu- 
sions of his licentious brain, 1 shall only say to the 
Public, *^ tollc, lege," 

With respefl:, Mr. Editor, to the reception which 
Gaxnerin says I experienced at Windsor from one 
of the /^//f Deputy-Commissaries for Prisoners of 
War on the Continent — I mean Mr. Walker — 1 
I shall only observe, that I was received by that 1 
Gentleman, at his house, with the same convincipg 
proofs of cordiality as I, on foniier occasions, 
greeted him in my military quarters, as a friend, j 
wedded to the cause of liberty and of reason. But, - 
to prove the truth of my assertion, I shall present 
a copy of his letter 10 vcfi. some days ago :— 

*' DEAR SIR, li'indsor, October ij, iSoa. 

" This day I have seen M. Caknjrj^'s Delcnce in the 
•• Morni?!g JPast. Froceediufç oft tlie principle I have uni- 
** formly observed, I have ortly to remark, that I certainly 
** gave him no reason to state that you did not meet witll 
** that kind attention I had ever received from you. 

-^ Mr. John Neville. ".\LEX. WALKER." 

As to I he DESERTION of Garnerin, or the 
SRtAKINGof HIS CAROLE, when a PriNoner at Oude- 
natde, i beg leave 10 refer M.GaRnerIn, or the 
Reader, to Mr. Walker's d'^v^'volurttnryl^txttx., 
dated Windsor, Ottuber 6th, addressed to Mr. 
Stuart, and iiT-crted in The Daily Ad'vertiser and ^ 
Oracle of the gih Odtober instant, where the noto. 
torious faiS is affimicd with all the vigour of truth, 
and all the sensib-ii^y of a Gentleman who knows 
well how to appreciate a Soldier's honour. If, 
r'owever, it be necessary, for the sake of public 
itiiformaiion, I ^hall request of Mr. Stuart to xe- 
pu^ish VI r. Walker's letter 

The shameful desertion, or breaking of parole, by 
Garni-rin, awoke the indignation of the French 
Ofiidf s at Oudenarde ; and it was from them that 
the peputy. Commissary, Mr. W.^lker, learned 
how pARNERiN cou'd bc apprehended and brought 

b;.ck1 

Mow, Mr. Editor, do you think thai Genilefnan 
xvoi<"l have received le Sieur Garnerjn with dis- 
tin^lion, had he known at die time that he accuses 
him) 'H. his atrociowi Memoirs fis the Ambassador 
of ^W imi/erial Court styks them) of having refused 
to i^Turn him his g.c.it coat and other effects f You 
Vf'ûi, perhdjis, answer vigattvely. Now, 1 say, he 
wojAld still be polite lohim — because itisknovvh that 
-^ ~i h OiTicer, whether in the military or the 
iepartment, does not ?tand in absolute need 
great coat of a Sans Culottes, nor of any otiier 
f. »»îs "effcits; and because an attempt to repel a 
cl-iarge so very ridiculous, would be giving weight 
and importance to absurdity. 

I now, Mr. Editor, beg leave to submit to your 
conyderation another very important fact, 
which may serve to illustrate the eharader and con. 
duâ: of M. Garnerin and his Brother Jean Bap- 
tiste Garnerin. In the Morning Chronicle and 
Morning Post, &c. of the 24th September last, M. 
Garnerin endeavours to vindicate himself and his 
■fiimiiy from the aspersions advanced in some of the 
Morning Prints, insinuating, that both he and Ids 
Brother had enafted parts— certainly not very ho- 
nourable to men of humane teeHngs— during the 
period of the French Revolution. His o\vn words 

ARE — 

^ <■'■ A Corici-pondent, whose veracity they (the Editors) 
*' ought 10 h;ive suspeded, has asked nie, ivhtther I did not 
" flay an injam.^:s part in the French Revolution f' Sir, (Mr. 
*''Eclitoi-j /.^•■•- .';'-,/,' France -zv-x two — my brother anu 
*' MYSELF— :///if ^?.iWfo/GAKNiiKiN— and We havc pldyed 
«' no other part tlian that which honour may avow in all Coun- 
*' tries, and at all times!" ,* ■ n 

In his last Letter, inserted in the Morning Post, 
Morning Chronicle, True Briton, and Courier, of 
Saturday, the zyA instant, in which he attacks me 
with much virulence and asperity, M. Garnerin, 
to corroborate, as he thinks, his former assertions, 
yespeding the purity and honour of himself and 
BROTHER, makes the following kemarkablk 
declaration : — 

" I conclude with two lines relative to Iean Baîtistï 
»* Garnerin, whom / am proud to call u-i brothek : He 
«' is a re^peclMe tatlu-r of six children, luas ntvtKuMem. 
«' her of a Revolutiouary Committee, and m t!ie same manner 
"can I affirm, that he hil^ tK -n^as <t IVitntii a^'^fst We 
" QuKENof ^Kh»ct,ivhose trial may be rejerred tj ih every 
♦« BoohelU-r's flx.p in Europe !" 

No Declaration can be stronger, or more une- 
quivocal! In this M. GarnerIn shews~although 
inadvertently— some regard for truth, as he chaU 
lenges, irt a very bold and unreserved manner, a 
careful perusal ,of that remarkable document, the 
mock Trial of^ the Queen of Fra.^Ce! I am 
much obliged to himfor pointing out to me the nude 
of his own conviaionj and die following is the re- 
sult of my ieaich le petting one of the two— coiï- 
sequently M. Garnerin's Brother: 

tXTRACT FROM THE #VTHENTIC PARIS COÎV O/ tilL 
TRIAL CÏ TH£ 2U£EN O? ïilANCij 

" To be referred to in every B'Msi Iter's Shop in Europe !" 
" I E A N B A p n ST K G A R N E R 1 N , ci-devuHt Secretary to the 
«' Couniiission of ïwejity-four, deposed, that havmg atta 

* We think it necessary to inform our Readers, that the 
Gentleman to uho.ii wc s'.uppose .Mr. Ntvitt-i alludes, is 
CO longer conneclôd v.ïih The Ta^vi Brito.v. 



" to number and &mn^t the Papers foun.! at the house of t 

" SEPTtUlL (tlstlihig'sValet-de-Chcmbreand Treannerto ll.<e 
" Civil List), he saw among thenn an order for about Eighty 
" Thousand Livres, signed ' Antoinette,' in favour ot the 
" ci.dcuant? 01.1 Gi<.\c, with a Note rcspecling Lazaili-e-, 
" and another Paper which attested, that the .accused 
" had sold her Diamonds, to transmit the produce of tiiein 
" to the French EmigVnnts. The Deponent obsorved, that 
" he then delivered all the said Papers into the hands of V a- 
" LAZE, Member of tlie Commission charged to draw up the 
" Att of Accusation against Louis Ca?et; but that the 
" Deponent (Garnerin) learned, not -without asionishmtnt, 
" thatVALAZf., in the Report which he made to the Na- 
" tional Convention, did not speak of the Papers signed 
'" ^A.RtE Antoinette." 

(Here the execrable President of the infernal, self- 
created Court, put the following Question to the 
Royal Victim, to the illustrious offspring of so 
many Césars.) 

Prrsident to the Quefn— " Havej^oa any observations 
" to make on the Deposition of the Witness Garnerin ? 

i^tJEtN— " I porsist in saying that I never gave any such 
" ordc-s. 

Président—" Do you know the above-namç^d La-, 

" 3 A I LLE ? 

Queen—" Yes, Ï know him to be an Officer of the Mi- 
" rine, and have seen him a^ Court, at Versailles, as 1 saw 
" others. 

" The Witness, Tisset, (another perjured Evidence) re- 
" quested the President to c;-.ilupon (Jitizen Garnerin, to 
" declare, if he also did not recoUea to have seen, aniong 
" tlie Papers frundat the house ot Septeoil, Invoices ot 
" Purchases in Sugir, Coltee, Corn, &c. &c. amounting to 
" the Sum of Two Million, Fifteen Thousand Livres' ot 
" which had been already paid ; and it he did not also know 
"that these Invoices, some days after, were not to be 
" found. 

Garnerin—*' I h^ve no knowledge of that fa<S ; I, how- 
" ever know, that throughout all I'lance there were people 
" chargçd with commis.sions to buy up large quantities ot 
•' provisions by forestaUing, in order to raise the price ol 
" them, that by 'these means the people might be disgusted j 
" wi til the Revolution and Liberty, and induced to call j 
" again for their chains. 

President to the Queen—" Do you know anything of 
'.' immense purchases, by torestalling the most necessary ar- 
" tides ot' provision, made by order of the Court to starve 
" the people, and iq force them to demand back the antienl 
" order ot tilings, so favourable to Tyrants anil their intu- 
" mous agents, who have kept them under the yoke for 
" fourtsen centuries i 

Queen—" I do not know' that there were any purchases 
" by forestalling." 

Thus ends the precious evidence of Garnerin; 
and by referring to the summing up of the iniquitous 
whole, it will clearly appear, that the respeêlnhle 
Father of six Cliikiren, whom owx flying Philosopher, 
the Ex-Cortimissioncr of the gentle Robespierre, 
isproud tcvcall his broih^r, was one of ù\tmurderers 
of the good, the unfortunate, and the beautiful 
Queen of France, as very particular s-tress was 
laid on his execrable testimony ! = 

" Te Ltpis ei fHonles, istttataque rupibus attls 
*' Rabara, le sev£ pregenucre Feree !" 

I now, Mr. Editor, display M. Garnerin in 
his proper colours; and if I have, as an eminent 
Writer once said, made for him " a bed of thorns," 
he has himself only to blame for his irksome situa- 
tibn.— M. GaRNERIK has the modesty to aflirm, 
that I have made a dupe of rhe Editor oi'The Oracle. 
I have that Gentleman's authority for saying, that 
to-morrow he will condescend to bestow a few Part- 
ing Observations on the wonderful Aeronaut's last 
Letter, Let M. GaRNERIn seriously weigh the 
TRUTHS now advanced, and compare them with the 
falsehood, the folly, and absurdity of those who 
have wantonly involved him in the disagreeable 
discussion, and, ii> allusion to a celebrated 0rama. 
tic Author, I may now a>k \\\i\i—Who'sthe Dupe? j 

OaobifZ^. lOHNMEVIilE. \ 



w% 



\ tire nÙîfOR of the tâûêrBRrrôN. 



Being iri the very moment of leaving this Coun- 
try, I have neither lime nor inclination to continue 
the contest I have I)ee!i led into by The Oracle and 
John Neville. The Public must be heartily tired 
of it ; but, in order to vindicate myself from the 
imputation of having broie my parole, 1 most 
earnestly beg the insertion of the letter I have just 
received from Mr. Walker, Deputy Commissary 
for the French Prisoners at Oudenarde. 

Happy to have this opportunity of paying you 
in person the tribute pf my graritude, for your kind 
attention and deportment towards me, I beg leave 
I to assure you, that the reception I have met with, 
j from the most distinguished diaraiffers in this coun- 
I try, and from the nation in general, has raised a 
I monument to my pride, which never can be erased 
', from my grateful remembrance. . 
: Oa. 2'8, iSoz. 1 GARNERIN. 

j London, the ztth of .O.clober, r8o2. 

j Sir, ..Tnuo o'clock, P.m. 

I liave seen, with much surprise and concern, the.eonclu- 

sions which are drawn in The Oracle, of this morning, from 

, -my letter of inquiry- to Mr. Stuart, of the 6th of Odober 

last, resjieSiing ymr désertion, no enumeration having ever 

I been made by me, that you ever was oh/parole;,*» had ever 

I tiroken'it. .". "u,.i 

This attestation I owe to you, Jowe it to nfij'selT, and I 
owe it to the respèdahle charadlers who have sfiewn you 
j attention and civillty in tTii/^çotînti-y.' 

You have VefyArTiply e;tplaiiied The manner in which I 
have heen led injo the 'busines's, and h^'^v I was made to 
'believe that the' Memoirs iri question tvei'e published in fhi$ 
country silice your arrival — the negative of wfiich you have 
so fully prpvfd by the letter of M. Otto, of the 25th of 
Inly last. - 

- As-the style^of my Letter seems to have been tortured to 
answer private ends, it becomes incumbent on my duty, and 
a justice I owe both ;^ou and mysvlfj_to e'xjjress triy entire 
- disapprobation of any of the Publications, which I think 
highly improper, inasmuch as they bear entirely on the cirl 
, cunislances of the war,^vvhich ought to have been done away 
by the Signature of Peace. As I understand you are, in a fevy 
hours, to set out for France,'! wish you" a safe and plcaisant 
journey. And am, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 
'\yf anions. Garnerin. ' ..^' ^'^j y'A^ɱ\^WAL'Kj^^^ | 



Fqunny faheis u> that 1 ha^-e ma^e in tn>.W 
mo:r, any attack upon the Duke of l^ork-so far . 
from it that I have particuiarly alluded to several i 
firtrait'ofhLanity'in the charader and conclût 
of His Royal Highness. -j^,-» ^ 

Upon the Work itself I have to remind my Readers 
of the time and circumstances under which it was 
uTitten. It was written am.dsc the misery and, 
horror of an Austrian captivity, under the im. / 
pression of the deepest afFcaion tor my country, 
i„d with the knowledge of the War having been 
charaflerized by some of the Allies as helium inttr- 
■uecinnm.—Ytt, I desire it may not be supposed that 
I feel any contrition for the work in question, which 
I have deposited at the Pantheon ior the perusal 
of every person. It will afford the most vidoriôus 
refutation of the attacks of John Neville and Lo. 

Before I conclude, Sir, I wish to say a few words 
on a Letter from Mr. Walker, which, much against 
liis wish, appeared in The Or^c/f, .9th Oftober, 
and upon that part of John NeviHc?s Letter which 
relates to Jean Baptiste Gatnerin, my brother. 

As soon as I was informed of Mr. Waiker'-s Let. 
ter, I waited upon him, and was received by thït 
Gentleman with peculiar attention and politeness.— 
Mr. Walker assured me that he was led to beheve,, 
by The Oracle, that the Memoirs in question were 
written or published by me since I had been in Eng. 
land, and that they contained refledions upon his 
cçndua. — Mr. Walker, of course, felt as a man of 
honour, conscious of having performed his duty at 
ell times, and wrote the Letter to The Oracle, underi 
the impression, that what had been toid him was 
^ruc— -Having undeceived hinij and convinced him 
ihat the Memoirs were published six years back, and 
îliiit no attack vvas made upon him, or th.ts English 
Nîition, he expressed liimself displeased and hurt at 
the Letter having been published, _and weparred; 
with, mutual compliments and civilities : a receptiou 
yefy diffirent from- -tba^' which John . Neville 
•yifas fa '/cured Vi-ith when _^? <tvent to Wi7idipr^ÏQx 
\l\Q Documents wliich were so eagerly expeded: 

I conclude with two lines relative to Jean Bap. i 
tiste Garnerin, whom I am proud to call my bro. 
ther: he is a respeftable father of sis children,' was' 
«ever a Member of a Revolutionary Conwiittee, 
and in the same manner can I afïïi'ra, that he never' 
was a X Witness against the Queen of France, whose 
trial may be referred to in every Bookseller's 
shop in Europe. 

Sir, I have done — Î have to enfreat ycur pardon 
for having occupied so large a portion of your Paper. 
Bat you will acknowledge, that to have said no. 
thing would have been ivn insult to the British 
Public, and to have said less would have been con. 
i^trued as indifference to my own charad,er. . Î came 
to your Country to exhibit some aeronautic experi.; 
rhents. All that I have protnised I have performed, 
and the manner in which the British Public iiave 
ieceived me, has left the deepest and most grateful 
impression upon my mind. With. that impression, 
and with many thanks to you for the opportunity 
you have afrorded me of justifying my charadier, in 
a very few days, and ai'ter seme philosophical ex. 
periments that I propose sriil to oiier to the Public, 
i am about to return to France, 

And remain, Sir, 
Your most obliged and obedient humble Servant, 
Andre Jaques Garnerin. 

Note. — The following' is a copy of a Bill which 
•^yas stuck up at the window oïThe Oracle Q&cs in 
Fleet-street, and which I have no doubt my Readers 
will consider as no slight attempt to rouse the indig- 
nation of the Populace against me : — 

. . "In a few days will be published nt tiii s Office, 
«.' THE ATROCIOUS LIl'E OF MR. GARNERiN,. 
" As written by himself; proving him an object un- ; 
" worth}' of theprotedion he lias received from the British ' 
■", Nation." ■ . 

P. S.— In order to ascertain the degree of credit 
which is due to the writings and to tire cant of 
John Neville, I beg leave to subjoin an extrad of 
the last Letter I received from him, dated No. 47, 
Little Sritain, Sept. 27. 

; *' Sir — Not having a sufficient knowledge of me» 
you might believe that the tnnjefîinj'ei which appear; 
agaijist you in TheTruf Br'iton came frofn my pen. 
X have therefore the honour of ackiressing you to- 
day for the express purpose of doing away the 
error. 

,' <* V/hen I undertook the translation oS. your Me. 
motrsi I asked you some' particulars relative to your 
Balloons, &c. But as soon as I perceived you did 
not chuse to acquiesce corny demand, I felt in-, 
duced to inform you, that I would zM my notes',, 
which would ■ contradift many of yo^ir assertions ! 
&c. and thi^ should have been done, if I had had 
time to translate j'our Memorials ,- but I nvould have 
been cautious ?iot to calummate joit," or to injure you 
in the opinion of the Puhlit. Besides 1 hwve no- 
thing to say against you ; you have served one 
cause ; Ï fought for ths other. We both havei 
done our duty. 

" I dismiss, the subjecl by assuring you, that 
should I be inclined- to degrade myself by calum- 
^iaring you, yet I never would have circulated my 
4iatrihis- through The True Briton. I despise the 
Paper and the Editor; I do therefore write to you 
for, my personal satisfadion, and to assure you, &c. 
(Signed) *' John Neville." 



N. B. We the iTicre readily insert M. Garne- 
EiN's Defence, as we wCre the' first to state a sus- 
liicion which generally prevailed, and was as ge- 
neraiiy mentioned, that he was personally concerned 
sn some of the most atrocious scenes of the Revolu- 
tion.— The charge. We thought, was not repelled at 
first vvith that^ingenucusness and precision which 
ar& the companions of innocence, but we can now 
liuve little hesitation in saying, that we think M. 
Garnerin has fully done away, the suspicion which 
rested upon him in that particular. What cause for 
■enmity Mr. Neville can have against The True 
Briton^ we cannot conjefturc, unless it be the're- 
colkftion that from ir he formerly derived some 
pecuniary advantages, and received solid proofs of 
Iclndness and liberality in the hour of distress. 



LONDON r Printed by 'Richard Har«. 
Aa^^^rtiHm'.7it^ Orders- for the Zapeti heii 







If ',V3S not our intention to have again troivled 
the Public with any thing more respeaing «Iiisi-^an 
(who made more nalie while he was in thisCot^trf 

I than he ought to have done), and more especial^ «$ 
he has now left it ; but ^ve have received ;( Ltter 
in vindioation of himself, from Francois Soi^e^^ 

' who was severely aspersed by Garnering it hi? 
exralpatory Narratives, and we feel we should ^ct 
with some degree of injustice if we were ro .^yp 
press it ; we therefore, without iurthec prebcc, Sub- 
mit it to the Public. 

To ihe EDITOR of THE TRUE BRITON. " 
SIR, . . • _ 

I was astonished at seeing m^ our Papers ^ 
translation from the English ones, in which 1 Wr,j , 
indiredly attacked by Garnerin. Such an atta<:k 
cannot, in France, hurt my charader, where I a,^ 
universally known as an honest man,: , and a piai» o£ 

honour,' and Garnerin as À ^ and a —\ \ 

but I, have a reputation to preserve w^th the Eng^ 
lish ISfation, which has on sever;)! occasions give^ ■ 
me proofs of its justice, impartiality^ am^ geneii,. " 
siiy. 'As to the accusation* laid againsf ttif conç-Yn- | 
ing the unfortunate Princess Lamballe, ihe. afe.f 
so absurd, so contrary to my prj.yciples aa^ ^V ' 
constant conduft durmg .the Revolijti. n, that;! sx,(\\ j 
not even take the trouble to answer ihem :~4 rjian 
who had during ;en ye^rs, i-arnt in E.ig]>4 „,h^£ 

true Liberty was, who had }>ii!)ljshed its'' '^'^i 

L'lcentioinness is notljing elk but despotum unj^,- aa. 
other form. The despot luho sends an\nd'i'vidiî;l t^the' 
Bastille is hss crtielthan the Lie CNTlotrs w)(j hantrs 
afello'VJ creature to a lantern ; and the Ll^É.ji-i-ïOUS 

. ^ho- destroys hy fire-^tJoe-popertielof i-ùj-f/j-i^w/^-j, 
is as abominable a^ the tyrant 'Uiho(h:^ri'veî;them 
by an arbitrary order*; could not be |uilty of.Lmy 
lawless deed, therefore I will pnly?^,itieavo«r to ; 

-exculpate myself for having had âTiy-^5f?fffgï\j-ônTyiih ; 
a man> so despicable as Garnerin. - . ■ ■ 

This man was quite unknown îo mr* till the mo- 
ment he aken-iled in a Balloon. During the "tjm.e 
ot the greatest Terror, all my friends had beenjruii- 
lotined or were dispersed, and I was closely 6^_ 
fined till the death of Robespierre, in a.prisr/, 

.where we were not allowed the reading ofj fi 
Papers : I consequently could not hear ot Gajne- 
j.in's exploits, who at that time was very a(fti.ve in 

'the service of the Commiiiee of Public Sàfètp, 

"as I will explain afterwards, part of which explui 
I was apprised of in Ergland, and part since my 
return to France. 

When Peace .was m^de between the two Nations, 
I took a Passport to go to England. .1 liaii -two 
objeds in view, ist, to purchase books and esta- . 
blish a correspondence ; zdly, to visit my. )bl( ' 
friends, and see again a country lam fond bf.-~ 
Garnerin was apprised of it, and offered to deifra 

j ithe expences of the voyage, if I wovild a.ssi^t him 

! in the Country ; he even intimated that he woMld 
make me a handsome present, in case he shoiilJ 
g;.;;etwith success. As I had oo bad opirtion of 

, him, and beiif "é "^'Jl ^Z^!:^^^^:''^.^^^^ 
I readily acquiesced. Judging of '"iither m<?(M 
self, I made no writien agreement, and ti^uici/ 
trusted to his honour. Bur when we were in Eng- 
land, and I had done most of his biwiness, I perceiv- 
ed his realcharaaer, and my friends told nie I dis- 
graced myself by associating with such a maH. , I 
therefore took the first opportunity of parting 
with him, and went to live in atiother house, where 
I remained a month longer, till I had Ênished iny 
business, without any regard for the future rewnrd ■ 
t\\t celebrated aermaut had promised. When Gar- 
nerin then, says he dismissed inc, and sei>£ We 
back to France, he tells a Vit, since it was I- wiîa, 
dismissed him, or who left him wlien I was dissa- " 
tisfied with him. 

^ I would never have spoken of Garnerin, or bt^g 
had the least thought abouv. him, had not Jie ecy " 
ardly attacked mt-. I was at three huudred ml^. 
trom London, and three months after my dcpacf,.,r*»' 
from that Metropolis. 

At such an unprecedented and unprovoked at ta'k 
my friends felt indignant, and brought me n numblt 
ot anecdotes concerning him, which your corres- 
pondents will be surprised at. , 

Garnerin in the time of Terror wore a red cai«' 
and was Member of the Revolutionary CommittS 
ot the Seftion of B,n Conseil-, in that capacityt»e 
was so active, that he recommended Idrii.elfwWw 
infamous Committee of Public Safety, and v^^^ 
pointed one of its agents, which at that tv-nè '^^^ 
equivalent to a spy. In that capacity he was senf, 
vvith unlimited powers to watch and arrest tfe«: 
^^nleiratsy -A^ u was specified in his conimission," 

II iT/ ^"^ ^''^ country.beat of M. <ie Fdviile, 
caiied Manaucourt, near Perrone, in ordV-r to ..rest 
him. M. de Folvilie made his escape; bus' '%^^~ 
an, Bonommé, and Royer, arrested W^t^^^^ 
^miy, the steward, and the private tutor of i|s 
Ganeri^r? ';"' "^'™ '° the prisons of Perrone. • 
d M dT V'^^'^'f^'^ two horses from tl>e states ' 
of M Deb|ache, andwentto Marchienr.es, wUre" , 
> was taken prisoner with the garrison. Tho.e 

■tSn^l^J fpcnd upon as authentic, I have 
.them from the fi,st,aulhority, and I sign .ÎK-m. I 

François Souleî^ 




Public Safety'.. 

^'^ris, Rue, Projetée, No. nç.Z^ i 

* De L'homme, de Sociétés, et des Couvememens, p. 66. 



prodS^^^ ^"P^° this Country wa^^l 

S^x^::,rT" ^° '■'^^'''" ^^ Sir Fra.cis 
net'?b.Hm' "f g<--""osuy. The Hon. Bare, 

men^ ^ S ^ "•" "''''''' "« ^^^^' ^^ - encourage. 
m^ntjo Science, and not as a re.ard for anv M'. 



MA'. GARIVERIN. f'''^''^'' 

„-_^_ , ■^'^ ■/''• ^if^z. 

Mr. Garnerin having been' again assailed wjih 
torrents Of abuse in The Oracle of the 3oih ulr. and 
mjahgnant insimiatioi.s having been made relative 
to his escape from the prisrn. of Oude»arde, in the 
year 1793 ; an escape whichThe Oracle is p'enïed to 
rrpresfnt as nbreach of parole • In order to ascer- 
tain the degree of credit which should be attached 
to the contexture of charges, to phraseohgy, at 
tonn.ed expressions, in Mr. Garne^io's absence, 
hi'! friends felt themselves induced to apply to Mr 
Walker, now Deputy Rirrack-master at Windsor* 
As, ac the period alluded to, the c.re and charge 
of The French prisoners of war devolvesl on this ifst 
Gentleman, he was requested (in compliance to 
the hint in The Oracle) to recur <' to his t fficisi 
papers." This having been done, Mr, Walker 
felt himself bound in duly and honour to dercit 
the following unequivocal Certificate- at the War- 
ofHce: and, in vindication of poor Garnerin, 'gave 
his friends a faithful copy of the Certificate in his 
own hand. writing, as follows, whic'h, for the 
conviaion of tho^e whom mi.^^repre.setitation and 
malignity might have prepossessed, is left in ori. 
ginnUx tl-,e ■ ffice of The MorkingPost :~ 
." I hereby certify that André Jacques Garnerin, at the 
tim«oth..5dtfsertioa_troinOuclenarde, in JDeccmbêr 170/ 
was not on lus parole of honour. And further, that the 
character or titU of the said André Jaunie, G^rn^rin, as 
certihed to nie on the i7ih «f ivovember 1793, was tha of 
Chef Je Di liston àis Lhatoii des Armées Frmicaisrs 

{SLftned) " ALEX. Wa'lKER, ' 

l-atc Deputy Comniissaiy of Prisoners of 
War on the Continent." 



.'A new piece Of tin-work, in imitalioiiof_GAR-. 
.N i R I N''s Pjiraçhute, nearly large? enough to cover 
the "dome of the Pantheon, is to be placed there ot» 
Monday night, having near four thousand lamps: ' 
rhis v/ill have a grand efFeél ; it is to be lighted hy ' 
means of a scaiFolding ; the house ha? had several 
great improvements since last season, and will be' 
an overflowing one, on Monday evening. The supper 
we are S;yre Svilljjea good one. , J?'*-<<' y^. /S'aJ < 



jear^ 



B.ALLOON. 



The following letter was sent by M; Garnerin 
jireviously to his ascer.si'onat Berlin :— 

.TO THE EDITOR OF THE HAMEURG;^ CORRE- 

- , ' . srONDENlS. 

Sir, ■ •, . 

T!-.e suoscription opened by Messrs. Fb. NiTr.E 
and Co. has had the- best, effccls. 1. can assure the 
Bubscriberè that my Mioon is in tlie greatest for- 
wardness. For the farther 'accômmodanon and sa - 
tisfaftiori ,of thé public, I have resolved to continue 

■ to issue tickçtsof admission at oue rlx-dollar 12 gr. 
e ch, till the 8th of this month, 

I have reason to believe, Mr, Editor, from 
■public iv.wt, that Their. Majesties tiie King, 

OuEEx,'and Royai. FaMily of Prussia are pleased 
, with the undertaking, and may. probably shew every 

encouragement to my wife and inyscli m the case of 

ith success. r 1 J ■ 

His Ma IE STY allows me the use, of the garden 

■ bdonging to -the Veterinary School- i shall iiot 
fciil to be there at the appoihted hqur on ths day 

'which has been fixed. Till that day my balloon is 
to be seen at the Opera House. ■ 

For the satisfaftion of the public, I communicate 
1\q following particulars of its dimensions, &c. 
Its diatneteris z'i feet. 

It6 IcHKih 81 f. 8 ki. 7 1- . . , „,, ,,„-,i-nh're^~ "i« i f 
The lueasurcineut cf the iurfcicc of bot;i henu.pli..ic. .1-4 i. 

Th^bandwl^ai C0h«d.tlicuvo licm:spucrc. u 2 1. 8 in. 

'broad, -, ' „ „ • , 

Tlie total surface ^50 f. 8 m. 7 1.. 
Its cunic measurement 1239 t. 7 '"■ ]\}- 
The tola! capacity oi the i.a..ooii 1*4^0 i, . , 

Weight n-hich it can sustain ^=2 P°"'«^- ^^ ■' -f nonnds 
Actual weight of the matter ot tire badoon ^-^o poanct.. 

The net - - " . " 

T.ie goiivdolA or bont , - ' '-07 

iVIfS. Garfierin - " ^:,; 

Mr. Garnerin - - " ^„ 

Anchor and cable , ' " ^ 

Eailas.t - ' ■ ■ I L 

There is still a bala^œ of 155 P"^^^^8 r""f ^J 
the weight of Professor Hekmstadt, if he should 
chuse to.i3cend -^'^^th us. 

Merli,>,.Apyili. /<5^^ r 

' ^ BIKLIK, APRIL l6. 



- Garnerin and Madame Srnerinjre^^^ 

a balloon, a fécond ^^^'J^^l^t^^l.^ 
infl. in which aerial excurfiontheywerç 

panied by Proielïor Helmftadt. f^---^ ^ 
-^^rt^rTn^TTe'A^tT^^TTs^^o'^fcendMn^ 



h 



■ Poor Garnerïn, the Aeronaut; it is reported, has 
ai).-n a vietbu to hi^ ad verittirous propensity. J3aring 
.(•rn in Ruiii.!, his balloon is faid ro have met 
;v,r :^-^-ncai iu.!.er, u-hich entirely deiîrsyed it, 
and he n.n;feif was iu.fally daijed jc>^Ç;^es. ^^^ 



'iPe^frJeurgb, j4ùg: $. On Sarurdajr, the- 30th ult. 
M. Garnerin afcended about nine o'clock from the 
Garden of the Cadets, in the prefence of the .Imperial 
^"aroily, arid defçended about half an hour after^ when 
it vras already pretty «^ark, three German miles, off, 
TiCar K-rafno Selo. He was accompanied this tirne, 
fiot by his wife, but by Lieutenant General Lewof, 
for which Garnerin received 2000 rouble;;.; his receipt 
was befides very conOderable. Of the 3^,000 roubles 
he took on kis firf} afcenfion, he had loft i.2jopô at 
tlie gaming-table, for which we are obliged to him 
as thç m*ney remains in the country; ta fectver his 
lofs, however, he this time raifed the price, which the 
publick, who are really generous, have taken very ill, 
i^. young man, of a good Ruffian tamjiy, who had 
feduced^' young woman^ and then recalled his pronaife 
ts marry hcf, has been condemned, by the Emperor 
t6 fix years imprifonmenr, and J:o pay lier belidès a 
■very confiderable fum of money. /c^^^ ^ 



The brother of Garnerin, the aeronaut, who is alfo 
. diltinguiftied as an experimental phiiofopher, has lately 
I ma<ie the difcovery of a procefs which affords a very 
fafcinating efFeft to the beauty and variety of illumi. 
nations. This precefs coniifts in the preparation of 
piaffes fo coloured that they prefent one colour when 
viewed in one direcîlion, and a diiF^rent colour when 
Viewed in the ojuporuedireflion,, Pie made the firfleffay 
of this procefs in a fplendid fete given to the King of 
Etruria, and it fucceeded nioft completely. At that 
fete a long arched alley was illuminated after this man- 
ner, and fuch was the illufion produced by thofe. 
glaiTes, that the arch of the alley prefented a red colour 
to thofe who walked along it in one direction, while 
to thofe who moved in the contrary direction it pre- 
fented a blue colour. This experiment has lately been 
repeated in the Orangerie at St. Cloud., and with 
equal effeft and fuccefs. Mr. Garnerin has alfo, by 
fome new chemical difcoveries, confulerably varied 
and improved the appearance and brilliancy of fire- 
works. â^X^.A /^l>^^3 



p^Weare happy to find the actoC't of c&^NCR iN's ^ 

dfath 'is uniouudod. An articl- from St. Petcrsw 

%mgh sass:-^On Snttirday th^. joih ult. Cici^cn 

[Garklri-i ascend' d abrut s i-.c o'cloci^. from the 

§aidenof the Cadets,, m _ u .nee of thelmperial ta. 

mily, and descended abour m Leur after, wh^n n was 

rirpady d^rk, 3 (^iman miles off, near Krasno Selo. 

i-Ie 'ïV^is açcoinpanica this time^. no b) lus vifi, but 

b;^ ^rçût.-GuKial LfvoF, lor which G vrn limn 

/cceivcd 2000 roubles . h-s receipt was Leadej \ery 

cpnsidenhlc. Ol th- 15,000 louble^ he took on 

his hrsr -SLcnsion, h^ hid lo^r 12,000 at the gam- 

i J, tjMt, for which ue i-e ob\^..,ci to hnn, as the 

I , lopcy rc-.-ixns in the country ; to reco\ei his loss, 

jhowev^i, he this time raised fbe price, which the , 

{pablic, who are really generous, have taken very ill. | 



Garnerin, who is at pre/ent in Peterfburgh, has af- 
fumed tlie title of •• Phyficien aeronaut du Government 
Francois." fie gave pubiick notice on the 1 6th June 
laft, that it was his intention 10 rife on the 20th of 
that month, for.the purpofe of making experiments on 
electricity and galvanifm, with a variety of curious 
meteorological obfervations, unlefs the wind A^ould 
blow from "the gulf of Finland, or the lake Ladoga, 
in which.cafe he defired to be excufed. The price of 
a ticket of admiiTion the modcfl Aeronaut has in his 
medcfratiati fixed at no higher than 25 roubles, or three 
guineas. A report is in circulation, that in his afcent, 
eleitrick matter had deftroyed the balloori, and that 
M. Garnprin was dafhed to pieces, S-^/? A'. /J^/>'^ 



Garnerin, in the courfe of laft June, publidied atTe- 
terfburgh, an advertifement, dating, that *' Par defer. 
e7ice pour le refpedahle Publique de St. Pderjhourg," he 
intended to undertake another aerial excurfion, and- 
that any gentletnan might be admitted to a feat in his 
bafkef, who chofe to pay the fmall fum of two thou- 
fand rubles for that intereftin<r and inftruaive araufe. 
ment. He has alfo -ààvtrixkà " profhenades à ballon 
captf" for one hundred rubles per *' promenade." The 
magnetic, galvanic and meteorological experiments, 
which the learned " Phyficien .Aëronaute" promifed to 
make on his firft r-erial excurfion, were omitted on ac;. 
count of* the fl^ortnefs of his journey, which lafted no 
lenger than about 10 minutes, ^yè^ Pct/- ^^^-^ 



Garnerin in his 35th afcent froui Mofcow, faw, for 
the firfi: time, an image- of his balloon in the clouds 
in very bright prifmatic colours. When at the height 
of 12,000 feet, he galvanifed himfelf and obferved 
flafhes of light. While hovering over a wood he was 
fired at by a huntfman, who with the peafants, or* 
feeing him defcend from the clouds, confidered him as 
fupernatural. /*'?<?3 



1 



I 




I R E LA N D. 

Dublin, July 21. y »^ 

_ NTucfcfay, at 13 minutes af- 
ter two, the whole apparatus 
being rclcafed, Mr. Croftie^s 
balloon floated towardsTTie pa- 
rapet of Leinfter Houfe, and 
would there have encountered 
an interruption, had not the 
aeronaut thrown out fohie of 
hi» ballaft. From thence it 
afcended, and afterwards de- 
fcended clofe to a ditch in Merrion-fields, butftill 
continuing to pour out ballaft, its alccnt was grand 
beyond conception. _ . . , , . ' . -, 

The current of the wind, which carried hitn at firtt 
due Éaft, foon afterwards feerhed inclined to bear him 
North eaft, and pointed his voyage towards White- 
haven, When the balloon was 17 minutes in view, u 
immerfed in a cloud, but m four minutes after, us ap- 
pearance was teftified by the numerous plaudits of the 
multitude. It now continued in fight, by the aid of 
an acbromatick glafs, 1^ minutes from its afccnfion, 
when it was entirely loft to the view ; fome rockets 
i^erc then fcnt off, and the troops of volunteers, who 
attended, difcharged their laft volleys. _ . , ,, . 

Mr. Crofbie had about soolb. weight of ballalt, 
but difcharged half a hundred on his f^rft afcending. 
At upwards of fourteen leagues from the In(h fhore, 
he found himfelf within clear f.ght of both lands of 
the fitter kingdoms, at which time, he fays, it is im- 
poffible to give the human imagination any adequate 
Idea of the unfpeakable beauties which the fcenery ot 
the fea, bounded by both lands, prefented. It was 
fuch, faid he, as would make him rilk a life, to enjoy 
aeain. He rofe, at one time, fo high, that the mer- 
cury in the barometer funk entirely into its g obe, and 
he wasconftrained to put on his oil c oth cloak, bat he 
unluckily found his bottle of cordial broke, and could 
obtain no refreftment. The upper current of au was 
different from the lower, and the cold lo inteplc, ,...^t 
his ink was frozen. He experienced a ftrong repu - 
f;on on the tympanum of the ear, and a hclcneis 
which muft have been aggravated by_ the anxiety and 
fatigue of the day. At his utmoft height, he thought 
himfelf ftatlonary ; but liberating fome of his gas, he 
defcended to a current of air, blowing North,. and ex- 
tremely rough. He now entered a black cloud, and 1 
encountered a ftrong wind, with lightning and 
thunder, which brought him rapidly towards the !ur- 
face of the water. Hers the balloon made a circuit, 
but falling lower, the water entered his car, and he 
loft his notes of obfervation ; but recolleaing that his 
watch was at the bottom of the car» he groped for it, 
and put it in his pocket. • , „ « c „^ 

All his endeavours to throw out ballaft were of no 
avail : the intemperance of the weather plunged him 
into the ocean. He now thought of his cork waift- 
coat, and with much difficulty having put 't Çn, the 
propriety of his idea in the conftruébon of his tjoat , 
became manifeft, as by the admiffion of the water into | 
the tower part of it, and the fufpenfion of his bladders, 
^■hich were arranged at the top, the water, added to 
his own weight, became proper ballaft, and the balloon 
maintaining its poife, it became a powerful fail, ana 
by means of a fnatch-block to his car, or boat, he 
went before the wind as regularly as a failing vefTel. 
In this fituation, he found himfelf inclined to eat, and 
took a morfel of fowl ; when at the diftance of another 
league, he difcovered fome velTels crowding after him j 
but as his progrefs out-ftripped all theii endeavours, 
he lengthened the fpace of the balloon from the car, 
which gave a confequent check to the rapidity of his 
failing, when the Dunleary barge came up, and fired 
a gun. One of the failors Jumped nno his car, and 
made it faft to the barge, when the aeronaut came 
out At this time, another of the Tailors, after the 
car'was brought on board, laid hold of the haul-yard 
which fufpended the balloon, and it being_ relealed 
from its under weight, a ludicrous fcene enlucd ; for 
the balloon afcended above a hundred feet into the air, 
to the utmoft extent of the rope, the fellow bawling 
jnoft vehemently, under the apprehenfion of taking a 
Sight to the clouds ; but being dragged down, by the 
©nited efforts of the whole crew, the poor tar was, for 
once, eafed of his fears of going to Heaven. The 
barge now fteered for Duuleary, and towed the bal- 
loon after it. 

About ten o'clock they landed, and next morning 
he had the honour of receiving the congratulations 
of, and breakfafting with, their Graces the Duke 
and Duchefs of Rutland, at Mr. Lee's Lodge, Black- 
rock. He was afterwards condu£^ed to town by Lord 
Rane'lagh, and Sir Frederick Flood, Bart, chairman of 
"his committee, and at two o'clock he waited on his 
Grace the Duke of Leinfter, and afterwards went to 
Dr. Auttin's, in Stephen's Green. The populace hav- 
ing received intimation of this, crowded to the houfc, 
an^cJ notwithftanding all his endeavours to the contrary, 
they forced him into a chair, and carried him in tri- 
umph to the College. After he had remained at Mr, 
Hutchinfon's houfe an hour, his committee waited on 
him, and a prodigious multitude having gathered in 
College- Green, and infilled on chairing him again, he 
found himfelf in reality conftrained to fubmit, and the 
intrepid aeronaut was bor'n on the flioulders of his 
friends (his committee walking before him) to the 
Caftle, and afterwards, in the fame proceffion, to his 
houfe in North-Cumberland-ftreet, amidft the accla- 
mations of furrounding thoufands. 



Crofbie. the Iriih aeronaut, is piepairing for 
another fl'ght in & few tiays. It is his inten- 
tion, if poffible, to accomplifti his firft defi^a of 
crofiing the Iriih Channel, before the feverity of 
ih« winter fets in. As the curiolity even of 
the remoieft pans Kas now been fully gratified 
by the Tpeftacleof afcenfion, it were »uch to be 
wiflied that thcfe hazardous exp riments, which 
can be reduced to no purpafe of utility, and 
i franj which philofophy cannot gain an iala of 
[ jnforn^ation, feould b« JftlUfiUy ani at>folutel/ 



The followintc isan autKerinc^i-eîaEoii of rKe oart'i- 

culars of Mr. Croibie's aerial voyage from Lime- 
rick, on Thurfday the 27th ult, communicated by 

himielf. -JuJAk «fv. ,«^,/: '^''^ '>'^^- 

" The anxiety I laboured under, from, the apprehenfion of 
any accident happening in thepmcefsof inflation, which would 
inevitably prevent my afcent, obliged mc to proceed with cav,- 
tion, and I fear I trcfpaffcd too long on the obligitig paticnf 
of my friends. As no more materials could be procured 
town, it was neceffary to allow proper time for the operatio. 
and to pay it that attention which the goodncfs and ailivity of 
the gentlemen whoafiifted enabled me to do. 

" The happy moment at length arrived, which put me m 
full poifeffion of all that could charm the eye of man, and gra- 
tify my warmcft ambition. As I gradually afcended, the ex- 
CMiding landfcape prefented fuch a fcene as no pen can de- 
fcribc; the river Shannon, with all its little iflands, formed 
aipk'ifnig variety I had before been unacquainted with ; I de- 
termined to take a drawing of it, and had fcarcely ended my 
falurationsto the iair affcmblagcl had left, now become un- 
difting'jiflrible, when I afiumed my paper and pencil, and be- 
gan my chart; but when I had reached a confiderable altitude, 
I found my drawing had keen falfe, as i commenced it on ayi 
,extcn<k'dfcak, that was ftilldiminift.ing as I afcended. 1 now 
examined my barometer, which had ftoodat 30. i-ioon earth, 
and found it had fallen to 15. I hung out my grappling, in cr- 
uder to clear the rope to which it vyas fuftened, and that it ihould 
anfwer as a plummet, by which means I could 3cc-r?.tely per- 
xcive the courfe I took ; and as I was exceedingly toffed about 
by the agitation of the atmofpherc in the afcent, I concluded 
Itl'iere prevailed fev^ral diffcrtat currents, which 1 at once de- 
termined to explore, aod the experiment in the end gave me 
exauifite delight. , n. 'j 

" I obfcrved the.conrfe I was now taking was almolt due 
Weft, exaaiv over the Shannon, and could perceive a rapid' 
approacbtovvards the Welkrn ocean ; I made a note of the 
degree at which my barometer ftood, 15, and afcended till 
it "fell to 13, where I got into a current from N. N.E. 
by which I w'as conveyed over Tarbert, aiid part of the county 
of Kerry, but could perceive nothing more in appearance than 
a figured plain, chsqutred like a carpet. The projpeft was 
uiibomidcd, but by accumulating clouds, which formed my 
horizon; I could plainly fee the Lake of Killarney, but thoie. 
fonorous hills which furrounded it were levelled wvth the Inr- 
face. On taking an obfervation, I nov/ perceived I was ftatl- 
onary ; and on looking at my barometer, foucd it had fallen 
to 1% a-io. I continued perpendicular over a fniall green 
field f*r upwards of half an hour, during which time I eat my 
dinner, (that from fafting and l^tigue before was become very 
ncceffarv) and drank my bottle of wine to the health of my 
numerous friends «n earth. I had been obliged before from 
cold to put on my oiled filk wrapper, and now experienced its 
utility: my feet and hands, however, were very cold, and as 
1 was determined to explore a higher region, I had recourfe to 
a uhial of itrong lavender drops, which I drank off, without 
obfcrving the ftrength of tJiem ; and, thougb every humid 
thing about mc had been frozen, the lavender drops and^thc 
bottle they were in, fek as warm as if they had been at the fire. 
" Alter ufing this precaution, I afcended to an higher alti- 
tude than I had ever been in before ; the barometer fell to 
10 5-i6ths, the difficulty of breathing I had before experienc- 
ed, wasnow increafcd toaconfiderabledegree, my heartbeat 
with aftonifliing rapidity, and my ears, from the dilation of 
the ceUidar vcflels, felt a« if going to bnrft. My breath con- 
gealin.>on theinftant of refpiration, fell like a light fnow, and 
colledcd on my lap as it dropped. As 1 had not taken any ad- 
ditional covering but my loofc gown, my feet and hands be- 
came intenfely cold, and 'my fingers cramped, but to my af- 
toniftiment, the difiiculty of breathing gradually decrcafed, 
andtJie pain in my ears became Icfs; thefecirrumitances, add- 
ed to my having now got into a current which carried me 
Eaftward, and in a right direftion for Limerick again, deter- 
mined me to remain at the fame akitudc, until I had got 
nearly over the city. . , , 1 j 

" 'i'he variety of currents 1 had before experienced, I could 
now plainly fee under me, and by obferving from my notes 
the different degrees at which the barometer ftood m each, and 
defcending accordingly, I could take any of my former courles 
at plerfure. i regretted the latenefs of the hour, (now near iix 
o'clock) aiid the unprepared ftate I was in to withftand the 
cold, and flattered myfelf with the espeûaticn oi alighting 
near the city whence 1 fct out ; but as I did not continue long 
'enough in th-; Eaftcrn current, and thereby provide for a con- 
trary inclination in my dcfcent, I wa» carried with the lower 
«me to the N. W. over Dromoland, the feat of Sir Lucius 
O'Brien, the cultivated appearance of which tempted jme to 
accelerate my defcent, iii order to alight there ; but tkc wind 
blowing much fcrongcr than i had thought, hurried me a little 
beyond the houfe, before 1 reached the earth. After my grap- 
pling-, as 1 imagined, had fecured its hold by a rock, 1 put out 
my barometer, and fome other loofe articles, and endeavour- 
ed to iecuie my balloon, &c. . , , c 

" 1 kaped out, ftiU keeping ray bands, and as much ot iny 
wei<-ht as I could on the boat, calling loudly ior afiiifance. 
0»c or two ruftics, who 1 finv in a field for fome time, obferv- 
td me, and i thought were coming to my affiilance, but to m> 
irrcat mortification it was quite the revcrfe ; altomfhnicnt and 
fear lent them wings,' and they fled from iKe with precipitati- 
on I ddf royed a confiderable deal of the balloon's power of 
afcent, but found. the difiiculty of holding it by mylelt lo 
c-reat, that after the grappling quitted its hold, 1 was obliged 
To yield with the car until it came to a dry wall. 1 now ima- 
gined I had it fecure, as I, intended, when an mtermilhou 
'from fqualls would allow me, to load it with ftones ; but this 
bniineis being too much for one, and a very heavy fquall, ot 
wind iuft coming on, the wall fi^vc way, and after bemg 
dragged through the breach, and approaching iaft to the nver 
Fergus, i was obliged to i-elinquifh my held, and had the mor- 
tification to fee my chariot reafcend without nic. 

" Mr Sin<rkton, on whofc ground I alighte 1, at t<;;i mi- 
HTites pail fa,''ient iiis luen in fcuieh of mc, but could not come 
up in time to give me affiilance; they however «.nducted me 
to hi'^ houfe,' where I experienced that bofpitabty, which cha- 
niderifcs the county of Clare. The balloon w;'.s as iorcunate 
as mvfrlf, as it was taken up by Captain O'Brien, at Lnnis. 
forwhoiç care and attention. ilbaUever coiifider my.eli un- 
der many bblij^ation-s." 

Crofby, tlie ïrifli Ae'ronrarf, comes over nex 
month in his balloon from Dublin to - Holyhead 
Lord Mount morris is-to accompany him » iih a poc 
ket full oilûicwnjpeechcs, by way of hdllafl. { 
friend, to whom his LordAip. communicated hi 
intention, obferved that h^ had no occafion to b 
alarmed on the undertaking,- as in cafe Crojîx 
ftiould have occafion to throw him info the^^a 
his head tumid always keep bimaho'v't-'v.yaie)'. t^^j^ -■ 



«fT^The faicof'Sa/Uoniti^'. in this kingdoin, wears 
^ forry comp'ex^ion. MV- Crofbie has not yet 
bettered his f.rtune by his trips to the clouds ; 
but as to unfortunate Fotain, he and his compa- 
Oions have been totally ruined, infomuch that 
they were ftarving, until the amor patna and 
humanity of Foniaine, the dancing mailer, re- 
lieved their dittrefTes.and fent ihe.T. to t!^<=>f o^^;^" 
country, when l;ft topcrift by thofe^vho afîsa- 
ed to patron-zc aerofinr^n, on the amVal and ai- 
cent of Potain, The biHoon itfelf became a 
' Hake for the rent due by its exhibnian at Rsne- 
lagh ; and fo ended ail tne air-built hnpes ol^che 
third traveller in the Irifh attnofphcrc. ^^/TO, 



Extvjiêiofa letter from Netu Tork, July 1$. 

*« On the 4th of July therewere agréât miny 

pretty exhibitions of one kind or another, but 

none in which addrefs and management was 

more confpicuous, than in the letting off a 

bal loon in B road-ftreet. A man, who for fometime 

pait has aimufed the vulgar in different ways, 

adveriifed laft week, that on the Anniverfary of 

Independency, a balloon would commence i's 

flight from a place which is digniAed wiih tfee 

nanieol the Academy : at the hour appointed, a 

vail crowd of every defcription attended with 

e.iger expecUtion, waiting the moment whiçh- 

was to crown their wifhes — when unforfanacely 

an under-lheriff appeared i with a writ agalnll 

ihe fhowfiian for iool. Nothing could equal 

the «error of the culprit, or the anger of , the 

mob ; — Knock him down ! knock him down ! 

was echoed from each corner of the place ; 

and, notwithftanding thefirmnefsof the inerifF, 

he certainly would have fallen a facrifice to his 

untimely interpo/itioh, .had he not agreed to 

' fufpend the arreft until the expeélatiohs of the 

public fhould be fatisiied, or he fhpuld have 

double right to ftJze his viftim, as an âbûfcr of 

gublic as well as private faith. 

*' This matter being arranged, the balloon 
was foon filled with inflimmable air; baaiscjoy 
of the gazers was f«r a moment diimpe.dj by in- 
forœatioii that fome of the infide apparatus had 
: given way, wljich would take at leall half aa 
hour to remedy ; the iliowman, in order to rcr 
pair the fuppofed damage, lleppad into the bal- 
loon, his aifiiiants cut the cords, and he af- 
cended with all the gaie:y imaginabls, to the 
unfpeakable joy of the beholders ; even the 
fheriff, who had left his prey, forgot his Icfs, 
and cried put huzza ! when the balloon had af- 
cendsd about fifty yards above ths heads of the 
crowd, the navigator informed ihem, that as the 
wind tvas Ealkrly he flaould fliape his courfe to 
Kentucky, where he flid«d be happy to maet 
hiS frisad the Iheriff 5 be inftanîly arofe with 
-great veloeity, ahd was ïoar> loll to vic/V." 



AMERICAN NEWS. 

Keiv Tork, O». 6. A balloon was eahibited 

on the 28th of September laft, at Piiiladelphia, 

by Mr. BufFelot. , , j- 

This balloon was in the form of a globe di- 
vided into «ighteen ribs, betwren which was 
placed blue ftripM, elegantly adorned with 
thirteen filver ftars, the whole fapportrd by a red 
crown fixed in the interior part of the billoon, 
with a dark ground, that had the moft agreeable 
tffeft. At ax ù»clock, P. M. Mr BufFelot be- 
gan to SH the balloon, which exhibited the moft 
beautiful appearance to a rsfpeftable and nume- 
rous company. It rofe J^ith fome difficulty, 0^ 
account of the breeze having entirely failed : 
however, it afcended moft majeftically about 3000 
feet; which diftan«e from the ground it con- 
ftantly kept» aniil its fall on the Jerfey fhore, 
having in the coorfe of thirty-tive minutes 
vaulted about fix mile» in the air without any 
breeze. 



y^^xtra^ of a letter from Strajburgh, OB, 16. 
•' A lublimer traveller, a new hero, enters 
the atmofpberic theatre, and has deferred a lu- 
perior degree of publick admiration for his unri-- 
vailed perfermance ! Mr. Henn de Clermont, a 
Swifs adventurer, is the gentleman I am Ij cak- 
ing of, and to whofe defcent I wa» this inorning ) 
a witnefs. To pleafe the citizens of Geneva he' 
has far out-dived (if may invert this expref- 
fion) any of his predeceffjis, in a balloon of a. 
new c uiftrudioh, and of uncomnnon power ; bUtj 
I had better tell you his flory as 1 heard it. • 1 

" Myfelf, with Mr. Zolicoffer (the banker) 
to whom I am here recommended, were this 
morning walking in fome vine-yards, and ad- 
miring the cheerful bufinefs of the vintagers, 
fhe welcome warmth of the foath wind, and the 
unclouded face of Heaven, when a flitting flis- 
dow, that glanced along the ground before us, 
drew ©ur attentlo;! to an imraenfe balloon, about 
a third part inflated, which was defcending wuh 
great rapidity before us. Wi ran up to the place, 
where it Teemed likely to flop, and, when it was 
within about fix feet of the ground, a handfome, 
florid young man, feemiiigly about twenty, 
jumped eagerly from a ■ gallery affixed to it, and 
catching us toth with tranfport in his arms ; 
" Am I again amongft men?" faid he; and 
dropping fome tears upon 7ny flioulder, to which, 
from the natural fympathy of fimilar years, he 
preferably leaned, " God ! God ! I l^iank thee' ! 
I am again amongft men 1" he repeated with 
fueh a voice, that I could neat deny him fome re- 
ponfive drops. .... 



«' A'ter the firftefFnfions of hi» joy were over, 
we turned to look for his balloon, which had 
remounted a few feet on his quitting it, but fell 
back a! moft immediately to tiie earth ; and fear- 
ing ourfelves on the wreck, he took fome bilkots 
from a box it contained, whiltl Mr. Zolicofler 
purchafcd a bafket of fine grapes from the vin- 
tagers, and we took a rural repaft together. 
He then related to us the hiftory- of his toox, 
pretty nearly in the foilowirg words. Wiflting, 
with the impetuofity of yo«tn, to do f jmething 
to'Vrards the improvement of thefe aerial vehicles, 
whofe invention arid progrefs I have attended to 
with all the enthufiafm of a lover ; I adjulted to 
the fummit of a common globe of oiled fi!k, a 
valve, prcffed down with afpring that juft yielded 
10 a ftCîghî of half a poiiad^ a prcffing force_^ 
which I knew, from traJ, every iquare. root, (^la 
big was the valve) of the balloon was more than 
?ible to f<ift?.in,, I then fixed a fécond fphere of 
ïllk above this valve, that the efcape- ot inflam- 
mable air,' which its increafing expan five- force 
renders necefTary in the Upper regions, of the at- 
mofpbere, m'ighr, by inflating the fuperior globe, 
increafe iriftead of diminiflung the power of a(- 
ccnfion in my machine. I then filled the inferior 
air fkin, and with the ufnal appendages of a gnl- 
kry, fome fand bags, a fljg, a barometer, a 
bottle of wine, and thefe bifkets, the balloon was 
fitted for my expedition. The apparatus was fo 
clofelyfewrd.thatis remained expofedall laft night 
without any fenfible lofs of air, and this morning 
I 'about half after fix, notwithftanding a night of 
lleeplefs impatience, I was quite in fpirits to af- 
cend, and mounted my car, which flowly rofe 
araidft a crowd of admiring fpeftators. On the 
more rapid wing of vanity my foul was lifted to 
the higheft pitch of exftacy, and! waved my flag 
. with exnltatien til my beholders were inriiftinft 
I from dtftance. I then eniptied one fand bag af- 
'^ ter another into the lake, and n.fe with incon- 
ceivable though almoft imperceptible rapidi- 
ty, whilft the earth feemed Hipping under me 
with equal velocity fouthward. With what df- 
light 1 now contemplated the grand fcene b^low ' 
The rugged mountains of Switzerland lying like 
à map beneath me, and protruding- th ir long 
fljâdows into the plains of Burgundy! The lake 
of Geneva but a pond, and its city a poin' I The 
Fo, the Rht)nei the Rhine, , and the Danube, 
flreamlets, whofe infant progrefs. I could trace, 
but whole bolder flow the dim horizon hid ! The 
fun fcarce rifen, and appareht.ly b_l w my level 1 
Such were the grand objeâia that continued to 
elate me. My fuperior globs was now fwelling 
apace, and my aicent redoubled in fwiftnefs, if 
to it, and not to the fun's warmth, 1 may attri- 
bute thefwift change which the earth's appearance, 
underwent. It was now a huge circular plane of a 
greyifli green caft ; the fun, around blaze of glory, 
burned with the white etherial luftte of the otl.er 
ftars, which the refradfions of this thinner al- 
mofphere no longer concealed. My rcfpiration 
grew uncommonly rapid and violent; nvy ban-- 
metcr, which I but now thought of confuUing, 
was cracked, and my bottle of wine burft fudden- 
ly with a loud exploiion, and its contents difap- 
peared in vapour. 

" I now began to be alarmed for my fsfety, 
and as I thought I might gue^s at n.y elevation by 
obferving the fwiftnefs of a body let fall fr >m the 
balloon, I took a fmall pebble out of one of the 
land bags, and let it Aide down the fide of the 
gallery. Judge of my terror, when. I perceived 
my machine attradled it more flrongly than the 
earth, and it hung fufpended like a drop of waj, 
ter from one corner of the bottom. " And fliall 
Ineverfet foot again up;n my native planet, but 
freeze flowly to death in the cmp y wafte of fpace', 
far from my friends — -my mother?" exclaimed I, 
Cafting myfeif on the floor in an agony of defpair, 
and gnawing my feat with bitter rage ; thai call- 
-ing a dry eye of imprecation towards Hj aven, 
1 " fhall 1 never again return to earth ?" and re- 
'îaplîd into the profoundeft mifery, fwall-wed up 
in the idea of being without the Iphere of a- trac- 
tion (if the world. At length iifing with col- 
lefted fury, and armed, with the courage of de- 
fpair, I flit quite acrofs with my penknife the low- 
er globe, and flung out fome flips of torn paper, 
to-lee if I diftanced them in my defcent. They 
remained fufpended in the faine level with roylelf, 
trembling and flickering, indeed, as if agitated 
by a wind, to which I was- infenfible, but appn- 
rently indifferentas to their direction, and my laft 
ray of hope feemed extinft. After a while they 
rofe ; I looked down at my pebble, it was fallen, 
the lov/er globe had collapfed, and. with fobs of 
rapture I now thanked the Deity,- whom in my 
fury I had dared to arraign. The fun burned 
yellower, the ftars vaniftied, the earth's fufface 
grew diftinft, and my refpiration eafy ; at laft I 
could fold you in my arms, and Heaven blefs 
thofe whofe embrace firft convinced me 1 vvas ftill 
.within she reach of men. 

'■" We dined by oudelves at Mr. Zolicoffer's, 
but, before theccftee was brought, the vintagers 
had fo far fpread the report of an aerial traveller's 
arrival, that the houfe of the ^ood bank<r was 
furrouiided by a mob, eager to fee him ; and not 
an acquaintâ:ice of his, but, under one pretence 
or another, came in to drink a cup of c^ifFee with 
this newlcaruf. Mr. De Clermont is as affableand 
mild humoured as he is handfema ; he gave every 
body his hand, went and fpcke to the popul?.ce [at 
the door, and,accepts (duringhis ft-^iy)' of abed. 
He fprained his r.ncle in the jump, which will con- 
fine him a good daal. I remain, your's, &c. _ 






r 




ENTREE DA^^S LAVILLE DR TAllIS, 

Z^é* j-a Ma/ej-te Loiuj- XVIU Roi de France ed de Navar^re, ùs ^ Jfat jâ/4 

A F/u-îo' I'/iffx ^emx ,JIus <.f . Jetin déJieauvaù/'.N'^io 



b 



■ ■ Wi'iaW'beén favoured by Mr. C^ukèrin with 
thé fullou'ins particulars of his atmofphenc journey. 

■ lie mormng of the 2Sth,.althovigh rainy, was not 
^ithuat favourable appearurlTes. ^^^•G-"^'L''";v,?Îé 
in thathope, his chemical appavatiis work tor the 
St^dion'ofthe inflammable gas. Theballo.n was 

-fillJi in r-.^liUir time, though much loffed about by 
a vefv high wiml. ■■ 

About one o'clock it was full, and ready to carry 
baflengers and provifions. From one o clock t. 1 halt 
after four, the wind blew a hurricane. Had Mr 
Garnerin been then happy enough ro avail himtelt of 
former fucccfles in this country, molt likely he would 
With plcafure have acquiefccd in the general and una- 
mous folicitations of the brilliant aflemblage o( rank 
andfalhion, who intreated him not to attempt his, 
afcenfion in fuch boifterous weather, whole fury was 
\eù to be^apiirehended at the moment of leaving the | 
earth than at the time of landing. 

Induced by fuch powerful conliderations, Mr. «gar- 
nerin 'ur^^ed Captain Sowden, his travclhng companion, 
to defifrfrom -his intended journey, as lie conceived it 
was his duty to run alone the dangers ot the day, fmce 
nothing but mere curiofity could have in.luced him to 
undertake this perilous ekcurfion. Captain bowden, 
rotwitkânding Mr. Garnerin's reprelentations and 
entreaties, liftened to his courage only, which tu- 
«muhô*M»ver the ahluyus trial he had to encounter, 
FrolB half aitè:r four till five a few (howers ot ram tell, 
and calmed fof a fexv moinents only the violence ot- 
the wind, which afterwards raged with mcrealed tury. 
Àtfec'prccifely, the travellers mounted the aei-ial 
car- each of them unfurled aixd waved the colours ot 
their rfeL-eaive nations, which they re-umted, as a 
iymboiôl alliance aiid.amiry. 

The B;*lloonhaving been conduced round the ring, 
the traveler*, placed in the car, took their leave 
amena the plaudits and anxif.usgood wilhesot the lur- 
louudtng company, and fprung majeftically towards 
the celeliial regions, where the raging winds ieemed to 
be the lulers. 

The rnhabitants of London had then an «pportuRity 
of feeing the ftandards of all nations wiih which th« 
Balloon was drelTed nfin? proiTdly frohi the borders of 
tlie Thames, andloûng themftlvesin the immenfity of 
ipare, and in the fame manner a» they were (een on 
the 18lh Brumaire (9th of November) fprmging irom 
the very bofom of the Seine, at PairiS. " ,. „ 

At the moment of departure, the baUoon direéled 
its courfe acrofs Si. James'* Park, and went over the 
river between Weftminlfet and Blackfriar's-btidge.-- 
I'erceiving then that the aërûflatic vehicle was de- 
fending, Mr.' Garnerin threw out foine ballalt; he 
thten rbfe much above St. Paul'i, whence the travellers 
liad an (opportunity of viewing at one fight the city of 
■j^ondon and its fubUrbs. The temperature was al- 
ready 15 degrees coldep. Mr. Garnerin and Mr. 
Sowden fell quite chilly. London foon difappeared 
■•% croffing a cloud, which being furmounted, made 
ihem likewife lofe fight of the earth. The tempera- , 
tUre was milder.' The inflammable air begah then to 1 
«iilate; and the Aeronauts provided the means of | 
iafety by procuring every ncceflfary emiflion of air. ; 
Pinner was then introduced and eaten with pleafure 
ind appetite; at delfert, Mr. Garnerin informed Capt. 
Sowden that their journey was drawing to a conclu- 
jîon, and it was neceflary to prepare; for a defcent 
Jeiitremely hazardous, on -account of the exceffive 
Violence of the wind, Which was likely to precipitate 
the travellers and the machine on the trees, on tlitJ. 
hedges, on the hbuhs, and, in fart, on every thing 
that would obftrudVtheirpalfage. 

The travellers had been exploring the atmofphere 
iipwards of half an hour only, and having no idea of 
being at fuch a diftance, thought it neverthelefs ex- 
pedient to come down. Mr. Garnerin opened tlie 
Jovpape or aperture of his balloon, to crofs again the 
fame cold and d^rk clouds already mentioned. The 
earth became vifible as well as the Tea, which they 
. faw very clofe, an arm of which they even crofied; 
The anchor and Cordage were ready Lor landing; 
the fury of the wind made the balloon bounce from 
place to place as it grounded and dragged the travel- 
lers, through fields, trees, and buthes, by which their 
liands were, feverely torn. The anchor now and then 
caught the .ground, and faftencd at lalt to a hedge near 
a hosfe, whole inhabitants, frightened at the fight 
of ihe aiirial machine, not only declined ' to giv« 
aiTiftance, blitadUially oiTered to fn-e on the voyagers. 
At fhià juuâifre, ;Jie rope thar falk-ned to the anchor 
broke, and the i(iachi:£>e was curried with additional 
violence agaiçil a îice, bywhich Blr. Sowden received 
a fevere blow on the head, liie balloon, however, 
having beei> torn in the lower part, both the cords 
and netting of the raihng of the, car broke, and thé 
wind againr forced away thefe gentlemen from the 
tree they "were ilronglyclafping, but with the affifiancé 
->.of. a new tiiough latl exertion, theAërials had an op- 
iportunity of leaving the car ami balloon, which fell 
.-yjnvards of '.^00 yards further. ' ,' j 

I\lr.,Garnerinand CaptSowden were then four miles ! 
> beyond Colcheller ;.they went over EppiHg PoreO, &c* 
and performcil this long and arduous journey, in the 
""■ibortfpaca of three quarters of an hour. 

Mr. Garnerin nii^niions in the handiomeft terms the 
courage Captain Sowden evinced, in this new inftance, 
and with peculiar expreffions «f gratitude and ac- 
knowledgements of the perfcveraqce with which he 
Voluntarily ihared the dangers attending their land- 
ing, as he could fevural tims have extricated hiinfelf 
from, the car,' jwhiçh he ûeverjhqught of leaving with- 
out his pilot. • .He has unfortunately received feme 
cont'iliuns ; but they arc of no confequencc. 

T'le remains Of the. Balloon are now exhibiting in 
the Pantheon,, with the Aeroftat and I'arachtite, with 
^hjclk Mr. -Ciafnerin is to make his new experi- 
-Rjent at l^ont^s Cricket Ground next Saturday, if the 
s«i'athor permits. 



Ealloox.- — On tlie 23d May, Madame Gar. | 
NKRiN, with a Russian Lady, aicrcndod in a ballooiii 
at Moscow. These Ladies did net desiatfrom their | 
bold eruerprisc, thougli at the instant a thunder j 
storm, v,-ith hail and lightning^, made it very hazard- j 
ous. A q-jarter before eight o'clock in the evfuingj I 
they ascended 5,500 feet. They heard in the air ^ 
thundenng every v/hcre roand them, and felt the ' 
effect of the electric fluid in. ths atmosphere, which 
was full of clouds .and rain, and agitated by wind. 
They descended, twenty w«^rstes fronj^Moscow, not 
without great d:-nger ; the Russian L^dy received a 
severe contusion, by coming against a'trec. As the 
balloon was become, very heavy ftom the rain, the , 
female aeronauts had been obliged to throw sway all 
their instruments, even the parachute, and when 
they -touched the ground, only ten pounds of ballast 
.remained. ^ ^i.-<^j 1 f^^^t^ 



The ^n3na.utf'G.sfi!eri.n has arrived 'at Eranckfort, 1 
from Sr. ?eter{hurgh, on his way to Paris. He has \ 

been forced to poftpoi^e his journey to Conflantinople, 
for v/ant of money, having imprudently loff in gam- 
bling every chin.g that he Had gained in RufFia. It is 
Xhi^^?®4*^C^2dame Qâi:,nerin has demanded an a<5f of 
"' '~ 'ndifcreet hufaand, who, in four years 
1 loff three fortunes.' ' 




"^ •piÏQT^sOniT^ 



Madame Gaknbr.s lus returned from St. Peterf- 
bnroh Duri«g a ftav of twelve months in tiie Rufiian 
Empire, (he and her hufband have made 50,000 rou- 
bles S.oool. which Ihe has carried back to Pa.is witu 
heringood B.d.of Exelunge. M- Garn.ris .j on 1 
his way toConaantinople, where he ho; es to make a 
dill greater fum. _ //^f'4 ... ' 



5eci>/?d Ascension by ^ight of M. Garnerin, 

My second aerial jonrnev by niçht will not afford 
an opportunity for the brilliant narratives wdiich I 
have had occasion to inake in the course of my to 
preceding ascensions. 1 shall not have to describe 
the majestic appearances which nature continually 
offers to the eyes of an aeronaut who ascends in 
favourable weather. 1 can only give a narrative of 
an aerial tempest which was nigh terminating m a 
sliipwreok. - . • « 

The obstacles which the wind caused to the infla- 
tion of the balloon sutficiently apprised me of the 
approach of the storm; and to the difficulties of the 
weather was added the turbulence of a party, by 
V?hich r was prevented from placing the cord of the 
valve, so as to regulate the tube, which, in case of 
expansioti, was to conduct the gas into a direction 
different from the lights which surrounded the bot- 
tom of the balloon. 

, i was to have been accompanied by M. Ds Ghas- 
sehton; but the atrial storm, which continually in- 
creased until the moment of my departure, gave me 
ieasoa to apprehend such a disaster as Mr. Blan- 
chard and another aeronaut, met with in. IrfoUand. 
M. De Chassenton was actually in the boat. I 
must bear witness to bis determination ; tor I am 
convinced that nothinjc c^ould have made this young 
man, remarkable for his merit, quit the boot, if the 
\vell grounded apprehension which I entertained, of 
seeing him exposed to certain destruction, had not 
siiggested to me the idea of declaring to him, that 
♦he balloon was not capable of carrying up two per- 

SOJIS. - 

it waà thus in the most adverse weather, and ex- 
posed to the greatest opposition and the tumult of a 
, cabal, the head of which it is easy to guess at, that I 
ascended from Tivoli, at half past 10 o'clock on the j 
night of the yUt^ofSept^iber. An unexampled 1 
rapidity of ascension, but extremely necessary to 
prevent me from coming in contact with the ad- 
joining houses, raised me above the clouds, and in 
a few minutes carried me to an immense height, ^ 
the^stent of which I cannot precisely ascertain, on , 
account of the dangers and embarrassments which ' 
suddenly affected my imagination, and prevented 
me from observing the declension of the mercury in 
the barometer. Elevated in an instant to the frozen 
regions, the balloon became subject to a degree of 
expansion which inspired me with the greatest ap- 
prehension. 'There was no alternative between 
certain death and giving an instant vent to the g^sj 
and this at the risk of seeing- the balloon take hre, 
I gradually opened with one hand an orifice of about 
two- feet diameier, by which the gas escaped in 
large volumes, while, with the other, ! extinguished 
as many of the lights as I could. During this eftbrt 
I several times was near overbalancing myself, and 
filHûgôiàtof the boat. 



iiepnveci ot tlie opportanity et reguialing the 
valve, my balloon, like a ship without a rudder, 
floated in air, obeying the influence of the temps- 
I rature, the winds, and the rain. Whenever the 
force of these made' me descend, the storm, whicli^^ 
:kept still increasing, obligedme to throw out ballast, 
for the purpose of avoiding it, and escaping from ihi- _ 
minent shipwreck. At length, at four o'clock in 
die morning, after having been almost continually 
enveloped in thick clouds, through vvhich I could 
seldgm see the moon, all my means of supporting 
«ny*lf in the air were exhausted. Whatever skiil 
t possessed was no longer of use to me. My boat 
several times struck against the giound-.and re- 
bounded from thence. The tempest often diove roe 
against the sides and tops of mounir.ins. Whenever 
iny anchor caught in a tree., the balloon wns so vio- 
len4;ly agitated' by the v/ind, that Î experienced all 
the inconvenience of a violent sea-sickness. Plunged 
at one time to the bottom of a precipice, in an in- 
stant after I ascended, and acquired a new elevation. 
The violence of the concussions exhausted my 
Strength, and I lay for a half hour in the boat in a 
state of insensibility. During this tempest I reco- 
vered ; I perceived Mont Tonnerre, and it was in 
the midst of crasfes of thunder, and at a moment 
which I supposed would.be my last, that Tplauted ^ 
upon this celebrated mountain the Eagle of JSrapo- ! 
Icon loined to that of Alexander. - .; 

I was carried away for some time longer by gusts'-' 
ofwint}, but fortunately some peasants came to my 
assistance at ihe moment th n, the anchor hooked in 
a tree- They took hold of the cords which hung 
from the balloon, and lauded me in a forest upon 
the .side of a mountain, at half past 5ve in the morn- 
sng> seven hours and a h^di' after ray departure, and 
moTC than iOO leagues distant from Paris- They 
took me to Clausen- in the canton of Waldfischbach, • 
and department of Mont Tonnerre M.Cesar, a.,. 
man of inforniation, and Mayor of the neighbouring 
town, came and offered me, every assistance in his 
power, and at ray request drew up a narrative, of 
which he gave me a copy. 

I was splendidly entertained the next day at Deux 
Ponts by a Society of Friends of the Arts, consisting , 
of Public Functionaries, the OtBcers of the 12th: '^ 
Hegiraent of CiTira>/iers, and of the Members of 1 
the Lodse of Freemasons . 

GAI ^NERIN. 



'^'^rnerïn,*'wV6^âscènde3^ir.à' bàlfoon from the 
Gardens of Tivoli, at Paris, on the 5ih instant, at 
eleven o'clock at night, descended tlie" next day at 
half past six .in the morning, on the banks of the 
little river Wesle, near Chamerlois, five leagues from 
.Rheims, having passed .through a space of 4-5 leagues 
(French) in seven hours and a half. Garnerin was 
.to undertake another aerial voyage from the Gar- 
'dens of Tivoli, on the 18th of this month, accom- 
panied by his wife. >a^^<^^{^ /à^^p^' 



M. Garnerin.— The following particulars of M, 
Garnerin's laft afcent, near Paris, is copied from a 
French Paper -.—His balloon, after having been tolled in 
the air bv the rapid changes of the wind, at laif made a 
diréft afcent of 3000 loifes, and encountered a very hu- 
mid cloud, which tie haftened to quit, as he felt the cold 
infupportable, and his lights threatened to go out. Hav- 
int^ rowed about for forne time without knowing where 
he*' was, he defcended iuft at daybreak to within 300 
loifes of the earth. Having perceived fonie reapers 
who were not afraid of his approach, he inquired of 
them, and learned that he was near Saon, the capital of 
the department of Aiflie. The délire be had of making 
fome obfer valions, determined him to continue his atrial 
voyage. He therefore reafcended to a greater height 
than before, and there the temperature was eight degrees 
above 0: this he abandonecl immediately, for fear of 
beiri'^ affeaed bv the too rapid tranfition from heat \o 
cold.° He reports having feen in that elevated region 
many meteors, from which he took care to preferve a 
refpeatuldiftance. Cournielôiflur Vefle, whefe he def- 
cended at about fix in the morning, is a village of the 
department of the Maine, five- leagues beyond Rheims, 



and 1.5 from Paris. 



a*y. io. /8Û/ 



A Nocturnal BaUoon. — Garnerin has made a new | 
and beautiful use of the Balloon at Paris. He ' 
mounted from the gardens of Tivoli at night, in a ; 
balloon illuminated with 120 lamps. He mounted i 
from the gardens at 1 1 o'clock on a very dark night, 
under Russian colours, as a sign of peace. When 
fioatipg high in the air, above the multitude of ad- 
miring spectators, a flight of sk/- rockets were dis- 
charged at him, which, he says, broke into sparks, 
hardly rising to his vision from the earth ; and Paris, 
with all its blaze of reflecting lamps, appeared to him 
bnt like a 5pot — like the Pleiades, for instance, to 
tlie naked eye. He gained an elevation, he says, of 
3000 toises, and speaks with enthusiasm of his see- 
ing the sun rise at that height. After a flight of 
seven hours and a half, he descended near Reiips, 
45 leagues from Paris. ^.*^/- J /.Q/^ '- 



■JJL 



GAy.NERtN, in his fécond aerial voyage, byriight 
.which took place at Tivoli, at half paft ten on the 2 1 (1 ult! 
experienced a dreadful ftorm,and the tcmpefl frequently 
drove him againfi; the fides and tops of mountains. 
After experiencing a variety of difafters, in the midft of 
cfaflies of t blinder, and lying half an hour iir (he boat in 
a flafe of inienfibUiiy, the balloon at length lodged upon 
Mount Toniierre, vvfierc, with the alhftance of fomc ' 
peafants, he landed in a foreft at the fide of the moun- 1 
tain, at half pafl five. in the morning, having gone one 
hundred leagues (French) in fevcn hours and a half. ! 



1 



■_>•_ >-é^.»!.^ 



^ ' .±. 



p .j- ' jiMc». ^" .-u^.p.m^i *i^ 



■5^ 



■m 













X 



1 



!->!.- ' 






■i^. 



V 






/"") 
<4^ 



IMI 




cPM^^l'fûm/ffjjû^ff^/^fm^Mjxhv^^^^ wi^f ^^' lM}(MSM^màjm. PPmii 




-^//^ ■_/_ ■ /^.) ^' ) .y '^''^t»''^ N^^'"'sà**^'^ ' /^ /f / ■ / j^^' ^ / / ^^'''^' 

'' ^^''^'r_E ,:, rn^^^^- .re^,/f^.^/2y^ /-o ^, l^^ V^ ^ ':^V ^'é^^^'- é'^^^^-^^^l^^^ A^r^,,z^,^ >^:^e<^/€^^?-^ ^e^^^.z^a^^J- 

/ / ./ J \^\ \ W S'/ / . • 



PuU;.flVa a. tUe A.ct airect^^P^^ bv' W^-HincT^s, June lo']-1785 . 



:^^. 



^ 






I The first experiment in England was made Jby 
Count Zambeccari, On the 25th of November, 1783,, 
a balloon of oiled silk, richly gilt, and filled with! 

hydrogen gas, ascended from Moor- — 

fields, London. At the latter end of 
the sam<^ year, Mr. Sadler sent up one 
from Oxford. 



AIR-BALLOON. 

With his Majesty's Permission already ob- 

-7-14 ^'it-A / TAINED. /y£f7i^ 

V^GUNT ZAMBECCARI refpedfuUy ac- ' 
1 i qiiiunts the Nobility, Gentry, and Public in general, 
thiJt his larçe Acroftatic Globe of 50 feet in diameter, with 
which he and his partner will afcend to a great height in 
the atmofphj^re, to make the experiments already pubiiilied 
in his plan of fubfcription, will be exhibited in Hyde-park, 
commonly called High-park.' _ 

Each fubfcriber for One Guinea wdl have a ticket enti 
tl-nc four perfons to be admitted either on foot, or in a 
carnage ; and 'for Half a Guinea two perfons on foot. 
The fubfcfiptions are taken in at the following places : 
Mr. Coghlan's, bookfcller, in Duke-flreet, Grofvenor- 

^'^ Mr ' Booker, flatifiner, at No. 56, New Bond-flreet. 
Mr". Samuel Hayes, bookfellei-, No. ^ï, Oxford- 

"^Mr. Debrett's (fucceffor to Mr. Almon) oppofite Bur- 
lington-houfe, Piccadilly. . n . 

Mr. Barnes, engraver and fcal-maker, Coventry-ftrfet, 
Hav-market. 

Mr. I'hoinas Payne's, bookfeller, Mew s-gatp. 

Mr. A-dams, mathematician to his Majefiy, Fleet- 

'"mi-. William Nicoll's, bookfeller, No. 51, St. Paul's 
church-yard. , , ., ^ , . 

Mcif. Nairne and Blunt, matkematical and phiiolophi- 
cal infuTimcnt -makers, at No. 10, in CornhiU, oppolke 
the Royal Exchange. ■ ■ ^, 

Mr. John Hamilton Moore's, mathematician, No. 104, 
.MinQrIci. 



A correfponclent, who has Teen Count Skin-i 

beccari s adverufeme^t, announcing \hmw- 

non of taking in his vehicle a Lady and G^t^l 

teinan-on his aerial roirr/-l5 much pleaf^'d af 

tae Idea- of the third perfon,.. For Wuld * 

Lady of fpinr, of fome beauty and fottuae, b^ 

.hardy, enough to venture heifclf ftngU- ; anj. 

,the Count fiiould m that Rate of- elevatioo fo- 

far forget h.mfelf, (our corfefpondent fwears" 

by the zone of Venus he would not a^Cwer ïor, 

nimfelf in_a fimilar fu«atIon) as to f.ucy hi^f if 

tq be Jupiter pro tempore, with a j uno fo very -. 

•opportune: and aftu.Ily fiionld rake it i«to his- 

: Ood^tip s capuol to impregn his Goddefs um^ 

,. the fummit of feme fil ver cloud I Juno, .jVott 

revifmngher native eareh, would bç ft/angely' 

puzzled ho.v to prof.cute Count Jupitef fora' 

rape m cafe of vio'enLe ia Orhe Lun^, Qur 

correfpondent having (ns he fays) a fmU! fmat-" 

^tenngof the law, is afraid, the maucr would., 

not be cognizable in our Courts below, and foK 

• hcKs, nay mtreats the-deai fweet little fouls to 
be upon their guard, and not riik a ,W in the' 

; clouds mutl a Lunar or Atmofphenc Court be' 
^ firltmlluuted to protea them from ravinement, 

• tnterfidera. He farther obferves, that the cafe 
- (tho not an improbable one) would be a new 
^cafe™d beproduftive, no doubt, of much- 

^u^^W'"^''^ ^'^ '^'^^ Gentlemen of the tt^ga lon^^u 
^ The.T-Graviues of the Bench, he thinks, v>ctld 

hardly be. able to fupprefs the fmile on iuvefti- ' 
I gating this iiubilar offence, and mull neceffarily^ 
;,be tickled vvi.,h the ncvdt/, of fuch a nncms 
■ma flying gondola. JD ^^^ /^^ - 



Notvvithitanding the unfavorable weather, a 
correfpondent informs us, the exhibition at the 
Lyceum in the Strand, of Count Zambeccari's 
magnificent Air Balloon, is honored wiih the in- 
fpeftion of a great number of refpeftable^ and 
fcientific perfons; and, if the concurring opinion 
of the whole is to be credited, the public were 
never before entertained with fuch a hap^jy 
combination of grandeur, ingenuity, and ele- 
gance. The compliments paid to the noble 
conftruflor, are numerous and flattering ;. afid 
the affability and attention wiih which he ex- 
plains thf particulars of this affemblage of me- 
chanical excellence, increafes the approbation of 
his abilities, into the higheil veneratloH for his 
perfonal good qualities. X>£-t J^. 'ytfiA 



LYCEUM ill the ii T R A N D. 
BRITISH BALLOON. 

ALTHOUGH (.vithout recurring to fa!h- 
ci ius p-'rruafiv.s) fo many thoulaiiiis hVve li;*n^,ui-fd 
Cunt ZAViBECCARFs AeroiUtlc Gbbs with infpedl.o,,, 
as there ftill nuiy jerjiaiii lame who wifli for the (a,me riiioii-il 
gnitificat on-, the Exaib'tion ot this fyperiot-, and'trulv^irag- 
nificent Aerial Vdiice wiji csntmuc a few d:iys 1 .nger', 'when 
It will cemiiily clof-, in, order to i-repsre for A'cenfi-,,! j an 
event which will cakc^ place as eal-jy as polTlliie \h the next 
month, of which.tiiiie.y notice will bo given. A.Gentle- 
m.)n^f the Sift ci'tiiBfti.,,., accompanies CouRt Zambeccari ; 
and as tlic Buloin adfnts <.f three a'ce -dancs, a fécond re- 
■(■«aableperfonnjay alfo be accommodjsted. Thd Lyceum 
IS kept Ij -A arm as tu lijciiie the moil delicate conlHtutloa from 
injury j and die Exhibi ion will be open from Ten o'clock In 
tne mormng untPl (ilhiminated wfth wax-lights) Nine at 
nig ht, /f^^ ^ , ^^ j^ /^tO$- 



The effeft Mr. Blanchard's frequent voyages 
have had on the minds ot the public, is plainly 
evinced, by the little apprehenfion now enter- 
tained for the perfonal fafety of aerial voyagers, 
in proof of this idea, we hear, that Admiral 
yir Edward Vernon' has engaged to accompany 
Comte Zambeccari in his aerial excurfion ; and 
vve fpeedily expert to hear, that fome Britilh 
heroine, of equal refpedability, will be infpired 
with refolutionio complete the trio. Jp'c.ryS' 



The amateurs of A-^roftaiics, fays a correfpon- 
dent, will be ioon gaiified with a view of that 
rruly l-gant and liiperb Balloon, conftru6ted by 
C ount Znmb':ccari ; atid with which, in a few 
days, be will undertske an exp2dition of fingular 
enterprize ; with a view of afcertaining the prac- 
ticability of deriving fvikftantial and univerfal ad- 
vantages from this novel difcoveiy. The Count 
|.av!ng.ilevoted his attention and exemplary in- 
graiiiry aim )ft wholly and folely to the objeft, 
ewer fi nee the firfl comtnunication of the juftly 
celebrated Montgolfier, much philofophical en- 
tertainment and benefit may be expc6lcd from his 
int'nided experiments. vA^^- /r-^S>^ 



ly*^* BRITISH BALLOON. /T^^^' ' 

COUN I ZAMBECCARI, who had the ho 
nsr to conftruil. and fuperintend the afcent from the 
Artillery GrouKid, of the iirft Air Balloon in this king 
dim; and who Lift winter exhibited propi fais for conilruét- 
ing another, 50 f&et in diameter, in which, from the d^;- 
ficieiicy of the fuLfcriptions, he. was unhappily difappointed, 
and afterwards fiippla itcd in his Aeroftatic defigns^ pre- 
fumes once more r^fpeftfully to inform the public in ge- 
neral, and the fvienti'ic in pirficul.»r, that at a confiderable 
expence, he has csmpleJted a Ralloon, 34 feet in diameter, 
compjfed of oiled filk, manufafturcd on purpofe, and of a 
more delicate, eiaftic, and tranfparcnt quality than was ever 
yet fabiicated. Notwithft.inding the cxtrsordinary dimen- 
fjons of the Balloon, it contains opiiy ^z gores, and is 
exempt fronn a middle, or equatorial feavn, which adds ex- 
ceedingly to its beauty ; it is encompaifed by a netting 
formed upon mavhematical principles, of the fineft India 
filk, terminating by a zone, or circle for the fuipenfion of 
the gondola, curioufly contrived, and richly ornamented ; 
the gondolars 11 feet long, and fuur wide, calculated for the 
accommoaation of three perfons, and decorated in a ftile of 
unparalleled elegance j ail the other apparatus, he prefuqies, 
is likewife fingulariy ingenious, and really fuperb ; no ciift, 
nor invention, having been fpared to make the grandeur \)f 
the appearance, correfpond with the fuWiir.e ufis, «o which 
conftriiûions of this fsrt are applicable ; it is the intention 
yf Count Zambeccari to explore the atmofphere-very fpeedily 
with this Balloon, for the purpofe of making fome it^terefting 
experiments, in which exairfi .n he wVfhes to be accompani^ii 
by • Britifh Lady and Gentleman ; but that the curious may 
be gratified with an early fight of tliis improved and t uly 
magnific.-nt aerial ve icie ; it will be exhibited on Monday 
next, the 6th inftant, at the Grand Exhibitien Room, 
called the Lyceum, in the Strand, which is fitted, and pre- 
pared for the purpofe, in the compleateft manner, and kept 
warm. Admittance One Shilling only, from Nine till Four 
o'clnck. 



A correfpondent informs vis, that QÛ feéirî^ 
Comte Zambaccaii's Air Balloon yeftefiay gg 
the Lyceum, he was not more aftonï/hed at th^ 
grandetfr of the îè^ial vehicle, than the itrtgulaf 
ingenuity af the apparatus fof feathering ib^ 
oars, which he is informed was conitrwded hf 
the ingenioufi Mr. Dedricfcj, fisith, of Gsraïd^ 
ftreet, Soho5 and likewife the tofifîruttion of 
Mr. Lursardi's tin boat, to be f«en in the Fatli.^ 
theon/ which exceeds the moftfanguine expec- 
tation, as appeared Upan trial on th® Rire'^ 
Thames, where it fiiled with upwardi of a tofï 
weight» 



■" L Y C E U M.- 
BRITISH BALLOON. 

IHE approbation exprefled by every Indivi- 

. dual who has honored COUNT ZAMBECCARl's 
Aeroftatic Globe with infpeaion, the Scientific Order of the 
Community in particular, impreffes him with the moft heart- 
fdt fatisfaflion; being confcious, that it proceeds froai.ts 
ftriking fjperiorirv over every other oanftrudbon of the kind 
exhibited in Great Britain, and not from any arts calculated 
to exaggerate its merits, for mercenary purpofes. He wimes 
to addtefs hiiTifeU- to the good fenfe of the refpedlable public, , 
and to build his pretenfionslto their favor, upon the fohd ba- 
fis of truth and finceritv, n>.5t. artful deception, as praft.fed 
by thofe vvhofe views extend, no farther, than to the gratifica- 
tion of their intcrcfted purfuits,; who are infcnfihle to the dig- 
nity of genui.ne honor ; and who, under the fpecous pretence 
of refpea and gratitude, infdt; the g.ner.nis ""^"^P^'^;"^ ^J.^" 
di4!i^y of the pUb:ic, by pretending to advan.ce the noble caufe 

f phlofophy wUhoutVheabi_li_ty to_g.ve a «Uonal anfwer o , 
the fimpleft quefti*» upon a Kie..^t,t;c fubjeft. ^^ ^ ^'b 
tion of the Britifh Balloon, with its neccflary ^-PP"» »^','s. 1 
now exhibiting, at the LYCEUM, in the Strand wh^h. s 
•fitted and prepared for t' e pmpof. in the completed man- 
ner, and kept fo watm, as to fecure the moft mfirm and de.- 

. ''7o^::itZ S^lftin^ion has:e.gaged to attepd- 
Coif zlbeccari in his approaching Aerial Excui, on, ,nd ^ 
it is his ambition to be.honor.ed with the company o-t a Bn- 
ifk Sbut .this happinefshe "-f /^SO' -ci^onSen 
himfelf with a-fecond Gentleman, ""''='^? .^"'^^^^f/^J^; 
rank, &c. in life would obviate every objtâian, is IpeedUy 

'"IdS'ttance, One ShUIing .only, fwm_nine until four 
o'clock. / /^a^.>*-, /7^^ 



IT Y C E U. M. 
B R I T I S H B A L L O O N. . 

COUNT ZAMBECCARI refpeafully in 
forms the public, that happy in the opportunity of contn- 
bating to their enteit.inmcnt.his Aeroftatic Globe w.tn itsne- 
ceffary apparatus, which has been honored w,th_ fuch fingular 
approbation, is now exhibiting, and wii continue until Sa- 
turday next to be exhibited at the L Y C E U M in the 
Strand, which is fitted and prepared or the purpoie in the 
comDleteft manner, and kept fo wa.m, as to lecure the 
. moft'infirm and delicattfconftitunons from injury. 
^ A Gcntreman of the firft diftinftion ha3_ engaged to attend 
Count Zambeccari in his approachirig Aerial Excurfion, and 
ij'ls his ambition to be f.vored with the company of a Bri- 
llh Lady, but this happinefshe muft forego, and content 
himfelf with a fécond Gentleman, ""1='^^.'^"™= La^^' r'",^'' 
rank, &c. in life would obviate every objea.an, is fpeedily 

'''T'fhe requeft of a number of refpeftahle perf .ns, to 
whom the ab we hours are not convenient, and /or the accom- 
nv.d.tion of til ,fe who may be J.fpoled to fee the BU con on 
gVin. to thePlav Houfes, the Exhibitio,^ will, in tutu, e, le 
liepr'open, without intermiffion, from Ten in the m->rnmg, 

until nine o'clock at night. ./a>r. >/^t' 

Admittance One Shilling only. 



r^OUM T ZA^4BECC-^.ai hcknowledges the 

^ liDerahty of,' tlie; public, du.inj: the exhibition of h s ' 
^ro:>aticGlpbe,.âtthç Lyceum m the Strand, and lelpeCt- 
fu!l« giv.s ,n,otice, that having facceed.d in tne procare ■ ent 
of a'iliitabie phc. tor its afc.nfion, û.bic,npt:ons tor ticke, 
to parcalce of the peculiar piofure iniepa.aole rrom aerul 
evolutions, «re now delivering at the Lyceum Offi-!e. ile 
tickets will be fent-to fuch =3 fignify .the,r comma, ds and aà- 
drds, a few days before t!,c afcenfion, whicn w, 1 certainly 
precede the aoproaching h.liJa) u The tickets w, announce 
theprecife day .ndpl.xe, both of which ccumftances it is 
v^iflxed to conceal, ta p.^^ent the u.convèrùcnce Ov^?'» ""™^- 
rou« an aflemhlage of fpedators : the Nobility aud Gtn try aie 
LlWed,that tl«lpotis.fi.2alarly eligible, -^^/^at the ac- 
commodations and regulations to render the accefs eafy. and to 
prcfevve good order, will give p.rf.a facs aftion. 1 he heft 
accommodations w.ll be half a guinea each, the others five 
Ihih-n-";, and withoutticke;s no t^erfon will.bo,admitt=d — 
The fpxdie-i application for tickets is requefted, that a 
ju.Jgment may be f ume-i ot die neceffary prei>avations. Count 
Zambeccari «ill have the honor t. be accompanied by a Bri- 
rifh gentleman of the firft diftinaion ; and as the galloon ad- 
mitfof tlyee afcendants, a feco.d refpcaahjeperfon, by ap- 
ply! g immediately, niày alfo be accommodated, /l^e _exhi- 
bltion at th. Lyceum, will finally clele.m a few days, for ai- 
cenfionai Reparation, in the, m.^n .time itwiU continue op^n 
as ufual. ffcm ten o'clock m fhe morning, until nine- at 
ni^ht- ■ ' *' • m^y.'^!(Z 

,*■ * ~ AaMttaiioe-Ose^ShiliuilLon^lL»--- 



'M 



Y\ 



n^^ 



-,'J>5^^ L Y C E Xi""M.''i-t-'^M**-eJi^ 

ÎOOMTE ZAMBECCARI having clofed 

Vj.4 the E^bihitum of '*e «RiTISH BALLOON, has . 
été pteafure to return to a ^ibe^a^, generous, and difcerning 
yuWic, his irioft unrefervçd acknowledgments iox the- very 
■ fiattering approbation wah .,vhich he has been honored, iq the 
«onftruaio,B of his ftupenduous , .Aerotat ; and refpedfully 
trves'notic'e, "that he afcend'son Wednefday next, March 23. 
Tickers, to partake of the peculiar ■pleafure Infeparab.e 
from Aerial Evolutions, are now delivering at the Lycetifn- 
thr.ce,' which will announce the place and hour 5, both 
whicli circumftances it is hoped purchafers will forbear com- 
mui.icating. to OTevent the irxonvenience of too numerous 
an .aftimblaçe of Tpedators.— The beft adco,riimOiatit^US, 
Vhich arc rridftly under cover, provided, with -fire's, and per- 
feaiv comf .rtabie) will be Half a Guinea each ; the entrance 
to which is through a geateel, .private habitation . the others 
TiveShillincs snly.— Hgth wlUaftijrd a view of the infiaung 
operation, a'nd witiwut f ftkets no perfon will be admitted. 
— -Purchaf-Ts of Ticketsmay Sepend onueiog cohduded to 
their refpeaive fituations, with 'care and fafety, every pre 
caution being:, taken to pra.ferve good order and ri-gularity-V m 
which it is hoped the I^obility and Gentry will coi^cur, by 
condefcending to order their carri.^gss to fet down with th.eir 
horfss'heads towards HamPftead, and take up with their 
heads towards town. The fpeedisft application for Tickets 
îsrequefted. as the fale of them finillies to^mOrrow (TueU 
iny) Com'te Zambeccari informs the Nobility and Gentry, 
that having a few private apartments for the accommodation 
©f fc-left parties, thofe who apply fhh day at the Lyceum 
Office, tray have ordii'S to view the fame, as well as Ciie pre- 
inifeB, friHii Which the Ballooiv afcends. _^ 



MR, ÊAMETT'S BALLOON. 

Ji^t^y '^'"^ TO THE EDl'rOR. ^^^ 

Sioa/tsea, Oct. 17, SufiJnj èv£!ii/jg\, 
SiR-^According to mj:. promiscj a fortnighl 
sinciij 1 transmit to'you fafls relative to itty intended 
ascent on Wednesday, the 6th instant, and my ascent 
o\^ Friday kst, the circumstances of which you will 
find impanjally delivered in the following de- 
tail, viz. 

I arrived in Swansea about eight o'clock on the 
marning of the 31st of August, with my wife and 
chUd, wh ;m I brought from Devon with me to this 
place in the pabket. My aerostatic machinery, be- 
ing urid'.r the care of a trusty servant, v.'ho was be- 
hind on the road, I waited in Swanspa near a fort^ 
night before 1 received any intelligence. Having 
taken up ray r^idence, the second day after our ar- 
rival, at Mr. GrifRilrs, the lii^en draper, in this 
toNsm, during this vacatiotij as I had plenty of leisure 
time upon my hands, I put together a large Mont- 
golfier, made of tissue pape, which measured twenty 
feet by eighteen in diameter, likewise a parachute, 
which was intended to be attached to the ballonn, 
with a small car cjntaining a cat and dc'g, likewise 
a pasteboanî box filled with combustibles, and a 
slow match, -which was to fire the balloon aiid burn 
away the cord which suspended the parachute and 
the two little animals. We had every thing ready 
by the evening of the intended day, which proved 
exceedingly wmdy, so much as to render the filling 
of the Montgolfier extremely difficult, but which I 
1 accoiTiplished by the assistance of some gentlemen 
of the town. 

Just as 1 brought the fire balloon upon the stage, 
1 a gentleman slept up to me and said, " Mr. Bar- 
ret, send up the balloon to-night, and you may 
get two or three hundred pounds in the town, all 
your success depends upon to-tiight ; if you succeed 1 
you will do well here, &c." I had the mortifica- ' 
tion to peiceive a large ho'e just below the middle 
part of the Montgolfier, however, as it was of sut. 
ficient' magnitude to contain enough gas in the up- ; 
per part to carry up its own weight, and we found I 
it made considerable efforts to ascend, I desired 
the man who held the lower end of the rope which 
suspended the balloon, to " cut away ;" the ma- 
chine ascended, but in a minute was checked by the 
same rope, which to. k a dozen turns round about 
the eye of a key through which it was passed, as a 
substitute for a block which had been previously 
removed before the machine was filled, on accunt 
of the pulley not working free. The wind being 
high, brought the longest part of the Montgolfier 
parallel with the horizon which ïminediately look 
fire, and was in a few minutes consumed ; here was 
a failure that I felt severely, and the more so as 
there were about a thousand people assem.bled on the 
outside of the Ball Court of the George Inn, which 
was the place fixed upon for my aerostatic èxperi- 
mens ; however, chagrined as I was, this did not 
deier me from making (of the best materials I could 
get in this place, which was common printing pa- 
per, much too heavy) two other Montgolfiers, one 
about twelve feet high and fifteen diameter, and the 
other seven feet high, ana the same diameter, 
exadly the same shape as Mr. Garnerin's cylindri- 
cal balloon, the top being spherical. The first of 
these I sent up, after discharging t-vo dozen of 
good maroons, and a few light balls ; it ascended 
very heavily to the height of about 4,000 feet, and 
jemained in the air till the fire wrnt complctejj' 
out, when n fell in the yard of a house about 200 
yards from the place it ascended, ai-d was brought 
me back again very much torn. About one hour af- 
terwardv, I sent up the other, which was still 
heavier than the former ;'• however, that ascended 
about 1,000 feet, and fell nearly in the same spot 
as the first, after being in the air about eight i«i- 
nutes. I let ofFa icw m.re maroons, and left the 
court for that night. A few days after this, my 
large balloon, car, net, twenty tin tubes, and the 
rest of the apparatus, arrived safe in this port, and no , 
other damage done except to the pipes, which were • 
nearly shook to pieces, and unfit for use till fe- 
paired. I found that the town seemed rather dis- 
satisfied ; but I began to think that as the sight of a 
proper aerostatic machine, with its apparatus, 
must be an entire novelty to some hundreds of the 
inhabitants, I concluded that to attempt an ascent 
would still be more satisfa^ory, and, in some 
measure, make amends for the disappointment pc 
oasioned by the non-ascent of the first Montgolfier. 
It was very windy weather', and there was no 
covered building, or any other convenient place, 
to blow it up with common air bat the Ball 
Court, which was high enough, but exposed 10 
the atmosphere. 

In this place I began to have it inflated in the 
morninir, and alter half a days puffing and blowing 
with a s'mall pair of forge bellows, which had twenty- 
holes in ir, we got it abaut 7-tenlhs full ; the day's 
exhibition yielded twenty. two shillings ; at dark 
we pressed out the common air, and removed it to 
my apartments. A day or two after I began to- 
fill it again with common air, but the wind being ■ 
very hi oh, we again pressed out what air had been 
blown into it, and removed it to our lodgmgs j 
the amount of this day's receipts was four smllmgs, | 
out of which I had TO pay for workmen's labour, use ! 
of the Court, &c. Sec. about four pounds twelve , 
shillings and two.pence-halfpenny, and I had about ^ 
eleven shillings left to pay it with. As 1 had 
met with so little encouragement either to go on ; 
with any more Montgolfiers, or to attempt to raise j 
the Aerostat, I began to think myself placed in aj 
very whimsical predicament, not to say untortu- | 
nate ; and, upon retrospeaion of my past cxpences, , 
labour, fatigue, and anxiety of mind, as well as , 
ill success, and the daily flagellation of the Gentle. 
mcnoftheTvpe, put me almost to my wits end, 
to find out in what kind of mode I could propose to 
fill my Balloon with gas sufficient to take me up into 
ihe atmosphere ; indeed it struck me once or twice 
whether it would not be more profitable to cutup 
my Balloon, and set up a manufaftory of bathing 
caps, umbrellas, and hat-covers, of which I could 
aoon have produced a pkntiful stock ; but agam 
reflcfting tliat ray favourite objeft was not yet ac. 
complished, viz. making an ascent into the a.r 
I determined, at all events, to ptish n»X,pot..t to he 
utmost, accordingly I published hand bills, and so- 



wouM have been' îneffcliktl, had it not feeer. fof the \ 
kind interference of MrRusscl, and another Gen- 
tleman, as there were thte doubtful points existing 
in the minds of the peopli, viz. ist* As to my be- 
ing able to fill he ballooi. 2:Uy* As to the pos- 
sibility of getting subscriseri sufficient to pay the 
expences. ^dly. If the bal'oon was filled, whtther- 
I would ascend. H)weveri (he vitriol at my re. I 
quest was obtained by a Chtmist of the tov/n from 
Bristol and Neath, and V/ednesday the 6th instant 1 
was the day fixed. There were about 50a people 
assembled ; I had been at work three days before in 
getting the casks, which consisted of barrels, hogs- 
heads, and puncheons, which were obtained with 
much difficulty, and solicitation. About eight 
o'clock on Wednesday morning I began to ell the 
balloon, but owing to a misunderstanding, which 
occasioned delays, trhe gass condensed while 1 was 
waiting for vitriol; at length I was necessitated to 
•stop the process of filling for want of vitriol, afcf r 
Using eight bottles, or carpoys, and wa.^ upon the 
point of haranguing the audience, when part of the 
stage broke down, ai.d several p-rsons thereon fell, 
together with myself; I was no <,urther hurt than 
falling on ray thumb, which pained me for a fev^: 
hours; a boy fradured the bone of his leg by the 
fall, which, as it was occasioned in some mea- 
sure by the balloon as the primary cause, I ac. 
knowledge myself willing tn pay for the set- 
tiH» of his leg out of the subscription-mmey 
CoUeaed ; thus ended that day's business, 
which was very incorreftly stated in your paper, 
not to say malicious or ill-natured. This day's 
business yielded me nothing except chagrin ; how. 
ever, I consoled myself as well as I Could wUh the j 
old adage, " that a bad beginning often makes a 1 
good ending ;" and that thereis '♦ a time for every j 
thing under the sun ;" and though that time was j 
yet to come, it might not be long before I should be \ 
able to rise above the clouds of adversity, and hold 
my head as high as any other aerconaut, either 
French or English, While I amused myself wiih 
these speculations, I was all of a sudden ch.ecrcd 
with the animating hope of accomplishing my 
wishes, and depriving those wasps who had stung 
me so often in 'the public prints of their venom. By ' 
the kind assistance of the two gentlemen I before 
named, a formidable subscription vvas set oh foot, the 
expence of a fresh supply of vitriol was guarranteed, 
and on my side, to pr<^ve to those gentlemen tliat I 
wished to render myself worîhy of tlicir confidence 
and csteetTi, I made no hesitation to say,, that I 
would stake my balloon and apparatus that I would 
fill it and ascend, which was approved of, and ar- 
tides of agreement signed and sealed. According- 
ly last Friday was the day fixed, and after get- 
ting the stage repaired, and all other materials 
ready the day before, we commenced the 
process of filling. I forgot (0 mention to you that 
I had been occupied four or five days in re-vamish. 
ing my balloon with elastic gum varnish, which I 
prepared just before I left London, to render all se- 
cure, r.iul prevent as much as possible a second dis- 
appîMntmenr. This job wa.i done in the open ficdds 
alternately, as the weather permitted — psrdon this 
digression. We commericed filling pKccisely at a 
quarter before ten o'clock ; and by haif-'pa,:t twelve 
the balloon was sufficiently inflated barely to carry 
up my own weight. Abjut this time, a ca>k, 
which'bad beenjust charged with vitriol and water, 
burst and let out the materials : this occasioned 
some delay ; as well ar: smart breeze, which sprung 
up from the nortlt-easc, occasioned a rent in the 
lower part of ihe balloon, owing to the great strain 
of part of the net across the silk of the machine to 
keep it steady : we lost a great deal ef g«s ; but 
soon repaired this trifling accident. From the dif- 
ficulty of obtaining a sufTicicnt number of casks, we 
were obliged to empty and again charge the eniall 
casks, while cur large refrigatOry, coiisisting of 
eleven tubes and larger caks, were at work. About 
half.past one, I went to my lodgings to get some 
roast leg of mutton, part of which 1^ secured and 
^ put vp in my pocket handkerchief, in case of de- 
scending where no meat was to be had. I returned 
to the field ; but in that space of time (about fif- 
teen minutes) conld not perceive much alteration in 
the size of the balloon, I gave direcfions for 
the car to be slii .g. As our vitriol was all out, 
and the tubes flaccid, a little before three, I 
got into the car with fifty pmnds of bal. 
last, a bottle of brandy, and a pound of leg of 
mutton, and bread, flags, &c. all of which I threw 
out before the balloon began to ascend, but the 
bottle, and that went Soon after to enable me to 
clear a hedge which the balljon got foul of: the 
populace then came up and bore me and the balloon 
upon iheir shoulders to the extremity of the field, 
when I found myself rising graduallyj and for the ' 
first time in my life abandoned to a new clement. 1 
However, the pleasure 1 enjoyed in the prosped of 
the town and its environs, as well as rising amidst 
the acclamations and applause of near 10,000 peo- 
ple, was but very^ .short lived, for at the moment I 
was whirling rdand my cap to take leave of 
the multitude bdow me, to my very great 
mortification and'- disappointmeni I found the 
balloon descending, which it continued to do 
Orftil it lighted '.gently about four fis;ds dis. 
tance, after which it alternately aECended and de- 
scended for the space of a quarter of an boar, car- 
lying me over fields, trees, and hedges, and soinf- 
tlmes skimming a few feet above the surface of the 
earth. Finding all my endeavours to reascend inef. 
fcftual, I got oat of my cradle, and after opening 
the valve, the balloon which was now lightened 
by !3olb, ascended with great velocity, till it 
appeared not larger than an acorn, taking its course 
direftly over the sea, where it remained stationary, 
but soonafter met with a different current of wind, 
which brought it within six miles of the place it 
first ascended from, where it fell gently in the mid. 
die of a field, after being up three l;ours_, and all the 
while in sight. The balloon v/as seiz<:d by the 
country people, and cut through the middle to let 
me out as they alleged, whom they supposei r.early 
or quite dead. Fran. Barkett. 



utmost, accorningiy x t;»iv. -..- ,.-■- • 

licited a subscriptiofi to" the amount of 70!^ ihis 

I ■ Mr. Barrett intends ascending in his Balloon 

: the first fine day from Mr. Hope's pleasure grounds 

near Vauxhall. To prevent a disappointment simi- 

' lar to the last, Mr. Barrrtt does not intend 

making the tim? oi' his second essay generally 

known, ■^"? ^^' ^^''^'/■t 



A Galvanic Society has jun been instituted at 
Paris, for the farther investigation of the properties 
and relations of the Galvanic fluid, and fur its ap- 
l ulicsiion to the cure of disease;. 



/-4- 



]'ISfGilSII BALLOON, ^'^.a 

A'cCTQlLDiNG t<6 the intelKgMicc wliiçhv/é re- 
ceived at a la'ce hour last night, this experiment 
was consitlcreil to have completely failed. The 
Balloon wiis not i;Ued at ^ix -o'clock, nor did it 
appear that those who had the management' of it 
Lould fill it, as the Gas escaped as fast as it was let 
^in. A pledge was given on the preceding day, 
that the Balloon should positively a.scend yesterday 
at three o'clock ; but three hours having elapsed 
after that time, and no probahility appearing of the 
Balloon's ascending, it seemed to be a waste of time 
to remain aï Greenwich any longer. 

Balloons, under the present system of manage, 
ment, (ind perhaps there is no other) are of little 
or no use, they serve only for the purpose oi making 
J amusing experiments ; but when the Public are in/ 
"^•^'diîct^^by the promises of an Aeronaut to attend day 
after day only to witness the failure of an ill. 
judged experiment, and to be irri tared by disap- 
pointment, it becomes a subjed worthy of serious 
considération. The eagerness of the great mass 
of the People to run in crowds to witness the re- 
sult of any experiment that wears the appearance of 
novelty, or of which the novelty isnot.yçt worn 
off, is too well known ; it is therefore of consider- 
able importance, that the time of the Public should 
not be trifled with, and that if an experiment of 
that kind is to be performed, it should be. carried 
into effea promptly, and. at the appointed time. 
We do not make , these refledions out of any 
ill-will towards those, who conduced the business 
of yenterday, but we- think it a subjed of 
too great importance to the Public to be passed over 
in silence. There ouglit to have been a well 
grounded cortvirtion of success founded on adita:! 
experiment, in the minds of those who had the 
conduft of it, before they ventured to'summon the 
attendance of the'Pablic Success should have been 
as certain as it could haVe been rendered by human 
exertions before the People in general were called 
upon to witness the result. 
i A Firè Ballooi'i, of considerable magnitude, passed 
i over a pait of the Town between seven and eight 
, yesterday evening, which was mistaken by many 
for tb.e Balloon which was expedled to ascend from 
Greenwich. 

At no public exhibition do we ever recollefl fiich a. 
complete want of management as at Mr. Barrett's Bai-' 
loon; the entrance to Mr. AndrâJe's'clofe^ from which 
the balloon a-fcended, is in a very narrow iancj and fo 
many of the neiglibours fpeculated on erecting fcaffolds» 
letting their houfes, &c. and there being no direftion 
for the public to Mr* Andrade's grounds, as advertifed, 
hundreds ofperfons were deluded out of thdr money, 
by active perfons beirig ftationed in the lane, concerned 
with thofe who let theif houfes, IcafFolds, Sec. and 
when they paid their money, they fuppoftd they were 
coin f to the ground wheie the balloon wa.s to afcend 
froni! The onlf entrance to the ground was by an old 
fnauered gate, fi^Hrened 'by a rope and an old rully fca- 
ple, whicr. frecjuently Mas not ftrong enough, to reiift 
the preffiare of the mob, and numbers got in wiihotit 
paying, and other? got 'on the g^-oiind without paying 
by jumping from other preroilei. Coal-heavers were 
mixed with Ladies elegantly dtefled who cams in their, 
Garriagesjandpaid 5s. ioH admiffi' n, bnckmakc;3, brew- 
ers, draymen, faiiors, and perfjns of the hviz'l order 
mixing with thofs of the firlt refpeftability.^^^i?/'*- 



The French Papers triumph over us about. the 
faiUire of Mr. Barrett, and say, that no English- 
man was ever able to piake a Balloon ascend. ^ This 
assertion is as true, as French assertions are in ge. 
ncral. We could, if it were necessary, give along 
list of Englishmen who have construfted, and ascend- 
ed with Balloons ; but to coj-red French ignorance, 
and refute French falsehoods, v/ould be an endless 
task. -"^'^'V. A'^ûi ■ 

It is said that- the French have sent us plenty of 
G<7me, in return for our Pigfom, but they certainly 
maiif ^aae o£ those i't^eem. i 

■* '■ — ■•«:'' j-iJ-, I - * 




MR. BARRETT'S BALLOON. 



' Mr. Barret and Mr. Todd seem to possess 
powers .so ctngeniai, that it is a pity they do not 
unite in expérimental excursions. The one will 
never grow af?Kzj by ru'-ing, and the other is likely 
ÎQ keep hh head abo-ue luater. 0<i^^- /"• /^àj^ 

Diogenes, the Cynic, we are told, always Vfjcd 
in a tub, but it fared rather wor.se with poor Todd, 
who hardly escaped being dfonunedxxi one. 



Mr. Barrett brouglft his Cradle in hopes of bç» 
ing rocked hy the naindi ; but, after all, it only turn» 
ed out to be a pziff. 

It was very proper to suspend a child's cradle iO 
Mr. Barrett's ^«//oc/?, as the whole of the nfTaif 
displayed the ignorance of a babe, à*if. f^l>Z- 

The next time Mr. Barrett determines to attempt 
an afcenfion, we recommend him to fill I ns B aHooo at 
the Lottery Office. The art of puffing is now car- 
ried to fuch perfe6tion that it is a fname for an Apo- 
thecary to apt'ear ignorant in any fpecies ot it. Seve- 
ral of our Quacks have blown themfeives higher than 
this ©ccult philofopher was able 10 fend up his empty 
cradle, ' M*j- /BOl^ 



The yawn of the Abbé Sieves upon the reading of 
the laft Conftitution, and the fmile of M. Garnerm at 
Barrea's B=uioon, are of the lame family, however 
d-.ffJren't tiieir fearmes. The fate, however, of the 
Conltitu'ion materially differs from that of the Bai- 
loon, as the latter was not able to elevate one mdivi- 
duai over the heacis of the reft of the people. iae^./i''''^2, 

rThe7oc:^>77wl^lîI^N^i'N'experiei»cadtii>^^^ 
! the Parachute ^vas not of a kind to lull eit'.er h.mselt 
or his sp.-ctaU>r ^ (o deqj ; for ibi'* purpose there js ,10- 
I thing e<»'-.al to Ivj". Bakuktx's crudlci 



For The St. JAMES'S CHRONICLE. 

O/f the late Fallu fe of the EnguSH_AeronauTs. 

YOU à(k how Monfleur's art prevail'd, jp^ 9 

Where Brltifli genius tried and fail'd : ^ *" 
True Briti(h metal rarely flies, 
Tho' Gàlliclc 'Vapours reach the fldes ! 1 



SJVANSEA, Sept. 8, /^/>2 

Barrett, the Greenwich Balloonist, is attempt, 
ing to make the people here believe that his Balloon 
is to ascerid on Saturday iioj<t, the nth. The 
town is fidl of people, and of novehies ex- 
clusive of the above; ihe Theatre is now opened, 
.under the Management of the Veteran. M^stermaM 
— the Ventriloquist Lee SuGOr— the PhantaMTiagoria 
— Concerts and Assemblies— Puppet ShcJws, &c, 
Sfci all contribiite to our amusement. 



Mr. Barreît, it is said, will ascend. with h: 
Balloon in a few days from Swansea in Glamorgan 
shire, xvhen he intends to cross the Bristol Channel. 
It is, also said, that he has planned some curious 1. 
machinery to enable him to vary considerably from 
the direfl current of the wind, which it is supposed 
i will partially answer the purpose of steering the 
Balloon. S*f.^. /</>ai. 



One ©f the Papers informs us, that Mr. Barrett pro. 
pefes to mount in his Balloon from the iba.fide in 
Wales. Perhaps this machine is like the Weft Indian's 
herfe, which would go perfedtly well by fea, though 
by land it would not go at all. S^J,/- VA /{Pa *Z. 



/{f/?2- ' "Swansea, Oaoher 6. 

*' Mr, Barrett, this day (after having difappointed 
lis twice before with iiis Fire Balloons) in confequence 
of advertifements beirig circulated in every part of the 
ï'rincipality, affembled near 20,000 perfons. The 
; balloon Was to afcend at a quarter paft one o'clock, 
.with Mr. Barrett and Dr. Turton, of this town._ 

" The day-was as fine as could be wilhed, with a 
gentle breeze to the Wèftward. Great preparations 
were feemingly making by Mr. Barrett and affiftants : 
the tubes, barrels, iren""filings, &c. were on the ground 
the preceding night. The fields, the hillSj the houfes, 
the Ihips in the harbour, every place was crouded with 
people from the moft diftaiit parts of the countt)*; the 
town never was fo full. r . • 

" They began to fill the balloon about eight o'clock; 
from that time to eleven, they got «n but very flowly. 
At this time a complete flop was put to the procefs by 
the want of vitriol. The Chemift, who had let Mr. 
jBarrett have fix hundred weight, would not furnifh 
any more without the caflîi. Time was now getting 
on ; the balloon had no appearance of any thing being 
in it ; meflTages and meffengers now paffed between 
Mr. Barrett an«l the Chemift till three o'clock, when 
the affemblagç of perfons on the fpot (at leaft 8000) 
began to-be unruly. 

^' Mr. Barrett now came forward on the ftage to 
inake an apelogv, when juft as he faid — " Ladies and 
Gentlemen"— down fell the ftage with a moft tremen- 
«ious craft), .and Mr. Barrett and his bqlloon with i.t, 
•with a great number of perlons. Many were feverely 
'hurt. One boy had his legs broken ; the balloon was 
to n in its fall, and Mr. Bairétt was hurt. Fie now 
airempted to harangue the populace, laying the blame 
on the Chemift, and promifingto make atiother attempt 
in a day or two; but the fame he had acquired ax 
Greenwich had reached this place, and hootiçigs and 
bowlings were the refult. He begged them not to 
deftrôy the balloon, which they permitted hnîi at laft 
to takeaway. _ \ r a a 

t( The town IS m an uproar ; every, horfe and poft- 
ch; fe was engaged, between the Briftol Paffage and 
Mhiord. . . Mr! Barrett threateiia toj.rio^ aa.-^a<ak^^ 
.againft the Chemift ! " ■ ; . ;-^ '■;' ■:• ' -^ , ; 



Garnerin canno"t raise a Subscripthn^X Bristol, 
and, therefore, very naturally refuses to ra/^fv^/^ 

hallooH. . J 1 T\A 

Some Irish Gentlemen having observed that Mr. 
;B ARRET has never been able to fill above half his 
B/-)'i'i. have proposed that he should take over } 
one of Jie :, dves o'f it to Dublin, where they have 
no doubt bur that he wiU succeed in filling and as- 
tending nx>tth it. ^^A /UV 



Some of the Welsh peèple, it is said, think tîtaê 
Mr. Barret's Balloon was betvitched -, but others 
are of opinion that he himself was beivttcbed in &U 
tempting to send it up- . ^^^- /^^'^ 

Whatever may be the feelings of Mr. Barret^, 
the soi-disant Balloonist, it is very evident he is noî.- 
by success hiflated. 



A long Letter from Mr. Barrett, appeared in 
ah' Evening Paper of last night, in whicfi, after 
giving a very minute and detailed Account of his 
operations, .subsequent Wilis arrival at Swansea, he 
proceeds thus ; ' ■'■''' 

" Accordingly, last Friday, (the 15th instant), 
was the day fixed, *ànd after gctting'the' Stage re- 
paired, and all other materials ready, the day be- 
fore, we commenced filling precisely at a quarter 
before ten o'clock; and by half past twelve, the 
galloon was sufficiently inflated barely to carry up 
Joy own weight. About this time a cask, which 
jfad been just charged with vitriol and water burst, 
l^id let out the iijâteriajs : thi? occasioned some 
fleilay ; as \yell as -à smart breeze,, which, sprung 
iip;frd.ih the North. East, occasioned a rent in the 
Ipvvër'pâr't of tlîe Balloon, owing to thé great strain 
of ppiTt of the net â£rDss:the silk of the machine to 
keep.it steady : we l,ost a great deal of gas; but 
soon repajred this trifling accident. FSroni the, dif- 
ficulty of obtaining a sufficient number of casks, we 
were "^obliged r6 empty and again charge the small 
icâsks7 whilë'bur'iarge relfigerktory, consisting of 
eleven tubes and larger Casks, were at work. About 
•iialt.prfst..one, I wetit co my" lodgings to get' so'hrie 
roast leg of mutton, p.irt of which I secured and 
pur up in my pocket handkerchief, in case of de.. 
siîending where no rneat was tp be had. I returned 
(to the .field- but in that spji^eief time (abe.ut fif- 
teen-minutes), could not perceive much afceration 
in the size of the Balloon, I gave direftion^ fot 
*tiïë""car to be slung. " A.s~'our vitTiol was all out, 
an4 the tub.es , flaccid. " a;,' little beiore three,. I 
■get into the car^'/^wi til ';_ fifty pounds ballast, 
a bottle of branny,' and a pound of leg of mut. 
•ten, and -bre^^,' fln^s^'^'&(j. -all of -which I "threw 
joax before the Balloon'^ began to asce'nd', but'the 
ifcottle, and that ^viecit^sOon' after, to ena'ble me to 
^çlear a hedge which the..-B4llpoif got foul of: the 
populace then came up ynd bore rrie and the-iBallooti 
,_U|iû0..iheir shoulders .to the extr-emity_ of _the field, 
when I found, myself .rising gradually, and for the 
first rime in 1T13' life abandoned tO a h'éw element. — 
However, the pleastirël en'joj.'c'd in the prospect of ' 
the tov/n and its' environs, as well -as rising amidst' 
the acclamations and applause of near 10,000 peo-, 
pie, was but very sliolrt lived, ' fyr a,t„t.l}e.inQtpeat I 
wa's whirling round my -cap to fak^e teâve'of iheJ 
j.rnult?îudc 1>!elow me, to my very, great mldrtljfiçation ' 
'ii.ntjl disappointment I found the Ba-lloon descending, 
'^^vvl]i,ch;it wntinued to do until it lightetl g^^^l'y about 
fbtîi-'fiélds'tlistance, after'which it alternately ascend-, 
ed and descended for the space of a quarter of an hour, , 
Ciir.rying me over fields, .'trees, ai^d' hedges, and.st/me-' 
times bkimming a few feet above the surface, of the 
earihv Finding all my endeavours to re-ascend inef- 
feclùiil, I got out of my cradle, and after opening 
the vidve, the Balloon, which was now lightened hy 
1301b. ascended with great velocity, till it appearedï 
not iârgêf than an acorn, taking" its course' diredly, 
over the ;seà, -where if re?maii*ed stationary-, but soonj 
after met with a differenJ current of wind, which* 
brought it xvithin six mifes- of the 'place it firsts 
ascended from, where if fell, gençly Jn the'middleof 
a field, after being upi;h,ree Iputs, and all, the_whiie. 
in sight. The Eallooi» was »eizeil by the countiy" 
people, and cut through the middle to let me out, as 
• theyalledged, whom they supposed nearly, or quite| 
Ûead. " Fran. Barrett." . 



'' Mr. Barrett began to interest himself in the 
making of Balloons, so far back as the ascent of 
LuNARDi, but with his experience it does not ap- 
pear that he has risen inhioivlcdcrg. 

/Sàl^ ou NT RY N E fFS. ' 
SnJaarf/eaf Oéî;^ 15. About à -fortnight ago Mr. 
Barrett intended. afcending; in his Balio otr|_t3ut not 
being then furnilKed with fufficient materials to inflate 
it, he deferred it .till a future period, being in hopes-, 
through the liberality of the publick, who had never 
witneffed any thing of the kind in this, part of the/ 
country, to obtain every neceflary article. Individiial;. 
exertion and thefupport of the publick were not want- 
ing : and Mr. Barrett, through thefc means, about 
eight o'clock this morning, began to im'hite his Bal- 
loon; but although the inflation continued from that 
time till four in the evening, it was not above half ' 
full. The caiks were fupplied with every neceflary 
article, and the inflammable air feemed to be conveyed 
in an abundant quantity through tlie tubes, and yet the 
Balloon continued in an iiiiperfeft ftate ; there was,' 
no doubt, a fault in the machine itfelf, fpr the gas 
rauft have efcaped, owing to the filk being badly con- 
neiicd. 

A few minutes after four, the car being attached to 
the balloon, every fpeélator was filled witn anxious, 
expèdation, and the furrounding hills were covered, 
with multitudes, when the Aeronaut took' his feat. 
The fignal was given to fet it at liberty^ but it had 
no inclination to afcend': Mr. Barrett then threw 
out a quantity of ballaft, and at laft the whole. The 
balloon then afcended, but with no rapidity, and not 
going above twenty yards in height, he defcended.. 
among a row of trees. 

Through the exertions of the populace, the Aerai. 
' naut and his balloon- were drawn again into the plain, 
and it had a fair opportunity of re-afcemlihg — but ic 
ftill came down, and Mr. Barrett, evidently defpair- 
ing of fuccefs, at laft quitted his feat^ and fet the 
balloon off itfelf. It then afcended to a very confider- 
ablé height, and after remaining up nearly an hour, 
defcended about four miles from this place. Where it 
was taken up by two labourers, whs, thinking they 
. could make a better ufe of it than Mr. Barrett, went 
through the fimpïe operation of cutting it irv two, 
each taking his half. 

This is the third time Mf. Barrett has failed in his 
attempt in the fci^nce ot Aëroftation, and we hope it 
will be the laft. In ftiort, he does not feem to poltefs 
a fufficient knowledge of chemiftry to inflate his bal- 
loon properly, or there mutt have been a great deleft 
in the machine, and being now convinced of his inabi- 
. liry, he ought not to perfevere in what to hira at leaft 
muft bean idle and ufelefs fpe.culation, 



Afr, nARRËTT*s BALLOON, GREE^'IC FT, 



Notwithstan4îng":ttie âîsappoîntrnent ûf the dajr 
beforcj the -curlobitf of the pnblic wus sulRciericly 
stfong to bring together iin immense crowd yyster» 
day i" tlie full •exp*:f\atian that every thing wou'tl 
be so Tar forvvanied in the course of the intervening 
time as to render" the ascent inevitable. A day al, 
together as favourable' as thé precedirig one -afrvirded 
the same enioyment in the prnspeft of the coarttry,. 
ana proraisert a most advantageous viçv or uie uJ..-' 
lojn- The hiils in the park were covered at an 
early hour, as well as the stages adjoining Mr. An- 
drade's ground. The walls, honse-tops andchimne^-s, 
and even the spices of the college had numbers of 
persons upon them. The ground itself did not. 
begin to fill till three, and a sensible disappoint, 
ment was observed, v/hcn it 'was found that no 
progress had hitherto been made in the preparation. 
It vv-as only then that the balloon was brought on 
t!ie stage, and the prbcess commenced ; but whether 
from some defe^ in Ihe materials, some imperfeftion 
in the machinery, or (what is more probable) fronni 
unsktlfulness in the operators, the filling went on 
very slowly. ■ The persons ',vho conduited it, said, 
that the vitriol was not of the proper strength^ 
and fhat too much water had been put to jt, pni 
the ptesumption that it was of the siandaid qua-» 
Ijïy. Others were of opinion, an3*^mor.g them 
some of Mr. Barrett's best friends, that Mr. Bar- 
rett had undertaken a task to which- he was not 
equal ; and, wc understand, it was resolved among 
ihem, at an-carlyiour, that if (after the conunu.- 
atJon of the process till near dark} the balfqon was 
fiound incapable of carrying up the travellers, or any- 
one of tfccm, it stould at last b^; let off by itself, in 
order to appease the multitude, which, it was 
thought, would feel justly offended at a second dis- 
apnointment. M, and Madame Garnerin, withi 
Mr. Harrington, came on the ground abDU' four, 
and having watted near two hours, departed, leav- 
ing ihecompafiy in despair ; for they considered his 
dfparture as a ticcla'atjon frorp the best 4uthorit/^ 
that the cJise was hoprlcçs. 

We understand M. Garnerin said tosome of thosç 
about iiim, that from the state in which the balloon 
was, at the time wi-en he entered the" ground, it 
coiild not possibly be sufi^cit-ntly inflated to carry 
lip ihr^e persons at .nn earlier hour than two in the 
morning. Captain S >tt'den, however, continued his 
exruons wiih all thit y.eal and atfiiviiy which '/.ç 
has manifested since the opening of th& plan of Mr. 
Baneti's expediiii>n ; and tlu' public has to lament 
that the balloon was vmcqual to the task of taking 
him up, fur, in all prcbabilisy, he woiaUl hava 
amused us by 4(*scribing Gretnv^ic^ park as a /jaw- • 
tharn, i he muslin gowns being ihe bloszofr^s. Al- 
rerniiny hour? of ilv m >5t tirtsnm- expcftarioru 
ihe balloon was ijot yet above half inflated^ 
and the 1 )cks of the assembly were evidently txoresl 
sive of great riissaiisf/i^Hon. The ground, â IciQi 
ofalallow garden, was by this time trodden intf) 
a dusi, whuh w.is continu illy raised by ihs 
moi'on of the fret, so as to be extrdttiely incoin- 
ninding ; no seats had been errftcd, except one so- 
Itiary bench ' on one Vide, ?.'id a«this w,as lattet» 

} . ,. / : f 1 ,1 .1.. _f.i,„^^.^;. 

rpoii>cNSfoi1 oi eariy, tne griiiPf-iesi. pari oi mc wwai-j 

! p..nv, whic*!, as usual, vva> that which arrived latestjl' 
h 'J Kii.rT mc'i*ns of rest than by sitting on th? 
b.^r eartl). Madiimc G.Vnier.n', by- the aitcniion 

i^ofhcrfrlETDd;;, hall the luxury 'of a little straw t.a 
sii en.: No rifreshments weie brought or» the 
;^f )Und, an.l to venture out îrtrîil,'. 'h-î press, 
an iinm'eiise mob, intcrsper:ied with iarge gangà 
of pick pockets, was an enterprise which" only a 
few of the most h.tidy oi the men were equal to. 

T!kc ladies vv'ere under the necessity of enduring 
every haidship ^nd inconvenience to ihe' end. The 
number of persons who paid (ot entrance was not 
very great; there were some perscnj of fashion ;. 
and among ihe females there, not a few of very ex 1 
traordinary beamy. Of all the public meeting» 
that W3 havjî witnessed, ihi;i was uncxceptiooiibly 
the m^st dull ; a number of persons very capable oî 
enjoying pleasure, and possessing full ability to 
afcrd it to each oilier, undi-r any^cixoiimstitnces Içjs 
adverse, wcr-; imprisoned and debarred from every 
agrecabc sensation that could.be derivetl, cither 
from ;h^' finetiess of the day, the beauty of the coun- 
try, or their own good humour. One thing only- 
it was pleasant to observe ; - that animal, , s<> 
much censured as the raost ill tempered 3n4 
unmanageabie in the Vf'orld, an English mob, 
preserved throughout the whu'Ie of this vexatioiis 
bilsiness the must exeirsplary good orde'r. There 
was not even a shout, except two or three in. thé 
exultation of honesty, when about tÊ'at nuipbsr of 
pickpockets, whq had forced, their way into the 
wround and commenced busi^iess, v^ere detected, antj 
stcurt:d. About fcur, there was a mumentajjr 
darm, in consequence of the fall of a blacksmith'» 
shed close to the entrance (if the ground. A vast 
number had got on the roof of this sheJ r and its 
stabilifv, under sp great a burthen, had been long 
su peeled^ It stood so long, however, that everj^ 
fear with resp.-^t to it hpd subsided, when it sua- 
denly gave way with a horribje crash : every cmn^ ' 
tenance ai this moment displaj?cd ihe most lively i 
anxiety; but tlie distress was Bmrnediately re- 
moved, for the frame of the 'Oof came clo'viro 
whole, and the tiles having fallen through the 
insierstices, the gentlemen alxjve foimd them» 
selves safe lodged on the timbers, without the 
smallest injury to any one. Some lew more crashes 
were heard, but equally exempt frora mischief : à 
paling near the door gavç way, and afforded a.U 
mission to a grcai number ; and the door itself, aftc^ 
beint; lowered frqin a crown to half a crown, was 
at length thrown of.>cn, and every person who did 
not prefer the superi ir acc-prnmodation of a stage 
on the outside, camç into the gmtind. About 
eight o'clock at length the balioon appeared to be- 
somewhat more than half fiii d \ the approach of 
night, and the previous Gctcrminaiion to make some 
atonement to the people, - induced Mr. Barrett 
and his friend to make every p"ssible exeriiQtt 
to render the balloon av.rquaie to taking up at iiaSsC 
one of them. Ab-au d quarier past'eight it was 
nearly dusk, the car hadbeen ued on, but Mr.p'ass- 
fqrdjwho had been vçry aCiivc about the balJoQiTi 
froiiï the early part of ihe d'l >'?""* '^PP'"S '^('^ 
the car/ and ordexing the labourers lo g_uii; . ibei| 



topes, fotînd. It wai mcapablî of carrying a aJngfe ! 
p<:rion. Mr. Barrett appealing to retain srmie hope 
till the latest moment ; presented h)m>elf on the 
verge of the stage, and flouiLshed his Qa^s. It 
was then thought that he was to ascend, but in a * 
ehort lime af>er, to the asronishmenl of those to 
whom the Jiouriih had given a new hope, the bal- 
loon was let offwiihoui a single persih, with only 
a flag at e ich en I of the car. The peopk at a little 
distance, incapible, from the da:kness, of distin. 
guishing clearly, and seeing the flag» gying out- 
side, ihu'jght there were at least two persons, and 
applauded accord ng'.y. The people i« the park 
held tl.i» opinion to ih;; last ; and even when the 
balloon was seen descending in about twenty 
jmnutcs ^fter its rise, the persuasion was, that 
the fate of two at least was conncfted with 
i*. The balloon came down so.Tjcwhere near 

Blackwal! by the evaporation of the air.— 

It was of a large size, and was shaped in the pe^r 
form : it looked very wcllg.ing up, but in a very 
few minutes, the fdling bcin^/ extremely incomplete, 
it was blown into every form. It was of an ex- 
tremely party-coloured texrure, resembiing a patch. 

work counterpane in every thing but regularity. 

On the whole we are b-/uiid lo say for John Bull, 
that he received he greatest provocation, which he 
endured with the greatest possible ^jaticnci;. Thç 
roads continued crowded tdl a late hour, and the 
taar cuachts did n.^t return lill the public houses of 
Greenwich and Dcptîord could afford no farther ac 
coraniodatioi). 'i he whole pasvd off without th^ 
sraallest riot or disturbance. By the failure of thi» 
expeduion M. Garnerin has, in a manner, ac. 
quired an exclusive tiile to balioonery. 






3Tr. BARRETT'S BJLLOCIy. 



At a meeting held at Mr, Andrade's houfe, at 
Greenwicfe, of Mr. Barrett's friends, otl Thurfday 
night, it was recommended by Mr. Andrade and 
others, to Mr. Barre-.t, to relinquilh the afcerfion ; 
and it was nearly given up, advertifements being vvrit- 



ié"iT ft? feif 



fera? : iV '^ w'ip'dy ei^ 



ÀT■'^^■■?^ .'.l ^ 



ENGLISH BALLOON. 



/90Z 

We regret that under this title we have only to 
record Disappointment — a disappointment, which 
as it was evident to the Parties concerned must 
occur, ought to have been made known to the 
Public at an earlier hour. It being positively 
stated in the Advertisements and Posting. bills 
that the Balloon would ascend at four o'clock 
yesterday afternoon, an immense crowd flocked to 
Greenwich for the purpose of witnessing the Expê. 
riment. A great number of persons arrived there 
between two and three, and several having attempt- 
ed to gain admittance into the ground from which 
the Balloon was to have ascended, they were in- 
formed that the experiment would not take place 
until to-morrow (this day), at three o'clock. They 
naturally inquired why the circumstance had not 
been publicly itiade known — in answer to which they 
were informed, that the Crier had been sent out to 
give public notice, that the Balloon would not 
ascend till the next day. With this novel mode, 
however, of informing the Public of such a circum- 
stance, many who had trudged nine or ten miles, 
were not very well satisfied, nor did they fail to ex- 
ercise very freely the privilege of grumbling. Grum- 
bling being of no use, they were forced to content 
themselves with the satisfaction of having had their 
walk for their pains, and to turn their attention to 
their journey homewards. 

About three o'clock a 'written Bill was posted up, 
close in the neighbourhood of the Ground from 
which the Balloon was to have ascended, in which 
it was stated rhat Mr. Barrett respeftfully in- 
formed the Inhabitants of Greenwich, and the 
Public at large, that in consequence of an unavoid- 
able disappointment, the Ascension of the Balloon 
would not take place, till this day at three o'clock. 
This, however, was only information to the neigh- 
bouring Inhabitants, and to those who had already 
come fronï Lomlon, who, though extremely numer. 
ous, were but few in comparison with those who 
were still upon the Road. Many even of the In- 
habitants of Greenwich remained ignorant for some 
time afterwards, that the experiment would not 
take place. An immense crowd continued flocking to 
Greenwich in coaches, chairs, on horseback, and on 
foot, from three till half past four, fully expedfing 
to be gratified by a sight of the English Balloon.— 
Several stationed themselves on the Road, \yith 
Telescopes in their hands, expefting to gain a sight 
of it as it passed. The disappointment was of 
'course the greater, as it was wholly unexpeaed. 

The reason given for the disappointment vvas, 
'that the Balloon could not have been properly filled, 
before nine o'clock in the evening, whickof course 
rendered an ascent with it oat of the question ; but 
why this circumstance was not discovered, and pub- 
licly communicated at an earlier period, we could 

not learn. 

A few who left Greenwich, at three o'clock, in- 
formed several, whom they met, of the postpone- 
ment of the experimenE; but most of them who re- 
ceived the information, only answered that they 
were not to be hcaxecl, and then hastened onwards, 
certain in their own minds of becoming speftators 
of the exhibition, as they had met with no public 
contradiaion of what had been publicly announced. 

The Balloon is, v/e understand, extremely superb 
in, its appearance, and about fifty feet in height. 



The publick rage of feeing Balloons .was carried to 
fuch a pi ch in the purfuir after'MrrBarrett's Balloon 
on Friday, that between three and four hundred per- 
fons were aiferobled on both galleries of St. Paul's Ca- 
thcdrai. 1 hey began to aiTemble about three o'clock, 
and many continued tih it was fo dark that they could 
hardly find their way down the ftaircafe. Numbers 
were likewife on the Monument. 

The Ti'mn, in its balloon account yesterday, says, 
<« that part of the River, near Green-vjich, was 
covered with boats, and the Essex shore on the op. 
poiHe side crowdd with people."^ This is very 
well for a paper that placed Jr//ioA m Egypt. The 
same Paper adds—*' Several persons were also cm- 
ployed to inflate the balloon with commm air,, for 
which purp;'e if^v bad procured two pair'of large 
bdlows, and were in hopes that it would be^fihed 
by one o'clock.'! - > -- 

—nre"~jS^of~alcehJihg in a cradle was^ certainly 
fuilime; and, had it proved fuccefsful, there can be 
little doubt that the lame train of ideas carnevl into 
the hif^her regions would have converted Greenwich 
into the delegable appearance of a ibeeficàkc or gocjc 
ben-y-iart. /U^. /^- /^^L. 



public of the determination ; but I'aptain Sowdtn (lep- 
.ped forward, and faid that he thought himfeif tno- 
roughly qualified to undertake the fuperintendance 
of the filling of the balloon ; in confequence of wliich, 
the afceniion as announced for this day (hould hi pre- 
pared with all poflible difpatch, under the direvftioii^of 
the Captain ; and it vvas refolved that one of the valves^ 
v/hich had been improperly made, fliould be altersd. 
Other necefiary preparations were fet about with all 
poflible difpatch ; but fo little did the planner of this 
.serial expedition know of the nature Oi a balloon^ 
as to be ihoughtefs enough to announce li;s inteniion 
; toafcend on Thurfday, at four o'clock, and again yef- 
terday at three. Yet, with all the exertions of his 
friends, fo far from being ready to ai'cend at three, tliat 
it was not even ready to begin filling at that, hour, It 
was near four o'clock befoie a number of women had 
■îmifti-eàr-^e^Tig ^wr.û y.-2.v*a-<3£ nb^ laâiUAO J .., -^.ad ir : i. -ikiti:^ 
fome filk tubes, after which it was neceffitry tiiat the 
works Ihould be oiled. It was near foar o'clock be- 
fore it was deemed finiflied, when Captain Sowden ap- 
peared on the ftage ereded for the purpofe, and gave 
the necefiary diredions for filling the balloon with gas. 
In emptying two of the bottles of vitriol into a tub, 
they were unfortunately broken. The filling commene- 
ed, but evidently very flowly. 

The filling had not commenced long before Captain 
Sowden diicovered there were not funnels enough, and 
gai/e diredions for more to be got, but fo completely at 
a lofs was every one concerned, with refped to ma- 
nagement, that nobody knew where to get any ; but 
after a confiderabie time fome were got, and the filling 
proceeded, although very flowly. Mr. Beff, a wine- 
merch^nti but who has made chemiftry his particular ^ 
(bdy, fuperintended the mixing the vitriol, iron filings, 
and water, to produce the gas, but foon found that the 
iron filings and vitriol were extremely bad, fo much (o 
that out of five tin tubes only tVvo of them worked. 
About five o'clock it was ftrongly fufpefled that, on 
account of the balloon filling fo very flowly, the gas 
got vent ; the balloon was examined, and it was the. 
opinion of many that it was not properly oiled, and in 
the examination a fmall hole was difcovered, which 
was immediately mended. Soon after fix o'clock 
it was difcovered that the balloon did not till ; and 
on another examination it was found the vitriol was 
exhaulted in confèquersce of the breakitîg of the two 
bottles, and there was none to replenifli; two m.ore 
bottles were fent for exprefs, and* about feven o'clock, 
the filling proceeded, but after every poflibis- exertion, 
at half paft feven it was not aiwve three-fourths filled, 
nor were any hopes entertained of the completion of 
their objeft. The car was therefore affixed, and every 
exertion made to accomplifh the afcent v.'ith the balloon, 
although in that unfii-led I'late, it being the v/ifh of the 
gentlemen to go,a!tho'at fuch a late hour, that the public 
mipht not be again di-fitppointed. When the cai was 
properly fixed -and decorated with fevera! handfome 
flags, Mr. Barrett, Capt. Sowden, Mr. Maddox, the 
fon of an eminent brewer, in the Borough, and a Major 
Curlough, attempted to Itep in, but Mr, Maddox in- 
treated him not to perfifl as it was impofllble the ballooii 
fliould rife with fo many. I'he ipeda^ors gavé them 
three cheers, and an attempt was made to let 
the balloon rife, but in vain ; Mr. Maddox propof- 
ed to throw the ballad out, which was objeded 
to by Captain Sowden, but was at length agreed 
to. Finding the balloon would not afcend-, the 
grapling irons were thrown out ; finding this to no ef- 
fed, Mr. Maddox and Captain Sowden both got out. 
It being Mr. Barrett's determination to afcend at any 
rate, if the balloon would rife with him, that the Pub- 
lic might not be again dilappointed, and fo far did he 
carry his refolution, that finding the balloon would 
r^t rife with him alone, only one more refource re- 
mained — trying a lighter car. To anfwer this purpofe 
a child's cradle was procured from Mr. Andrade's 
houfe, the head broke off, and it was faftened to the bal- 
loon. It was now about 8 o'clock. Before he attempted 
this defperate undertaking, he addreiled the fpedators, 
but they were fo extremely clamorous, he could not be. 
heard. He took his feat in the cradle, in impes that 
with fo light a machine he might gain his objed: ; bnt 
all to no purpofe- — the balloon would not rife. His 
cafe became defperate, and his friends advifed him to 
get out, and let the balloon take its courfe, toefcape 
the fury of the populace, who now began to fircw 
fymptomsof violence. Mr. Barrett accordingly took their 
advice, left the cradle, and efcaped from the flage to' 
Mr. Andrade's houle, and the balloon afcended with- 
out any body in it nearly perpendicular ; it was feea 
for near ten minutes ; and in about ten minutes after, 
it was obferved defcending in a direflion fuppoled tobe 
for Woolwich, when a number of gentlemen took 
horfes to go in purfuit of it, to prevent, if poflible, the 
fury of the m.ob from deftroying it. 

When Mr. Barrett got into the cradle he was evi- 
dently much agitated, and gre.it apprehenfions were 
entertained by his friends for his fafety. He ¥/as going 
to afcend witliouthavingthe command of the ropes of the 
valves, but Mr. Iviaddox forced the rope of the inSde 
valve into his hand. 

When the public difcovered that there was no per- 
fon in the car when the balloon afcended, they cx- 
prefled their difapprobation'^by hiflirigs and hootings. 

Numbers of candidates offered to afcend with Mr- 
Barrett. Among them was Mr. Jones, ol Deptford, 
who offered 30L to go. 

About half paft three o'clock a large building ad- 
joining the entrance to the ground fell in, at the time 
when there were about forty perfons on it. It was (lip- 
pofed by thofe who obferved the fall, that feveral muft 
inevitably be killed ; but providentially they were all 
got out of the ruins without any limbs being broke, 
but a number of fevere bruifes. 

Mr. and Madame Garnerin, likewife Mr. Giafsford 
were on the ground. It was the wifli of the latter to 
have gone up with Mr. Barrett. 

The well-known g^mg: of London pickpockets in- 
fefl:ed tlie entrance to the ground, and plundered 
great numbers. Several gentlemen caught their hands 
in their pockets; but the gang being fo very nu- 
merous, they efcaped ; however, feveral were fecured 
by the conftables, and lodged in the v/atchhoulè. Too 
much praife cannot be given to Mr. Goodhew, a Ms- 
giflrate of that diftrid, for his exertions to defeat the 
nefarious purpofes of this dilgraceful gang ; two of 
them were pointed out to him on the ground, and he 
had them turned out. Ihe fpedators vented their furv, 
when they found the balloon was gone without anv body 
in-.it, by deftroying the car, and lome netting and other 
things employed in filling the balloon.